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Understanding how 3GPP Standards Updates affect LTE Roll-Out
 

Understanding how 3GPP Standards Updates affect LTE Roll-Out

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    Understanding how 3GPP Standards Updates affect LTE Roll-Out Understanding how 3GPP Standards Updates affect LTE Roll-Out Presentation Transcript

    • THE Mobile Broadband Standard Understanding how 3GPP Standards Updates affect LTE Roll-Out Kevin Holley Vice Chair, 3GPP TSG SA Telefónica SA © 3GPP 2010 – Middle East Telco World Summit, 1st December 2010 1
    • The role of 3GPPTHE Mobile Broadband Standard GSM, GPRS, W-CDMA, UMTS, EDGE, HSPA and LTE are all [RAN] Technologies specified by 3GPP Core network and Systems architecture evolution have kept pace Backward compatibility is a key element of each new 3GPP Release The 3GPP Organizational Partners are Regional and National Standards Bodies; Companies participate through their membership of one of these 6 Partners © 3GPP 2010 – Middle East Telco World Summit, 1st December 2010 2
    • 3GPP MembershipTHE Mobile Broadband Standard 371 Organisations (September 2010) © 3GPP 2010 – Middle East Telco World Summit, 1st December 2010 3
    • Where the work is doneTHE Mobile Broadband Standard Meeting Delegates* by region (June 2010): * Participants in TSG and WG meetings over the last year Plenary meetings every 3 months, approve specifications and the Freezing of 3GPP Releases The 50th TSG Plenary will be in Istanbul in December 2010 © 3GPP 2010 – Middle East Telco World Summit, 1st December 2010 4
    • Spanning the Generations... GSM 1GTHE Mobile Broadband Standard Analog technology. 3GPP Specified Radio Interfaces Deployed in the 1980s. • 2G radio: GSM, GPRS, EDGE GSM 2G • 3G radio: WCDMA, HSPA, LTE Digital Technology. First digital systems. • 4G radio: LTE Advanced Deployed in the 1990s. New services such as SMS and low-rate data. Primary technologies 3GPP Core Network include IS-95 CDMA and GSM. • 2G/3G: GSM core network 3G ITU’s IMT-2000 required 144 • 3G/4G: Evolved Packet Core (EPC) kbps mobile, 384 kbps pedestrian, 2 Mbps indoors Primary technologies include CDMA2000 1X/EVDO, WiMAX, 3GPP Service Layer and UMTS-HSPA. • GSM services 4G ITU’s IMT-Advanced • IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) requirements include ability to operate in up to 40 MHz radio • Multimedia Telephony (MMTEL) channels and with very high spectral efficiency. • Support of Messaging and other OMA No technology meets functionality requirements today. IEEE 802.16m and LTE • Emergency services and public warning “ Advanced being designed to meet requirements. • Etc.Text adapted from 3G Americas White Paper, September 2010 © 3GPP 2010 – Middle East Telco World Summit, 1st December 2010 ” 5
    • Building on Releases THE Mobile Broadband Standard Release 99: Enhancements to Release 10 LTE-Advanced GSM data (EDGE). Majority of meeting the requirements set deployments today are based by ITU’s IMT-Advanced on Release 99. Provides project. support for GSM/EDGE/GPRS/WCDMA Also includes quad-carrier radio-access networks. operation for HSPA+. Release 4: Multimedia Release 9: HSPA and LTE messaging support. First enhancements including steps toward using IP HSPA dual-carrier operation transport in the core network. in combination with MIMO, EPC enhancements, Release 5: HSDPA. First femtocell support, support for phase of Internet Protocol regulatory features such as Multimedia Subsystem (IMS). emergency user-equipment Full ability to use IP-based positioning and Commercial transport instead of just Mobile Alert System Asynchronous Transfer Mode (CMAS), and evolution of (ATM) in the core network. IMS architecture. Release 6: HSUPA. Enhanced multimedia support Release 8: HSPA Evolution, through Multimedia simultaneous use of MIMO Broadcast/Multicast Services and 64 QAM. Includes dual- (MBMS). Performance carrier HSPA (DC-HSPA) specifications for advanced wherein two WCDMA radio receivers. Wireless Local Area Release 7: Evolved EDGE. Specifies HSPA+, higher order modulation and MIMO. Performance enhancements, channels can be combined Network (WLAN) integration improved spectral efficiency, increased capacity, and better resistance to interference. Continuous Packet for a doubling of throughput option. IMS enhancements. Connectivity (CPC) enables efficient “always-on” service and enhanced uplink UL VoIP capacity, as well as performance. Specifies Initial VoIP capability. reductions in call set-up delay for Push-to-Talk Over Cellular (PoC). Radio enhancements to HSPA include 64 OFDMA-based 3GPP LTE. Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) in the downlink DL and 16 QAM in the uplink. Also includes optimization of MBMS capabilities through the multicast/broadcast, single-frequency network (MBSFN) function. Defines EPC.Text adapted from 3G Americas White Paper, September 2010 © 3GPP 2010 – Middle East Telco World Summit, 1st December 2010 6
    • 3GPP EvolutionTHE Mobile Broadband Standard Radio Interfaces • Higher Data Throughput • Lower Latency • More Spectrum Flexibility • Improved CAPEX and OPEX IP Core Network “ • Support of non-3GPP Accesses • Packet Only Support • Improved Security • Greater Device Diversity Service Layer ” • More IMS Applications (MBMS, PSS, mobile TV now IMS enabled) • Greater session continuity © 3GPP 2010 – Middle East Telco World Summit, 1st December 2010 7
    • 3GPP LTE Release 8THE Mobile Broadband Standard Broadband data throughput • Downlink target 3-4 times greater than HSDPA Release 6 • Uplink target 2-3 times greater than HSUPA Release 6 Increased cell edge bit rates • Downlink: 70% of the values at 5% of the Cumulative Distribution Function (CDF) • Uplink: same values at 5% of the Cumulative Distribution Function (CDF) Significantly reduced latency High mobility Cell ranges up to 5 km; with best throughput, spectrum efficiency and mobility. Cell ranges up to 30 km; Mobility with some degradation in throughput and spectrum efficiency permitted. Cell ranges up to 100 km; Supported; degradations accepted www.3gpp.org/releases © 3GPP 2010 – Middle East Telco World Summit, 1st December 2010 8
    • 3GPP LTE Release 9THE Mobile Broadband Standard Continuing femtocell integration Added functionality, broadens LTE deployment scenarios Feeding back results from first LTE deployments Emergency user-equipment positioning and Commercial Mobile Alert System (CMAS) Further evolution of IMS architecture. Work on integrating non-LTE technologies www.3gpp.org/releases © 3GPP 2010 – Middle East Telco World Summit, 1st December 2010 9
    • LTE network commitmentsTHE Mobile Broadband Standard © 3GPP 2010 – Middle East Telco World Summit, 1st December 2010 10
    • Dispelling some MythsTHE Mobile Broadband Standard about LTE Myth 1: LTE is Data only Reality: Support of voice was one of the key considerations in designing LTE. The voice solution for LTE is IMS VoIP and it is fully specified. Myth 2: SMS isn’t supported over LTE Reality: LTE and EPS will support a rich variety of messaging applications - including SMS. The solution is twofold, covering both the full IMS case and a transition solution for those networks that do not support IMS. Myth 3: IMS isn’t ready for prime time Reality: IMS was first developed as part of Rel 5 in 2002. It is based on IETF protocols such as SIP and SDP that are very mature. These technologies have been embraced by the industry as the signalling mechanism for multimedia applications. Myth 4: LTE doesn’t support emergency calls Reality: VoIP support for emergency calls (incl. location) in Rel 9. A transition solution fall back to 3G/2G - has existed since IMS was introduced (Rel 5). © 3GPP 2010 – Middle East Telco World Summit, 1st December 2010 11
    • 3GPP LTE Release 10THE Mobile Broadband Standard Support for wider Bandwidth (Up to Up link transmission scheme 100MHz) • Improvements to LTE Downlink transmission scheme • Data rates up to 500Mb/s • Improvements to LTE by using 8x8 MIMO Relay functionality • Data rates of 100Mb/s with high mobility • Improving cell edge coverage and 1Gb/s with low mobility • More efficient coverage in rural areas CoMP (coordinated multiple point transmission and reception) • Downlink coordinated multi-point transmission • Uplink coordinated multi-point reception Local IP Access (LIPA) & Enhanced HNB to allow traffic off- load © 3GPP 2010 – Middle East Telco World Summit, 1st December 2010 12
    • LTE-Advanced LTE-Advanced is the 3GPP submission for theTHE Mobile Broadband Standard ITU’s IMT-Advanced system Study Item, “LTE-Advanced” approved in 3GPP - Mar 2008  LTE-Advanced Requirements (TR 36.913) - Jun 2008  LTE-Advanced “Early Submission” made to ITU-R - Sep 2008  “Complete Technology Submission” to ITU-R - Jun 2009  “Final submission” to ITU-R - Oct 2009  Evaluation Process “Final Decision” by ITU-R - Oct 2010  Completion of LTE-Advanced specifications by 3GPP - Mar 2011 © 3GPP 2010 – Middle East Telco World Summit, 1st December 2010 13
    • What’s Next? Key Features & Studies in 3GPP ReleasesTHE Mobile Broadband Standard Spectrum Femtocell Features Offloading Traffic M2M New Features and Studies listed on the 3GPP site … http://www.3gpp.org/ftp/Specs/html- info/FeatureListFrameSet.htm © 3GPP 2010 – Middle East Telco World Summit, 1st December 2010 14
    • Spectrum THE Mobile Broadband Standard Additional spectrum can be added to the specifications as required(eg. 3500MHz currently being added) Re-farming 900/1800MHz GSM bands are attracting a lot of attention, as “spectrum re-farming” in those bands is seen as one way to allow the roll out of mobile broadband services. (See 3GPP TS 36.101) © 3GPP 2010 – Middle East Telco World Summit, 1st December 2010 15
    • Home (e) Node BTHE Mobile Broadband Standard In Release 8, 3GPP specified UTRA and LTE femtocells Home (e) Node B is the 3GPP term for a femtocell • HNB = UTRA femtocell • HeNB = LTE femtocell Improvements developed in Release 9 • Improved idle mode handling • Active mode mobility support to/from cells of H(e)NB • Support open/hybrid mode access to cells of H(e)NBs • O&M improvements “ © 3GPP 2010 – Middle East Telco World Summit, 1st December 2010 ” 16
    • Offloading and TrafficTHE Mobile Broadband Standard Breakout Various traffic offload mechanisms defined in Release 10 Local IP Access (LIPA) is used from a femtocell to access local network resources (such as a printer) IP Flow Mobility and Seamless Offload (IFOM) is used to carry some of a UE’s traffic over wifi to offload femto access. Selected IP Traffic Offload (SIPTO) is used to offload the mobile core network by breaking traffic out of the network early. • SIPTO for femtocells may be deferred to a later release © 3GPP 2010 – Middle East Telco World Summit, 1st December 2010 17
    • Machine TypeTHE Mobile Broadband Standard Communications Work started on this in Rel 10 14 MTC Features identified • Low Mobility • MTC Monitoring • Time Controlled • Priority Alarm Message (PAM) • Time Tolerant • Secure Connection • Packet Switched (PS) Only • Location Specific Trigger • Small Data Transmissions • Network Provided Destination for Uplink Data • Mobile Originated Only • Infrequent Transmission • Infrequent Mobile Terminated • Group Based MTC Features In Rel 10, 3GPP will focus on the general functionality required to support these features • Overload control (Radio Network Congestion use case, Signalling Network Congestion use case and Core Network Congestion use case) • Addressing • Identifiers • Subscription control • Security © 3GPP 2010 – Middle East Telco World Summit, 1st December 2010 18
    • Convergence (Technology)THE Mobile Broadband Standard 3GPP LTE is a point of convergence, to unite the world’s operators on a common technology platform 2009 - CDMA Development Group (CDG) join 3GPP as aMarket Representation Partner (MRP) 2009 - TD-SCDMA Forum pave the way for TD-LTE in China 2009 - Public Safety Agencies announce that LTE meets theirrequirements (See APCO, NENA, NPSTC Announcements) 2010 – 3GPP is working with Broadband Forum to supportFMC using 3GPP EPC © 3GPP 2010 – Middle East Telco World Summit, 1st December 2010 19
    • ConclusionsTHE Mobile Broadband Standard 3GPP LTE is set to be the major enabler for mobile broadband EDGE and HSPA remain hugely successful Industrial input to the standards process is of an unprecedented level • For LTE roll-out it is vital to maintain a good knowledge of standards updates The first commercial LTE Networks have been launched based on 3GPP Release 8 and R9 LTE-Advanced will enable new services & innovation beyond 3GPP Release 10 3GPP LTE is an evolution path which unites the GSM/UMTS, TD- LTE and CDMA families as well as the fixed/mobile communities © 3GPP 2010 – Middle East Telco World Summit, 1st December 2010 20
    • More Information on-lineTHE Mobile Broadband Standard All 3GPP information is openly available at www.3gpp.org Email questions to info@3gpp.org Specifications are there too, but are also available from the 6 Organisational Partners as Regional Specifications A DVD of the full set of 3GPP specifications is produced on a regular basis and is made available at trade events – free of charge © 3GPP 2010 – Middle East Telco World Summit, 1st December 2010 21
    • 3GPP MarketTHE Mobile Broadband Standard Representation Partners Bring special requirements to Standardization – from Industry Take Standardization to their community Promote 3GPP technologies to external publics http://www.3gpp.org/Market-Representation-Partners © 3GPP 2010 – Middle East Telco World Summit, 1st December 2010 22
    • THE Mobile Broadband Standard Thank You www.3gpp.org © 3GPP 2010 – Middle East Telco World Summit, 1st December 2010 23