Taking 5G from vision to reality
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Presented by Moray Rumney, Strategic Business Development, Agilent Technologies on 30th June 2014 in The 6th Future of Wireless International Conference

Presented by Moray Rumney, Strategic Business Development, Agilent Technologies on 30th June 2014 in The 6th Future of Wireless International Conference
at The Møller Centre, Cambridge

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Taking 5G from vision to reality Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 1 © 2014 Agilent Technologies Taking 5G from vision to reality Moray Rumney Strategic Business Development 30th June 2014 The 6th Future of Wireless International Conference Changing the World with Wireless 30th June & 1st July 2014, The Møller Centre, Cambridge
  • 2. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 2 © 2014 Agilent Technologies In 1999 Agilent split off from Hewlett-Packard In Nov 2014 the electronic measurement group of Agilent will split off to become The remainder fo Agilent will continue as a life sciences company Agilent to become two independent companies
  • 3. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 3 © 2014 Agilent Technologies Abstract The demands for innovation and future wireless connectivity show no signs of abating. As a consequence, the expectations for 5G - the next anticipated leap in wireless connectivity – are quite staggering. This talk will examine the drivers for 5G and take a deeper look at some of the potential new technologies being researched with a view to understanding the many dimensions, opportunities and contentions that 5G represents at this early phase of its development. By drawing on the experience gained from previous generations, the talk will conclude with possible scenarios for what the wireless ecosystem might look like by 2020.
  • 4. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 4 © 2014 Agilent Technologies Agenda 1. Review of major innovations in wireless communications 2. UMTS long term evolution 3. The motivation and vision for 5G 4. 5G technical assumptions 5. Six predictions for broadband wireless 2020 6. Summary
  • 5. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 5 © 2014 Agilent Technologies What have been the key innovations in wireless communications to date? GSM goes global! 2G - 1993 Mobile voice 1G -1983 WLAN meets the iPhone 2.75G - 20073.5 G - 2006 HSPA overtakes EDGE And looking forwards: 5G – 2020: The perception of infinite capacity anywhere!
  • 6. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 6 © 2014 Agilent Technologies TD-SCDMA (China) 802.16e (Mobile WiMAX) WiBRO (Korea) 802.16d (Fixed WiMAX) Wireless: 1990 to beyond 2020 GSM (Europe) IS-136 (US TDMA) PDC (Japan) IS-95A (US CDMA) HSCSD GPRSiMODE IS-95B (US CDMA) W-CDMA (FDD & TDD) E-GPRS (EDGE) HSDPA HSUPA EDGE Evolution 1x EV-DO 0  A  B HSPA+ / E-HSPA LTE (R8/9 FDD/TDD) LTE-Adv. (R10 and beyond) 802.16m / WiMAX2 802.11h/n 802.11ac cdma2000 (1x RTT) 802.11a/g 802.11b2G 2.5G 3G 3.5G 3.9G 4G Market evolutionTechnology evolution Increasingefficiency,bandwidthanddatarates © 2012 Agilent Technologies 5G 802.11ax 802.11ad Cellular W-LAN ?
  • 7. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 7 © 2014 Agilent Technologies UMTS Long Term Evolution 1999 2015 Release Stage 3: Core specs complete Main feature of Release Rel-99 March 2000 UMTS 3.84 Mcps (W-CDMA FDD & TDD) Rel-4 March 2001 1.28 Mcps TDD (aka TD-SCDMA) Rel-5 June 2002 HSDPA Rel-6 March 2005 HSUPA (E-DCH) Rel-7 Dec 2007 HSPA+ (64QAM DL, MIMO, 16QAM UL). LTE & SAE Feasibility Study, Edge Evolution Rel-8 Dec 2008 LTE Work item – OFDMA air interface SAE Work item – New IP core network UMTS Femtocells, Dual Carrier HSDPA Rel-9 Dec 2009 Multi-standard Radio (MSR), Dual Carrier HSUPA, Dual Band HSDPA, SON, LTE Femtocells (HeNB) LTE-Advanced feasibility study, MBSFN Rel-10 March 2011 LTE-Advanced (4G) work item, CoMP Study Four carrier HSDPA Rel-11 Sept 2012 CoMP, eDL MIMO, eCA, MIMO OTA, HSUPA TxD & 64QAM MIMO, HSDPA 8C & 4x4 MIMO, MB MSR Rel-12 Sept 2014 3DL CA, LTE-Direct, Active Antenna Systems, small cells… Rel-13 Dec 2015 Being defined from Sept 2014, LTE-U? 4 carrier aggregation?
  • 8. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 8 © 2014 Agilent Technologies LTE Frequency bands By the end of Release 13 there could be 47 frequency bands defined for LTE FDD TDD Release 8 1 – 17 (excl. 15,16*) 32 - 40 Release 9 18 - 21 Release 10 22 - 25 41 - 43 Release 11 26 - 29 44 Release 12 30 - 32 Release 13 1980-2010MHz & 2170-2200MHz Region 1, 1670-1675MHz Band for US, AWS (Band 4) extension (study) * Bands 15 and 16 are specified by ETSI only for use in Europe
  • 9. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 9 © 2014 Agilent Technologies Release 11, 12 &13 RAN stats 3GPP Releases 11, 12 and early 13 represent a huge growth in features and complexity • 58 Study items for feasibility of new work • 75 new features (excl. carrier aggregation), 51 with new performance requirements • 129 new carrier aggregation combinations with corresponding performance requirements • 4 performance only requirements for features from earlier releases • 29 new conformance tests (expect ~180 at completion)
  • 10. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 10 © 2014 Agilent Technologies What is the motivation for 5G? The primary motivation for 5G is the apparently endless exponential growth in demand for wireless data services In addition there is an emerging set of demands based on the unique attributes of machine-type communications (MTC) for the internet of things (IoT) which is predicted to reach tens of billions of devices by 2020 There is also growing awareness of the need for energy efficiency and cost savings
  • 11. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 11 © 2014 Agilent Technologies Shaping 5G: A complex problem Performance-led metrics Identifiable metrics for higher performance Higher bit rates Lower latency Higher spectral efficiency Higher capacity density Higher connection density Leading to consequences for Terminal and network cost Terminal battery life Energy efficiency Reliability of service Mobility
  • 12. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 12 © 2014 Agilent Technologies Shaping 5G: A complex problem Availability and efficiency-led metrics Demands for availability and cost/energy efficiency High availability of service Lower terminal and network cost Longer terminal battery life Higher energy efficiency Lower mobility Leading to consequences on performance Lower or sufficient bit rates Higher latency Lower spectral efficiency Lower capacity density Lower connection density
  • 13. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 13 © 2014 Agilent Technologies Performance vs. availability, cost and efficiency The emerging demands on 5G are far more comprehensive than previous generations It is very clear that some fo the desirable attributes are mutually exclusive. This leads to an assumption that the needs of 5G cannot be met by one single solution Shaping 5G High Performance Availability cost and efficiency Bit rate bits / s 109 107 105 103 UE battery life days 103 102 10 1
  • 14. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 14 © 2014 Agilent Technologies High Performance Availability cost and efficiency 2G focussed on low bit rate voice and SMS services with low spectral efficiency and correspondingly high availability at the cell edge 2G targets Bit rate bits / s 109 107 105 103
  • 15. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 15 © 2014 Agilent Technologies Later evolutions for packet data (GPRS and EDGE) traded off higher efficiency to get higher bit rates with correspondingly lower availability at the cell edge 2.5G targets High Performance Availability cost and efficiency Bit rate bits / s 109 107 105 103
  • 16. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 16 © 2014 Agilent Technologies High Performance Availability cost and efficiency The requirements for high mobility 3G from ITU-R (IMT-2000) were less comprehensive covering just single- user peak bit rates. This is why early 3G experiences did not match up to the much advertised 2 Mb/s low mobility expectations. 3G targets Bit rate bits / s 109 107 105 103
  • 17. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 17 © 2014 Agilent Technologies High Performance Availability cost and efficiency The 4G targets provided by ITU-R were more comprehensive than 3G by adding latency and spectral efficiency targets but otherwise focussed again on single-user peak data rates at low mobility. 4G targets Bit rate bits / s 109 107 105 103
  • 18. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 18 © 2014 Agilent Technologies High Performance Availability cost and efficiency In the early debate on 5G some targets for attributes associated with high performance have been proposed. The consequences on the attributes of availability, cost and efficiency using today’s technology then follow A better balance between the upper and lower halves of the plot will require technical breakthrough 5G High performance targets Bit rate bits / s 109 107 105 103 UE battery life days 103 102 10 1
  • 19. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 19 © 2014 Agilent Technologies High Performance Availability cost and efficiency By contrast the contrasting demands of static MTC/IoT look very different The key attributes are driven from the lower half of the spider diagram with the likely performance attributes being impacted MTC/IoT targets Bit rate bits / s 109 107 105 103 UE battery life days 103 102 10 1
  • 20. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 20 © 2014 Agilent Technologies High Performance Availability cost and efficiency Looking at public safety a further difference emerges in priorities The consequence of the contrasting targets for 5G means there will need to be more than one technical solution Public safety targets Bit rate bits / s 109 107 105 103 UE battery life days 103 102 10 1
  • 21. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 21 © 2014 Agilent Technologies High Performance Availability cost and efficiency By overlaying the contrasting demands of different types of service an aggregate picture of 5G emerges. Could this be 5G? Bit rate bits / s 109 107 105 103 UE battery life days 103 102 10 1
  • 22. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 22 © 2014 Agilent Technologies Setting the 5G agenda The role of the ITU If the industry were left to its own devices two possibilities might emerge LTE would continue to evolve with an ever-increasing list of incremental developments with the risk of creating a complex infrastructure with a fragmented market The conflicting demands on 5G might lead to a never-ending debate or, national or regional solutions that risk market fragmentation For 5G to be successful it needs to have a clear focus and timeline – this should be the role of the ITU in the successor to the IMT-2000 and IMT-Advanced programs
  • 23. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 23 © 2014 Agilent Technologies Setting the 5G agenda Other organizations In addition to the ITU there are currently many organizations across the world with an interest in 5G research including: Japan - ARIB 2020 ad hoc group Korea - 5G Forum China - IMT2020 and Beyond promotion group Europe - Horizon 2020 funded research program • 5G Public Private Partnership (5GPPP) is a Horizon 2020 program UK The 5G Innovation Centre based at Surrey University Germany – Technical University of Dresden Industrial Partners US - New York University Wireless consortium Global – Next Generation Mobile Networks (NGMN) operator group
  • 24. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 24 © 2014 Agilent Technologies 5G Timing There is a general recognition that 5G is targeting commercial deployment beyond 2020 There are also national / regional pressures to demonstrate capability for flagship events such as the Korean 2018 Winter Olympics and the Tokyo 2020 Summer Olympics That said, if the timescales of previous generations which had much simpler objectives were to be repeated, then commercial launch in 2020 is a seriously aggressive goal However, for the time being, 2020 is the date motivating 5G research
  • 25. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 25 © 2014 Agilent Technologies 5G solution proposals There are many potential solutions proposed for 5G, but given the desire for orders of magnitude of change in performance, cost etc. most of the marginal ideas can be discounted Only the solutions that truly could make a huge difference need to be considered, the rest can be left to the ongoing evolution of legacy systems
  • 26. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 26 © 2014 Agilent Technologies A simple wireless capacity model The capacity of a system to deliver services is defined by three main factors: • The bandwidth of the available radio spectrum – in MHz • The efficient use of that spectrum – bits / second / hertz • The number of cells – this equates to spectrum reuse Number of cells Efficiency
  • 27. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 27 © 2014 Agilent Technologies Wireless capacity growth 1960 – 2010 Capacity 1,000,000x Growthfactor 1 10 100 1000 20 25 2000 Efficiency Spectrum No. of cells 10000 Growthpotential 1 10 3 2 100 Efficiency Spectrum No. of cells 100 2010 – 2020 Capacity 600x For both the past and the future, the growth of wireless capacity is dominated by the number of cells (small cell spectrum reuse) Most industry effort Most opportunity
  • 28. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 28 © 2014 Agilent Technologies Wireless capacity growth: with mmWave spectrum Growthpotential 1 10 2 20 100 Efficiency Spectrum No. of cells 100 2015 – 2025 Capacity 4000x But with potential for mmWave deployment, the available spectrum might rise from a typical 500 MHz per region to many GHz
  • 29. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 29 © 2014 Agilent Technologies 5G Technical Assumptions Use of mmWave frequencies 10G-50GHz, 60 GHz, possibly 70-80 GHz. Wider bandwidths: 500MHz to 3GHz (below 50 GHz) Massive MIMO – 100+ elements New antenna technologies • Steerable Array antennas (dynamic beam forming patterns) • Massive MIMO (e.g. 100-1000 low-power antennas per BTS Will require significantly more (low cost) backhaul capacity (400 Gb/s) Very low round-trip latency requirements • Affects all elements of the network Higher Frequencies and Higher Densities will dictate small cells Software defined radio and network
  • 30. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 30 © 2014 Agilent Technologies 5G Technical Assumptions New air interfaces • Move towards more cognitive designs to take advantage of spectrum sharing: a hybrid of cellular mobility and Wi-Fi ad hoc co-existence Interop and integration with multiple RAT’s including unlicensed • Significant impact on the network (e.g. control channel on low band) • Role of 802.11ad as it evolves between now and 2020 into 802.11ax
  • 31. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 31 © 2014 Agilent Technologies Why mmWave? Challenge & Opportunity 𝑃𝑜𝑤𝑒𝑟𝑅𝑋 = 𝑃𝑜𝑤𝑒𝑟 𝑇𝑋 + 𝐴𝑛𝑡𝐺𝑎𝑖𝑛 𝑅𝑋 + 𝐴𝑛𝑡𝐺𝑎𝑖𝑛 𝑇𝑋 − 20𝑙𝑜𝑔10 4𝜋𝑅 - 20𝑙𝑜𝑔10 𝑓 𝑐 In words. For a given distance, as the frequency increases, the received power will drop unless offset by an increase in some combination of transmit power, transmit antenna gain, and receive antenna gain. The decrease in power as a function of frequency is caused by the decrease in the antenna aperture. IBM 94 GHz Array Can Tile for Larger Arrays IBM Press Release, June 2013 Distance Frequency The Good News: • Higher frequency antennas elements are smaller • Easier to assemble into electronically steered arrays • Reduced interference. Energy goes where it’s needed • Improve performance in dense crowds (5G goal) • Higher frequencies wider bandwidths: faster (5G goal) Challenges: • Increased complexity with more elements • Multiple antenna arrays required for spherical coverage • Discovery and Tracking (mobile devices)
  • 32. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 32 © 2014 Agilent Technologies 2D Massive MIMO free space simulation Four users, 0 dB relative BS power
  • 33. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 33 © 2014 Agilent Technologies 2D Massive MIMO scattering simulation Four users, -5.6 dB relative BS power
  • 34. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 34 © 2014 Agilent Technologies 2D Massive MIMO random scattering 200 ant, 1λ, -14.5 dB relative BS power
  • 35. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 35 © 2014 Agilent Technologies Mobility and the challenge of directional antennas It becomes a bit like making one’s way through a thicket at night with a laser pointer when a broad beamed flashlight is needed. Steve Wilkus Search Strategies High Gain Large volume to search, low probability of both stations pointing in the same direction Low Gain Higher probability of looking in the right direction but much less energy to detect
  • 36. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 36 © 2014 Agilent Technologies Potential 5G mmWave bands Samsung Experiments: 28 and 38 GHz (500 MHz) Japan: Tokyo Institute of Tech. 11 GHz, 400 MHz (some collaboration with NTT DoCoMo) METIS: Bands for investigation - see chart Samsung METIS Samsung
  • 37. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 37 © 2014 Agilent Technologies mmWave Design Challenges High Frequency High Bandwidth High Path Loss High Data Rate Phase Stability High IF to Converters (use 2nd Nyquist) Directional Antennas Usually Required Power consumption Amplifier Efficiency I and Q channel match over frequency Large codebook space for Beam Steering Algorithm Complexity Output Power Integrated Noise Power Beam forming complexity Prototyping (FPGA’s usually not fast enough) Antenna Complexity Harder to doge spurious Robust Modulation and Coding (MCS) IO (memory, interfaces to CPU’s etc.) Quadrature Errors (Homodyne) A/D and D/A Converters (power consumption) Discovery and Tracking affect MAC and MCS High sample-rate data to/from converters
  • 38. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 38 © 2014 Agilent Technologies Six predictions for wireless broadband 2020 1. No new worldwide allocations of mmWave spectrum 2. Cellular will extend into the ISM band at 60 GHz (Unlicensed access) 3. The importance of UE antennas will finally be recognized 4. WLAN will become an equal partner with cellular 5. Without technical breakthrough, the operator business case will not support a massive expansion in capacity 6. The success of 802.11ad will determine the likelihood of cellular at mmWave frequencies
  • 39. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 39 © 2014 Agilent Technologies 1 No new worldwide allocations of mmWave spectrum One of the yet to be addressed challenges for 5G is where potential mmWave spectrum might be found The last time the ITU Worlds Radio Council allocated spectrum for wireless communications was 2007, there was no debate at WRC 2012. In 2015 there is an agenda item for communications below 6 GHz but no guarantee fo any new allocations There is not yet an agenda item agreed for WRC 2018/9 to discuss potential mmWave allocations Existing spectrum holders from military, Broadcast, Satellite industries are acting together to prevent further release to mobile broadband
  • 40. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 40 © 2014 Agilent Technologies 2 Cellular will extend into the ISM band at 60 GHz (Unlicensed access) Release 13 will study the operation f LTE in unlicensed spectrum (LTE-U) - in particular the 5 GHz ISM band used for WLAN This is to enable operators to offload traffic to LTE femtocells without having to implement WLAN thus avoiding inter-RAT challenges Proposals are controversial since standard LTE interferes with WLAN LTE is shown to be more efficient - but WLAN was there first Modifications to the LTE air interface are proposed to make co- existence with WLAN more tolerable (e.g. Listen Before Talk – LBT) Likely to become the single biggest increase of cellular spectrum (up to 680 MHz in 5 GHz band) since the allocations given at WRC 07. If successful at 5 GHz, likely to be extended to the 60 GHz ISM band as the quickest way for 5G to get spectrum
  • 41. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 41 © 2014 Agilent Technologies 3 The importance of antennas will finally be recognized Step 1 Measure with a micrometer Once conducted signals reach RF, allowances for implementation margin and test system uncertainty can account for 2 or 3 dB lost performance Features providing a few tenths of a dB of baseband performance are considered worth fighting for But the radiated performance of devices taking into account the antennas can easily vary by 10 dB or more Step 2 Mark with chalk Step 3 Cut with an axe
  • 42. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 42 © 2014 Agilent Technologies mmWave Antenna Development and Validation • Antenna Performance – Steerable: design, characterization (codebook), producibility – Beam forming: Reciprocity, Gain/Phase/TDD elements • Traceable Measurements – Challenging without facility for conducted measurements – Integrated Power: Varies with radiation pattern – Receiver Sensitivity • Interoperability with steerable antennas (MAC and PHY) • Test Modes – Start or Stop steering/beamforming – Select test pattern – Use test-only DUT configurations to simplify parametric measurements, and to aid in isolating performance issues of individual antenna subsystems or elements.
  • 43. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 43 © 2014 Agilent Technologies RF MIMO OTA Multi-probe anechoic chamber
  • 44. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 44 © 2014 Agilent Technologies 2007 4 WLAN will become an equal partner with cellular Brief history of cellular carriers & WiFi 2012 No longer a threat No longer not good enough
  • 45. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 45 © 2014 Agilent Technologies Evolution of carrier aggregation Release-10 Co-located The original goal of CA was to increase the spectrum and hence peak data rate available from one cell site Two carriers in the same band with very similar coverage area Two carriers of different frequencies showing different coverage areas When the second carrier is at a very different frequency, the benefit of CA is limited to the centre of the cell which is not ideal
  • 46. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 46 © 2014 Agilent Technologies Evolution of carrier aggregation Rel-12 Dual connectivity for LTE By allowing CA between sites it is possible to provide continuous CA coverage using a low frequency macro (umbrella) cell and local capacity using a higher frequency small cell Macro umbrella cell Small cell Small cell Small cell The separation of the sites means that enhancements are required at the physical layer including multiple timing advances
  • 47. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 47 © 2014 Agilent Technologies Evolution of carrier aggregation Rel-13 Multi-RAT dual connectivity The ultimate flexibility is then achieved if CA is performed across radio access technologies (RATs) and in particular with today’s dominant small cell technology: WLAN. Macro umbrella cell Small cell WLAN WLAN This level of integration will force solutions to the issues of authentication and billing which continue to limit the potential of WLAN today.
  • 48. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 48 © 2014 Agilent Technologies 5 Without technical breakthrough, the operator business case will not support a massive expansion in capacity The predictions for exponential traffic growth assume the provision of the necessary network capacity is affordable Current wireless broadband experience is dominated by a lack of investment in current technology rather than a need for new technology
  • 49. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 49 © 2014 Agilent Technologies At the conference Churchill College No 3G coverage in the auditorium EDGE
  • 50. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 50 © 2014 Agilent Technologies 6 The success of 802.11ad will predict the likelihood of cellular at mmWave Cellular at mmWave will face all of the challenges of WirelessHD and 802.11ad and many more. 802.11ad will be seven years old in 2020 and its success will be a barometer for what is possible with mmWave cellular 802.11ad ASIC’s are available now and shipping in quantity Peraso Wilocity WirelessHD has been available to consumers for several years IOGear Wireless HD - £189 at Amazon The future is already here, it’s just not evenly distributed. William Gibson
  • 51. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 51 © 2014 Agilent Technologies Summary The current wireless broadband ecosystem is becoming increasingly fragmented and complex with implications on performance and costs For 5G to deliver a revolutionary step and distinguish itself from the ongoing evolution of 4G will require breakthrough developments Unlike previous mobile communication generations, the debate around 5G is embracing the full range of technical performance, economic and environmental factors
  • 52. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 52 © 2014 Agilent Technologies But as engineers we should not forget that the “best” designs don’t always win! Ethernet vs. Token ring 802.11b vs. HiperLAN Windows 3.1 vs. Unix Iridium vs. GSM Esperanto vs. English “Perfection is the enemy of the good” Gustave Flaubert French Novelist 1821 - 1880
  • 53. Taking 5G from Vision to Reality Moray Rumney 30th June 2014 Page 53 © 2014 Agilent Technologies Thank you for listening!