LTE Network Commitments Aug 2010


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The Global mobile Suppliers Association (GSA) has published an update to its Evolution to LTE report which confirms that 101 firm LTE network deployments are in progress or planned in 41 countries. The number of network commitments is 71% higher than GSA reported in a similar survey six months ago.

This figure includes three LTE systems which have launched commercial service – in Sweden, Norway, and Uzbekistan. GSA anticipates up to 22 LTE networks will be in commercial service by end 2010.

Another 31 operators are engaged in various LTE pilot trials and technology tests (these are referred to as pre-commitment trials). Taken together, it means that 132 operators are now investing in LTE in 56 countries.

The report is available to download at:

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LTE Network Commitments Aug 2010

  1. 1. INFORMATION PAPER August 26, 2010 rev 1 Evolution to LTE LTE is on track, attracting global industry support. 3GPP Long Term Evolution Modern infrastructure solutions offer an easy upgrade (LTE) delivers capacity and path to LTE. With the HSPA mobile broadband eco- data rate speed, data system in place, LTE is the natural migration choice throughput enhancements for GSM/HSPA network operators. As a result of and low latency, to support collaboration between 3GPP, 3GPP2 and IEEE, there new services and features is a roadmap for CDMA operators to evolve to LTE as requiring higher levels of their clear mobile broadband system of choice. capability and performance. Business users and The majority of LTE commitments and deployments consumers today browse the Internet or send and are for the paired spectrum (FDD) mode. The LTE receive e-mails using HSPA-enabled notebooks, or TDD mode for unpaired spectrum is complementary with HSPA modems and dongles, and send/receive and key for several markets. LTE TDD also provides video or music on 3G/HSPA phones. LTE is the next a future-proof evolutionary path for TD-SCDMA, step in the user experience, which will enhance more another 3GPP standard. An LTE TDD demonstration demanding applications such as interactive TV, network is live at the 2010 World Expo, Shanghai with mobile video blogging, advanced games and several leading vendors being involved, with the professional services. Downlink and uplink data rates results confirming they are ready and that the are significantly higher, supported by the necessary technology is ready to go. Further updates on LTE network architecture and technology enhancements. TDD are provided in this report. LTE reduces the cost per Gigabyte of data delivered, which is essential to address the mass market. The With LTE we have one single global standard, which new system supports a full IP-based network, and in turn will secure and drive even higher economies of harmonization with other radio access technologies. scale and also simplify roaming. LTE standardization is complete and approved by 3GPP within Release 8, and is the basis for initial 132 operators in 56 countries are LTE deployments worldwide. The LTE standard investing in LTE supports both FDD and TDD modes with the same specification and hardware components.  101 LTE network commitments in 41 countries 3 commercial LTE systems are launched: in Norway, Sweden, and Uzbekistan  31 additional pre-commitment LTE trials  Up to 22 LTE networks in service by end 2010 On December 15, 2009 TeliaSonera launched the  Around 50 LTE networks in service by end 2012 world’s first LTE services in Sweden and Norway. The LTE networks cover Stockholm and Oslo and Evolution to LTE report (GSA) – August 26, 2010 perform very well. The Stockholm network was later upgraded from a 10 MHz to 20 MHz carrier. Coverage is being extended to cover 218 cities and GSA believes that LTE will be the choice for many towns in 2011. In Norway, LTE will be deployed in 4 more operators and be introduced according to more cities in 2010. A new LTE modem (Samsung business needs. Several more operators are GT-B3730) is available supporting GSM/EDGE and testing/trialing LTE and further announcements from WCDMA-HSPA networks as well as LTE. them are expected. Availability of new spectrum, MTS Uzbekistan announced on July 28, 2010 particularly in the 2.6 GHz and Digital Dividend bands commercial launch of an LTE system, the first in the (700, 800 MHz), is a crucial factor for LTE CIS and Central Asia, initially in the city of Tashkent deployments in many countries, as well as regulatory conditions, and will directly determine deployment and service launch dates in most markets.
  2. 2. INFORMATION PAPER August 26, 2010 rev 1 Spectrum for LTE deployments  Spectrum flexibility: scalable to operate in 1.4, 2.5, 5, 10, 15 and 20 MHz allocations: Uplink and LTE can be deployed in existing 2G and 3G system downlink…paired and unpaired spectrum, as well as utilize new spectrum such as 2.6  Co-existence with GERAN/3G on adjacent GHz currently being allocated in many parts of the channels; with other operators on adjacent world, and the 700 MHz band which was auctioned channels; overlapping or adjacent spectrum at as part of the Digital Dividend, starting in the USA. country borders; handover with UTRAN & GERAN Initial deployments in Japan are using 800 MHz, 1.5 GHz and 1.7 GHz depending on the operator, and LTE radio network products incorporate several according to the local situation. There is also high features to simplify building and management of next- interest in opportunities for LTE deployments using generation networks. Plug-and-play, self- frequencies released by spectrum re-farming, e.g. in configuration and self-optimization simplify and the GSM 900 MHz band and the 1800 MHz band reduce network rollout and management cost. LTE which are now being relaxed by regulators (e.g. in will be deployed alongside simplified, IP-based core Europe) to enable mobile broadband services using and transport networks that are easier to build, technologies such as LTE. There are high maintain and introduce services on. expectations in Europe and elsewhere to access The 3GPP core network has also undergone System additional UHF bands from the Digital Dividend (800 Architecture Evolution (SAE) in the same timeframe MHz), to enable LTE to be globally deployed as LTE, optimizing it for packet mode and, in efficiently over large geographical areas, and to particular, for the IP-Multimedia Subsystem (IMS), improve in-building coverage. which supports all access technologies, including fixed wire-line access. This allows: LTE ensures a smooth evolution from current 3GPP  Improvements in latency, capacity, throughput and 3GPP2 systems, and is a major step towards  Simplification of the core network, and IMT-Advanced (i.e. 4G). LTE includes many features optimization for IP traffic and services, and originally considered for a future 4G system and expected growth utilizes a new radio air interface technology -  Simplified support & handover to non-3GPP Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access access technologies (OFDMA) to provide several key benefits, including significantly increased peak data rates, increased cell The result is the evolved packet system (EPS) that edge performance, reduced latency, scalable consists of the core network part, the evolved packet bandwidth, co-existence with GSM/EDGE/UMTS core (EPC) and the radio network evolution part, the systems, and lower CAPEX/OPEX costs. evolved UTRAN (E-UTRAN), i.e. LTE. The EPS is also standardized within 3GPP Release 8 (completed Targets for LTE include: March 2009) and is the baseline for implementations. LTE TDD Systems  Instantaneous downlink peak data rate of at least 100 Mb/s within 20 MHz allocation (5 bps/Hz)  Instantaneous uplink peak data rate of 50 Mb/s LTE TDD is the perfect choice for providing high (2.5 bps/Hz within a 20MHz uplink allocation) speed mobile broadband access in unpaired  Downlink: average user throughput per MHz, 3 to spectrum. It is an integral part of the 3GPP standards 4 times Release 6 HSDPA implementing a maximum of commonalities with LTE  Uplink: average user throughput per MHz, 2-3 FDD and offering comparable performance times Release 6 Enhanced Uplink characteristics at similarly high spectral efficiency.  E-UTRAN optimized for low mobile speed: 0-15 LTE TDD is a real complement to LTE FDD. Within km/h. Higher mobile speed between 15-120 km/h the globally assigned IMT spectrum bands for mobile should be supported with high performance. (broadband) communication, there are significant Mobility across the cellular network shall be spectrum resources suitable for LTE TDD usage maintained at speeds 120 km/h-350 km/h (or even across a wide range of frequencies. Amongst these, up to 500 km/h depending on the frequency band) the largest contiguous bands are at 2.3 GHz (100
  3. 3. INFORMATION PAPER August 26, 2010 rev 1 MHz) and within the 2.6 GHz band (e.g. 50 MHz According to reports, the first LTE-capable tablets are according to the CEPT band plan). also likely to appear next year. Due to the recognized demand for radio technologies AT&T Mobility is deploying LTE in 700 MHz and is for unpaired spectrum bands and based on the expected to launch LTE in 2011. commonalities as explained above, LTE TDD will be able to exploit global economies of scale similar to T-Mobile USA is also committed to LTE deployment. LTE FDD. The availability of spectrum and the technical pre-requisites allow a short time to market. Bay Area Regional Interoperable Communications Hence, it is likely that LTE TDD will become a globally System (BayRICS) vision was established by the 10 accepted technology, and provide an excellent Bay Area Counties and 3 core cities, of San evolution path for TD-SCDMA and WiMAX™ Francisco, Oakland, and San Jose in 2006 through networks. Furthermore, LTE FDD and LTE TDD have the creation of a strategic plan with the goal of a clear smooth evolution towards LTE-Advanced. providing voice and data interoperability throughout the Bay Area region. BayRICS is a state of the art The growing number of LTE TDD operator communications system-of-systems. Bay Area commitments, system maturity, and the expanding Wireless Enhanced Broadband (BayWEB) is the eco-system are detailed further in this report. broadband component of BayRICS which has acquired 700 MHz in which an LTE-based public Will HSPA+ deployments delay LTE rollout? safety system will be deployed. An infrastructure vendor has been announced (July 2010). The public Many operators will invest in both HSPA+ and LTE. safety LTE system will be installed this year and is GSA sees no evidence of HSPA+ uptake delaying targeted to be operational in early 2011. commitments to deploy LTE. The success of HSPA/HSPA+ in delivering mobile broadband will fuel Cellular South acquired 700 MHz spectrum for demand to support more customers and for even virtually all of Mississippi and Tennessee and most of higher data throughputs including for new Alabama and plans to deploy LTE in the future. applications, which LTE delivers. LTE brings the opportunity for additional spectrum in Digital Dividend CenturyTel will deploy LTE in 700 MHz from 2010. (700, 800 MHz) and 2.6 GHz spectrum, initially giving comparable throughput capacity and performance, Cable operator Cox Communications has confirmed and will continue to improve and also benefit from plans to deploy LTE and completed initial LTE tests in larger bandwidth deployments (up to 20 MHz) and Phoenix, Arizona and San Diego using AWS and later evolution to LTE-Advanced. 700MHz spectrum. MetroPCS, another regional carrier, plans to launch LTE network commitments, trials and plans: LTE launch in 2010 in selected metropolitan areas global round-up including Las Vegas and Dallas Ft. Worth with what may be the first multi-mode CDMA-LTE handset Americas (Samsung SCH-R900/Craft). The company plans to complete LTE network build out by mid 2011. USA Aircell will launch LTE in 2011 to boost the capacity of its in-flight network. Verizon Wireless is deploying LTE in 700 MHz. Trial networks in Boston and Seattle are in the final phase. Clearwire has requested 3GPP to standardize LTE User-friendly trials are running over the summer. TDD for operation in the band 2496 – 2690 MHz and Verizon plans LTE launches in 25-30 cities in on August 4, 2010 announced plans for technology November 2010 (100 million pops), nationwide by trials to test both LTE TDD and LTE FDD. The tests 2013-2014. The launch will be supported by dongles will be conducted in the fall and throughout early and datacards, with smartphones arriving in 1H 2011. 2011 in Phoenix, Arizona.
  4. 4. INFORMATION PAPER August 26, 2010 rev 1 As part of a $32.1 million stimulus grant, Commnet Brazil Wireless, LLC will develop and operate an LTE network in the Navajo Nation. The grant, plus partial Anatel will auction 120 MHz of 2.6 GHz spectrum, matching funds, will provide broadband infrastructure most likely by mid-2013, while giving operators the access to the Navajo Nation across Arizona, New option to deploy LTE earlier should they acquire an Mexico and Utah, enabling fixed and mobile service MMDS operator who currently holds spectrum. The for over 30,000 households (c. 135,000 people) and 2.6 GHz band had been allocated to MMDS operators 1,000 businesses in 15 of the largest communities in for pay TV, and they will keep 70 MHz. the Navajo Nation, including Window Rock, Shiprock, Kayenta, Chinle, and Tuba City. The project will also Chile provide high-capacity connectivity on the combined middle-mile backbone to 49 more tribal communities. Entel PCS completed the first LTE trial in Latin America, at the Universidad de Chile. Movistar Greenfield operator Lightsquared plans to build the demonstrated LTE at Connect 2009. Regulator Subtel nation's first wholesale only LTE wireless broadband expects to launch a 2.6 GHz LTE spectrum auction in network, and has selected its infrastructure supplier. December 2010, which is earlier than originally According to press reports, the business plan calls for expected, and up to 140 MHz may be available. It 36,000 base stations. means LTE services could be launched in 2012. Texas Energy Network (TEN) plans to deploy a Mexico nationwide LTE wireless broadband network, initially targeting the oil and gas industries. A demonstration Telefonica Movistar and Telcel have each is planned in New Mexico at end August 2010. undertaken testing of LTE technology Canada Asia Pacific and Oceania Rogers Wireless is evaluating LTE. Australia Bell Canada and Telus have launched a joint HSPA+ network, which will later be upgraded to LTE. Telstra has been trialing LTE since May 2010, comprizing not only urban, but also rural evaluations MTS Allstream is deploying HSPA+ which provides and extensive laboratory trials. Working with 3 the company with an efficient upgrade path to LTE vendors, in June 2010 Telstra announced that in one trial it had successfully achieved network speeds of Sasktel announced that its HSPA+ network future 100 Mbps over a distance of 75 km in the 2.6 GHz proofs and positions the company well for future band. In July, Telstra announced the completion of deployment of LTE. another LTE trial in the 1800 MHz band, in Victoria. The 1800 MHz trial includes tests of throughput using Shaw Communications announced in June 2010 it MIMO antenna configurations as well as several had selected its infrastructure supplier for the advanced features including Inter Cell Interference company’s next generation network which provides Coordination to reduce radio network interference for LTE in current AWS spectrum as well as future and improve throughput, and Self Organizing frequency bands to be auctioned in Canada. Networks where LTE network technology automatically optimizes its performance, reducing Argentina operating costs while improving customer service. Telefonica Argentina completed laboratory trials of Optus announced in July 2010 the successful LTE in March 2010, achieving a peak DL data speed demonstration of LTE in 10 MHz of 2100 MHz of 95 Mbps. Personal is testing LTE in the Puerto spectrum in metropolitan Sydney. During extensive Madero area. field testing, using pre-commercial USB dongles, peak download speeds exceeding 50 Mbps and
  5. 5. INFORMATION PAPER August 26, 2010 rev 1 upload speeds of 20 Mbps were achieved. A second Japan phase of testing, utilizing 1800 MHz, is planned. LTE operators use 1.5 GHz (DoCoMo and Softbank In June 2010 the Australian Government confirmed it Mobile), 1.5 GHz + 800 MHz (KDDI), and 1.7 GHz would release 126 MHz of digital dividend spectrum (eMobile). DoCoMo plans commercial LTE launch in (694 – 820 MHz) due to be cleared by end 2013. December 2010, initially serving Tokyo, Nagoya and Osaka areas, and later rolling out nationwide. eMobile China plans to launch LTE in September 2010. China Mobile is building its TD-SCDMA network so Malaysia that sites and other elements are reusable for LTE TDD. A trial LTE TDD network at the 2010 World Maxis is trialing LTE in the Klang Valley. At an event Expo, Shanghai, realized a peak downlink rate of in July 2010 an LTE connection with peak download over 80 Mbps in 20 MHz carrying uplink and downlink speed of 60-104 Mbps was demonstrated, using 10 traffic. The first high-definition LTE TDD video call MHz and 20 MHz bandwidth channels. The regulator including handover has been demonstrated at the MCMC plans to auction 3 blocks of 2.6 GHz spectrum Ministry of Industry and Information Technology for LTE in 2011, and is also consulting on re-farming (MIIT) test lab in Beijing. 850/900/1800 spectrum for 3G services China Telecom is continuing to invest in CDMA and New Zealand plans to launch LTE service in the future. Telecom New Zealand is committed to LTE, and will In Hong Kong SAR, 2 x 15 MHz blocks of 2.6 GHz be making decisions with regards to technology trials spectrum was obtained via auction each by China and choices around the end of 2010. Vodafone New Mobile (Peoples Phone), Genius Brand (Hutchison Zealand has confirmed its commitment to LTE. The Telecom/PCCW JV) and CSL Limited. Commerce Commission has indicated willingness to discuss infrastructure sharing for LTE. New spectrum CSL Limited is engaged in a 6 months LTE trial in for LTE is not expected to be available before 2013. Kowloon Bay and is deploying a dual band 1800/2600 MHz commercial service network. SmarTone- The Philippines Vodafone plans to deploy LTE re-using its current GSM spectrum. Smart Communications and Globe Telecom have conducted LTE trials. Piltel is seeking the remaining India 3G license in the country to deploy LTE services. The BWA auction (which allows use of either LTE Singapore TDD or WiMAX in unpaired 2.3 GHz spectrum), opened with 11 companies bidding for 2 blocks in StarHub is trialing LTE. M1 has completed a 100 each of the 22 circles. The government had earlier Mbps data call on its trial LTE network. SingTel is allocated one 20 MHz unpaired spectrum block each trialing LTE in Singapore, and overseas with carriers to MTNL and BSNL. in which it holds stakes i.e. SingTel Optus (Australia), Telkomsel (Indonesia), Globe Telecom (Philippines). Infotel Broadband (95% owned by Reliance Industries) was the only pan-India winner. Aircel won South Korea in 8 circles. Tikona Digital won spectrum in 5 circles. Qualcomm and Bharti Airtel won 4 circles each. SK Telecom, KT & LG Telecom are deploying LTE. Qualcomm gained spectrum in the key circles of Delhi, Mumbai, Haryana and Kerala and recently SK Telecom has confirmed commercial LTE services announced Global Holding Corporation and Tulip will start in 2011, and be nationwide by 2013. KT also Telecom as initial shareholders for its LTE venture for plans to invest in LTE in 2011. LG Telecom is network deployment. targeting nationwide LTE coverage by 2013.
  6. 6. INFORMATION PAPER August 26, 2010 rev 1 Taiwan Sept 2010. Mobistar is also testing LTE, reaching 60 Mbps downlink and latency of 18 ms. Chunghwa Telecom is firmly committed to LTE, and conducted trials to test functionalities, evaluate Denmark performance, and interworking testing with local companies. Commercial network deployment is An auction of 2500-2690 MHz and 2010-2020 MHz expected to start from 2012 depending on spectrum spectrum was completed on May 10, 2010, with availability. In July 2010 Ericsson and Chunghwa spectrum being awarded to Hi3G Denmark ApS; Telecom showcased the first results from their joint TDC A/S; Telia Nättjänster Norden AB; and LTE field trial including demonstrations of indoor and Telenor A/S. TDC has stated it could have a pre- outdoor mobility tests, application services as well as commercial trial network running in June 2010. CHT-TL's in-house developed LTE Simulator. The trial also opened up the local device industry for IoDT Information about the auction results is available: testing, and a workshop was conducted with the Institute for Information Industry to foster the Taiwan tenders/2-5-ghz/results-of-the-auction ICT industry and speed up development for LTE. Estonia The National Chiao Tung University together with Nokia Siemens Networks conducted a trial of LTE EMT has established an LTE test network in Tallinn TDD earlier this year. FarEasTone and China and made the first data connection in February 2010. Mobile are co-operating on an LTE TDD trial network Tele2 Estonia is also undertaking LTE tests. in Taipei. Finland Vietnam 2.6 GHz licenses for LTE were awarded in an auction The regulator (MIC) has given authority to FPT ending 23 November 2009: Telecom to test LTE in Hanoi and HCM City within one year, and may also license Vietnam Post and  Elisa obtained a 20-year license for 50 MHz. On Telecommunications and Viettel to similarly test LTE. June 2, 2010 Elisa launched a pre-commercial trial in Helsinki Europe  TeliaSonera also acquired a 20-year license for five blocks of 2 x 5 MHz in the 2.6 GHz band and has initiated a trial network for a small number of Armenia users in Turku. Network expansion will depend on local market conditions VivaCell-MTS plans to deploy LTE in 2010.  DNA obtained 40 MHz of 2.6 GHz spectrum ArmenTel (Beeline/Vimpelcom) is planning to deploy LTE following a successful trial in Kazakhstan. Elisa regards LTE1800 (LTE in 1800 MHz band) as a promising option for many markets since it covers Austria twice the area compared to deployments at 2.6 GHz, and would be ready for mass market only a short time T-Mobile Austria launched a 60-cell site pilot LTE after 2.6 GHz (LTE1800 devices are estimated by network in Innsbruck in July 2009. Mobilkom Austria Elisa as coming 6-12 months after LTE2600). has completed an LTE trial including demonstrating live LTE video calls. 3 Austria is upgrading its France network for LTE, and expects to have the capability to offer LTE to customers from 2011. 2.6 GHz spectrum is scheduled for auction by end 2010. Orange has deployed a trial LTE network in Belgium Paris in 10 MHz bandwidth, upgraded to 20 MHz in MVNO and cable operator Telenet is trialing LTE in May 2010. Service launch is expected in 2012 subject Mechelen, ahead of the 2.6 GHz auction expected in to availability of 2.6 GHz spectrum. SFR has awarded
  7. 7. INFORMATION PAPER August 26, 2010 rev 1 an infrastructure contract to upgrade and expand its Magyar Telekom, Telenor Magyarország, and 2G/3G networks and start LTE trials. Bouygues Vodafone Hungary. Telecom is trialing LTE1800 in 10 MHz bandwidth using 2x2 MIMO at a number of sites in Orléans, and Ireland will release first results in mid-June. LTE TDD testing has been performed by a leading Germany supplier under the ComReg (regulatory body) trial and test license program. Hutchison 3 Ireland is After 224 rounds the spectrum auction ended on May trialing 21 Mbps and 42 Mbps HSPA+ in 2010 on the 20, 2010 and covered 360 MHz in 4 bands: 800 MHz way to launching LTE services by end 2011. (digital dividend), 1800 MHz, 2.1 GHz, 2.6 GHz. All 4 incumbents acquired 2.6 GHz to be used for LTE. Italy Telefonica O2, Vodafone and T-Mobile (but not E Plus) additionally acquired 800 MHz spectrum which Telecom Italia has launched the 2nd phase of LTE they will use for LTE. The 800 MHz spectrum raised testing in Turin. Wind announced its infrastructure €3.576 billion, i.e. over 81.5% of the auction’s total supplier for a commercial LTE network deployment value. Vodafone and T Mobile are understood to be testing and deploying LTE in 800 MHz. O2 has Kazakhstan announced a pilot LTE network in Halle, starting network deployment in September 2010 in 2.6 GHz Kcell announced on July 29, 2010 the installation of and 800 MHz spectrum. The pilot network will be an LTE base station in Astana to showcase LTE operational by the end of this year but it is not performance and capabilities, and intends to deploy a planned to operate it commercially in the first phase. commercial LTE network in the future. Vodafone has selected two technology partners and Latvia announced plans to eventually upgrade all base stations in Germany to LTE. Work will start on the 2.6 GHz spectrum is expected to be auctioned during LTE upgrade at the end of September, and by next 2010. Bite, Tele2 and LMT are reported to be year 1,500 base stations will incorporate LTE interested in acquiring 2.6 GHz spectrum. CDMA technology. The company has also launched an LTE- operator Triatel is testing LTE in the 800 MHz band. focused website and hotline for customers. Lithuania Greece Omnitel is testing LTE, reaching 52 Mbps peak D/L. Cosmote has undertaken basic LTE functionality Netherlands tests in 900 MHz and 1800 MHz spectrum and has requested spectrum for deploying a pilot LTE network 2.6 GHz spectrum was auctioned in April 2010 and at its technical and network headquarters in the resulted in spectrum being awarded to incumbents Marousi and Chalandri areas near to Athens. KPN, Vodafone, T-Mobile, and newcomers Ziggo 4 and Tele2. Tele2 has built a trial network in Diemen Hungary and Amsterdam. The unpaired spectrum was unsold. Telenor (ex-Pannon) has selected its infrastructure Norway partner to build a commercial LTE trial network. Magyar Telekom (T-Mobile) is also trialing LTE. The TeliaSonera launched the world’s first LTE networks National Media and Telecoms Authority has in Oslo and Sweden in December 2009 as reported confirmed that tenders for mobile broadband and earlier in this report. Internet service licenses in the 450 MHz and 900 MHz bands, which may see a new market entrant, will TeleNor is committed to commercial deployment and be held in 2010. Hungary has 3 mobile operators: is trialing LTE in Oslo.
  8. 8. INFORMATION PAPER August 26, 2010 rev 1 Poland Spain Regulator UKE has launched a tender process for 2.6 Telefonica has conducted LTE field tests at its GHz and digital dividend (790-862 MHz) spectrum, Madrid Demonstrations Center and is trialing LTE on which will enable operators to deploy LTE. The its networks in Argentina, Brazil, Czech Republic, auction is expected mid-2011. PTK Centertel Germany, Mexico, Peru, Slovak Republic, Spain, UK. (Orange) and P4 (Play) announced in June 2010 they may create a JV to bid for 2.6 GHz rights; final Vodafone Spain showcased LTE in Barcelona at the decision to be taken when auction details are known. 2010 Mobile World Congress. CenterNet and Mobyland are testing LTE TDD in the 1800 MHz frequency band in Lodz and Aleksandrów Sweden Portugal Tele2 Sweden and TeleNor Sweden are jointly building an LTE network (Net4Mobility). The JV Portugal Telecom is trialing LTE in Portugal (TMN) includes spectrum sharing in 900 MHz and 2.6 GHz. and Brazil (Vivo) ahead of planned launches. On LTE launch is targeted by end 2010. March 30, 2010 TMN gave a public demonstration of LTE in Lisbon. TeliaSonera launched the world’s first LTE networks in Stockholm and also in Norway (Oslo) in December Optimus is replacing its network infrastructure initially 2009 as reported earlier in this report. in four regions of central Portugal which could provide a migration path to LTE. Vodafone Portugal wants to Switzerland deploy LTE by end of 2011, the company announced during an LTE demonstration in Porto, subject to Orange has announced plans to enhance coverage Anacom releasing more spectrum. and higher capacities for mobile data and voice services. The plan includes an LTE demo platform for Russia customers and partners in 2010, and detailed planning of LTE and introduction (subject to The Communications Ministry has set the timeframe availability of spectrum and user devices) from 2011. and identified 4 LTE test regions, which should be completed by April 1, 2011. Five Russian operators - Turkey MTS, Vimpelcom, Tele2, Megafon and Svyazinvest, are reported to be interested in Turkcell has been trialing LTE technology. deploying LTE. 1800 MHz looks to be a promising band, depending on developments elsewhere (e.g. Ukraine Europe) and how the eco-system develops. BWA operator Yota has announced it is shifting from MTS-Ukraine will conduct an LTE trial in 2H 2010. WiMAX to LTE TDD. The next 15 cities will roll out using LTE instead of WiMAX (5 cities in 2010). United Kingdom Existing markets St Petersburg and Moscow will be covered by LTE by end 2011. O2 has tested LTE in 2.6 GHz spectrum and achieved peak data throughputs of 135 Mps DL and MegaFon and Rostelecom, who are general 64 Mbps UL measured in the lab and field, and lower partners of the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympic Games, latency. The company is also trialing LTE in 800 MHz have successfully tested their respective LTE spectrum in the town of Carlisle from mid 2010. networks close to the key Sochi site of Roza Khutor. LTE capabilities will be showcased during the Sochi Clear Mobitel is trialing LTE for rural mobile 2014 Games with full scale LTE tests commencing n broadband access using 800 MHz in Cornwall. 300 February 2011. Rostelecom plans to conduct LTE businesses will participate and if successful, Clear trials in 2.3 - 2.4 GHz spectrum (LTE TDD) in two Mobitel will seek a license for commercial rollout as a other Russian cities this year.
  9. 9. INFORMATION PAPER August 26, 2010 rev 1 new market entrant. Ofcom is expected to auction handsets become available”. Cell C has asked 800 MHz and 2.6 GHz spectrum in late 2011. regulator ICASA for 2.6GHz spectrum. Uzbekistan UAE MTS announced on July 28, 2010 commercial launch Following successful trials, Etisalat plans to of the first LTE system in the CIS and Central Asia, commercially launch LTE service by end 2010. initially in Tashkent. MTS plans significant network coverage expansion in the coming months. Ucell is deploying an LTE network, and is testing in Tashkent. LTE TDD networks Middle East and Africa LTE TDD is being showcased by China Mobile and leading industry partners at the World Expo 2010, Shanghai. The large-scale trial network covers the Bahrain whole 5.28 square-km site, outdoors and in 9 pavilions and 2 demonstration centers. Several Zain Bahrain confirmed in August 2009 plans to products supporting the trial network are launched or deploy LTE, the first announcement in the region. The planned including WWAN cards, routers and dongles. company showcased the region’s first LTE call In Key milestones achieved in the trial include: March 2010, claiming a download speed of 70 Mbps.  Demonstration of LTE TDD HD video Egypt telephone in single 20 MHz spectrum with peak downlink speeds of up to 80 Mbps Vodafone Egypt is trialing LTE technology and has  Demonstration of VOD, video communication, achieved 100 Mbps D/L and 47 Mbps U/L speeds. and other high-speed mobile broadband apps  Demonstration of 24-channel video streaming Jordan  Mobile HD video conferencing between the trial network and another location Zain Jordan is planning to trial LTE this year and  Inter-Operability Test of multiple LTE TDD commercial launch by 2011. Regulator TRC is inviting USB dongles in a single mobile network cell comments from incumbents on future LTE licenses. China Mobile will establish 3 further trial LTE TDD Libya networks separately in Qingdao, Xiamen and Zhuhai - beginning Q3 2010. China Mobile is also partnering Al Madar announced plans to deploy a LTE network. with foreign operators to establish trial LTE TDD networks overseas, including in Taiwan. Oman India is a key market for LTE TDD following the BWA Omantel showcased LTE TDD to visitors to the spectrum auction. Qualcomm through its JV with local Salalah Tourism Festival in July 2010 partners is committed to LTE TDD and anticipates commercial service from 2011. Some other BWA Saudi Arabia spectrum winners are finalizing their technology choice, so more winners may also choose LTE TDD. STC is deploying LTE. Zain commenced deployment in Q2 2010 in Riyadh in the 2.6 GHz band. Etisalat Clearwire (USA) has requested 3GPP to standardize completed LTE testing in March 2010. LTE TDD for operation in the band 2496 – 2690 MHz and on August 4, 2010 announced plans for South Africa technology trials to test both LTE TDD and LTE FDD. Vodacom is showcasing LTE and reportedly has Softbank Mobile (Japan) is reported to be considering 1,000 LTE-ready sites, with launch planned “when LTE TDD in 2.5 GHz spectrum it owns.
  10. 10. INFORMATION PAPER August 26, 2010 rev 1 101 LTE network commitments (August 26, 2010: GSA) Hungary Telenor Magyarország To be confirmed Italy Telecom Italia To be confirmed Country Operator Expected launch Italy Wind To be confirmed Norway TeliaSonera Launched 2009 Kazakhstan Kcell To be confirmed Sweden TeliaSonera Launched 2009 Kuwait Zain To be confirmed Uzbekistan MTS Launched 2010 Armenia Vivacell-MTS 2010 Latvia Bite To be confirmed Canada Telus 2010 Latvia Tele2 To be confirmed Canada Bell Canada 2010 Latvia LMT To be confirmed China China Mobile 2010 Libya Al Madar To be confirmed Finland TeliaSonera 2010 Netherlands KPN To be confirmed Japan NTT DoCoMo 2010 Netherlands Vodafone To be confirmed Japan Emobile 2010 Netherlands T Mobile To be confirmed Russia Yota 2010 Netherlands Ziggo 4 To be confirmed Sweden TeleNor Sweden 2010 Tele2 Netherlands To be confirmed Sweden Tele2 Sweden 2010 New Zealand Telecom NZ To be confirmed USA CenturyTel 2010 New Zealand Vodafone NZ To be confirmed USA MetroPCS 2010 Norway TeleNor To be confirmed USA Verizon Wireless 2010 Philippines Piltel To be confirmed UAE Etisalat 2010 Russia Svyazinvest To be confirmed Canada Rogers Wireless 2010-11 Saudi Arabia Zain To be confirmed Germany Vodafone 2010-11 Saudi Arabia STC To be confirmed USA Cox Comms 2010-11 Saudi Arabia Etisalat (Mobily) To be confirmed South Africa Vodacom 2011 Singapore M1 To be confirmed Canada Shaw Communications 2011 Singapore SingTel To be confirmed Denmark 3 Denmark 2011 Singapore StarHub To be confirmed Denmark TDC 2011 South Africa Cell C To be confirmed Denmark TeleNor 2011 UK Vodafone To be confirmed Denmark Telia Danmark 2011 USA Cellular South To be confirmed Germany T-Mobile 2011 USA Lightsquared To be confirmed India Qualcomm India LTE Venture 2011 USA T-Mobile USA To be confirmed Ireland Hutchison 3 2011 USA Commnet Wireless To be confirmed Japan Softbank Mobile 2011 USA Texas Energy Network To be confirmed Jordan Zain 2011 Portugal TMN 2011 Portugal Vodafone Portugal 2011 31 pre-commitment LTE trials (August 26, 2010: GSA) Russia Rostelecom 2011 South Korea LG Telecom 2011 Argentina Telefonica South Korea KT 2011 Argentina Personal South Korea SK Telecom 2011 Belgium Mobistar Switzerland Orange 2011 Belgium Telenet USA AT&T Mobility 2011 USA Aircell 2011 Brazil Telefonica USA BayRICS 2011 Czech Republic O2 (Telefonica) Austria T-Mobile 2011-12 France Bouygues Telecom Austria Mobilkom Austria 2011-12 Egypt Vodafone Austria Hutchison 3 2011-12 Greece Cosmote Austria Orange 2011-12 Hungary Magyar Telekom (T-Mobile) France Orange 2012 Indonesia Telkomsel Japan KDDI 2012 Taiwan Chunghwa Telecom 2012 Latvia Triatel Australia Optus To be confirmed Lithuania Omnitel Australia Telstra To be confirmed Kazakhstan Vimpelcom Bahrain Zain To be confirmed Malaysia Maxis Brazil Vivo To be confirmed Mexico Telcel Canada MTS Allstream To be confirmed Mexico Telefonica Canada Sasktel To be confirmed Oman Omantel Chile Entel PCS To be confirmed Peru Telefonica Chile Movistar To be confirmed China China Telecom To be confirmed Russia MTS Estonia EMT To be confirmed Russia Vimpelcom Estonia Tele2 To be confirmed Russia Tele2 Russia Finland DNA To be confirmed Russia Megafon Finland Elisa To be confirmed Slovak Republic O2 (Telefonica) France SFR To be confirmed Spain Telefonica Germany E Plus To be confirmed The Philippines Globe Telecom Germany O2 (Telefonica) To be confirmed The Philippines Smart Hong Kong SmarTone-Vodafone To be confirmed Hong Kong PCCW To be confirmed Turkey Turkcell Hong Kong CSL Limited To be confirmed UK O2 (Telefonica) Hong Kong Hutchison 3 To be confirmed Ukraine MTS-Ukraine Hong Kong China Mobile To be confirmed USA Clearwire
  11. 11. INFORMATION PAPER August 26, 2010 rev 1 Note: Many LTE trials are on-going worldwide. A trial is LTE devices and platforms (August 26, 2010: GSA) usually a scheduled activity prior to planned commercial deployment. Sometimes an operator has agreed to Supplier Model name Form factor undertake a trial but not decided i.e. committed to launch a 4M Wireless PS100 UE protocol stack Software commercial service. The Table above lists cases where a Altair Semi FourGee™ 3100/6200 Chipset trial is announced but a firm commitment from the operator Altair Semi FourGee™ 6150 for TDD Chipset for a post-trial commercial rollout has not yet been made. Beceem BCS500 LTE FDD/TDD and Chipset WiMAX Continuous LTE femtocell reference Chipset Computing, design reference Growing LTE eco-system picoChip, Cavium design Networks Mobile phones, computer and consumer electronic Huawei E398 LTE/GSM/HSPA USB modem devices including notebooks, netbooks, UMPCs, 2.6 GHz, 900 MHz gaming devices, cameras, and PMPs will have Icera Dual mode HSPA/LTE soft Chipset embedded LTE connectivity. A huge growth in M2M modem applications enabled by LTE is forecast. Since the Innofidei LTE TDD Chipset, USB dongle LTE standard supports hand-over and roaming to Infineon SMARTi™ LU LTE / 3G / 2G Chipset existing mobile networks, most devices will ensure multimode RF Transceiver ubiquitous mobile broadband coverage from day one. LG LD100 USB modem The LTE TDD ecosystem includes Altair LG M13 test device CDMA EV- USB modem Semiconductor, Innofidei, Qualcomm, Sequans, ST- DO/LTE dual mode band 13 Ericsson, and Wavesat amongst the companies LG LTE handset modem chip Chipset MediaTek LTE mobile terminal platform Chipset indicating early availability of LTE TDD chipsets in licensing arrangement with 2.3/2.5 GHz bands. Other companies - including NTT DoCoMo Beceem and Runcom, are also developing chipsets. Nokia RD-3 multi mode USB modem Qualcomm MDM9200 (WCDMA-HSPA, Chipset ST-Ericsson says that its LTE TDD chipset is HSPA+ and LTE) commercially available to support availability of LTE Qualcomm MDM9600 (CDMA2000 1X, Chipset EV-DO Rev. B, SV-DO, SV- TDD devices (initially dongles) in 2011. Also, that its LTE, WCDMA-HSPA, next generation modem will support LTE FDD and HSPA+ and LTE) TDD, HSPA and HSPA+, EDGE and TD-SCDMA. Qualcomm MSM8960 (CDMA2000 1X, Chipset EV-DO Rev. B, WCDMA- Altair Semiconductor has recently extended its range HSPA, HSPA+ and LTE) to cover LTE. The company has announced Runcom Chipset Chipset Samsung GT-B3710 (2.6 GHz) USB modem commercial availability of a new LTE TDD terminal Samsung GT-B3730 ( LTE/2G/3G) USB modem reference design for use in dongles, data cards, Samsung N150 10 inch with Kalmia Netbook CPEs and handheld devices. The Odyssey 9000 LTE chipset family of chipsets from Wavesat supports both LTE Samsung SCH-r900 multi-mode Handset FDD and LTE TDD modes. CDMA-LTE handset Sequans SQN3010 LTE TDD being Chipset  Verizon Wireless has published specifications and prepared for sampling updates for devices for its 700 MHz LTE network, ST-Ericsson M700 Chipset and said there could be 3-5 models of LTE handsets LTE quad band on their network by May 2011 ST-Ericsson M710 multi mode LTE quad Chipset band Toshiba T130 13.3 inch: choice of 4 Notebook  An “LTE connected car” concept vehicle has been Intel LTE ULV processors launched from a partnership between Toyota and Wavesat Odyssey 9000 family Chipset several vendors and other supporting companies ZTE AL600 LTE/UMTS/EV-DO USB modem ZTE AL620 LTE/UMTS/EDGE USB modem  Several test equipment manufacturers provide LTE ZyXEL ZLR-2070S Router test platforms and solutions, including Aeroflex, Agilent Technologies, Anritsu, Rohde and Schwarz, Spirent Communications, SwissQual and Tektronix
  12. 12. INFORMATION PAPER August 26, 2010 rev 1 LTE commercial networks - performance In establishing the VoLTE initiative, GSMA has adopted the work of the One Voice Initiative as the Signals Research Group LLC conducted the first ever basis of the work to lead the global mobile industry extensive independent drive test evaluation of a towards a standard way of delivering voice and commercial LTE network, assessing the performance messaging services for Long-Term Evolution (LTE). of the TeliaSonera LTE networks in Stockholm and Oslo, and reported to GSA: “While still in its infancy, Using IP Multimedia Subsystem specifications commercial LTE networks in Stockholm and Oslo developed by 3GPP as its basis, GSMA has already outperform many fixed broadband expanded upon the original scope of One Voice work connections, offering average data rates of 16.8Mbps to address the entire end-to-end voice and SMS (peak = 50Mbps) and 32.1Mbps (peak = 85Mbps) in ecosystem by also focusing on Roaming and 10MHz and 20MHz, respectively. Measured data Interconnect interfaces, in addition the interface rates would have been even higher if it had not been between customer and network. for the stringent test methodology, which focused almost entirely on vehicular testing.” The work of GSMA VoLTE encompasses: “Signals Ahead,” March 2010 report  The continuity of voice calls when a customer moves from LTE coverage to an area where LTE coverage is not available (this is achieved Global Certification Forum (GCF) testing through Single Radio Voice Call Continuity, or SR-VCC). The Global Certification Forum (GCF) has announced  Optimal Routing of bearers for voice calls it is on schedule to release an LTE device certification when customers are Roaming. scheme before the end of 2010 – in time for a wave  The establishment of commercial frameworks of commercial LTE network launches expected associated with Roaming and Interconnect for towards the end of the year. GCF's unified scheme services implemented using VoLTE definitions will embrace both FDD and TDD versions of LTE. To  Capabilities associated with the model of meet the needs of US, Japanese and European Roaming Hubbing. markets, LTE Certification will initially encompass the  A thorough security and fraud threat audit FDD frequency bands at 700 MHz, 2100 MHz and 2600 MHz respectively. LTE/SAE Trial Initiative ( For TDD, certification is currently being developed for the 2300-2400 MHz and 2570-2620 MHz bands that Vendors and operators have joined forces under the have been allocated for LTE in China. GCF is LTE/SAE Trial Initiative to demonstrate the potential structuring LTE certification so that, as the need of LTE/SAE through joint tests, including radio arises, it can be extended quickly and efficiently to performance, interoperability, field tests and full other frequency bands. customer trials. A Proof of Concept activity consolidated Voice over LTE – One Voice initiative measurements from leading equipment vendors to show that the targets for performance are achievable. Leading operators, network equipment vendors and In addition to peak rates and minimum latency, handset developers agreed on a common method for results reveal the 'real world' performance that handling voice and SMS traffic over LTE, using 3GPP operators will be able to offer to end-users. specifications for IMS. They formed the One Voice initiative to promote this solution. The GSMA VoLTE (Voice over LTE) initiative was formally announced at Update from the LTE/SAE Trial Initiative the Mobile World Congress on 15th February 2010. available on the GSA website
  13. 13. INFORMATION PAPER August 26, 2010 rev 1 The Roadmap for LTE Industry market forecasts Evolution of LTE: IMT-Advanced  Strategy Analytics: the global LTE handset market will reach 150 million sales units by 2013.  ABI Research: by 2013 operators will spend over $8.6 billion on LTE base stations infrastructure.  IDC: spending on LTE equipment will exceed WiMAX equipment spend by end 2011, with worldwide LTE infrastructure revenues approaching USD 8 billion by 2014  Juniper Research: The number of people who subscribe to LTE wireless broadband services is expected to reach 300 million by 2015, compared with 500,000 this year  Ericsson envisions 50 billion connections by 2020. These devices will be connected via HSPA and LTE and will be used for both machine-to-machine applications and consumer devices  Gartner: Long Term Evolution will be the dominant The ITU has embarked on defining the next generation next-generation mobile broadband technology of mobile systems and by the end of this year will publish an ITU Recommendation containing a
  14. 14. INFORMATION PAPER August 26, 2010 rev 1 description of the successful radio interface candidates Release 10 & beyond (LTE-Advanced) be evaluated as for its IMT-Advanced system. a candidate for IMT-Advanced. The submission was made jointly in the name of the 3GPP Organizational The key requirements of an IMT-Advanced system are Partners. 3GPP plans to complete LTE-Advanced shown in the chart above. specifications by 2010/2011. 3GPP made a formal submission to the ITU by the It is fully expected that LTE-Advanced will be accepted deadline of October 7, 2009, proposing that LTE by the ITU as an IMT-Advanced system. Further reading: 3GPP: LTE-Advanced – Evolving LTE towards IMT-Advanced Beyond Mobile Broadband: What Is LTE-Advanced & What Will It Offer to Your Network - a presentation on the key drivers and steps towards 4G with 3GPP LTE-Advanced, timelines for standardization activities, key features and benefits About GSA GSA (Global mobile Suppliers Association) represents GSM/EDGE/WCDMA-HSPA/LTE suppliers, providing reports, facts, analysis and information explaining market developments and trends. GSA-organized seminars facilitate enhanced dialog between operators, members and developer communities. GSA member organizations: Aeroflex • AnyDATA Inc • Comsys Communication & Signal Processing • Ericsson • mimoOn • MindTree Ltd • Nokia • Nokia Siemens Networks • Qualcomm • Sony Ericsson • SpiderCloud Wireless • ST-NXP Wireless • Talking Eye • Telcordia Technologies • Velocent Systems GSA brings together a global industry community of telecoms professionals including 33,500+ registered website users for dialog, knowledge gathering, and information sharing of key facts, trends and analysis. Register for free downloads of reports, information papers, maps, charts, etc. at GSA Secretariat LinkedIN group: Press: General: Twitter: Phone: +44 1279 439 667 Facebook: Suppliers-Association-GSA/123462771012551 Website: dotMobi site: RSS Feed: ETSI has registered “LTE” as a trademark for the benefit of the 3GPP Partners. GSA is a Market Representation Partner in 3GPP GSA makes considerable effort to ensure that the content is accurate; however, such content is provided without warranty in currentness, completeness or correctness. Reproduction of this material for non-commercial use is allowed if the source is stated. For other use please contact the GSA Secretariat via email to