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Future Radio Access, M2M and Grand Societal Challenges

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  • 1. Future  Radio  Access,  M2M  and  Grand   Societal  Challenges       Hendrik  Berndt   December  7th,  2012   ONIT  2012   Anaheim,  CA  Copyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH    
  • 2. Outline   •  How  did  we  get  here,  where  are  we  going?   The  context  is  changing   The  impact  of  Europe  co-­‐funded  projects   •  FRA  requirements  and  evolu7on  paths     •  M2M  &    Grand  Societal  Challenges      Copyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH     2  
  • 3. Radio  Access  seen  from  a  European  Research  Perspec7ve   www.networks-­‐etp.eu  Copyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH     3  
  • 4. METIS    “Objec@ve”   Lay the foundation & Ensure a global forum & Build an early global consensus for beyond 2020 “5G”mobile & wireless communications Implementation Beyond Exploring new paradigms, System optimisation / 2020 fundamentals, system concepts standardisation/Trial (Pre-commercial Trial) system Further developments on fundamentals 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 WRC’12 WRC’15 IMT.UPDATE SPECTRUM STUDIES – sharing Latest Press release (traffic, etc..) VISION for ”Beyond IMT-Advanced” http://www.metis2020.com Rel-12 Rel-13Copyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH    
  • 5. Why  METIS?   Mobile and wireless communications Enablers for Twenty-twenty (2020) Information Society   Explosion of the number Explosion of the number Large diversity of use Large diversity of use Avalanche of traffic Avalanche of traffic of connected devices of connected devices cases and requirements cases and requirements teed re guaran vel lia le bil service ity QoS data r lin ate k budg le et yc e c devic es ty iliti du c apab latency X 1000 5 billion 50 billion (2010) (2020)Copyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH    
  • 6. Huge  research  challenges  ahead  and    the  industrial  context   Global  compe77on  drives  change  in  industry     •  Focus  on  core  business  and  innova@on  with  short  to  medium  term  focus     •  Global  outsourcing  of  non-­‐core  func7ons     •  Open  innova@on  -­‐  purchasing  start-­‐up  companies  rather  than  having  a   broad  research  por[olio     •  Streamlined  efficient  opera7ons    Copyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH     6  
  • 7. Traffic  forecast    Copyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH     7  
  • 8.  Future  Radio  Access  needs  to  provide: Support for QoE for   traffic   various explosion applications Future Radio Access Intelligent Massive   network with device low cost & connectivity high robustness NTT DOCOMO, INC.,Copyright 2012,All rights reserved Copyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH    
  • 9. Support  for  traffic  explosion   Expected  contribu7ons   NTT DOCOMO, INC.,Copyright 2012, Before LTE Long-term futureAll rights reserved (2010) (~2020) Spectrum efficiency 3 - 4x Mid-term > 12x (LTE/LTE-A) - Spread of LTE deployments - Further new technologies and LTE-Advanced -  Potential large number of antennas Spectrum extension > 2x - Future spectrum via WRC-15.. Efficient use of higher frequency bands Network densification > 14x - Small cell deployments Local area enhancement becoming more important Traffic offloading ~1.5x - Almost 30% of the traffic assumed offloaded to WiFi or other systems. Total gain > x500 Copyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH    
  • 10. Quality  of  user  experience   •  Efficient support for variety of traffic types –  Signaling traffic from smartphones –  Low latency traffic for cloud applications –  Large number of small data packets for M2M Source: •  Higher data rate and user-experienced throughput Nokia Siemens –  Gbps-order experienced throughput Networks, 2011 –  Low latency for improving user experience Gbps-order experienced throughput 100 Mbps 1 Gbps 10x improvement wide area wide area Mobility Mobility in 1 Gbps 10 Gbps IMT-Advanced peak peak the next decade IMT-Advanced van diagram van diagramNTT DOCOMO, INC., Data rate Data rateCopyright 2012,All rights reserved Copyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH    
  • 11. QoE  &  Fairness  for  user  throughput             •  Lower  system  impact  from  few  heavy  users     •  Reduce  the  discrepancies  between  cell-­‐edge  and  cell  center  performances   either  via  densifica7on  or  in  limi7ng  the  interferences  based  on  LTE/LTE-­‐A   interface   •  Main  technologies:  CoMP,  Advanced  receiver,  Relay  enhanced  cells  Copyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH     11  
  • 12. DOCOMO’s  Phantom  cell  concept  •  Utilizes system concept comprised of two overlaid NWs: –  Umbrella Network: comprised of Control Plane BS •  Operate in currently existing frequency bands (e.g., 2 GHz) •  Use currently standardized systems (e.g., LTE) and guarantee backwards compatibility for legacy MSs –  Detached Cell Network (DCN): comprised of several User Plane BSs •  Operating in different (higher) frequency bands (e.g., 3.5 GHz). •  Each U-plane BS is connected to the C-plane BS through a backhaul link Umbrella   Network  (UNW)   Macro  cell   Backhaul  Link   Detached  Cell   Network  (DCN)  NTT DOCOMO, INC.,Copyright 2012, Smaller  Cell  All rights reserved Copyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH    
  • 13. Intelligent  network  with  low  cost  &  high  robustness • Flexible and cost-efficient NW deployments –  Increased capacity per NW cost –  Efficient utilization of higher and wider frequency spectrum bands –  Efficient support of different types of backhaul –  Efficient support for diverse environments e.g., wide area and local area • Energy/battery saving –  NW energy saving & UE battery savingCopyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH    
  • 14.     §  Pioneering  Energy  Efficiency  evalua7on/tes7ng  procedures   Cell-edge rate Dense Urban City >3000 user/km² > 100 Mbps/km²   Rural Area < 100 User/km²   Source: Wikimedia, fremantleboy and Marcel Krüger < 5 Mbps/km² Reference  System  &  Scenarios Traffic  Model Metrics ü  Energy  efficient  evalua7on  framework   ü  Adopted  by  research  and  standards   §  Solu7ons  for  different  areas;  Integrated  Solu7ons  yielding  savings    of  >  50%)     Integration of Different Solutions Deployment Management Components DC supply Z zz small Small RF in off cell PA cells Dynamic Operation Power Amplifier Overlays & TransceiverCopyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH     14  
  • 15. FRA  Summary:  Overall  direc7ons  of  evolu7on:  “The  Cube”   A set of radio access technologies is required to satisfy future requirements Required performance Spectrum efficiency Traffic offloading TRx TRx TRx TRx WiFi TRx TRx Non-orthogonal multiple access TRx TRx Controller3D/Massive MIMO, Network densification Current Hotspot Dense urbanAdvanced receiver capacity Shopping mall Study for new interference scenarios Cellular network Tx-Rx cooperative access assists local area technologies Spectrum extension radio access Existing cellular bands Higher/wider frequency New cellular concept for cost/ bands energy-efficient dense Very wide Super wide deploymentsNTT DOCOMO, INC., FrequencCopyright 2012, yAll rights reserved Efficient use of higher spectrum bands Copyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH    
  • 16. Intelligent  network  with  low  cost  &  high  robustness Balancing between backward compatibility & future enhancements Future LegacyCopyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH    
  • 17. Evolu7on  paths  for  FRA  •  Further LTE enhancements Future Radio Access –  Macro-assisted small cell enhancement (Phantom cell) –  Further general LTE enhancements•  Potential new RAT Potential –  Prioritize achievement of big gains over backward compatibility New RAT –  Consider new spectrum allocations from WRC-15 and beyond –  Some technical components may be applied to further LTE enhancements Big gain LTE-C LTE-B Macro-assistedPerformance small cell Rel-14/15,… enhancement LTE-A Rel-12/13 Further LTE LTE Rel-10/11 enhancements NTT DOCOMO, INC., Rel-8/9 CA/eICIC/CoMP WRC-15 Copyright 2012, Pico/Femto for HetNet All rights reserved 2012 ~2015 ~2020 Year Copyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH    
  • 18. Outline   •  How  did  we  get  here,  where  are  we  going?   The  context  is  changing   The  impact  of  Europe  co-­‐funded  projects   •  FRA  requirements  and  evolu7on  paths     •  M2M  &  Grand  Societal  Challenges      Copyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH     18  
  • 19. Grand  Societal  Challenges     •  The  “Environment  and  Energy  Efficiency”  Challenge     •  Monitoring environmental parameters, and providing the means to have alarms; Efficient resources management; Technology waste. •  The  “Health  and  Demographic  Change”  Challenge     •  Future wireless diagnostic and disease management systems; hospital consultation and emergency scenarios; assistive technologies; well being and personalisation. •  The  “Transport”  Challenge   •  Urban and road traffic control; efficient trip management; vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to- infrastructure communications; the mobile office.   •  The  “Food”  Challenge   •  Food security, sustainable agriculture, marine and maritime research and the bio-economy  Copyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH     19  
  • 20. Copyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH    
  • 21. Elas7c  Networking   To improve efficiency of resource utilization against uncontrollable and unpredictable traffic change To launch new services (e.g.M2M) quick into the market with lower initial expense Traffic trend Resource utilization trend Equipment Uncontrollable, unpredictable Equipment Sufficient equipment for Traffic increase unpredictable traffic Lower equipment (smart phone) expenditures Lower equipment efficiency Traffic from new services Unacceptable equipment (e.g. M2M) expenditures TrafficNTT DOCOMO, INC.,Copyright 2012,All rights reserved Copyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH    
  • 22. Elas7c  Networking   System robustness against emergencies –  Earthquake, Tsunami, etc. Elastic core Dynamic resource allocation for reinforcing processing capability Allocate area B resource for area A Area A Area B Efficient resource utilization Minimum equipment expenditures NTT DOCOMO, INC. Copyright 2012, All rights reserved Copyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH    
  • 23. Example  Service  Scenario   1  pm  -­‐  Cafe     Retrieve   informa7on    from   sales  tag   Today’s Special NTT  DOCOMO’s     2  pm  -­‐  Cafe   Customer-­‐oriented   Pay  with  e-­‐money   Mobile  Services   12  pm  -­‐  Office     Receive  by     e-­‐mail   É CAF na celo Bar 7  pm-­‐  Home     10  am  -­‐  Train  Sta@on   Exchange  coupons    Receive  a  map  from     Smart-­‐Poster   Source: NTT DOCOMO, Frontier Service Dept. NTT DOCOMO, INC. Copyright 2012, All rights reserved 23  Copyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH     23  
  • 24.     The  Social  Concierge   sugges@ng  friends   sharing    ac@vi@es   predic@ng  the  future  Copyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH     24  
  • 25. M. Wagner, P. Holleis, H. Berndt. Neue Wege in das Internet der Dinge durch Smart Mobile Apps. Chapter in Smart Mobile Apps: Mit Business-Apps ins Zeitalter mobile Geschäftsprozesse, C. Linnhoff-Popien and S. Verclas (ed.), Springer, 2012. In German.  Copyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH    
  • 26. European Framework Program •  Pervasive and trusted Network and Service Infrastructure: Program 2013 •  International CooperationCopyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH     26  
  • 27. Copyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH     27  
  • 28. Hendrik  Berndt   berndt@docomolab-­‐euro.com     DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH   Landsberger  Strasse  312  –  80687  Munich,  Germany   Phone:  +49  (89)  56824-­‐0  |  www.docomolab-­‐euro.com  Copyright  ©  2012  DOCOMO  Communica7ons  Laboratories  Europe  GmbH