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Deploying Femtocells in Private Aircraft and Less Conventional Settings

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http://www.smallcellsamericas.com/files/1410pmcurt.pdf

http://www.smallcellsamericas.com/files/1410pmcurt.pdf

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  • 1. Deploying Femtocells in Private Aircraft and Less Conventional Settings (Case Study) Stitel Networks & Satcom Direct Smallcells Americas , Dallas, TX December 3-4, 2012
  • 2. Agenda• Company background• Private Aircraft Market• Small Cells on Private Aircraft• Implementation Challenges• Case Study•Q&A Satcom Direct, Inc & Stitel Networks, LLC, Confidential
  • 3. Satcom Direct is the Leading Service Provider ofSecure, Reliable Global Satcom communication forVoice, Data & Video connectivity to Private Aircrafts. Satcom Direct, Inc & Stitel Networks, LLC, Confidential
  • 4. Stitel Networks is the Leading developer of ConvergedCommunication Technologies and consultativesolution provider of Voice, Data connectivity to PrivateAircraft market. Satcom Direct, Inc & Stitel Networks, LLC, Confidential
  • 5. Private Aircraft MarketTotal MarketSize: ~ 7500 Satcom Direct, Inc & Stitel Networks, LLC, Confidential
  • 6. Private Aircraft Market Satcom Direct, Inc & Stitel Networks, LLC, Confidential
  • 7. Private Aircraft MarketVIP’s want everything – Internet, TV and Phoneconnectivity all the time. Satcom Direct, Inc & Stitel Networks, LLC, Confidential
  • 8. Backhaul Options & Cost Iridium – 2.4kbps data, voice. Not an option! Inmarsat Swift64 – 64kbps (bond 4 channels for 256kbps)  Per minute connectivity charges, $8-32/minute Inmarsat SB200 – up to 200 kbps data and voice  $8 US/megabyte, $3-8/minute for QoS channels Inmarsat SwiftBroadband – 32kbps to 432 kbps  $8 US/megabyte, $3-35/minute for QoS channels ViaSat Yonder® - up to 2 Mbits G2A, 128kbps A2G  Flat Rate monthly unlimited plans  QoS for SIP + SCCP VoIP only Satcom Direct, Inc & Stitel Networks, LLC, Confidential
  • 9. Private Aircraft Voice ConnectivityUse of WiFi enabled phone or Smart Phone with voiceapps. AeroV®: In-Flight Softphone WiFi PhonesUsually SIP based 802.11 AeroV® is a softphone for handsets Business Aviation customers of Satcom Direct®. Satcom Direct, Inc & Stitel Networks, LLC, Confidential
  • 10. Voice and Data Service Network Voice + Data Satcom On board GW TerminalSmall Cell WiFi Service in Flight Multiplex Compression Ground GW PRI Voice GW Account Mgmt. System Satcom Direct, Inc & Stitel Networks, LLC, Confidential
  • 11. Small Cell Implementation Challenges Main challenges to implement Small Cells solution on Private Aircraft:  Equipment Certification  Satellite Network Characteristics (Backhaul)  Communication with Satellite Modems for QoS  These have all been solved.  FCC & FAA Regulations prohibit use of any kind of cell phones on the flight Satcom Direct, Inc & Stitel Networks, LLC, Confidential
  • 12. Satellite Network Characteristics Propagation delay (latency) can range from 800 ms to 3000 ms High amount of jitter (100ms+) Sources of signal loss, including weather effects, blockage, look angles and signal interference Bandwidth constrains due to transponder availability and the limitations of the transmission technology Unless QoS channels are used, these are shared networks with best effort delivery. Satcom Direct, Inc & Stitel Networks, LLC, Confidential
  • 13. Equipment Characteristics Antenna size - higher speed means larger antennas, limiting the availability to the Big Iron aircraft 38” long fuselage mount 10” Mechanically Steered Tailmount System cost - > $500k Currently requires a ‘leaky line’ be installed in the aircraft to reduce interference Satcom Direct, Inc & Stitel Networks, LLC, Confidential
  • 14. Small Cell Implementation Challenges  Satellite Network Characteristics  Use of Multiplexing and QoS helps greatly with this  QoS removes 90% of the jitter, and keeps latency at much lower rates.  Communication with Satellite Modems for QoS  For Inmarsat – need to communicate out of band with the modem to allocate QoS ‘channels’  Sounds easy, but each modem vendor has idiosyncrasies with the spec.  For other networks, need to convince them to support QoS or implement it on their networks to prioritize the backhaul traffic Satcom Direct, Inc & Stitel Networks, LLC, Confidential
  • 15. Small Cell Implementation Challenges  End Customer charges  Due to the high backhaul costs, roaming charges are expensive ($5-10/minute). Customer education is key.  Supporting Data is pointless  Aircraft already has WiFi. Roaming over WiFi over Satellite would be more expensive than plain WiFi  Typically the owner covers WiFi data charges, or uses a Hotspot like setup to charge back WiFi usage.  E911  Impossible to support Satcom Direct, Inc & Stitel Networks, LLC, Confidential
  • 16. The FCC Ruling Since 1991, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has banned the inflight use of 800 MHz cell phones because of potential interference with ground networks. This ban requires that in addition to the testing the FAA requires to show non-interference to the airplane systems, an airline would also need to apply for an exemption to the FCC rule before it could allow cell phone use inflight. The FCC proposed modifying this ban in 2004, but subsequently withdrew the proposal based on the comments it received.[1] Title 47 Part 22.925 (Oct 1, 2006 revision), states "Cellular telephones installed in or carried aboard airplanes, balloons or any other type of aircraft must not be operated while such aircraft are airborne (not touching the ground). When an aircraft leaves the ground, all cellular telephones on board that aircraft must be turned off.”[2][1] https://www.faa.gov/news/fact_sheets/news_story.cfm?newsId=6275[2] http://law.justia.com/cfr/title47/47-2.0.1.1.2.8.27.12.html Satcom Direct, Inc & Stitel Networks, LLC, Confidential
  • 17. Rest of the WorldEASA and other regulatory bodies currently permit theuse of Small Cells on aircraft, provided:• Equipment is aviation certified (ie: DO-160)• Each installation is tested for interference with avionicsNumerous European, Middle East and Asian carriersare already installing Small Cells on airliners• Systems must be switched off when entering US airspace Satcom Direct, Inc & Stitel Networks, LLC, Confidential
  • 18. Options for US Deployments Satcom Direct, Inc & Stitel Networks, LLC, Confidential
  • 19. Smart App – Femto WiFi (FeFi)App• Smartphone app provides a transparent native modeconnectivity experience using the Femtocell and the WiFiaccess (FeFi).• The user retains their own mobile phone and numberand the use of address book, dialing rules. Calls to theircell number ring their phone!•Enables a native mode connection for easy and efficientcommunication during private aircraft flight Satcom Direct, Inc & Stitel Networks, LLC, Confidential
  • 20. Smartphone App Pros• Selection of non G.729/G.711 codecs (iLBC, Speeks, Opus(RFC 6717))• Use of SIP can be QoS’d on some provider networks.• Control over the full experience Smartphone App Cons• Registration is a pain - provider need to maintain anIMSI to GSM # database for VLR/HLR registration•Configuration & support can be a nightmare• These customers change phones monthly! Satcom Direct, Inc & Stitel Networks, LLC, Confidential
  • 21. Voice codec comparisonhttp://www.opus-codec.org/comparison/ Satcom Direct, Inc & Stitel Networks, LLC, Confidential
  • 22. Voice and Data Service Network Satcom On board GW TerminalSmall Cell WiFi Service in Flight Multiplexing & Compression Ground GWs T1/SS7 IMS/SIP Voice GW PRI Account Management Satcom Direct, Inc & Stitel Networks, LLC, Confidential
  • 23. Conclusions:“Within the North America, with the current regulations ofFCC & FAA preventing the use of Small Cells onboardaircraft, and the availability of Satellite connections, thebest way to delivering a native mode mobile phoneexperience on a Private Aircraft, is to use a SmartphoneApp solution with the combination of onboardFemto/WiFi GW devices.” Satcom Direct, Inc & Stitel Networks, LLC, Confidential
  • 24. Questions ?Satcom Direct, Inc & Stitel Networks, LLC, Confidential
  • 25. Thank You! Ken Bantoft Noor Chowdhury Satcom Direct, Inc Stitel Networks, LLC 1901 Hwy A1A 1330 W. Auto Dr.,# 107Satellite Beach, FL 32937 Tempe, AZ 85284 +1.321.777.3000 +1.602.410.7728 sales@satcomdirect noor@stitelnetworks.comwww.satcomdirect.com www.stitelnetworks.com Satcom Direct, Inc & Stitel Networks, LLC, Confidential

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