Analytical exposition2

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Analytical exposition2

  1. 1. Presented by:Presented by: KONIAMURYANI, S.Pd.KONIAMURYANI, S.Pd.
  2. 2. ESSAYESSAY AnAn EssayEssay is a form of text type,is a form of text type, known asknown as Analytical ExpositionAnalytical Exposition,, a form that relies on arguments,a form that relies on arguments, so sometimes it is called anso sometimes it is called an Argument TextArgument Text oror PersuasivePersuasive TextText
  3. 3. Sosial Function / Purpose: to persuade the reader/listener that something is the case. Generic Structure:  Thesis  Position: Introduces topic and indicates writer’s position.  Preview: Outlines the main arguments to be presented.  Arguments  Point: restates main arguments outlined in Preview.  Elaboration: develops and supports each point/ argument.  Reiteration/Conclusion: restates writer’s position.
  4. 4. Lexicogrammatical / Language FeaturesLexicogrammatical / Language Features
  5. 5. • Generic Human participant is a word or a phrase indicating a general agent not specific, e.g. a man, a woman, a doctor, etc. • Generic non-Human agent is like one way, a method, etc.
  6. 6. Simple Present Tense says that something was true in the past, is true in the present, and will be true in the future. It is used for :  general statements of fact.  habitual or everyday activity. Example: - Water consists of hydrogen and oxygen. - Most animals kill only for food. - The world is round. - I don’t recognize that man.
  7. 7. Present perfect tensePresent perfect tense is used to express action thatis used to express action that has just been completed in present time.has just been completed in present time. Commonly used to talk about :Commonly used to talk about : S + have/has + V3 S + have/has + been + ANA
  8. 8. Mental Processes: to state what writer thinks or feels about the issue e.g.: realize, feel, appreciate. Material Processes: to state what happens e.g.: has polluted, is polluting, spend, drive, travel, should be treated.
  9. 9.  Relational ProcessRelational Process is a predicative verb whichis a predicative verb which relates the subject and the object, orrelates the subject and the object, or complement of the sentence. Relationalcomplement of the sentence. Relational process are those of “being”.process are those of “being”.  Example of Relational Process are :Example of Relational Process are : is, consist of, function as, derive from, to beis, consist of, function as, derive from, to be classified into, to be identified as, etc.classified into, to be identified as, etc.
  10. 10. Examples: The soup smells good. This food tastes delicious. The children feel happy. The weather became cold. Other linking verbs are: Feel, look, smell, sound, appear, taste, seem, become get, turn, grow (when means become)
  11. 11. CONNECTIVES Ordering and Evaluating Firstly, secondly, after, then, finally, furthermore, ultimately, the most important …., another important …, most of all … Contrast Although, however, whereas, on the other hand, yet, unlike Comparison Also, in addition, as well as, neither, similarly Explaining Because, since, as, therefore, thus, hence, consequently, as the result, due to …
  12. 12. The underlined words in the sentences signify the use of Emotive Language. Emotive language adds strong description to the facts and so helps the create extremely objective tone of the text. Emotive language plays a role in persuading the reader toward the writer’s opinion. • Cars emit a deadly gas that triggers off asthma. • Some of these illness are so bad. • You may find it hard to sleep at night. • Cars today are our roads biggest killers. • What a dreadful nightmare they had. • This can cause serious disease such as diabetes.
  13. 13. The Italic words in the sentence signify the use ofThe Italic words in the sentence signify the use of EvaluativeEvaluative Language.Language. Evaluative language is used to persuade people (reader) to agreeEvaluative language is used to persuade people (reader) to agree with other’s (writer’s) opinion.with other’s (writer’s) opinion.  It’s importantIt’s important to pay attention to his warnings.to pay attention to his warnings.  There’s no doubtThere’s no doubt that smoking is very dangerous for ourthat smoking is very dangerous for our health.health.  I strongly believeI strongly believe that he wants to use you.that he wants to use you.  It is obviousIt is obvious that English is an international language.that English is an international language.  It is clearIt is clear that the man is innocent in this case.that the man is innocent in this case.  It is undeniableIt is undeniable that we live in the nuclear era.that we live in the nuclear era.  It is unavoidableIt is unavoidable that business is getting more difficultthat business is getting more difficult now.now.
  14. 14. To make conclusion, we can use these expressions: In conclusion, …..  From the facts above, …. Therefore, …….  On this basis, ….. To conclude, …..  We state that …….. On the whole, ….  We conclude that … From the statement, …….
  15. 15. Example of Analytical ExpositionExample of Analytical Exposition Integrated pest managementIntegrated pest management There is no one best way to deal with pest agriculture. PesticidesThere is no one best way to deal with pest agriculture. Pesticides are commonly used, but this may cause many problems. Combiningare commonly used, but this may cause many problems. Combining different management operations is the most effective way to controldifferent management operations is the most effective way to control pest.pest. Firstly, the chemical in pesticides may build up as residues in theFirstly, the chemical in pesticides may build up as residues in the environment. This reduces the quality of farm produce.environment. This reduces the quality of farm produce. As well, pest can gradually become resistant to pesticides. ThisAs well, pest can gradually become resistant to pesticides. This means that newer and sometimes stronger one have to be developed.means that newer and sometimes stronger one have to be developed. Some pesticides affect non target animals such as fish and bees.Some pesticides affect non target animals such as fish and bees. This affects the natural balance.This affects the natural balance. Also aiming to completely wipe out agricultural pests may be veryAlso aiming to completely wipe out agricultural pests may be very expensive. Sometimes pest damage costs less than the method ofexpensive. Sometimes pest damage costs less than the method of control.control. Lastly, understanding the ecology of the area helps a lot in pestLastly, understanding the ecology of the area helps a lot in pest control. Natural enemies can be used to control a pest. Pesticidescontrol. Natural enemies can be used to control a pest. Pesticides should be chosen that don’t affect the natural enemies.should be chosen that don’t affect the natural enemies. Therefore, integrated pest management is a safe and moreTherefore, integrated pest management is a safe and more affective option in agriculture.affective option in agriculture.
  16. 16. Generic Structure AnalysisGeneric Structure Analysis TitleTitle Integrated pest managementIntegrated pest management thesisthesis PositionPosition previewpreview There is no one best way to deal with pest agriculture.There is no one best way to deal with pest agriculture. Pesticides are commonly used, but this may cause manyPesticides are commonly used, but this may cause many problems. Combining different management operations is theproblems. Combining different management operations is the most effective way to control pest.most effective way to control pest. argumentargument 11 PointPoint elaborationelaboration Firstly, the chemical in pesticides may build up as residues inFirstly, the chemical in pesticides may build up as residues in the environment.the environment. This reduces the quality of farm produce.This reduces the quality of farm produce. argumentargument 22 PointPoint elaborationelaboration As well, pest can gradually become resistant to pesticides.As well, pest can gradually become resistant to pesticides. ThisThis means that newer and sometimes stronger one have to bemeans that newer and sometimes stronger one have to be developed.developed. argumentargument 33 PointPoint elaborationelaboration Some pesticides affect non target animals such as fish andSome pesticides affect non target animals such as fish and bees.bees. This affects the natural balance.This affects the natural balance. argumentargument 44 PointPoint elaborationelaboration Also aiming to completely wipe out agricultural pests may beAlso aiming to completely wipe out agricultural pests may be very expensive.very expensive. Sometimes pest damage costs less than theSometimes pest damage costs less than the method of control.method of control. argumentargument 55 PointPoint elaborationelaboration Lastly, understanding the ecology of the area helps a lot inLastly, understanding the ecology of the area helps a lot in pest control.pest control. Natural enemies can be used to control a pest.Natural enemies can be used to control a pest. Pesticides should be chosen that don’t affect the naturalPesticides should be chosen that don’t affect the natural enemies.enemies. reiteration / conclusionreiteration / conclusion Therefore, integrated pest management is a safe and moreTherefore, integrated pest management is a safe and more affective option in agriculture.affective option in agriculture.
  17. 17. Don’t you just love it when you can argueDon’t you just love it when you can argue with someone and get them to comewith someone and get them to come around to your way of thinking?around to your way of thinking? That’s what a persuasive essay is allThat’s what a persuasive essay is all about!about! See you later……..See you later……..

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