Introduction We encounter chemical almost every day .•Filling your vehicle with gasoline .•Cleaning the bathroom.•Applying pesticides or insecticides .•Using solvents or acids at work. Many chemical can cause injury or illness if not handledproperly .
Objectiveo To help ensure employer / employees safety when working with hazardous chemicals.o They have a right to known about the hazardous chemicals that they use on the job and how to work safety with those chemicals .o Right to know MSDS, Labelling ,first aid and PPE.("Right to know", in the context of United States workplace and community environmental law, is the legal principle that the individual has the right to know the chemicals to which they may be exposed in their daily living.)
What is Hazard Communication? is designed to maintain a healthy work environment by increasing employee awareness about the hazards of the chemicals that they work with. All chemicals are required to have an MSDS sheet made up for them . A Hazard Communication Program is required by OSHA.
OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration)•OSHA created the Hazard CommunicationStandard.•OSHA is a government agency under the USdepartment of labor.•OSHA officially formed on April 28, 1971.•Jurisdiction under Federal government of theUnited States
•OSHA headquarters is in Washington, D.C.•It help employers reduce injuries ,illness anddeath in the work place.•A major component of the HazardCommunication program by OSHA is MaterialSafety Data Sheets (MSDS).
What is an MSDS Sheet?•Material safety data sheets are documents that containsinformation that may required in hazardous area.•An MSDS sheet contains various properties of the substance, including physicals data and safety information.•it is intended to provide workers and emergency personnel withprocedures for handling or working with that substance in a safemanner.•Explain the physical and chemicals characteristics.•widely used system for cataloging information on hazardousingredients.
•Physical hazards, such as fire, explosion and reactivity.•One reason for the widespread popularity of the MSDS isthat it is an easy to understand document.•Health hazards such as First-aid and emergencyinformation.•may include instructions for the safe use andpotential hazards associated with a particular material orproduct.•These data sheets can be found anywhere wherechemicals are being used.
Why are MSDS sheets useful ? Mainly are in occupational setting only MSDS sheets provide valuable data for safe use and potential hazardous that could come about from using the given chemical. Because different companies provide different chemicals , different MSDS sheets can be mode up different variations of the same substance .
What data do MSDS sheets contain? All countries and supplies have different form of MSDS sheets , so we will concentrate on the united states version . The form itself contains data on boiling point , melting point, specific gravity , solubility appearance and odor , reactivity , flammability and how to handle these .
Where to find MSDS If anyone ever needs to see a copy of the MSDS in order to look up information on a chemical, there are numerous ways to obtain the material safety data sheets. The first assistant or manager of any store or warehouse should be your first target when looking for the material safety data sheets.
An example MSDS ina US format providesguidance forhandling ahazardous substanceand information onits composition andproperties.
Symbols of hazards Corrosive A substance that may destroy living tissue on contact. It causes a burn. Flammable A substance that can catch fire easily.
Oxidising ExplosiveThis type of substance gives of a large A substance that may explode ifamount of heat when in contact with it comes into contact with aother substances. flame or heat. It may also explode due to friction or shock. RadiationHarmful These substances are radioactive.A substance that may cause Radiation can damage cells andharm in some way cause cancer.
Irritant Biohazard A substance that may cause irritation These are living organisms thatto the skin, eyes or inside your body. may cause infection.Toxic Environmental Hazard A substance that is poisonous if These substances damageswallowed or breathed in. It may or pollute the environment.even go through your skin.
Hazard Communication StandardChemical manufacturers must Determine a chemical’s hazards Provide label.Employers must Provide a hazard communication program Maintain MSDSs Training hazardous materialEmployees must Read labels and MSDSs follow employer instruction and warnings Identify hazards before starting a job Participate in training
Routes of Entry Skin and eye contact Inhalation Swallowing Penetration (skin absorption)
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Dust mask and respirators Glasses, goggles, and face shields Hearing protection Gloves Foot protection Head protection Apronsorfull-bodysuits
Hazardous Materials First Aid Eyes - Flush with water for 15 minutes skin - Wash with soap and water Inhalation - Move to fresh air Swallowing - Get emergency medical assistance
Important of label the identity of the chemical Name , address , emergency phone number of manufacturer Special handling instructions basic PPE recommendations First aid, fire response, spill cleanup .
Spills and leaksEvacuate the areaNotify a supervisor or the emergency responseteam Remove ignition sources(if safe to do so)Stay away
NFPA Labeling Systems NFPA = National Fire Protection Association Blue = Health Red = Flammability Yellow = Reactivity White = Other hazards or special handling Scale: 0 (NoHazard) to 4 (ExtremeHazard)
NFPA 704 SYSTEM 4-Severe 3-Serious 2-Dangerous 1 -Minor 0-None/Negligible
Conclusion Hazcom program help and provide the employers and employees work in a safe environment. With Hazcom too ‘Right To Know’ laws are practiced among workers during handling hazardous substances.