Petrochemicals
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Petrochemicals

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    Petrochemicals Petrochemicals Presentation Transcript

    • PETROCHEMICAL  GAS  AND  COASTAL  LPG  
    • Petrochemicals   Any  of  a  large  number  of  chemicals  made  from   petroleum  or  natural  gas.     Important  petrochemicals  include  benzene,   ammonia,  acetylene,  and  polystyrene.   Petrochemicals  are  used  to  produce  a  wide   variety  of  materials,  such  as  plasIcs,  explosives,   ferIlizers,  and  syntheIc  fibers.  
    • LIQUEFIED  PETROLEUM  GAS  (LPG)   TANKERS   LPG  tankers  transport  a  large  selecIon  of  gas  and  petrochemical   products.  Some  of  the  LPG  vessels  are  also  capable  of  transporIng   “clean  petroleum  products”,  which  are  normally  transported  by   product  tankers.           LPG  tankers  have  a  slightly  different  design  because  the  products  they   carry  require  very  low  temperatures  and/or  high  pressure  for  the   transiIon  from  the  gaseous  state  to  the  liquid  state.  The  required   cooling  temperatures  range  from  minus  1  to  minus  104  degrees   Celsius,  depending  on  the  type  of  gas  involved.       When  the  products  are  in  their  liquid  state,  their  volume  is  reduced  by   a  factor  of  approximately  500  compared  with  their  gaseous  state.   Consequently,  it  is  cheaper  to  transport  the  products  in  their  liquid   state.  It  requires  very  heavy  tanks  to  make  the  gas  liquid  exclusively  by   using  pressure.  
    •   Types  of  Vessels:   •  In  general  ships,  carrying  chemicals  in  bulk  are  classed  into   three  types:   •  1.  A  ‘Type  1’  ship  is  a  chemical  tanker  intended  to  transport     products  with  very  severe  environmental  and  safety  hazards   which  require  maximum  prevenIve  measures  to  preclude  an   escape  of  such  cargo.   •  2.  A‘Type  2’  ship  is  a  chemical  tanker  intended  to  transport   products  with  appreciably  severe  environmental  and  safety   hazards  which  require  significant  prevenIve  measures  to   preclude  an  escape  of  such  cargo.   •  3.  A  ‘Type  3’  ship  is  a  chemical  tanker  intended  to  transport   products  with  sufficiently  severe  environmental  and  safety   hazards  which  require  a  moderate  degree  of  containment  to   increase  survival  capability  in  a  damaged  condiIon.  
    •       The  petrochemical  gas  trade  consists  primarily  of  shipments  of  ethylene,   propylene,  butadiene  and  vinyl  chloride  monomer  (VCM)  all  of  which  are   used  extensively  as  raw  materials  within  the  industrial  producIon  of  a  wide   variety  of  plasIcs  and  syntheIc  rubber.  
    • Dedicated  analysts  enable  be`er  informed  decision  making  by  providing  clients  with  a   range  of  market  intelligence  including  up  to  date  informaIon  on  worldwide   developments  in  trade,  export  volumes  and  a  broad  range  of  other  data  about  this   highly  specialized  sector.     We  should  have  access  to  extensive  informaIon  on  the  gas  fleet  on  Shipping   Intelligence  Network  and  publicaIons.  
    • Experts  understanding  the   very  specific           requirements        of  this   market  sector  should  be   present  at  all            Mmes.