CONSTRUCTIVISM How people learn? People construct their own understanding and knowledge of the world, through experiencing things and reflecting on those experiences.
CONSTRUCTIVISMIMPORTANT FIGURES 1. Jean Piaget Developed cognitive learning theory Children-Active learners (Didn’t need motivation from adults) 4 cognitive stages 1. Sensoritmotor= Learning through sensor & motor actions 2. Preoperational= through symbols & images 3. Cognitive Operational= Think logically, understand other view points 4.Formal Operational= Abstract thinking, formulate own beliefs
CONSTRUCTIVISMIMPORTANT FIGURES Jerome Bruner Learning is active process where new ideas or concepts are constructed on current or past knowledge Method: Many different activities (i.e. painting, songs, electronic flash cards) Socratic Method – Discussion, thinking critically of own and others views and articulate and defend position. LEARNING IS DISCOVERY
CONSTRUCTIVISMIMPORTANT FIGURES Lev Vygotsky Social Cognition Learning by social development Zone of Proximal Development Difference between problem solving ability and potential from the help of a teacher • Collaborative Learning situation in which two or more people learn or attempt to learn something together Scaffolding- Discover child’s cognitive/social development and construct learning experiences on it Anchored Instruction- Connect to information already held by student
CONSTRUCTIVISMIMPORTANT FIGURES John Dewey • Father of American Education • Learning should engage and experiences of learners • Actively inquire Progressive Education Movement Educate whole child, physically, mentally, and socially Pragmatism- theory is only valuable for practical use Education is a social process 1896- Began University Elementary School, or Laboratory School ( AKA the Dewey School)
Classroom ImplicationsTEACHERS• Facilitate learning• Encourage Students To Ask Questions• Encourage Reflection• Active Participation• Variety Of Learning Methods• Propose Contrary Beliefs
Classroom ImplicationsSTUDENTS Building On Previous Knowledge Work In Groups Ask Questions Thinking Reflecting Establishing Views
Final Thoughts I believe constructivism can be a very useful and successful learning theory. It aims at developing what I believe are vital attributes in our students, learning through critical thinking, reflecting by experience, and a continual thirst for knowledge. Though constructivism may be at the heart of my teaching philosophy, it could prove to be fairly difficult to employ. Critics say constructivism dismisses a teacher’s role because it strays away from the traditional regurgitation of facts into an atmosphere of inquiring. I imagine if employed, the teacher must have a strong sense of authority accompanied by a sense of comfort from the students to create an controlled open world of discussion. All in all, it’s a method definitely worth considering.
Credits Imagesecavey.files.wordpress.c#30DF8Bgroup3007fall10.wikispac#30DD8Bwww.instructionaldesign.#30DB20faculty.mercer.edu/.webloc Other Sourceswww.thirteen.org/.weblocen.wikipedia.org/wiki/Co#30DB14