Six Kingdoms Notes

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Intro Description to the six biological kingdoms

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Six Kingdoms Notes

  1. 1. Overview of the Six KingdomsBundren, 2008 1
  2. 2. What is Cell Type?• Prokaryotic – describes an organism with cells that do NOT have a nucleus• Eukaryotic – describes an organism with cells that do have a nucleusBundren, 2008 2
  3. 3. 1. The organism shown is A.Prokaryotic DNA B. Eukaryotic CELL MEMBRANEBundren, 2008 3
  4. 4. What is Cellular Organization?• Multicellular – organisms are made up of more than one cell• Unicellular – organisms are made up of one cellBundren, 2008 4
  5. 5. 2. The organisms shown are A.Unicellular B. MulticellularBundren, 2008 5
  6. 6. What is Mode of Nutrition?• Autotrophic – makes its own food• Heterotrophic – gets nutrients from the food it consumesBundren, 2008 6
  7. 7. 3. The organism shown is A. Autotrophic B. HeterotrophicBundren, 2008 7
  8. 8. List of the 3 Domains & 6 Kingdoms Domain Domain Domain Archaea Bacteria Eukarya Kingdom Kingdom Kingdom Protista Archaebacteria Eubacteria Kingdom Fungi Kingdom Plantae Kingdom AnimaliaBundren, 2008 8
  9. 9. Kingdom Archaebacteria “extreme bacteria” • Cell Type – Unicellular • Cellular Organization – Prokaryotic • Mode of nutrition –Autotrophic or Heterotrophic – Means that some species are autotrophs and some are heterotrophsBundren, 2008 9
  10. 10. Kingdom Archaebacteria Characteristics • Reproduction – asexual • Cell Wall – cell walls without peptidoglycan • Habitat – live in extreme habitats such as hot springs, geysers, volcanic hot pools, brine pools, black smokersBundren, 2008 10
  11. 11. Kingdom Archaebacteria Morning Glory Pool in Yellowstone National Park – note the bright colors from the archaebacteria growing in the extremely hot water.Bundren, 2008 11
  12. 12. Kingdom ArchaebacteriaBundren, 2008 12
  13. 13. Kingdom Archaebacteria • Archaebacteria can live deep in the ocean near geothermal vents called black smokers • There is no light, so they carry out chemosynthesis instead of photosynthesisBundren, 2008 13
  14. 14. Kingdom Eubacteria • Cell Type – Prokaryotic • Cellular Organization – Unicellular • Mode of nutrition – Autotrophic or heterotrophic • Reproduction – asexual • Cell Wall – Thick cells walls with peptidoglycan • Habitat – everywhere!!! (even inside you)Bundren, 2008 14
  15. 15. Kingdom Eubacteria • Procholorococcus – an autotrophic bacteriumBundren, 2008 15
  16. 16. Kingdom Protista: “Catch All Kingdom” • Cell Type – Eukaryotic • Cellular Organization – Most unicellular, some multicellular • Mode of Nutrition – Autotrophic and heterotrophic • Reproduction – sexual and asexual • Cell Wall – Some with cell walls containing cellulose • Habitat – all aquaticBundren, 2008 16
  17. 17. Kingdom Protista Euglena - autotrophic Volvox – a colonial protist A slime mold Amoeba - heterotrophicBundren, 2008 17
  18. 18. Kingdom Fungi • Cell Type – Eukaryotic • Cellular Organization – Most multicellular • Mode of Nutrition –heterotrophic (decomposers) • Reproduction – sexual and asexual • Cell Wall –cell walls containing chitin • Habitat – terrestrialBundren, 2008 18
  19. 19. Kingdom Fungi Stilton cheese Bread moldBundren, 2008 19
  20. 20. Kingdom Plantae • Cell Type – Eukaryotic • Cellular Organization – multicellular • Mode of Nutrition – Autotrophic • Reproduction – sexual • Cell Wall – cell walls containing cellulose • Habitat – aquatic and terrestrialBundren, 2008 20
  21. 21. Kingdom PlantaeBundren, 2008 21
  22. 22. Kingdom Animalia • Cell Type – Eukaryotic • Cellular Organization – multicellular • Mode of Nutrition – heterotrophic • Reproduction – mostly sexual • Cell Wall – none • Habitat – aquatic and terrestrialBundren, 2008 22
  23. 23. Kingdom Animalia Flatworm Sponge Jellyfish Octopus Coral snake BearBundren, 2008 23

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