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How the Web Works
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How the Web Works

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  • 1. HOW THE WEB WORKSMonday, April 15, 13
  • 2. Every machine on the Internet has a unique identifying number, called an IP Address. A typical IP address looks like this: 216.27.61.137Monday, April 15, 13
  • 3. WEB SERVERSMonday, April 15, 13
  • 4. Monday, April 15, 13
  • 5. Monday, April 15, 13
  • 6. Monday, April 15, 13
  • 7. Monday, April 15, 13
  • 8. PROTOCOLSMonday, April 15, 13
  • 9. 1. HTTP hypertext transfer protocol 2. FTP file transfer protocol 3. Email Related 1. IMAP Internet Message Access Protocol 2. POP3 Post Office Protocol 4. Other Examples 1. RTMP Real Time Messaging Protocol 2. SMB Server Message BlockMonday, April 15, 13
  • 10. WEB BROWSERSMonday, April 15, 13
  • 11. The browser application retrieves or fetches code, usually written in HTML (HyperText Markup Language) and/or another language, from a web server, interprets this code, and renders (displays) it as a web page for you to view.Monday, April 15, 13
  • 12. Monday, April 15, 13
  • 13. Monday, April 15, 13
  • 14. Monday, April 15, 13
  • 15. Flash / Silverlight HTML jQuery Server technology CSS Javascript Browser technology Rails/Django PHP / Python / RubyMonday, April 15, 13