- a group of words, without a subject and
verb, that functions in a sentence as one
part of speech.
2. Prepositional Phrases
- Phrase contain a preposition and a noun or pronoun
called the object of preposition.
on the freshly pressed white jacket
beside the driftwood and seaweed
3. Prepositional Phrases modify adjectives
or adverbs and are called either
adjective phrase or adverb phrase
4. Adjective Phrases
- a phrase that modifies a noun or pronoun by
telling what kind or which one.
An etching of a medieval battlement sold quickly. ( what kind of etching?)
My aunt has fear of bugs. (what kind of fear?)
I sent my friend in lowa a card. (which friend?)
5. Adverb Phrases
- a phrase that modifies a verb, adjective, or adverb by
pointing out where, when, in what manner, or to what extent.
In central park you can ride horse-drawn carriages. ( Can ride
The volcano rumbled in the early morning hours.
( Rumbled when?)
I consumed the sundae in short order. ( Consumed in what
6. Appositive Phrases
- Is a noun or pronoun with modifiers placed
next to a noun or pronoun to add information
The linebacker, a quick, strong senior from Texas, tackled the
My jacket, a windbreaker, fits well.
I bought a book, an international atlas.
The man gave his wife, his partner for ten years, a beatiful opal ring.
7. Verbal Phrases
- a verbal with modifiers or a
- it contain participial, gerunds,
8. Participial Phrases
- is a participle modified by an adverb or
adverb phrase or accompanied by a
complement. The entire phrase acts as an
Burning brightly, the fire lit up the room.
The bone broken in two places healed.
Holding the snake, I felt its cool skin.
- a phrase with modifiers or a complement, all
acting together as a noun.
His loud, persistent yawning disrupted the meeting.
Worrying about the deadline prevented the writer from sleeping.
I estimated the cost by calculating quictkly.
Fishing from the pier is permitted.
10. Infinitive Phrases
-Is a phrase with modifiers, a
complement, or a subject, all acting
together as a single part of speech.
The baby wanted to wiggle continuosly.
I plan to visit during the afternoon.
The foghorn helped warn incoming ships.
The bank decided to lend the family the money.
The student asked the college to send a catalog.