PERIODONTAL
INSTRUMENTS & there
uses
Wtar omer
Zara khasrow
Azmar akram
PERIDONTAL
INSTRUMENTS
 PERIODONTAL PROBES
 EXPLORERS
 SCALING, ROOT-PLANING & CURETTAGE
 PERIODONTAL ENDOSCOPE
 CLEA...
CLASSIFICATION
• PERIODONTAL PROBES-
• EXPLORERS-
SCALING, ROOT-PLANING AND
CURETTAGE INSTRUMENTS
A. Curette : for sub gingival
scaling, root planning and
removal of the so...
Ultrasonic and sonic
instruments- for cleansing
and polishing tooth
surface and curetting the
soft tissue wall of the
peri...
PARTS OF
INSTRUMENT
• It is usually long, thin, and blunted at the end. The
primary purpose of a periodontal probe is to
measure pocket depths...
SICKLE SCALERS
SICKLE SCALERS / SUPRAGINGIVAL SCALERS
• USED TO REMOVE
LARGE CALCULUS
DEPOSITS FROM THE
ENAMEL SURFACE
• USED WITH A PULL...
HOE SCALERS
 HOE SCALERS ARE USED FOR SCALING OF LEDGES
OR RINGS CALCULUS
CHISEL SCALERS
• IT IS DESIGNED FOR THE PROXIMAL SURFACE OF TEETH
TOO CLOSELY SPACED TO PERMIT THE USE OF OTHER
SCALERS
• ...
FILES
• THEIR PRIMARY FUNCTION
IS TO FRACTURE OR
CRUSH LARGE DEPOSITE
OF TENACIOUS CALCULUS
• FILES CAN EASILY
ROUGHEN ROO...
CURETTES
CURETTES ARE OF TWO TYPES
1. UNIVERSAL
2. AREA SPECIFIC
UNIVERSAL CURETTES
-USED IN ANY AREA
-BOTH CUTTING EDGES ...
• SCHWARTZ PERIOTRIEVERS
A SET OF DOUBLE ENDED
HIGHLY MAGNETISED
INSTRUMENTS DESIGNED FOR
THE RETRIEVEL OF BROCKEN
INSTRUM...
DIAMOND COATED FILES
UNIQUE INSTRUMENTS USED FOR
FINAL FINISHING OF ROOT SURFACES
QUETIN FURCATION CURETTES
HOES WITH A
SHALLOW, HALF
MOON RADIOUS THAT
FITS INTO ROOF OR
FLOOR OF
FURCATION &
DEVELOPMENTAL...
SONIC AND ULTRASONIC
ULTRASONIC INSTRUMENTS :USED FOR REMOVING PLAQUE, STAINS, FOR
SCALING & CURETTAGE
SONIC INSTRUMENTS :...
MAGNETOSTRICTIVE ULTRASONIC UNIT
PERIDONTAL ENDOSCOPY
Use of a small fiber
optic endoscope
attached to a specially
designed dental
instrument, such as an
e...
CLEANSING & POLISHINING
• RUBBER CUPS:- CONSIST OF A RUBBER WITH OR
WITHOUT WEBBED CONFIGURATIONS IN THE
HOLLOW INTERIOR
•...
BRISTLE
• AVAILABLE IN WHEEL & CUP
SHAPES
• USED IN PROPHYLAXIS ANGLE
WITH A POLISHING PASTE
DENTAL TAPE
DENTAL TAPE WITH...
AIR POWDER POLISHING
Air-powder polishing is
used with a specially
designed handpiece. This
device is called Prophy-
jet. ...
PERIDONTAL KNIVES
• USED FOR GINGIVECTOMY
SURGICAL BLADES
• USED IN PERIDONTAL SURGERY
PERIOSTEAL ELEVATOR
• NEEDED TO REFLECT & MOVE THE FLAP AFTER THE
INCISION HAS BEN MADE FOR FLAP SURGERY
TISSUE FORCEPS
• USED TO HOLD THE FLAP DURING SUTURING
• USED TO POSITION & DISPLACE THE FLAP AFTER
THE FLAP HAS BENN REFL...
SCISSORS AND NIPERS
• USED TO REMOVE TABS OF TISSUE DURING
GINGIVECTOMY, TRIM THE MARGIN OF FLAP,
ENLARGE INCISION IN PERI...
NEEDLE HOLDER
• USED TO SUTURE THE FLAP AT THE DESIRE PORTION
AFTER SURIGAL PROCEDURE HAS BEEN COMPLETE.
CASTROVEJO NEDDLE...
THANK YOU
periodontal instruments and their uses
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periodontal instruments and their uses

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periodontal instruments and their uses

  1. 1. PERIODONTAL INSTRUMENTS & there uses Wtar omer Zara khasrow Azmar akram
  2. 2. PERIDONTAL INSTRUMENTS  PERIODONTAL PROBES  EXPLORERS  SCALING, ROOT-PLANING & CURETTAGE  PERIODONTAL ENDOSCOPE  CLEANSING & POLISHING INSTRUMENTS
  3. 3. CLASSIFICATION • PERIODONTAL PROBES- • EXPLORERS-
  4. 4. SCALING, ROOT-PLANING AND CURETTAGE INSTRUMENTS A. Curette : for sub gingival scaling, root planning and removal of the soft tissue lining the pocket B. Sickle Scaler : to remove supra gingival calculus C. File D. Chisel E. Hoe to remove tenacious calculus and altered cementum
  5. 5. Ultrasonic and sonic instruments- for cleansing and polishing tooth surface and curetting the soft tissue wall of the periodontal pocket CLEANSING & POLISHING INSTRUMENTS eg : rubber cups, brushes, dental tape, air-powder abrasive system
  6. 6. PARTS OF INSTRUMENT
  7. 7. • It is usually long, thin, and blunted at the end. The primary purpose of a periodontal probe is to measure pocket depths around a tooth in order to establish the state of health of the periodontium . There are markings inscribed onto the head of the instrument for accuracy and readability. PERIDONATAL PROBES
  8. 8. SICKLE SCALERS
  9. 9. SICKLE SCALERS / SUPRAGINGIVAL SCALERS • USED TO REMOVE LARGE CALCULUS DEPOSITS FROM THE ENAMEL SURFACE • USED WITH A PULL STROKE.
  10. 10. HOE SCALERS  HOE SCALERS ARE USED FOR SCALING OF LEDGES OR RINGS CALCULUS
  11. 11. CHISEL SCALERS • IT IS DESIGNED FOR THE PROXIMAL SURFACE OF TEETH TOO CLOSELY SPACED TO PERMIT THE USE OF OTHER SCALERS • IT IS USUALLY USED IN ANTERIOR PART OF THE MOUTH
  12. 12. FILES • THEIR PRIMARY FUNCTION IS TO FRACTURE OR CRUSH LARGE DEPOSITE OF TENACIOUS CALCULUS • FILES CAN EASILY ROUGHEN ROOT SURFACES WHEN USED IMPROPERLY THEREFORE, THEY ARE SUITABLE FOR FINE SCALING
  13. 13. CURETTES CURETTES ARE OF TWO TYPES 1. UNIVERSAL 2. AREA SPECIFIC UNIVERSAL CURETTES -USED IN ANY AREA -BOTH CUTTING EDGES USED -CURVED IN ONE PLANE -FACE OF BLADE AT 90 DEGREE TO SHANK AREA SPECIFIC -USED IN SPECIFIC AREAS -ONE CUTTING EDGE USED -CURVED IN TWO PLANE OFFSET BLADE
  14. 14. • SCHWARTZ PERIOTRIEVERS A SET OF DOUBLE ENDED HIGHLY MAGNETISED INSTRUMENTS DESIGNED FOR THE RETRIEVEL OF BROCKEN INSTRUMENT TIPS • PLASTIC INSTRUMENTS FOR IMPLANTS TO AVOID SCARRING AND PERMANENT DAMAGE TO IMPLANTS
  15. 15. DIAMOND COATED FILES UNIQUE INSTRUMENTS USED FOR FINAL FINISHING OF ROOT SURFACES
  16. 16. QUETIN FURCATION CURETTES HOES WITH A SHALLOW, HALF MOON RADIOUS THAT FITS INTO ROOF OR FLOOR OF FURCATION & DEVELOPMENTAL DEPRESSIONS OF ROOT SURFACE
  17. 17. SONIC AND ULTRASONIC ULTRASONIC INSTRUMENTS :USED FOR REMOVING PLAQUE, STAINS, FOR SCALING & CURETTAGE SONIC INSTRUMENTS : LESS POWER FOR CALCULUS REMOVAL THAN ULTRASONIC UNITS
  18. 18. MAGNETOSTRICTIVE ULTRASONIC UNIT
  19. 19. PERIDONTAL ENDOSCOPY Use of a small fiber optic endoscope attached to a specially designed dental instrument, such as an explorer, showing sub gingival deposits in a magnified view.
  20. 20. CLEANSING & POLISHINING • RUBBER CUPS:- CONSIST OF A RUBBER WITH OR WITHOUT WEBBED CONFIGURATIONS IN THE HOLLOW INTERIOR • USED IN HANDPIECE WITH A SPECIAL PROPHYLAXIS • A GOOD CLEANSING & POLISHING PASTE THAT CONTAIN FLOURIED SHOULD BE USED & KEPT MOIST TO MINIMIZE FRICTION HEAT
  21. 21. BRISTLE • AVAILABLE IN WHEEL & CUP SHAPES • USED IN PROPHYLAXIS ANGLE WITH A POLISHING PASTE DENTAL TAPE DENTAL TAPE WITH POLISHING PASTE IN USED FOR POLISHING PROXIMAL SURFACE THAT ARE INACCESSIBLE TO OTHER POLISHING INSTRUMENTS
  22. 22. AIR POWDER POLISHING Air-powder polishing is used with a specially designed handpiece. This device is called Prophy- jet. It delivers an air- powder slurry of warm water and sodium bicarbonate for polishing. It is very effective for the removal of extrinsic stains and soft deposits
  23. 23. PERIDONTAL KNIVES • USED FOR GINGIVECTOMY
  24. 24. SURGICAL BLADES • USED IN PERIDONTAL SURGERY
  25. 25. PERIOSTEAL ELEVATOR • NEEDED TO REFLECT & MOVE THE FLAP AFTER THE INCISION HAS BEN MADE FOR FLAP SURGERY
  26. 26. TISSUE FORCEPS • USED TO HOLD THE FLAP DURING SUTURING • USED TO POSITION & DISPLACE THE FLAP AFTER THE FLAP HAS BENN REFLECTED
  27. 27. SCISSORS AND NIPERS • USED TO REMOVE TABS OF TISSUE DURING GINGIVECTOMY, TRIM THE MARGIN OF FLAP, ENLARGE INCISION IN PERIDONTAL ABSCESES ,REMOVE MUSCCHMENT IN SURGERY GOLDMAN – FOX SCISSORS
  28. 28. NEEDLE HOLDER • USED TO SUTURE THE FLAP AT THE DESIRE PORTION AFTER SURIGAL PROCEDURE HAS BEEN COMPLETE. CASTROVEJO NEDDLE HOLDER
  29. 29. THANK YOU
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