Brief History• Korea is a small peninsula on the far East side of Asia. It is between China and Japan. It is connected to mainland Asia in the North. It is separated from China and Russia by the Yalu River and the Tuman River. Between Korea and Japan is the East Sea. To the West between Korea and China is the Yellow Sea. The size of Korea is roughly 1,000 kilometers in length. It became a Chinese tributary state in 1392 with the formation of the Choson Dynasty. Korea became an independent country at the conclusion of the Sino-Japanese War in 1895 with the Treaty of Shimonoseki.
• Korea is a divided country. In Korean mythology there is a story about how the Korean nation was born. The story is that a god named Hwanung came from heaven and transformed a bear into a woman. He married her and she gave birth to a son, Tangun, the founder of Korea. Tangun created the first capital of the Korean nation in 2333 B.C and called it Joseon - Land of the Morning Calm. Seoul is the capital and most important city of South Korea. It is very city-like and could be compared to New York City.
• The Korean people call themselves Hangukin or Hanguk saram. It is widely believed that the Korean people have descended from Altaic groups, whose origins have been traced to Southern Siberia. Genetic studies do show that Koreans are turanians. The Turanian thing seems more a transition or mix between Northern Mongoloids and Caucasoids.
South Korean Values:Harmony in personal relationships is a 3. When a Korean smiles it can be andominant force in a Korean’s life. Facts, logic expression of happiness, but it can alsoand conclusions are often not nearly as express shame or embarrassment. If yourimportant as how one is looked upon by assistant has made a serious mistake,others. he/she may smile or even laugh. Don’t get upset by reaction.1. You must bow when greeting. Most 4. Koreans often speak very loudly when adults form a good opinion of the talking on the telephone. Should you be person if he or she bows and greets the having a business conversation over the person upon meeting with sincerity and phone with someone who sounds as a smile on their face. though he/she is shouting, don’t take it to2. Everywhere older people are respected, be an expression of anger or frustration on but in Korea they are highly respected. the caller’s part. Showing respect and bowing 90 degrees 5. Koreans (those not used to communicating with foreigners) often hang up when they to the elders is necessary. have finished saying what they wanted to say. The ritual Western ‘goodbye ritual’ does not always apply here.
South Korean Norms:Verbal and non-verbal indicators you may 3. Avoid criticizing someone in public,want to keep in mind: even if you have seen a Korean colleague do so. Criticism, especially of1. Friendships are tight-knit and valuable. colleagues or Korean subordinates, It is an insult to refuse a friend’s should be conducted in private so as to request. It is even less forgivable to fail a reduce or prevent loss of face. superior. These friendships are possible 4. Modesty and humility are important in because everyone does his (her)* best Korean culture and therefore it is best to preserve and foster harmony and to avoid over-selling yourself or your good feelings. company’ previous business2. Speak formally with all who are older or achievements. higher in rank. People that are the same 5. It is considered impolite to use your age are usually spoken formally to until hands to pick up the foods and put into it is mutually agreed to speak your mouth. Always use the chopsticks informally. and spoon. Do not reach across the table for distant food. Please ask a nearby person to pass it to you.
South Korean Beliefs1. If you sleep in a room with a fan on and the windows closed: You will die. True story. There are a multitude of reasons why Koreans believe this happens. The most common of these seems to be that, especially if the fan is placed very close to the sleeping person it will suck away the air from the persons face, and the person will die in their sleep, suffocated.
2. Blood Type Influences Personality This widely held belief in Korean and Japanese culture started in the 1920s, and although it is a myth that has been debunked several times since then, it has persisted in its popularity over the years. The Korean theory of blood type and personality can best be compared to the way westerners view zodiac signs. Just as your zodiac sign influences your personality and predicts certain things about your life, so does your blood type in Korea or in Japan.
• Type A Best traits Earnest, creative, sensible Worst traits Fastidious, over-earnest• Type B Best traits Wild, active, doer Worst traits Selfish, irresponsible• Type AB Best traits Cool, controlled, rational Worst traits Critical, indecisive• Type O Best traits Agreeable, sociable, optimistic Worst traits Vain, rude
3. Many Korean buildings, especially the older ones do not have a fourth floor as the number four in Chinese-Korean numbering is similar to the word for death and is therefore considered to be bad luck.4. A month after White Day is Black Day on April 14. Single people celebrate their singleness and eat noodles with black sauce.5. The person who has many faults is usually the first to criticize others.
South Korean Mores:1. It is important to never say anything bad about a family member, dead or alive.2. It is not uncommon for an Asian parent to ask what your fathers job is or what your mother does for a living. Most parents do not want their children to associate with child of a parent who holds an undesirable job, such as being nail-saloon worker etc.3. When you go to someones home, be sure to take a small gift as a taken of your appreciation to the hostess or the whole family. Flowers or fruit always make good gifts, as does a bottle of liquor for the husband.4. When presenting or receiving a gift, always use both hands. Do not open a gift you receive right away unless requested to do so by the giver.5. In Korea, gifts are usually meant to be opened in private. Don’t write a person’s name in red ink that is used for the dead only.
South Korean Folkways:1. Kimchi is Culture. Kimchi is symbolic of Korean culture: it’s strong, distinctive, and defiant. Some foreigners can’t stomach it, but if you can, you will earn the locals’ heartfelt respect.2. Shoes Off. When entering a Korean home, you must remove your shoes. To do any less is a sign of great disrespect. Koreans have a special relationship with their floor, on which they sit and often sleep.3. Do not smile. Koreans are a warm and generous people, but you would never know it from the sourpusses they paste on in public
4. Beware of elbows. The result is a lot of people in small spaces, and folks will not think twice about pushing and jostling in order to get onto a bus, into an elevator, or to those perfect onions at the market. Don’t even bother with “excuse me,” and beware of the older women, known as ajumma. They’re deadly.5. Soju. Korea is a drinking culture, and their national booze is soju, a clear, vodka-like drink. Koreans have strict drinking etiquette: never pour your own drink, and when pouring for someone older than you, put one hand to your heart or your pouring arm as a sign of respect.•
South Korean Laws:1. Drinking in Public is one- 4. Male and female same-sex hundred percent legal. You’re sexual activity is legal in South allowed to sit in the park, by the Korea, but same-sex couples river, on a University campus and households headed by and have a few drinks and same-sex couples are not some snacks with friends. Don’t entitled to the same legal think you’re being a rebel, protections available to though, a lot of other people heterosexuals. indulge in this, as well. 5. Tipping is not required in2. In Korea its illegal to know the Korea. If you tip a server or the sex of your baby before its born owner of a restaurant, they are to prevent the abortion of girls. more likely to chase you down3. Kids 16 and under in South the street with your change, Korea are already banned from than to think that you left it playing online games between behind for them as a token of the hours of midnight and 6 AM. your appreciation.
South Korean Technologies:1. Multiple Rocket Launcher (MRL) is a type of unguided rocket artillery system.2. Touch screen mobile phone: LG KE850 is the worlds first Completely Touch Screen Mobile Phone using finger touch.3. MP3 Portable Player: The worlds first commercial, mass-produced Digital Audio Players.4. MP3 Phone: The worlds first mobile phone with built-in MP3 players were produced in South Korea in October, 1999.5. Albert HUBO: In 2005, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) developed the worlds second walking humanoid robot, HUBO.
Material Culture • Flag • Hanbok • Hanok• Kimchi, Kimbap & Dokbokki • Burner Pot
FlagThe flag of South Korea, or Taegeukgi (also spelled Taegukgi in convention) has three parts: a white background; a red and blue taegeuk in the center; and four black trigrams, one in each corner of the flag. These trigrams are carried over from the eight trigrams (Pal Gwae), which are of Chinese origin.The white background symbolizes "cleanliness of the people". The Taegeuk represents the origin of all things in the universe; holding the two principles of yin and yang in perfect balance; the former being the negative aspect rendered in blue, and the latter as the positive aspect rendered in red. Together, they represent a continuous movement within infinity, the two merging as one.
South Korean Language:• The Korean language is shared between both Northand South Korea and is part of the Altaic languagefamily. There are various dialects but the language isgenerally understood everywhere. Hangul is theKorean name of the language. The alphabet wascreated by King Sejong in 1446. The alphabet isextremely easy to learn, which gives Korea one of thehighest literacy rates in the World.
If you are ready, the first thingto do is to exercise your face by doing wacky face actions.
Hangul English Romanization 1. An-yŏng-ha-se-yo. 1. 안녕하세요1. Good Morning/Hello.2. How are you? 2. Chal ji-nae-shŏ-ssŏ-yo? 2. 잘 지내셨어요?3. Im fine, thanks! 3. Ne. Chal ji-nae-ssŏ-yo. 3. 네. 잘 지냈어요.4. Thank You! 4. kam-sa-ham-ni-da! 4. 감사합니다!5. I missed you so much! 5. Nŏ-mu po-go shi-pŏ-ssŏ-yo. 5. 너무보고싶었어요.6. Good Bye! 6. An-nyŏng-hi ge-se-yo! 6. 안녕히 계세요!7. Excuse me! ( to pass by) 7. 실례하겠습니다. 7. Shil-le-ha-ge-ssŭm-ni-da.8. How much is this? 8. I-ge ŏl-ma-ye-yo? 8. 이게 얼마예요?9. Whats your name? 9. I-rŭ-mi ŏ-ttŏ-ke dwoe-se-yo? 9. 이름이 어떻게 되세요?10. Nice to meet you! 10. Man-na-sŏ ban-gap-ssŭm-ni-da! 10. 만나서 반갑습니다!
Korean Pop or “K-Pop”South Korea is muchknown to their Koreanpop or K-pop. In additionto music, K-pop has growninto a popular subcultureamong teenagers andyoung adults around theworld, resulting inwidespread interest in thefashion and style ofKorean idol groups andsingers.
Lee MinhoYoon Eun Hye Jung Ji-Hoon a.k.a Bi Rain
• Around two-thirds of the land in South Korea is forested. This includes the mainland and some of the more than 3,000 small islands that are located on the countrys southern and western coasts.• In 2004, South Korea opened a high speed rail line called Korea Train Express (KTX) which was based on the French TGV. The KTX runs from Seoul to Pusan and Seoul to Mokpo and transports over 100,000 people daily.• If you want a shopping advice, Seoul is the perfect place to shop. Seoul shopping centres are literary like small towns! Their shopping malls are definitely wide unlike European shopping malls.