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United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea<br />Laws for the International Waters<br />
UNCLOS<br />Convention<br />Big meeting 1973-1982<br />
What does UNCLOS do?<br />Defines:<br />Rights and responsibilities of nations in their use of the worlds oceans<br />Guid...
This is a little different <br />The UN helps support UNCLOS<br />Don’t directly implement <br />Don’t enforce<br />
Who does?<br />International Maritime Organization<br />International Whaling Commission<br />The International Sea Bed Au...
Freedom of the Seas’<br />Before UNCLOS in 1985<br />17th century<br />National rights 3 nautical miles<br />1.15 miles<br />
What about the rest of the ocean?<br />Outside of the 3 nautical miles<br />Free to all nations<br />Belonging to no one<b...
Early 20th Century<br />1900’s<br />Many nations wanted to extend the line<br />Mineral resources<br />Protect fish suppli...
1945<br />Truman <br />Continental Shelf<br />
1946 - 1950<br />Argentina<br />Peru<br />Chile<br />Ecuador<br />200 nautical miles<br />Other countries extend 12 nm<br />
By 1967<br />Only 25 nations used the 3 nm guideline<br />
2008<br />Only 2 countries use 3nm<br />Jordan<br />Palau<br />
So what does UNCLOS say?<br />Sets the base line-----low water mark<br />
Internal Waters<br />Anything on the landside of the baseline <br />Nation is free to set laws<br />Use any resource<br />...
Territorial Waters<br />Baseline<br />12 nm is still territory<br />Set laws<br />Regulate use<br />Use any resource<br />...
Contiguous Zone<br />24 nm outside the baseline<br />State can enforce laws<br />Pollution<br />Taxation <br />Customs<br ...
Exclusive Economic Zones<br />200 nm outside of the baseline<br />Sole exploitation rights over all natural resources<br /...
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Transcript of "United nations clos"

  1. 1. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea<br />Laws for the International Waters<br />
  2. 2. UNCLOS<br />Convention<br />Big meeting 1973-1982<br />
  3. 3. What does UNCLOS do?<br />Defines:<br />Rights and responsibilities of nations in their use of the worlds oceans<br />Guidelines for business <br />the environment and the management of marine natural resources<br />
  4. 4. This is a little different <br />The UN helps support UNCLOS<br />Don’t directly implement <br />Don’t enforce<br />
  5. 5. Who does?<br />International Maritime Organization<br />International Whaling Commission<br />The International Sea Bed Authority<br />Created by the UN<br />
  6. 6. Freedom of the Seas’<br />Before UNCLOS in 1985<br />17th century<br />National rights 3 nautical miles<br />1.15 miles<br />
  7. 7. What about the rest of the ocean?<br />Outside of the 3 nautical miles<br />Free to all nations<br />Belonging to no one<br />
  8. 8. Early 20th Century<br />1900’s<br />Many nations wanted to extend the line<br />Mineral resources<br />Protect fish supplies<br />Water pollution<br />
  9. 9. 1945<br />Truman <br />Continental Shelf<br />
  10. 10. 1946 - 1950<br />Argentina<br />Peru<br />Chile<br />Ecuador<br />200 nautical miles<br />Other countries extend 12 nm<br />
  11. 11. By 1967<br />Only 25 nations used the 3 nm guideline<br />
  12. 12. 2008<br />Only 2 countries use 3nm<br />Jordan<br />Palau<br />
  13. 13. So what does UNCLOS say?<br />Sets the base line-----low water mark<br />
  14. 14. Internal Waters<br />Anything on the landside of the baseline <br />Nation is free to set laws<br />Use any resource<br />Foreign vessels may not enter wo permission<br />
  15. 15. Territorial Waters<br />Baseline<br />12 nm is still territory<br />Set laws<br />Regulate use<br />Use any resource<br />Vessels can pass— “innocent passage”<br />
  16. 16. Contiguous Zone<br />24 nm outside the baseline<br />State can enforce laws<br />Pollution<br />Taxation <br />Customs<br />immigration<br />
  17. 17. Exclusive Economic Zones<br />200 nm outside of the baseline<br />Sole exploitation rights over all natural resources<br />Settle fishing disputes<br />Oil drilling rights<br />Foreign nations can freely<br />Navigate<br />Fly over<br />Lay submarine pipes & cables<br />
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