Unit 4 peace & security international relations


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Unit 4 peace & security international relations

  1. 1. Lets start with a little review…<br />
  2. 2. When was the UN established?<br />What brought about its inception?<br />
  3. 3. What was the organization in place before the UN?<br />
  4. 4. What do you call a document that creates an organization?<br />
  5. 5. How many member states currently make up the UN?<br />
  6. 6. What is the title of the head of the UN?<br />Do you remember his name?<br />
  7. 7. How does the UN make decisions?<br />
  8. 8. Here’s the BIG 1! Are you ready?<br />
  9. 9. What is the main purpose of the United Nations?<br />
  10. 10. To maintainpeace and security throughout the world!<br />Is there something peculiar about this phrase?<br />
  11. 11. Hmmmmmmm…<br />MAINTAIN!<br />Why is this word misleading?<br />
  12. 12. Unit 4 Peace & Security<br />
  13. 13. Our Objective:<br />SWBAT define the terms peace & security.<br />SWBAT discuss the various strategies employed by the UN in maintaining peace and security.<br />
  14. 14. So what is peace?<br />Think-pair-share<br />
  15. 15. What is security?<br />Think-pair-share<br />
  16. 16. Well aren't they the same thing?<br />
  17. 17. Peace<br />: a state of tranquility or quiet: as a<br />: freedom from civil disturbance <br />: a state of security or order within a community provided for by law or custom <a breach of the peace> <br />: freedom from disquieting or oppressive thoughts or emotions <br />: harmony in personal relations <br />a: a state or period of mutual concord between governments b: a pact or agreement to end hostilities between those who have been at war or in a state of enmity <br />—used interjectionally to ask for silence or calm or as a greeting or farewell <br />— at peace: in a state of concord or tranquility <br />
  18. 18. Security<br />Definition of SECURITY<br />: the quality or state of being secure: as a: freedom from danger : safety<br />: freedom from fear or anxiety c: freedom from the prospect of being laid off <job security> <br />a: something given, deposited, or pledged to make certain the fulfillment of an obligation b:surety<br />a: something that secures : protectionb (1) : measures taken to guard against espionage or sabotage, crime, attack, or escape (2) : an organization or department whose task is security <br />
  19. 19. How does the UN promote peace & security?<br />Goal: prevent and resolve conflicts to avert the suffering and destruction of war<br />Take action at an early stage<br />Prevent escalation<br />
  20. 20. Of course they do!<br />A commission in charge of this<br />Peace Building Commission<br />PBC<br />
  21. 21. The PBC<br />Intergovernmental<br />Supports peace efforts <br />Countries emerging from conflict<br />
  22. 22. How does the PBC do this?<br />Countries emerging from conflict<br />Bring together all of the important players<br />Distribute resources<br />Advise and propose strategies to for recovery and peace<br />Highlight any potential problems that threaten that peace<br />
  23. 23. At present<br />UN<br />Evaluating the effectiveness<br />Strengths & weaknesses<br />Reconsidering its future direction <br />
  24. 24. Back, Back, Back-it-up<br />When did we say that the UN began?<br />Since 1948<br />64 peacekeeping operations globally<br />
  25. 25. Initially<br />Peacekeeping meant<br />Maintaining ceasefires<br />Stabilizing situations so that political resolutions could be achieved<br />Military observers, lightly armed troops, ceasefires and limited peace agreements<br />
  26. 26. But times change<br />UN role is more complex<br />Build institutions of governance<br />Human rights monitoring<br />Security sector reform<br />Disarmament<br />Demobilization<br />Reintegration of former combatants<br />
  27. 27. What kind of conflicts?<br />Inter-state<br />Intra-state<br />
  28. 28. Do You Need A Job?<br />Administrators<br />Economists<br />Police officers<br />Legal experts<br />De-miners<br />Electoral observers<br />Human rights monitors<br />Communication experts<br />Humanitarian workers (doctors, etc)<br />
  29. 29. So where in the world is <br />
  30. 30. No not her!<br />Where in the world are there UN peace keeping missions?<br />
  31. 31. UN peacekeeping missions.Dark blue = currentLight blue = former<br />