Unit 4 peace & security international relations
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Unit 4 peace & security international relations

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Unit 4 peace & security international relations Unit 4 peace & security international relations Presentation Transcript

  • Lets start with a little review…
  • When was the UN established?
    What brought about its inception?
  • What was the organization in place before the UN?
  • What do you call a document that creates an organization?
  • How many member states currently make up the UN?
  • What is the title of the head of the UN?
    Do you remember his name?
  • How does the UN make decisions?
  • Here’s the BIG 1! Are you ready?
  • What is the main purpose of the United Nations?
  • To maintainpeace and security throughout the world!
    Is there something peculiar about this phrase?
  • Hmmmmmmm…
    MAINTAIN!
    Why is this word misleading?
  • Unit 4 Peace & Security
  • Our Objective:
    SWBAT define the terms peace & security.
    SWBAT discuss the various strategies employed by the UN in maintaining peace and security.
  • So what is peace?
    Think-pair-share
  • What is security?
    Think-pair-share
  • Well aren't they the same thing?
  • Peace
    : a state of tranquility or quiet: as a
    : freedom from civil disturbance
    : a state of security or order within a community provided for by law or custom <a breach of the peace>
    : freedom from disquieting or oppressive thoughts or emotions
    : harmony in personal relations
    a: a state or period of mutual concord between governments b: a pact or agreement to end hostilities between those who have been at war or in a state of enmity
    —used interjectionally to ask for silence or calm or as a greeting or farewell
    — at peace: in a state of concord or tranquility
  • Security
    Definition of SECURITY
    : the quality or state of being secure: as a: freedom from danger : safety
    : freedom from fear or anxiety c: freedom from the prospect of being laid off <job security>
    a: something given, deposited, or pledged to make certain the fulfillment of an obligation b:surety
    a: something that secures : protectionb (1) : measures taken to guard against espionage or sabotage, crime, attack, or escape (2) : an organization or department whose task is security
  • How does the UN promote peace & security?
    Goal: prevent and resolve conflicts to avert the suffering and destruction of war
    Take action at an early stage
    Prevent escalation
  • Of course they do!
    A commission in charge of this
    Peace Building Commission
    PBC
  • The PBC
    Intergovernmental
    Supports peace efforts
    Countries emerging from conflict
  • How does the PBC do this?
    Countries emerging from conflict
    Bring together all of the important players
    Distribute resources
    Advise and propose strategies to for recovery and peace
    Highlight any potential problems that threaten that peace
  • At present
    UN
    Evaluating the effectiveness
    Strengths & weaknesses
    Reconsidering its future direction
  • Back, Back, Back-it-up
    When did we say that the UN began?
    Since 1948
    64 peacekeeping operations globally
  • Initially
    Peacekeeping meant
    Maintaining ceasefires
    Stabilizing situations so that political resolutions could be achieved
    Military observers, lightly armed troops, ceasefires and limited peace agreements
  • But times change
    UN role is more complex
    Build institutions of governance
    Human rights monitoring
    Security sector reform
    Disarmament
    Demobilization
    Reintegration of former combatants
  • What kind of conflicts?
    Inter-state
    Intra-state
  • Do You Need A Job?
    Administrators
    Economists
    Police officers
    Legal experts
    De-miners
    Electoral observers
    Human rights monitors
    Communication experts
    Humanitarian workers (doctors, etc)
  • So where in the world is
  • No not her!
    Where in the world are there UN peace keeping missions?
  • UN peacekeeping missions.Dark blue = currentLight blue = former