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Unit 4 peace & security international relations
 

Unit 4 peace & security international relations

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    Unit 4 peace & security international relations Unit 4 peace & security international relations Presentation Transcript

    • Lets start with a little review…
    • When was the UN established?
      What brought about its inception?
    • What was the organization in place before the UN?
    • What do you call a document that creates an organization?
    • How many member states currently make up the UN?
    • What is the title of the head of the UN?
      Do you remember his name?
    • How does the UN make decisions?
    • Here’s the BIG 1! Are you ready?
    • What is the main purpose of the United Nations?
    • To maintainpeace and security throughout the world!
      Is there something peculiar about this phrase?
    • Hmmmmmmm…
      MAINTAIN!
      Why is this word misleading?
    • Unit 4 Peace & Security
    • Our Objective:
      SWBAT define the terms peace & security.
      SWBAT discuss the various strategies employed by the UN in maintaining peace and security.
    • So what is peace?
      Think-pair-share
    • What is security?
      Think-pair-share
    • Well aren't they the same thing?
    • Peace
      : a state of tranquility or quiet: as a
      : freedom from civil disturbance
      : a state of security or order within a community provided for by law or custom <a breach of the peace>
      : freedom from disquieting or oppressive thoughts or emotions
      : harmony in personal relations
      a: a state or period of mutual concord between governments b: a pact or agreement to end hostilities between those who have been at war or in a state of enmity
      —used interjectionally to ask for silence or calm or as a greeting or farewell
      — at peace: in a state of concord or tranquility
    • Security
      Definition of SECURITY
      : the quality or state of being secure: as a: freedom from danger : safety
      : freedom from fear or anxiety c: freedom from the prospect of being laid off <job security>
      a: something given, deposited, or pledged to make certain the fulfillment of an obligation b:surety
      a: something that secures : protectionb (1) : measures taken to guard against espionage or sabotage, crime, attack, or escape (2) : an organization or department whose task is security
    • How does the UN promote peace & security?
      Goal: prevent and resolve conflicts to avert the suffering and destruction of war
      Take action at an early stage
      Prevent escalation
    • Of course they do!
      A commission in charge of this
      Peace Building Commission
      PBC
    • The PBC
      Intergovernmental
      Supports peace efforts
      Countries emerging from conflict
    • How does the PBC do this?
      Countries emerging from conflict
      Bring together all of the important players
      Distribute resources
      Advise and propose strategies to for recovery and peace
      Highlight any potential problems that threaten that peace
    • At present
      UN
      Evaluating the effectiveness
      Strengths & weaknesses
      Reconsidering its future direction
    • Back, Back, Back-it-up
      When did we say that the UN began?
      Since 1948
      64 peacekeeping operations globally
    • Initially
      Peacekeeping meant
      Maintaining ceasefires
      Stabilizing situations so that political resolutions could be achieved
      Military observers, lightly armed troops, ceasefires and limited peace agreements
    • But times change
      UN role is more complex
      Build institutions of governance
      Human rights monitoring
      Security sector reform
      Disarmament
      Demobilization
      Reintegration of former combatants
    • What kind of conflicts?
      Inter-state
      Intra-state
    • Do You Need A Job?
      Administrators
      Economists
      Police officers
      Legal experts
      De-miners
      Electoral observers
      Human rights monitors
      Communication experts
      Humanitarian workers (doctors, etc)
    • So where in the world is
    • No not her!
      Where in the world are there UN peace keeping missions?
    • UN peacekeeping missions.Dark blue = currentLight blue = former