Universal Declaration of Human Rights Unalienable Rights Every human is born with UN developed as a part of the charter December 1948 Considered international law
Preamble Purpose The Why?
Articles Each article Guaranteed rights
SO What are our Human Rights?
Your task With Your partner Assigned 2 Human Rights Read Illustrate/symbols for each article Every person Must explain their article and symbol to the class
Our First Issue Genocide What is it? Examples?
Genocide: The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (1948) defines genocide (article 2) as “any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group…” including:
(a) Killing members of the group;
(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
Why does Genocide Happen?
Causes! Which Thinking map should we use?
THE WHY Differences! Races Ethnicities Religions Groups are locked in conflict Usually identity related
For example Lets say… Brown eyes Vs. blue eyes Hate each other Lots of scuffles
Groups who make it worse Conflicts are exacerbated by governments Political groups Other groups within society
Back to our example So the admin here at Gardena see this going on and they instigate the conflicts Making rules Segregating the groups
Differences Can be real or perceived Inequalities occur as a result Discrimination Marginalization Exclusion Hate speech Violence Denial of fundamental rights and civil liberties
The Situation Escalates Violation of Human rights Arbitrary arrest Detention Or arbitrary displacement Usually precedes the Genocide
Can you think of any examples in history? Where these things occurred before the mass killings?
Violence toward one group Based on: Race Ethnicity Religion Political affiliation And then usually a totalitarian government Economic hardship So we have…
Violence toward one group Based on: Race Ethnicity Religion Political affiliation And then usually a totalitarian government Economic hardship Like ingredients for genocide
One group must be singled out Deemed Inferior Dangerous Undesirable Unworthy Culminated in violence For Genocide to Happen
Genocide In History The Holocaust
The Rape of Nan King
Darfur in the Sudan
Seeing all of this occur 1990’s The Secretary General decided Special advisor 2004 Identify potential genocide “hot spots” Francis Deng
What is the UN’s Role? There are a number of ways the UN tries to intercede
Prevention Supporting equitable development Humanitarian assistance Promoting & protecting human rights Interceding to ensure peace Human right treatise Supporting stability
committees Elimination of Racial Discrimination Political affairs and peace keeping
The International Criminal Court Not associated with the UN Investigates Prosecutes Those most responsible A nation state that doesn’t comply can be held accountable What happens when genocide does occur?