Un human righs
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Un human righs

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Un human righs Un human righs Presentation Transcript

  • Human Rights
    Unit 3
  • What are Human Rights?
  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights
    Unalienable Rights
    Every human is born with
    UN developed as a part of the charter
    December 1948
    Considered international law
  • Preamble
    Purpose
    The Why?
  • Articles
    Each article
    Guaranteed rights
  • SO What are our Human Rights?
  • Your task
    With Your partner
    Assigned 2 Human Rights
    Read
    Illustrate/symbols for each article
    Every person
    Must explain their article and symbol to the class
  • Our First Issue
    Genocide
    What is it?
    Examples?
  • Genocide:
    The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (1948) defines genocide (article 2) as “any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group…” including:
  • (a) Killing members of the group;
  • (b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
  • (c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
  • (d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
  • (e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
  • Why does Genocide Happen?
  • Causes!
    Which Thinking map should we use?
  • THE WHY
    Differences!
    Races
    Ethnicities
    Religions
    Groups are locked in conflict
    Usually identity related
  • For example
    Lets say…
    Brown eyes Vs. blue eyes
    Hate each other
    Lots of scuffles
  • Groups who make it worse
    Conflicts are exacerbated
    by governments
    Political groups
    Other groups within society
  • Back to our example
    So the admin here at Gardena see this going on and they instigate the conflicts
    Making rules
    Segregating the groups
  • Differences
    Can be real or perceived
    Inequalities occur as a result
    Discrimination
    Marginalization
    Exclusion
    Hate speech
    Violence
    Denial of fundamental rights and civil liberties
  • The Situation Escalates
    Violation of Human rights
    Arbitrary arrest
    Detention
    Or arbitrary displacement
    Usually precedes the Genocide
  • Can you think of any examples in history?
    Where these things occurred before the mass killings?
  • Violence toward one group
    Based on:
    Race
    Ethnicity
    Religion
    Political affiliation
    And then usually a totalitarian government
    Economic hardship
    So we have…
  • Violence toward one group
    Based on:
    Race
    Ethnicity
    Religion
    Political affiliation
    And then usually a totalitarian government
    Economic hardship
    Like ingredients for genocide
  • One group must be singled out
    Deemed
    Inferior
    Dangerous
    Undesirable
    Unworthy
    Culminated in violence
    For Genocide to Happen
  • Genocide In History
    The Holocaust
  • Armenian Genocide
  • Rwandan Genocide
  • Cambodia/Khmer Rouge
  • The Rape of Nan King
  • Bosnia
  • Darfur in the Sudan
  • Seeing all of this occur
    1990’s
    The Secretary General decided
    Special advisor
    2004
    Identify potential genocide “hot spots”
    Francis Deng
  • What is the UN’s Role?
    There are a number of ways the UN tries to intercede
  • Prevention
    Supporting equitable development
    Humanitarian assistance
    Promoting & protecting human rights
    Interceding to ensure peace
    Human right treatise
    Supporting stability
  • committees
    Elimination of Racial Discrimination
    Political affairs and peace keeping
  • The International Criminal Court
    Not associated with the UN
    Investigates
    Prosecutes
    Those most responsible
    A nation state that doesn’t comply can be held accountable
    What happens when genocide does occur?