Industrial revolution

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Industrial revolution

  1. 1. Industrial Revolution<br />From Farms to Factories<br />
  2. 2. Our Objective: Before you leave here today<br />You will e able to explain why England was the first country to industrialize<br />Make the transition from farms to factories<br />
  3. 3. Here is England<br />Find England on your map<br />Draw a factory over it<br />Include the #1 <br />
  4. 4. So why was England the first country<br />To make the transition from farms to factories?<br />
  5. 5. Reason 1<br />Abundant food<br />Agriculture improved<br />People are healthier<br />
  6. 6. Reason 2<br />Better food means that people are healthier<br />So the population increased<br />Enclosure movement<br />Nobles start fencing off the land and kicking peasants off the land<br />Where do the peasants go?<br />
  7. 7. Exactly Right!<br />They move to the cities<br />Abundant labor force<br />Can work in factories<br />
  8. 8. Reason 3<br />England had plenty of Natural Resources<br />Things that come from the earth (raw materials)<br />Many Rivers<br />Lots of Coal<br />Lots of Iron<br />
  9. 9. Reason 4 <br />Freedom!<br />Government did not interfere with Economy<br />Inventers, Entrepreneurs and Capitalists<br />Invest money <br />New ideas<br />
  10. 10. Reason 5<br />Plenty of ready markets<br />What is a market?<br />
  11. 11. People who will buy you products!<br />England’s population increased<br />British ships could sail all over the world <br />Deliver the products to sell them<br />Lots of people willing to buy them<br />
  12. 12. Inventions and Social Change<br />Ca content standard 10.3.2<br />
  13. 13. Our Objective<br />Before you leave today you will be able to explain how inventions changed society.<br />Economy<br />Culture <br />
  14. 14. Society<br />How people interact<br />
  15. 15. Economy<br />
  16. 16. Culture<br />Unifiers<br />They way we identify our selves<br />Comonalities<br />Music<br />Food <br />Language<br />Religion<br />
  17. 17. The industrial Revolution was not only in England.<br />United States<br />France<br />Germany<br />Japan<br />
  18. 18. Why was England able to industrialize first?<br />
  19. 19. Freedom!<br />Inventers to invent<br />Entrepreneurs <br />businesses<br />Capitalists to invest<br />
  20. 20. Inventions<br />The foundation of the industrial revolution<br />Would not have been possible without machinery<br />
  21. 21. James Watt<br />Improved the steam engine<br />Provided an efficient source of power<br />
  22. 22. What kind of change?<br />How?<br />
  23. 23. Eli Whitney<br />Invented the Cotton Gin<br />Reduced time<br />Taking out the seeds<br />Increased production<br />Cotton needed in textile factories<br />
  24. 24. What kind of change?<br />How?<br />
  25. 25. Henry Bessemer<br />Bessemer process<br />Quickly and cheaply made steel out of iron<br />
  26. 26. What kind of change?<br />How?<br />
  27. 27. Louis Pasteur<br />Sterilized liquids<br />Pasteurization<br />Increased the shelf life of liquids<br />Other products<br />
  28. 28. What kind of change?<br />How?<br />
  29. 29. Thomas Edison<br />Improved the electric light<br />Long lasting <br />Light indoors<br />
  30. 30. What kind of change?<br />How?<br />

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