Industrial revolution (2)


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Industrial revolution (2)

  1. 1. Industrial RevolutionFrom Farms to Factories
  2. 2. Our Objective: Before you leave here today You will e able to explain why England was thefirst country to industrialize Make the transition from farms to factories
  3. 3. Lets make your brains EXPLODE!
  4. 4. Here is England Find England on your map Draw a factory over it Include the #1
  5. 5. So why was England the first country To make the transition from farms to factories?
  6. 6. Reason 1 Abundant food Agriculture improved People are healthier
  7. 7. Reason 2 Better food means that people are healthier So the population increased Enclosure movement Nobles start fencing off the land and kickingpeasants off the land Where do the peasants go?
  8. 8. Exactly Right! They move to the cities Abundant labor force Can work in factories
  9. 9. Reason 4 Freedom! Government did not interfere with Economy Inventers, Entrepreneurs and Capitalists Invest money New ideas
  10. 10. Reason 3 England had plenty of Natural Resources Things that come from the earth (rawmaterials) Many Rivers Lots of Coal Lots of Iron
  11. 11. Reason 5 Plenty of ready markets What is a market?
  12. 12. People who will buy you products! England’s population increased British ships could sail all over the world Deliver the products to sell them Lots of people willing to buy them
  13. 13. Let’s Play a Game! Industrialization game Or lets analyze a song about the Industrial Revolution
  14. 14. Inventions and Social ChangeCa content standard 10.3.2
  15. 15. Our Objective Before you leave today you will be able toexplain how inventions changed society. Economy Culture
  16. 16. Society How people interact
  17. 17. Economy
  18. 18. Culture Unifiers They way we identify our selves Comonalities Music Food Language Religion
  19. 19.  The industrial Revolution was not only inEngland. United States France Germany Japan
  20. 20. Why was England able to industrialize first?
  21. 21. Freedom! Inventers to invent Entrepreneurs businesses Capitalists to invest
  22. 22. Inventions The foundation of the industrial revolution Would not have been possible withoutmachinery
  23. 23. James Watt Improved the steam engine Provided an efficient source of power
  24. 24. What kind of change? How?
  25. 25. Eli Whitney Invented the Cotton Gin Reduced time Taking out the seeds Increased production Cotton needed in textile factories
  26. 26. What kind of change? How?
  27. 27. Henry Bessemer Bessemer process Quickly and cheaply made steel out of iron
  28. 28. What kind of change? How?
  29. 29. Louis Pasteur Sterilized liquids Pasteurization Increased the shelf life of liquids Other products
  30. 30. What kind of change? How?
  31. 31. Thomas Edison Improved the electric light Long lasting Light indoors
  32. 32. What kind of change? How?