I. Words for production
1. brave adj. not frightened in difficult or dangerous situations 勇敢的
It was brave of him to point out the president’s mistake.
2. face v. [T] to confront someone or deal with something 面對；應付
I was so ashamed of my poor test results that I didn’t want to face my parents.
3. defeat n. [U] the experience of being beaten in a battle, game, or contest 失敗；戰敗
defeat v. [T] 擊敗；戰敗
The party openly admitted its defeat after the general election.
Our school was defeated in the last football game.
4. humble adj. having a modest opinion of oneself 謙遜的
Being a well-known scientist, he is surprisingly humble.
5. gentle adj. calm, kind, or soft 和善的；溫柔的
gently adv. 和善地；溫柔地
Daisy never loses her temper. She is such a gentle girl.
We shook the little boy gently until he opened his eyes.
6. victory n. [C] a success in a game, competition, war, or an election 勝利
The Lakers won a decisive victory over the Rockets yesterday.
7. knowledge n. [U] information or understanding about a subject 知識
She amazed us with her knowledge of classical music.
8. ease n. [U] the state of being very comfortable 舒適；安逸
ease v. [T] 減輕（疼痛或憂慮）
Lucy is very rich, and she leads a life of ease.
The dentist gave me some medicine to ease the pain.
9. stress n. [U] great worry or pressure caused by a difficult situation 壓力
stress v. [T] 著重；強調
Students are under a lot of stress before a big exam.
My grandma always stresses the importance of table manners.
10. difficulty n. [C] a problem 困難
If you find difficulties in filling out the form, just ask for help.
11. compassion n. [U] sorrow, pity, or sympathy for the sufferings
and misfortunes of others 同情；憐憫
compassionate adj. 有同情心的；慈悲的
We have compassion for the families suffering from the effects of the
My mother is a deeply compassionate and kind person.
12. master v. [T] to control something successfully or do something very well
master n. [C] 主人；名家
Students at this school are expected to master a second language before
He is a master at Chinese chess.
13. seek v. (seek, sought, sought) [I] to try or attempt 試圖；[T] to search
for, look for, or try to obtain 尋求
Many people seek to make a fortune in the stock market.
Will he seek public office again, or is he going to retire?
14. weep v. [I] (weep, wept, wept) to cry (in tears) 哭泣；落淚
She wept over the heartbreaking ending of the movie.
15. humility n. [U] the quality of being humble 謙遜；謙恭
I wish I had the humility to admit my own mistakes.
16. simplicity n. [U] the state of being uncomplicated 樸素；單純
simple adj. 簡樸的；簡單的
simply adv. 簡單地；單單、僅僅
Isn’t it a blessing to be able to see the world with childlike simplicity?
The couple had a small wedding, and the bride wore a simple white dress.
Simply press the button and the machine will start working.
17. wisdom n. [U] the ability to use experience and knowledge to
make sensible decisions or judgments 智慧
wise adj. 聰明的
In times of trouble, my father always has some words of wisdom for us.
It is wise of you to consult your elders in making important decisions.
18. meekness n. [U] the quality of being gentle and quiet 溫良； 柔順
meek adj. 溫順的
She maintains a kind of meekness, never opposing her parents’ opinions.
He is so meek that he doesn’t speak up even when he disagrees with
19. dare v. [I] to have enough courage to do something 敢；膽敢
We thought her new hairstyle was terrible, but no one dared to say so.
II. Words for recognition
1. general n. [C] an officer of high rank in the armed forces （陸軍）上將；將軍
2. MacArthur n. Douglas MacArthur, Supreme Commander of the allied powers in the Pacific in World War II
3. Lord n. a title that Christians use for God or Jesus Christ 上帝；主耶穌基督
4. unbending adj. unable to change one’s opinions, decisions, etc. 執著的；固執的
5. wishbone n. [C] a V-shaped bone in chickens, turkeys, and other birds（鳥胸的）叉骨；許願骨
6. backbone n. [C] the spine脊骨；[U] bravery, or strength of character 骨氣
7. Thee pron. you; object form of thou; referring to God when capitalized 你（受格；古字；於詩文中
8. spur n. [C] a force leading to action 驅策；激勵
Idioms and Phrases
1. foundation stone a large block of stone put in position at the start of
building a construction 基石
The foundation stone of the new hospital was laid by the vice president.
2. sense of humor an ability to appreciate amusing things 幽默感
It is essential to have a sense of humor in life.
3. take ... seriously to think that something is important and give it careful
You really shouldn’t take the game so seriously.
4. in vain uselessly; without a successful result 徒然；枉然
We tried in vain to open the door. It was stuck.
Do you have a sense of…? (Check the boxes if you do.)
□ humor 幽默感
□ responsibility/duty 責任感
□ direction 方向感
□ achievement/accomplishment/fulfillment 成就感
□ guilt 罪惡感
□ justice 正義感
□ frustration 挫折感
□ loss 失落感
□ belonging/community 認同感；歸屬感
I. Words for production
1. musician n. [C] a person who plays a musical instrument verywell 音樂家
musical adj. 音樂的
Yo-Yo Ma is a distinguished musician.
Lisa has a great musical talent. At the age of ten, she could play three
2. courage n. [U] the ability to do something dangerous or difficult,
or to face pain without showing fear 勇氣
courageous adj. 有勇氣的；勇敢的
It takes courage to do things that make you feel scared.
A courageous man jumped into the river to save the drowning boy.
3. section n. [C] a separate part of something 部份
I live in the eastern section of the city.
4. nearby adj. not far away附近的
nearby adv. 在附近
We went to a nearby restaurant that serves excellent pasta.
Do you live nearby?
5. cottage n. [C] a small house, usually in the country 小屋；村舍
I would rather live in a small cottage in the country than in an apartment
in the city.
6. sob v. [I, T] (sob, sobbed, sobbed) to say something while one is
crying; to cry in a noisy way while breathing in short breaths 哭著說；啜泣；嗚咽
sob n. [C] 啜泣聲；嗚咽聲
Thinking of her misery, she couldn’t help sobbing.
The unhappy girl sobbed herself to sleep almost every night.
Feeling depressed, Mandy pressed her forehead to her knees and let out a bitter sob.
7. light v. [T] (light, lit, lit; light, lighted, lighted) to make a place brighter
照亮；to make something start burning 點燃
moonlight n. [U] 月光
Modern convenience stores are usually brightly lit.
He lit a cigarette before he went on with the talk.
Moonlight flowed in through the window, lighting a corner of the room.
8. candle n. [C] a stick of wax with a wick which gives light when it burns 蠟燭
candlelit adj. 燭光照明的
We should get some candles before the typhoon comes in case the power goes out.
Isn’t it romantic to have a candlelit dinner with the one you love?
9. sigh v. [I] to take a long deep breath to express sadness, tiredness,
relief, etc. 嘆氣
sigh n. [C] 嘆氣聲；嘆息
My father sighed at the sight of our collapsed house.
She gave a sigh of relief when she heard that her husband was safe and sound.
10. embarrass v. [T] to cause one to feel uncomfortable 使尷尬；使困窘
embarrassed adj. 尷尬的；難為情的
embarrassment n. [U, C] 尷尬；困窘
I hope I didn’t embarrass you in front of your friends.
I mistook a stranger for my father yesterday on the street. How embarrassing!
I was so embarrassed when I spilled some coffee on Ms. Lin’s skirt.
He couldn’t hide his embarrassment when his parents started boasting
about his good grades.
11. concert n. [C] a performance given by singers or musicians 音樂會；演奏會
I went to a live concert last night. The music was wonderful.
12. sheet n. [C] a regular-shaped piece of paper, glass, or other flat
material 一張（紙、玻璃等）；a large piece of thin cloth that one sleeps
on or lies under in bed 床單
He handed me a sheet of paper with his phone number and address on it.
You look as white as a sheet. Are you OK?
13. note n. [C] the sound of a particular pitch, or a symbol representing
this sound 音（符）；something that one writes down to remind him or
her of something 筆記；記錄
Every song is made up of a series of musical notes.
I always take notes in class to help me remember what the teacher said.
14. memory n. [U, C] ability to remember things記憶（力）；[C]
things one remembers from the past 回憶
memorize v. [T] 背；記住
The four-year-old girl can recite dozens of poems from memory. How amazing!
My daughter has a poor memory. She always forgets things.
For years and years Barbara had buried her childhood memories deep within, and suddenly they sprang to
I try to memorize thirty new words a day to expand my vocabulary.
15. skill n. [U, C] ability to do something 技能
skillful adj. 靈巧的
I’m impressed with the author’s writing skills. Her language is beautiful and concise.
Jennifer is a skillful ice-skater.
16. sweep v. [T] (sweep, swept, swept) to move something quickly 迅速
移開，席捲；to clean a floor or an area of ground by using a broom 掃（地）
He swept everything off the table in a fit of anger.
Sweep the floor before you mop it.
17. curtain n. [C] a piece of cloth that one hangs from the top of a
window to keep light out or prevent people from seeing in 窗帘
Mother opened the curtains to let the sunshine in.
18. flood v. [T, I] to cover 充滿；(to cause) to be covered with water 淹沒；使淹
flood n. [C] 洪水；水災
The room will be flooded with light in the morning. If you intend to sleep
late, you’d better draw the curtains.
The fierce storm caused the river to overflow and flood the nearby areas.
Thousands of people were left homeless because of the floods caused by
19. bare adj. not covered or decorated with anything; empty 空蕩蕩的，
沒有裝飾的；(a part of the body) not covered with clothing or shoes（人
barely adv. 僅僅；勉強可以；幾乎不能
His bookshelf is bare except for a heavy English dictionary.
Be careful when you walk on the beach in bare feet.
Most students in her class could barely read and write.
20. furniture n. [U] items such as chairs, tables, and beds that are
put into a house to make it comfortable or convenient to live in 家具
furnish v. [T]（用家具）裝潢；布置
This store sells good secondhand furniture.
We have just bought a small apartment but can’t afford to furnish it.
21. describe v. [T] to say what something or someone is like 描述； 描寫
description n. [C, U] 描述；描寫
He described his new girlfriend as an elegant lady.
The writer gave a vivid description of Paris in his book.
22. flowing adj. continuous in a smooth way 流暢的
flow v. [I]（指液體、人口、車輛、聲音等的）流動
I really admire his beautiful, flowing handwriting.
When I heard the bad news, tears flowed down my cheeks.
23. soft adj. (of sound or voice) quiet and pleasant to the ears 輕柔的；悅耳的；not hard 柔軟的
soften v. [I, T]（使）變軟；（使）緩和
I listen to soft music to help me get to sleep.
Mom overcooked the vegetables. They were too soft.
The butter will soften if you leave it at room temperature for half an hour.
24. kindness n. [C] an action done to help others 善行；[U] good
I can never thank you enough for your kindness.
Out of kindness, the girl asked whether the elderly woman needed any help.
25. deaf adj. not able to hear 聾的
deafening adj. 震耳欲聾的
Mr. Liu went completely deaf in his late years.
Many young people are crazy about rock concerts. They go wild over the
26. hardly adv. almost not 幾乎不
Suddenly, the lights went out and we could hardly see anything.
II. Words for recognition
1. Ludwig van Beethoven n. a German composer（音樂家名）貝多芬
2. Vienna n. the capital of Austria 維也納，奧地利首府
3. Austria n. a country in southern Central Europe 奧地利
4. sonata n. [C] a piece of classical music written for a piano or for
a piano and another instrument 奏鳴曲
Idioms and Phrases:
1. in the middle of (time or space) near the center of 在……中途；在……
He came back to Taiwan in the middle of July.
2. to this day so far 到目前為止
What caused the ship to sink? It remains a mystery to this day.
3. make out to be barely able to see or hear 勉強看出或聽出；to understand
In the dim light, I could only make out a tall male figure. I couldn’t tell
who he was.
I’ve tried my best, but I still can’t" make out what the teacher was talking
4. sheet music music that is printed on single pieces of paper without being
fastened together inside a cover 樂譜
Have you seen my sheet music for “Moonlight Sonata”? I can’t play it
5. in the dark in a place where there is little or no light 在暗處
Most little children feel scared when left alone in the dark.
6. burn out to stop burning because there is nothing left 燒光；燒完
The fire will soon burn out if we don’t add some more wood.
7. come to to do something at the end of a long process or period of time
People will come to know the truth eventually. You can’t hide it forever.
I had not wanted to move, but I slowly came to like my new home.
8. keep on V-ing to continue doing something 持續
The teacher kept on lecturing although it was already break time.
9. It may be that ... perhaps it’s because ... 也許是因為……
Why are teenagers so rebellious? It may be that they want to show they are
different. Or it may be that they are unhappy. Who knows?
Types of music
1. pop music 流行音樂 2. rap 饒舌音樂
3. rock and roll 搖滾樂 4. disco 狄斯可音樂
5. heavy metal 重金屬樂 6. classical music 古典音樂
7. jazz 爵士樂 8. country music 鄉村音樂
9. hip hop 嬉哈音樂 10. folk music 民俗音樂
I. Words for production
1. meaningful adj. useful or significant in some way 富有意義的
meaning n. [U, C] 意義；意思
Despite his disabilities, Hsieh Kun-shan lives an active and meaningful life.
To me, the true meaning of life is doing something that is helpful to others.
2. afterward adv. at a later time or after something had/has happened 之後；後來
Don’t eat too much turkey, or you won’t have room for pie afterward.
3. bake v. [T] to cook something in an oven 烤；烘
Susan baked a cake for the potluck.
4. frost n. [C, U] ice crystals that form on things outside when the
temperature is below freezing 霜
After a chilly night, I found the grass outside my house sparkling with frost.
5. cultivate v. [T] to grow crops or plants 栽培；to prepare land
for growing crops or plants 耕種
cultivation n. [U] 耕種；栽培
More than twenty types of roses are cultivated in this garden.
My grandmother cultivated a small vegetable garden of her own.
Every inch of land in this area is under cultivation.
6. native adj. relating to the country or place one was born出生地的
native n. [C] 當地人
Native Americans 美國的印地安人
Ashley comes from Austria; her native tongue is German.
Judging from his accent, he can’t be a native of Texas.
According to PC English, “Native Americans” is preferred to “Indians.”
7. stew n. [C, U] a dish of meat or vegetables cooked slowly in liquid in
a closed pan燉菜
stew v. [I, T] 以文火燉煮
The main dish for dinner was beef stew.
The beef needs to be stewed for more than two hours.
8. vitamin n. [C, U] a substance in food that is necessary and
important for the health of the human body 維他命
A healthy diet contains various vitamins.
Sunshine is an important source of vitamin D.
9. mineral n. [C, U] a natural substance found in some foods that
is necessary for good health, for example, iron and calcium 礦物質； a
substance that is formed naturally in rocks and in the earth 礦物
Seaweed is full of minerals.
Coal, iron, gold, and diamond are all minerals.
10. amusing adj. funny and interesting好笑的；有趣的
amuse v. [T] 使開心；逗（某人）笑
amusement n. [C, U] 娛樂；快樂
My history teacher is so amusing that we are never bored in his class.
The audience was amused by the clown’s funny actions.
Watching soap operas is my grandmother’s favorite amusement.
To our amusement, the actor’s wig fell off when he was dancing.
11. guide n. [C] something that helps to make a judgment指引；指南；
someone whose job is showing tourists around 嚮導
guide v. [T] 引領；嚮導
guidance n. [U] 指導；輔導
The food pyramid provides a guide to healthy diet.
When we visited the Statue of Liberty, the tour guide told us some
interesting historical facts.
When I got lost in London, a local guided me through the streets back to
With my teacher’s guidance, I came up with a more effective way to study.
12. expression n. [C] a word or a phrase 措詞；a look on
someone’s face that shows his/her feelings or thoughts 表情
express v. [T] 表達
expressive adj. 表示的；表達的
“Pass away” is a more polite and indirect expression for “die.”
Father put on a serious expression when he saw my report card.
The boy expressed his fantasy world in his paintings.
These poems are expressive of a deep love of nature.
13. harvest n. [C, U] cutting and gathering of food crops 收割；收穫
harvest v. [T] 收割
The villagers celebrated the year’s good harvest.
In Taiwan, rice is harvested two or three times a year.
14. prize n. [C] an award given to someone who wins or does very well
in a competition 獎賞；獎品；獎金
Mike received several prizes for speech contests in high school.
Tina won first prize in the 100-meter breaststroke event.
15. fertilizer n. [C, U] a substance added to soil to help plants grow 肥料
fertilize v. [T] 施肥
Using fertilizer helped our trees produce more fruit this year.
Fallen leaves can be used to fertilize soil.
16. originate v. [I] to start to exist; to start 開始；起源
Her love of music originated in her childhood, when her parents always
played music at home.
17. joyous adj. extremely happy; joyful 快樂的；歡喜的
The old couple had a joyous celebration of their 50th wedding anniversary.
18. occasion n. [C] a special event or ceremony 特別的活動或慶
典；a particular time when something occurs 時候；場合
Shirley’s wedding was a very special occasion.
Naomi has called me in the middle of the night on several occasions.
19. spirit [1spIrIt] n. [C] a soul without a physical body 幽靈；[U] a person’s
mind or thoughts心靈； [pl.] mood 心情
The spirits of the dead are believed to wander at night during the Ghost
Witnessing his father’s death left him with a troubled spirit for the rest of
Sunny weather can usually lift a person’s spirits.
20. hollow v. [T] to make something empty inside 挖空
hollow adj. 中空的
The kids hollowed out the pumpkin to make a jack-o’-lantern.
Balls are usually hollow inside.
21. evil adj. deliberately cruel or morally bad 邪惡的；壞的
evil n. [C, U] 惡事；惡
The evil witch put a spell on the prince, turning him into a frog.
Some people believe that war is a necessary evil.
It’s not easy to return to evil with good.
22. carve v. [T, I] to shape something by cutting material from stone or
carving n. [C] 雕刻品
This statue of Buddha was carved out of fine wood.
Sanyi is a town famous for its carvings.
23. scary adj. causing fear 嚇人的；恐怖的
scare v. [T] 使……害怕
scared adj. 受驚嚇的；害怕的
Many young people enjoy the scary rides at amusement parks.
What scares the child most is being bullied by his classmates.
Amy was scared to death when she saw a big mouse run across the floor.
24. glow v. [I] to produce a gentle, steady light 發光
glow n. [sing.] 光輝；紅光
Several sky lanterns were seen glowing high in the sky.
The mountain peak appeared purple in the glow of the sunset.
25. broil v. [T, I] to cook something by putting it directly above or
below strong heat 燒烤
Because of the rain, I broiled the chicken breast instead of grilling it outside.
II. Words for recognition
1. pumpkin n. [C, U] a round, orange-colored vegetable 南瓜
2. doorstep n. [C] a step outside the main door to a building 門階
3. Halloween n. the night of October 31, when children wear
costumes and go trick-or-treating 萬聖節前夕
4. Thanksgiving n. a holiday celebrated in the U.S. on the
fourth Thursday in November, when families get together to have a big
meal and give thanks for their blessings 感恩節
5. squash n. [C, U] a large, hard vegetable with thick skin like a pumpkin 南瓜類菜蔬
6. New Englander n. [C] people who live in New England,
which includes several states in the northeastern part of the U.S., and is
where the first English-speaking people arrived in the 17th century 新英格蘭地區的人
7. Yankee n. [C] someone from the northern part of the U.S.,
especially from New England 新英格蘭人；美國的北方人
8. jack-o’-lantern n. [C] a lantern made from a pumpkin,
especially for Halloween 南瓜燈籠
9. the Celts n. an ancient group of people who lived in
parts of Western Europe（西歐）塞爾特族
10. the British Isles n. the group of islands that includes Great
Britain, Ireland and some small islands near them 不列顛群島
11. turnip n. [C] a round, light-colored root vegetable 蕪菁（俗稱大頭菜）
12. pulp n. [U] the soft inner part of fruits or vegetables 果肉
Idioms and Phrases:
1. (be) rich in ... to contain a lot of ... 有豐富的……
Milk is rich in calcium, which helps our bones.
2. give rise to to cause something to exist or happen 產生；導致
Overexposure to sunlight may give rise to skin cancer.
3. look forward to to wait excitedly for something to happen 期望
I’m looking forward to taking part in a study tour to Canada this winter.
4. pop up to appear unexpectedly 突然出現
Janet was surprised when her boyfriend popped up at her office, carrying a
large bunch of roses.
5. serve as ... to be used for some purpose 用做……；作為……
There is no furniture in this room except some wooden boxes, which serve
I. Words for production
1. fable n. [C] a story that teaches a lesson 寓言故事
One of the best known of Aesop’s fables is “The Lion and the Mouse.”
2. moral n. [C] a lesson learned from a story or an event 寓意；教訓
moral adj. 道德的；倫理的
The moral of “The Lion and the Mouse” is “Little friends may prove great
For some people, human cloning is not a scientific issue but a moral problem.
3. character n. [C] a person in a novel, play, or film 人物角色；
qualities that make a person different from others 人格特質
There are over four hundred characters in the Chinese novel The Dream of
the Red Chamber.
It is believed that a person’s handwriting can reveal his or her character.
4. tone n. [C] a quality in a person’s voice that expresses his/her
feelings 語氣；腔調；[sing.] the general feeling expressed in a speech
or a piece of writing 格調；風格
My sister often talks to me in an impatient tone, as if I am really stupid.
His books are mostly delightful in tone.
5. cynical adj. holding the belief that people are always selfish and
never do things for good reasons 憤世嫉俗的
cynic n. [C] 憤世嫉俗者
Many people are cynical about politics.
Don’t be such a cynic-----some people actually help others and want nothing
6. wince v. [I] to show pain or distress in the face（對疼痛、不舒服）
Claire winced at the thought of making her first public speech.
7. classic adj. very typical 典型的；of excellent quality and lasting
classic n. [C] 經典名著；經典作品
Her problem with her parents is a classic example of bad communication.
They just released a new album containing many of the classic love songs
of the 1980s.
High school students should be encouraged to read the classics.
8. branch n. [C] a part of a tree that grows out from the trunk and
has leaves, flowers, or fruits growing on it 樹枝；one of the offices or
shops that belong to a large business or organization 分店；分行
Up in the tree a robin was sitting on a branch and singing a happy tune.
Our company has branches in New York, London, and Paris.
9. slip v. [I] (slip, slipped, slipped) to go somewhere quietly without
being noticed 悄悄溜到……；to slide accidentally and lose one’s balance
Little Johnny slipped out of his room through the window.
Be careful not to slip on the icy road. You could break your leg.
10. quaver v. [I] to shake; to tremble 顫抖
quaver n. [C] 顫抖的聲音
Her voice quavered as she told the police how she had been abused by her
Even though she tried to hide her fears, I could hear the quaver in her voice.
11. fear n. [U, C] the feeling of being afraid 恐懼；害怕
fear v. [T] 害怕；懼怕
Her body shook with fear for hours after the tragic accident.
If you have a fear of flying, it will keep you from traveling to many places.
We fear that this disease will spread and get out of control.
12. astonishment n. [U] great surprise 驚奇；震驚
astonish v. [T] 使驚奇；使震驚
astonished adj. 感到驚奇的；感到震驚的
astonishing adj. 令人驚奇的；令人震驚的
To my astonishment, he got down on his knees and proposed to me!
His quick wit astonished me.
She looked astonished when she learned she hadn’t passed the test.
Ludwig van Beethoven had a rare and astonishing musical talent, even as
13. creature n. [C] any living thing that is not a plant 生物；動物
Some people believe that creatures from outer space have visited the earth.
14. secretary n. [C] a person who does office work, such as
answering telephone calls, keeping records, and arranging meetings 秘書
secretary bird 書記官鳥
We are looking for a new secretary who speaks English well.
The secretary bird is a bird of prey found mostly in Africa.
15. claw n. [C] a hard curved nail on an animal 爪子
With its sharp claws, a black bear can tear a human to pieces.
16. namely adv. that is; more clearly 也就是說；換言之
There is only one thing that can attract her attention, namely, money.
17. hasten v. [I] to do or say something quickly 急忙；趕快
haste n. [U] 急忙；趕快
With only ten minutes left before her first class, Ginger hastened to school
Haste makes waste.
18. report v. [T, I] to give information about an event 報告
report n. [C] 報告
It is reported that more than three hundred people died in the air crash.
My boss wants me to give a report on my sales trip to Singapore.
19. echo v. [T] to repeat what someone else just said 跟著說；重複別人
的話；[I] to repeat a sound 發出回聲
echo n. [C] 回聲；回音
“Brian is the best student in the class,” a teacher said. “He sure is,” echoed
The girls’ laughter echoed in the hallway.
If you shout from the top of the hill, you will hear echoes coming back
from the valley.
20. messenger n. [C] someone who delivers a message 信差
message n. [C] 訊息
Mr. Wagner sent a messenger to deliver the bad news.
I will take action as soon as I receive your message.
21. dignity n. [U] calm, courageous, and serious manner 尊嚴；崇高
In the courtroom she answered every question with dignity and courage.
22. peer v. [I] to look at something very carefully, especially when you
are unable to see it clearly 凝視；細看；認真打量
The man peered at me as if he had seen me somewhere else.
23. tremendous adj. very great 極大的；巨大的
His education has had a tremendous influence on his success.
24. concrete adj. made by mixing sand, small stones, cement, and
water 混凝土製的；definite and specific 具體的
concrete n. [U] 混凝土
The boy fell from the stairs onto the hard concrete floor.
Unless you have concrete evidence, you can’t accuse him of stealing your
Most modern buildings are made of steel and concrete.
25. presently adv. after a short time 不一會兒；soon 馬上
Presently the teacher came back to the classroom with the test papers.
Coffee and tea will be served presently.
26. observe v. [T] to see or notice something 注意到；看到；[T, I] to
watch someone or something carefully 觀察
observation n. [U, C] 觀察
I observed her handing a bag to a man after she left the bank.
The students will observe while the teacher performs the experiment step by
The doctor advised me to stay in the hospital under observation for another
27. merely adv. only 僅僅
I said that merely to cheer her up. I didn’t know she would take it seriously.
28. injured adj. wounded 受傷的
injurev. [T] 使……受傷
injury n. [U, C] 傷害；損傷
Several people were badly injured in the car accident.
Mom injured her leg and her back when she slipped in the bathroom yesterday.
A man with serious head injuries has been sent to the hospital.
II. Words for recognition
1. James Thurber n. the name of a famous American writer
2. owl n. [C] a bird with large eyes that hunts small animals at night
3. oak n. [C] a large tree common in northern countries 橡樹
4. mole n. [C] a mammal that has dark fur and lives in the passages it
digs underground 鼴鼠
5. woo v. [T] (old-fashioned) to persuade a woman to marry you 追求
6. fox n. [C] a dog-like mammal that has a pointed face, a furry tail,
and reddish-brown fur 狐狸
7. dormouse n. [C] a small animal that looks like a
mouse and has a long furry tail 睡鼠
8. French poodle n. [C] a dog with thick curly hair
9. Plymouth Rock hen n. [C] a popular early
breed of poultry 普利茅斯岩石雞
10. hawk n. [C] a large bird that hunts and eats small
birds and animals 鷹；隼
11. outridern. [C] a person on a horse, motorcycle, etc., who rides ahead of or close to the vehicle of an
important person 騎馬或摩托車的護衛
Idioms and Phrases:
1. of old of, in, or since former times 自古以來；過去
In days of old, horses were the only means of transportation.
2. I’ll see about that I will try to find if that is true 我要看看是不是那麼
Is it true that Henry is a wonderful cook? Well, I’ll see about that.
3. call on someone to pay a visit to someone 拜訪
We called on our neighbors in the afternoon and ended up staying for dinner.
4. that is to say that is; in other words; namely 換言之；也就是說
We---that is to say, my husband and I--would like to invite you to dinner
5. to wit (formal and old-fashioned) namely; that is to say; in other words
Mr. Chen is quite a catch. To wit, any young lady would be lucky to marry
6. laugh at someone/something to make fun of; to tease 嘲笑
Lucy cried because the other kids laughed at her hairstyle.
7. set upon/on someone to attack 攻擊
Even though the man meant no harm, the hungry tiger set upon him at once.
8. take up something to add one’s voice to something 加入一起喊（說、
All the guests at the party took up the cry of “Happy birthday to Bill!”
9. act as ... to perform the role of someone or something 充任……角色；
Stella usually acts as a guide when foreign visitors come to the school.
10. run someone down to drive into someone and kill or injure him/her 撞死
Jimmy was run down by a bus when he was crossing the street.
horse around 到處玩樂
a dark horse 黑馬（不被看好，但可能異軍突起的人）
monkey around 鬼混
hold one’s horses 克制；忍耐
a lucky dog 幸運的人
make a pig of oneself 大吃大喝
a white elephant 昂貴而無用的東西
take the bull by the horns 勇敢克服問題
a snake in the grass 危險人物
a wolf in sheep’s clothing 披著羊皮的狼
I. Words for production
1. freeze v. [I, T] (freeze, froze, frozen) to become hard or covered with
ice because of being extremely cold 冰凍；結冰
The lake has frozen and many people are skating on it.
Caught in the snow-covered net, the little bird was frozen stiff.
2. solid adj. hard and firm, and not a liquid or gas 固體的
solid n. [C] 固體
When the temperature is lowered to zero degrees, water becomes solid.
Iron and wood are solids.
3. thaw v. [I, T] to change something from a frozen state to become soft
or liquid again because of an increase in temperature 融化；解凍
When the sun came out, the snow started to thaw.
It is recommended that we thaw the chicken before cooking it.
4. hop v. [I] (hop, hopped, hopped) to move by making quick short
The bird ate the crumbs on the ground and hopped away.
5. organ n. [C] a part of the body of an animal that performs a
special function 器官
The heart and the lungs are vital organs.
6. transplant n. [C] a medical operation in which an organ or a
part of a body is moved from one person to another 移植
transplant v. [T] 移植
The patient just had a heart transplant and is now recovering.
The doctor transplanted one of the woman’s kidneys into her ten-year-old son.
7. inspiration n. [C, U] a feeling, person, or thing that gives
someone new and creative ideas 靈感；someone or something that makes
a person want to do something 鼓舞；激勵
inspire v. [T] 激發靈感；鼓舞
The beauty of nature provided great inspiration for the poet.
The story of Mother Teresa is an inspiration to us all.
The premier’s speech has inspired millions of his countrymen.
8. discover v. [T] to find something or some place for the first time發現
discovery n. [C, U] 被發現的事物；發現
This guidebook will help you discover fascinating places to go and exciting
things to do.
At the end of the 19th century, a number of scientific discoveries were
made, which paved the way for the breakthroughs of modern physics.
9. useful adj. helpful in doing things 有用的
use n.[U] 使用；利用
use v. [T] 使用；利用
You can find lots of useful information about how to keep fit on this website.
It’s no use trying to escape; you’ve got to face the problem.
Use a dictionary to look up the words you don’t know.
10. design n. [C, U] the way in which something is planned or
design v. [T] 設計；構思
This model of car is being recalled by the company because of some design
faults in the air bag.
Our new cellphone models are available in a wide range of designs.
The overpass was designed to ensure the safety of schoolchildren.
11. adjust v. [I, T] to change something slightly so that it is more
appropriate for a particular purpose 調整
This chair can be adjusted to meet your needs.
It took him almost a month to adjust to his new school.
12. apply v. [T] to make practical use of a method, idea, or law in a
particular situation 應用；使用；[I] to request for something such as a job,
or permission to do something in writing 申請
application n. [C, U] 應用；適用
This is a job to which you can apply your professional knowledge.
She applied to the company for a position in the accounting department.
Research in genetic engineering has many practical applications.
13. engineer n. [C] a person whose job is to design, build, or
maintain engines, machines, roads, bridges, etc. 工程師
engineering n. [U] 工程；工程學
My uncle is a civil engineer and works for the Department of Rapid Transit
The study of engineering can help you to learn how to design and construct
engines and machinery.
14. microscope n. [C] a scientific instrument that makes
extremely small things appear bigger so that more details can be seen 顯微鏡
With the aid of a microscope, germs can be seen clearly.
15. hook n. [C] a curved device used to catch or hold things 鉤；掛鉤
Angela hung her bag on the hook behind the door.
16. concept n. [C] an idea, a basic principle 概念；觀念
Once she came up with a concept for her history assignment, she found it
easy to write ten pages.
17. muddy adj. covered with or containing wet and sticky earth 泥濘
mud n. [U] 泥巴
After a rain, the road around the pond becomes very muddy and slippery.
When he came back from the field, his boots were caked with mud.
18. environment n. [C] the natural features of a place, for
example, the air, the water or the land, in or on which people, animals, or
plants live 環境
The use of chemicals may cause serious damage to the environment.
19. dust n. [U] dry powder of dirt accumulating on the surface of
buildings or furniture 灰塵
A cloud of dust rose in the air as a big truck roared past.
20. dirt n. [U] any substance that prevents a surface from being clean
He brushed his shoes hard, trying to remove the dirt from them.
21. tip n. [C] the end of something pointed 頂端；尖端；a piece of
useful or helpful advice 秘訣
Eluanbi Park is located at the southern tip of Taiwan.
These are useful tips on how to cook fish.
22. readily adv. easily and quickly 迅速地；容易地
When we made our request, she readily promised to help.
23. surface n. [C] the outer or top layer of something 表面
A film of oil floated on the surface of the soup.
24. resemble v. [T] to look like or be similar to someone or
How closely Gerald resembles his father in their love of traveling!
25. string n. [C] a strong thin rope made of fibers twisted together, used
for tying or fastening things 細繩
The wind chimes were fastened outside the window with a string.
26. thick adj. not thin 粗的；厚的
He was so hungry that he had a submarine sandwich and a thick juicy steak
27. silk n. [U] very thin thread produced by some insects 絲；蠶絲
A fly was caught in the silk threads of the spider’s web.
28. steel n. [U] strong metal made from iron and other materials and used
for shaping a structure for things like vehicles and buildings 鋼；鋼鐵
The security gate is made of two-meter-thick steel.
29. tough adj. not easily broken or cut; strong 堅韌的；不易斷的
You need a tough pair of sneakers to go mountain climbing.
30. farm v. [T] to grow crops and raise animals on a piece of land 種植；養殖
Farmed salmon are less expensive than wild ones, but they do not taste as
They preferred to farm sheep rather than grow corn which was less profitable.
31. process v. [T] to change raw materials industrially to improve
them in some way 加工
Tomatoes that we grow on our farm are later processed to make tomato
32. result n. [C, U] something that happens or exists because of
something that happened earlier 結果
The results of the opinion poll showed that the entire village was against
the building of the incinerator.
Having finally achieved the desired result, the whole research team felt like
33. vest n. [C] a type of clothing, often with no sleeves, worn on the top
of the body, usually over a shirt 背心
He buttoned his vest and then put on his jacket.
II. Words for recognition
1. frog n. [C] a small creature with smooth skin and long back legs
used for jumping 青蛙
2. Ottawa n. the capital of Canada 渥太華（加拿大首都）
3. Canada n. a country to the north of the United States 加拿大
4. Wright n. the Wright brothers, Wilbur and Orville, who developed
the first successful plane in 1903 萊特兄弟（發明飛機者）
5. Swiss adj. of Switzerland or of the people of Switzerland 瑞士（人）的
6. George de Mestral n. a Swiss scientist; the inventor of Velcro 喬治‧梅司德拉
7. bur n. [C] (also burr) a very small seed container, covered in little
hooks that make it stick to clothes or animal fur 芒刺
8. Velcro n. [U] (trademark) a fastener for clothing, consisting of
two pieces of material that stick to each other when pressed together
9. lotus n. [C] a tropical water lily with flat leaves that float on the
surface of a lake or a pool 蓮花
10. German adj. of Germany or of the people of Germany 德國
（人）的；n. [C] a person from Germany 德國人
11. Lotusan n. a company in Germany that produces house paint
12. jet n. [C] an aircraft that can fly at extremely high speed 噴射機
13. cartoon n. [C] a film that is made by using a series of
drawings and that is usually amusing 卡通；漫畫
14. spider n. [C] a small creature with eight legs that catches small
insects with a web 蜘蛛
15. Kevlar n. (trademark) a lightweight, flexible fiber usually used
for making bullet-resistant products 克維拉超強彈性纖維
16. bulletproof adj. describing something designed in a way that
can prevent bullets from going through it 防彈的
Idioms and Phrases:
1. look to to depend on someone or something to provide help, advice, etc.
The art association is looking to the government for more funds.
2. be based on to be on the basis of; to be founded on 以……為基礎
Their friendship is based on mutual trust.
3. be covered with to have a layer of something on the surface 為……所覆蓋
The hilltops are covered with snow.
4. in theory as a general idea which may not be true or may not happen 理論上
In theory, it takes me one hour to drive home, but in practice, it usually
takes longer than that because of the rush-hour traffic.
I. Present participles + N
a flying bird a running car a sleeping child a boring lecture
the rising sun a charming girl an amusing film surprising news
II. Past participles + N
a frozen lake a broken vase
a deserted house a bored audience
the stolen jewelry an injured soldier
a frightened animal a disappointed look
I. Words for production
1. active adj. doing many things and having a lot of energy 有活動力
act v. [I] 採取行動
action n. [U, C] 行動
After her retirement, she continued to be active in politics.
When there is a fire, people must act quickly.
We must take action to solve the problem before it’s too late.
2. rather adv. a little; quite 有些；頗為
The weather has been rather cold this week.
3. ache v. [I] to have or suffer a continuous pain （持續性的）疼痛
ache n. [C] 疼痛
My head aches badly.
After the race, I had aches and pains all over my body.
4. cool v. [T] to make something cooler; to make a feeling less strong
Let’s open all the windows to cool the room.
We tried to cool him down, but he was still very angry.
5. faint v. [I] to lose consciousness 昏厥
faint adj. 微弱的；暗淡的
He fainted at the sight of his own blood.
I don’t have the faintest idea what you are talking about.
6. nobody n. [C] a person of no importance 無名小卒
Jason has vowed to become famous. He is tired of being a nobody.
7. dreary adj. dull; uninteresting 無聊；乏味
Answering phones all day long is dreary work.
8. somebody n. [U] someone that is considered important 大人物
She thinks she is really somebody in this town just because she has a
9. admiring adj. full of respect and approval 欽佩的；仰慕的
admire v. [T] 欽佩；仰慕
admiration n. [U] 欽佩；仰慕
A group of journalists and admiring fans waited outside the gate for the
We admire Andy for his courage in admitting his mistake.
All the tourists gazed in admiration at the breathtaking scenery.
10. perch v. [I] (of a bird) to come to rest on a branch, etc.（鳥）棲息
A bird flew down and perched on the windowsill.
11. soul n. [C] the moral or spiritual part of a person 靈魂
“What good does it do a man if he gains the whole world but loses his
soul?” ---the Bible
12. tune n. [C] a series of musical notes that is pleasant and easy to
tune v. [T, I] 調音；調整（收聽或收視的）頻率
She was humming a merry little tune.
The band tuned (up) their instruments before the concert.
Millions of people tuned in to watch the royal wedding on TV.
13. sore adj. painful or aching from a wound, infection, or hard use 疼痛的
Henry is suffering from a sore throat.
14. chilly adj. noticeably cold 寒冷的
chill n. [C] 風寒；寒冷
chill v. [T, I] 使冷卻；變冷
I felt chilly after the fire went out.
There is a chill in the air this morning.
The milk should be chilled after you open the container.
15. extremity n. [U] great need, danger, trouble, etc. 絕境
extreme adj. 極端的；極度的
In spite of the extremity of her situation, she still had hope.
Be prepared for extreme danger if you are going to be a war correspondent.
II. Words for recognition
1. Emily Dickinson n. the name of an American poet 愛蜜莉‧狄瑾蓀
2. robin n. [C] a common bird 知更鳥
3. livelong adj. whole 全部的；整個的
4. bog n. [C] an area of soft wet ground into which the feet sink 沼澤
5. gale n. [C] a strong wind 狂風；強風
6. abash v. [T] to cause to feel uncomfortable or ashamed 使羞慚；使跼促不
7. crumb n. [C] a very small piece of dry bread or cake 餅屑；麵包屑
Idioms and Phrases:
1. hardly ever very rarely; almost never 很少；幾乎從不
It hardly ever snows in this mountainous area.
2. figure out to understand; to learn how to explain 了解；理解；算出；解出
I can’t figure out how you can be late for school every day.
3. ask sth. of sb. to expect or demand something from somebody 向人要求
You want a cellphone and an MP3 player? Don’t you think you are asking
too much of your parents?
□ poetry/poem 詩
□ prose 散文
□ drama/play 戲劇
□ novel 長篇小說
□ short story 短篇小說
□ biography 傳記
□ history 歷史；史書
□ mythology （希臘羅馬）神話
□ fairy tale 童話
□ folk tale 民間故事
□ fable 寓言
□ legend 傳說；傳奇
□ historical fiction 歷史小說
□ science fiction 科幻小說
□ fantasy 奇幻文學
□ detective novel 偵探小說
□ martial arts novel 武俠小說
□ romance 愛情故事；言情小說
□ picture book 繪本
I. Words for production
1. ring n. [C] the sound of a bell（鐘、鈴、電話等的）響聲
ring v. [I] (ring, rang, rung)（鐘、鈴、電話等）響
I didn’t hear the ring of my cellphone because it was at the bottom of my backpack.
The bell rang and the students rushed out of the classroom.
2. alarm n. [C] a device that produces a warning signal 鬧鐘；警報器
You can ask for a wake-up call, or you can set the alarm on your clock and hope it wakes you.
I thought I had flunked math, but it turned out to be a false alarm.
3. drowsily adv. feeling tired and sleepy（令人）昏昏欲睡地
On Monday morning, everybody drowsily walked into the office.
I had jet lag and felt drowsy for the first few days I was in London.
4. smooth adj. flat and even; soft to the touch 平滑的
Some women try everything they can to keep their skin smooth.
5. roll v. [I] to move by turning over and over 滾下來
Tears rolled down her cheeks when she was told that her mother was very
6. colleague n. [C] someone a person works with 同事
Jenny quit her job because she did not get along with her colleagues.
7. associate n. [C] a business partner 合夥人；同事
associate v. [I] 交往；結交
Thank you for your comments. I will pass them onto my business associate.
We are advised not to associate with drug addicts and alcoholics.
8. globalized adj. worldwide 全球化的
globalize v. [T] 使全球化
global adj. 全球性的
globalization n. [U] 全球化
Misunderstandings between people may decrease as the world becomes
Today’s meeting is to discuss how to globalize the company.
Global warming has become a problem that every country must deal with.
Liberal approaches to modernization are closely linked to economic
9. amazing adj. wonderful; marvelous令人驚奇的
amaze v. [T] 使驚奇
amazed adj. 感到驚奇的
It was an amazing experience to watch the men’s singles at Wimbledon.
The author amazes me with her vivid description of farm life.
The teacher was amazed at how creative his students were when writing poems.
10. rapid adj. quick 迅速的
The town experienced rapid growth once gold was found in the local river.
11. growth n. [U] increase or development 成長
grow v. [I] 成長
The chart shows the growth in viewers for foreign films on cable TV.
My nephew was born in Taiwan but grew up in America.
12. decade n. [C] a period of ten years 十年
I can’t believe we’ve been married for ten years! How can a decade pass so
13. aspect n. [C] one part of a situation or problem 方面
Which aspect of the story did you find the most interesting?
14. variety n. [U] the quality of including many different types 種種；多樣（性）
vary v. [I] 改變；變化
The college offers a variety of classes, including business writing and
Variety is the spice of life.
Side effects of this drug may vary from person to person.
15. access n. [U] the right or ability to use something（使用的）機
access v. [T] 得以接近、使用
The course requires that all students have access to a computer.
Students can now access the library from the comfort of their homes.
16. hometown] n. [C] the city or town that someone comes from家鄉
The man went back to his hometown only to find that everything had changed.
17. online adv. on the Internet 在線上
online adj. 線上的
You can never be sure about people’s true identities when you meet them
Have you tried an online dating service before?
18. feast v. [I] to eat a lot of food and enjoy it 飽餐
feast n. [C] 盛宴
At Thanksgiving, we feasted on turkey, potatoes, cranberry sauce, and pumpkin pie.
It was a feast that I could never have imagined even in my dreams.
19. customer n. [C] a person that buys things or receives services
from a shop or a company 客戶；顧客
If this store does not start attracting more customers, it will go out of business.
20. discuss v. [T] to talk about 討論
discussion n. [C, U] 討論
I made an appointment with my teacher to discuss the topic of my paper.
We had an interesting discussion in class today about the death penalty.
21. relaxing adj. making someone feel comfortable and without any
relax v. [I] 使放鬆
relaxed adj. 感到放鬆的
relaxation n. [U] 放鬆
Listening to relaxing music helps reduce your stress level.
Now that our exams are over, we can finally relax.
Five minutes after I got into my father’s car, I felt very relaxed and fell asleep.
What do you do for relaxation when you’re not studying?
22. greet v. [T] to welcome someone 問候
The friendly doorman greeted me with a big smile as I walked into the hotel.
23. fluent adj. able to speak a language easily and smoothly 流利的
fluency n. [U] 流利
Although the young man has never been to France, he speaks fluent French.
A lack of language fluency prevented him from getting the job.
24. accent n. [C] a way of pronouncing words shared by a group of
Do you find it easier to understand someone who speaks English with a
British accent or an American accent?
25. obvious adj. easy to tell 明顯的
George’s frustration was obvious: his face started to turn red.
26. dye v. [T] (dye, dyed, dyeing) to color something using a special liquid
dye n. [U] 染料
Susan dyed her hair brown, but I don’t think it suits her.
The chemicals from hair dye can seep into your scalp and may harm your body.
27. old-fashioned adj. belonging to a time in the past 舊式的； 不流行的
You can see items from the 1800s at the museum, including old-fashioned
28. local adj. relating to an area, especially of a country 當地的；本地的
I took my friend to a night market to introduce her to some local Taiwanese food.
II. Words for recognition
1. bedside n. [C] a place next to a bed 床邊
2. pastime n. [C] an activity done for enjoyment 娛樂；消遣
3. New York Times n. a newspaper published in New York City 紐約時報
4. Sydney Morning Herald n. a newspaper
published in Sydney 雪梨先鋒報
5. brewed adj. (tea, coffee) prepared by infusion in hot water（茶、咖啡）泡開的
6. videoconference n. [C] a meeting held by means of
audio and video signals 視訊會議
7. pasta n. [U] food made from flour and water, and cut into different
8. bar n. [C] a counter at which food or drinks are served 飲食販賣部
9. burrito n. [C] a kind of Mexican food made by rolling a thin
round bread around a filling of meat, beans and cheese 麵捲餅（墨西哥的一種菜餚，以肉、乳酪等作
10. baggy adj. (of clothes) loose and big（褲子等）袋狀的
11. hip-hop adj. relating to a type of music in which the words are
spoken rather than sung 嘻哈風格的
12. high-five v. [T] (two people) to slap upraised right hands 舉手擊掌
13. multicultural adj. of diverse cultures 多元文化的
14. bian-dang n. [C] a Taiwanese lunch box containing rice, meat
and vegetables 便當
15. clam n. [C] a sea creature with an oval shell that can open and close
16. oolong n. [C, U] a type of Chinese tea 烏龍茶
Idioms and Phrases:
1. as usual as commonly happens 照常；照例
Even though today is a holiday, many stores are open for business as usual.
2. go off to start ringing loudly（鐘、鈴等）突然響起
I hate it when people’s car alarms go off in the middle of the night.
3. at times sometimes 有時；偶爾
I try my best to answer all my email, but I do miss some messages at times.
4. switch on to turn on 打開（電視、收音機等）
My father switched on the TV to watch the baseball game as soon as he got
5. look around to look at what is in a particular place 環顧四周
He looked around the lobby and saw that it had a coffee shop as well as a
6. follow ... up to take further action connected with something 接續做……
I sent a letter to the person in charge and then followed it up with a phone call.
I. Words for production
1. tide n. [C, U] the regular rise and fall of the sea 潮汐
The tide is rising. We’d better keep away from the beach.
Time and tide wait for no man.
2. plain adj. simple; without anything added 簡樸的
Our boss is a special person; though he is rich, he enjoys plain living.
3. suit n. [C] a set of clothes made of the same material 一套衣服（包括
My manager usually wears a suit to work, but today he wore a sports jacket.
4. dusty adj. dry and covered with dry earth 佈滿塵土的
After playing in the field for hours, all the boys came home with dusty faces.
5. mask v. [T] to keep from being seen 掩飾
mask n. [C] 面具
She tried to mask her anger with a smile.
On Halloween, children enjoy wearing costumes and masks.
6. chew v. [T, I] to keep biting with the teeth 咀嚼
The steak was so tough; I had to chew each piece for five minutes!
7. rooted adj. fixed as if deeply planted into the soil 一動也不動的；
root n. [C] 根
When he saw the horrible accident, he stood rooted to the spot.
She pulled the plant up by its roots.
8. captain n. [C] an officer in charge of a ship or an aircraft 船長；機長
The captain ordered the sailors to work harder.
9. introduce v. [T] to make people known to each other for the first time介紹
introduction n. [U, C] 介紹；說明
He turned to face the newcomer and introduced himself.
The teacher introduced the little boy to his new classmates.
Every student in this new class has to make a self-introduction at the beginning of the semester.
10. retreat v. [I] to move back 撤退
retreat n. [C, U] 撤退
The soldiers retreated safely into the mountains.
We learned about the retreat of the U.S. army from Iraq.
11. shy adj. nervous in front of others 害羞的；羞怯的
shyly adv. 害羞地
shyness n. [U] 羞怯
The little boy becomes too shy to speak whenever he faces strangers.
The newcomer answered the girl’s request shyly.
His face went red with shyness when he walked into the crowded room.
12. chatter v. [I] to talk continuously and eagerly 喋喋不休；聊個不停
They were sitting on the bench, chattering about their school life.
13. painfully adv. uncomfortably; sufferingly 痛苦地
painful adj. 痛苦的
pain n. [U, C] 疼痛
He looked painfully toward the oak tree, unable to see any yellow
It was very painful for Mr. Lee to tell his daughter about her mother’s death.
The death of the dog gave the little boy great pain; he lost his beloved pet.
No pains, no gains.
14. jail n. [U] the place where criminals are kept 監獄
It was reported on the radio that three prisoners had escaped from jail.
15. guy n. [C] a man 男人
Who was the guy at the door?
Helena’s boyfriend is a nice guy.
16. parole n. [U] the letting out of a person from prison before his/
her prison sentence is due to end 假釋
parole v. [T] 假釋
After serving five years in prison, the man was released on parole.
Jack will be paroled earlier than expected because of his good behavior in
17. much-handled adj. much-touched 常觸摸的
handle n. [U, C] 把手
handle v. [T] 觸摸；處理
From the way he looked at the much-handled pictures of his family, you
could tell that he missed them deeply.
The father taught the boy to grab the hammer by the handle.
That was a difficult situation, but the teacher handled it very well.
18. acquire v. [T] to gain 獲得；養成
acquisition n. [U, C] 獲得(物)；養成
When did you acquire the habit of smoking?
This antique vase is the collector’s latest acquisition.
19. hushed adj. silent 安靜的
hush n. [U] (also sing.) 安靜
Knowing that their teacher had passed away, the students were in a hushed
When the bad news was announced, a hush fell over the room.
20. absence n. [U] not being there 缺席；不在
absent adj. 缺席的
During Jack’s absence, we all missed him very much.
Joe is absent from class; he must be sick.
21. tighten v. [T, I] to become tighter繃緊；變緊
tight adj. 緊的
tight adv. 緊緊地
You’d better tighten the rope, or the boat will float away.
He’s got a very tight schedule today; he won’t be able to see you until
She held the baby tight in her arms.
22. fortify v. [T] to make strong 加強
Soldiers fortified the city by building a large wall around it.
23. exultation n. [U] great delight and pleasure 雀躍；狂喜
exult v. [I] 雀躍；狂喜
Winning the race filled me with a feeling of exultation.
The swimmer exulted in her achievement of breaking the world record.
24. stun v. [T] (stun, stunned, stunned) to shock or surprise 震驚
The news of her friend’s suicide stunned her.
George was stunned by the news of his father’s death.
25. banner n. [C] a flag 旗幟
On Double Tenth Day, we can see a lot of banners flying in the wind.
The marchers waved banners saying “we want work.”
26. billow v. [I] to move in large waves 飄揚；翻騰
We watched the flags billowing in the wind.
II. Words for recognition
1. rumble v. [I] to make or move with a deep rolling sound 發出隆隆的響聲
2. ill-fitting adj. not the right size or shape 不合身的
3. runaway n. [C] a person who has escaped from somewhere 逃亡者
4. swig n. [C] a large mouthful of a drink that is taken quickly 大口地喝
5. can n. [C] (slang) prison（俚）監獄
6. unformed adj. still young 年幼的
7. snapshot n. [C] an informal photograph taken with a hand-held camera 快照
8. ex-con n. [C] (slang) a former prisoner（俚）前科犯
Idioms and Phrases
1. deep into the night very late at night 深夜
The party lasted until deep into the night.
2. come through to be realized; to become definite or officially approved
They both felt sad but relieved when their divorce finally came through.
3. take ... back to accept someone again after they have been away
or after a disagreement 讓……回家
I’ll take him back if he wants to be with me again.
4. take over to gain control over 接手
I have an important meeting to attend. Could you take over my work for a
5. make one’s way to ... to go to ... 去（某處）
After lunch, I’ll make my way to the market.
commit a crime 犯罪
be suspected for/of ... 有……嫌疑
get arrested 被捕
be under investigation for ... 在調查……
be put on trial 被審判
confess a crime 坦承犯罪
be convicted of ... 被判有……罪
be sentenced (to death) 判（死）刑
be put behind the bars 服刑
be in jail/prison 服刑
be on parole 假釋
be released 被釋放
I. Words for production
1. extinction n. [U] the situation when an animal or plant no
longer exists 滅絕；絕種
extinct adj. 滅絕的；絕種的
Giant pandas are such beautiful animals that nobody wants to see their
This kind of snake has been extinct for many years in this area.
2. marine adj. of the sea and ocean 海洋的
According to the WWF, three of the seven existing species of marine turtles
are critically endangered.
3. endangered adj. becoming extinct 瀕臨絕種的
endanger v. [T] 危害；危及
We should pay more attention to endangered animals; otherwise, they will
soon become extinct.
Human population growth is endangering the survival of giant pandas.
4. species n. [C] (pl. species) a plant or an animal 物種
Thousands of species of plants and animals are under increasing threat.
A new species of bird was found in the forests of central Taiwan.
5. habitat n. [C, U] a place where a certain animal normally lives 棲息地
habitation n. [U, C] 居住
Loss of habitat has a great influence on the survival of wildlife.
The settlers cleared thousands of acres of forests for habitation.
6. mainly adv. mostly 主要地
main adj. 主要的
We are reading this article mainly to understand the situation of endangered
What is the main food of the giant panda?
7. deforestation n. [U] the process of cutting down trees from
an area 砍伐森林
forest n. [C, U] 森林
Deforestation leads to loss of habitat. In turn, loss of habitat leads to
extinction of wild animals.
I think pandas belong in the forest. I object to the idea of putting them on
display in zoos.
8. agriculturen. [U] the work, business, or study of farming 農業
In Taiwan, most people used to be employed in agriculture.
9. settler n. [C] a person who goes to live in a new place 移民；開墾者
settle v. [I, T] 定居；安居
The island’s first settlers arrived on ships from Europe two hundred years ago.
Luisa and her husband love Vancouver so much that they have decided to
10. inevitably adv. used to say something is certain to happen 不可避免地
inevitable adj. 不可避免的
A famous singer will inevitably attract attention from fans wherever he or she goes.
Because of deforestation, the loss of habitat seems inevitable.
11. threaten v. [T] to be likely to harm or destroy something 威脅
threat n. [C] 威脅
Global warming threatens the survival of the world.
Air pollution created by cars and motorcycles is a big threat to our health.
Scientists are seeking solutions to problems and threats that face the
12. starve v. [I, T] to suffer or die because one does not have enough food to eat 挨餓
starvation n. [U] 挨餓
Winter is coming. If these animals stay where they are, they will starve to death.
Those earthquake victims were on the verge of starvation.
13. worse adj. more unpleasant than before 更糟
The condition of these endangered animals is getting worse.
We are already late. What’s worse, our car won’t start!
14. bloom v. [I] to produce flowers 開花
Azaleas in the garden are blooming now, and the flowers are very pretty.
15. appropriate adj. proper or suitable 合適的
It does not seem appropriate to wear casual clothes to a wedding banquet.
16. mate n. [C] an animal’s sexual partner 配偶；伴侶；a friend or a
person who shares an activity or accommodation with someone 夥伴；朋友
mate v. [I, T] 交配
Do you have any idea how pandas find their mates?
Are you looking for Brian? I saw him talk to his mates in the garden about ten minutes ago.
At zoos, animals mate with the help of scientists.
17. inbreeding n. [U] the process of producing children or animals
from parents who are close members of the same family 近親繁殖
breed v. [T] (breed, bred, bred) 飼養
It seems inevitable that inbreeding will take place in this small isolated
Well fed, well bred.
18. adaptable adj. being able to change one’s behavior to deal with new situations
adapt v. [I, T] 適應；[T] 改編
I don’t think I could live in another country. I’m not very adaptable.
Are you having any difficulty adapting to your new school?
It took him several months to adapt himself to his new job.
The horror movie was adapted from a best-selling novel.
19. vulnerable adj. weak or easy to get hurt 易受傷害的
The girl is very sensitive and vulnerable.
Airports and train stations are highly vulnerable to terrorist attacks.
20. fur n. [C, U] soft hair that covers an animal’s body 毛，毛皮
furless adj. 沒毛的
My cat has beautiful soft white fur.
Try to imagine a small, white, furless and helpless baby panda.
21. lick v. [I, T] to move one’s tongue across something 舔
The big cat licked her kitten tenderly.
22. predator n. [C] an animal that kills and eats other animals 掠食者
Some insects are such smart predators that they use traps to catch their prey.
These birds have to be protected from foxes and other predators.
23. fortunately adv. with good luck 幸運地
fortunate adj. 幸運的
Fortunately, she passed the strict examination and was hired by the company.
I am fortunate to have so many good friends.
24. measure n. [C] an action that is taken to deal with something 措施
Measures are being taken to protect endangered animals.
25. fund n. [C] a financial organization 基金會
Many people donated to the fund to help protect those beautiful old buildings.
26. reserve n. [C] an area of land where animals and plants are
reserve v. [T] 預訂
reservation n. [U, C] 保留；預訂
Reserves are set up in the forest for the protection of giant pandas.
My father called the restaurant to reserve a table in advance.
I have made a reservation for two at a fancy restaurant next Sunday.
27. program n. [C] a plan for achieving something 計畫
A green turtle conservation program carried out by the islanders has
produced interesting results.
28. preserve v. [T] to keep something in its original state 保存
preservation n. [U] 保存
The WWF is making efforts to preserve endangered animals.
You should visit the beautifully preserved buildings when you go to Lukang.
Preservation of natural habitat is very important.
II. Words for recognition
1. whale n. [C] a very large ocean animal 鯨魚
2. turtle n. [C] an animal with a shell and four short legs 烏龜
3. ape n. [C] a large monkey without a tail that can stand and walk on two feet 猿
4. panda n. [C]a large Chinese animal with black and white fur 貓熊
5. timber n. [U] wood used for building houses or making furniture木材
6. slope n. [C] a surface that has one end higher than the other 斜坡
7. bamboo n. [U, C] a tall tropical plant 竹子
8. kilogram n. [C] a unit for measuring weight 公斤
9. shoot n. [C] a very young plant（竹的）嫩芽；筍
10. cub n. [C] a young animal 幼獸
11. WWF World Wildlife Fund 的縮寫 世界野生動物基金會
12. Hua Mei n. name of a panda 華美（貓熊的名字）
13. San Diego n. a city in California 聖地牙哥（美國加州城市 名）
Idioms and Phrases:
1. be due to to be caused by 因為
The prosperity of this small town was due to its gold mine.
His bankruptcy is mainly due to the poor investments he made in the stock
2. or so about 大約
I will stay with my grandparents for a week or so.
It will take a year or so to construct a new bridge for the villagers.
3. die off to die one by one until none exists 滅絕
If we don’t do something, this species will eventually die off.
After the bamboo blossoms, it naturally dies off. It’s a natural phenomenon.
4. search for to look for 尋找
She is learning how to use the Internet to search for useful information.
She has been searching for her cat for several days, but she cannot find it.
5. be sure to to be certain to 必然
Owing to global warming, polar bears are sure to lose their habitat one day.
6. take action to do something to solve a particular problem 採取行動
The government must take immediate action to stop the illegal animal trade.
I. Words for production
1. blush v. [I] to become red in the face, usually because one feels
ashamed or embarrassed about something（因害羞、尷尬而）臉紅
Every time I have to speak in public, I blush and stammer.
2. stammer v. [I] to speak with difficulty, repeating words or sounds 口吃
John felt nervous and stammered out, “F-f-for-g-give me.”
3. privately adv. without other people present 私底下
I need to talk to you privately about this important matter.
4. confident adj. sure about one’s ideas and abilities to do
things well 有信心的
confidence n. [U] 信心
We have been practicing so hard that we are confident of victory.
You should have more confidence in your own abilities. Don’t look
down on yourself!
5. stereotype n. [C] a fixed idea or general image of what a
particular person or thing is like 刻板印象
He is so energetic that he does not fit the stereotype of a retired old man.
6. visibly adv. in a way that can be easily seen or noticed 明顯地
visible adj. 可看見的；顯而易見的
vision n. [U] 視力；視覺
She had visibly lost weight. How did she do it?
Bacteria are not visible to the naked eye.
After his failure, there was a visible change in the way he dealt with people.
I was born with good vision; however, as I grew older, my vision began to fail.
7. psychologist n. [C] someone who is trained in the study
of the mind 心理學家
psychology n. [U] 心理學
They were advised by a psychologist to set aside some time for each other
I have decided to major in psychology in college.
8. tremble v. [I] to shake slightly 顫抖
All the uncertainty made him tremble with fear.
9. impression n. [C] an opinion or feeling about what someone
or something is like印象
impress v. [T] 使有深刻印象；使銘記
impressive adj. 令人印象深刻的
First impressions are very important in an interview.
Sandra’s confidence impressed me during the speech contest.
Dave can handle many things at the same time, which is quite impressive.
10. snobbish adj. behaving in a way that shows one thinks he or
she is better than other people 自負的；勢利眼的
snob n. [C] 自負傲慢的人；勢利鬼
The clerk was very snobbish. He thought I could not afford the dress
and was unwilling to answer my inquiries about the price.
Ann is such a snob that she only talks to people who look rich.
11. actually adv. really; in fact 實際上
actual adj. 實際的
He looks shy, but actually, when you get to know him, he is very funny
Since Emily is going back to London, we’ll throw her a surprise party
one week before her actual birthday.
12. host n. [C] a person who introduces or talks to the guests,
especially on a TV or radio program主持人；a person who invites
guests to his/her home, or to an activity, and looks after them while
they are there 主人
host v. [T] 主持；作……主人
hostess [1hostIs] n. [C] 女主人
Mark’s wit and humor would make him a good talk-show host.
Athens hosted the 2004 Olympic Games.
The host and hostess welcomed all the guests at the door.
13. performance n. [C] the action of amusing other people by
singing, dancing, acting, etc. 表演；演出
perform v. [I] 表演
performer n. [C] 表演者
The play the children performed was most impressive. The performers
were all very well-prepared. I’d say it was one of the best performances
I have ever been to.
14. spontaneous adj. happening in a natural, sudden way
without being planned or thought about 自然的
William Wordsworth said, “Poetry is the spontaneous overflow of
15. entertainer n. [C] a person whose job is to amuse people
by singing, dancing, telling jokes, acting, etc. 藝人
entertain v. [T] 招待；娛樂
entertainment n. [U] 娛樂
Joe is a student but works as a part-time entertainer in the circus.
We often entertain our friends in our villa on the weekends.
He always entertains people with his witty comments.
Several singers provided the entertainment while we were enjoying our dinner.
16. outgoing adj. friendly and active; easy and enjoyable to be with 外向的；
Sylvia is an outgoing person who is easy to get along with.
17. insecure adj. unsure of oneself 感覺不安的；not safe 不安全的
insecurity n. [U, C] 侷促不安；不安全
When Roger’s parents divorced, he felt lonely and insecure.
Because of her own insecurity, Nita doesn’t let her boyfriend talk to any other
18. figure n. [C] a famous or important person人物；a person’s shape身材；
a number or an amount數字
figure v. [T] 估量；猜想
On the one hand, I would like to go into politics, but on the other hand, I don’t think I want to be a public
To get her figure back, Janet often went to the gym after giving birth to her son.
He wouldn’t say what his salary was, only that it was six figures.
I figured John would be mad at Susan after she told on him.
19. category n. [C] a group of people or things of the same
type or having similar features or qualities 種類；類型
categorize v. [T] 將……分類
Our products fall into two broad categories: daily necessities and luxuries.
These novels are categorized into beginner, intermediate, and advanced levels.
20. research n. [U] serious study of a subject in order to test new
ideas, discover new information, or reach a new understanding 研究
research v. [I, T] 作學術研究；調查；探究
researcher n. [C] 研究員；調查者
The research team is made up of scientific and medical researchers
who conduct research in biochemistry.
They are researching several possible cures for SARS.
To understand this novel, you need to research its historical background.
21. distress n. [U] a feeling of extreme worry or unhappiness 苦惱
distressed adj. 苦惱的；難過的
distressful adj. 令人苦惱的
She was clearly in distress. She could not say a word; she could only cry.
I was distressed to find that my apartment had been damaged badly by the earthquake.
That is very distressful news, and I am certainly sorry to hear it.
22. encounter v. [T] to experience something, especially
problems or difficulties 遭遇；to meet someone without planning to偶遇
Don’t give up on your dreams when you encounter difficulties.
On my way home yesterday I encountered a group of dangerous-
looking young men.
23. inherit v. [T] to be born with the similar appearance or
character as one’s parents or grandparents 遺傳；to receive money,
property, etc. from someone who has died 繼承
I inherited my father’s gift for learning languages.
Brian inherited an apartment from his grandparents.
24. statistically adv. in terms of a set of numbers that represent facts統計上
statistic n. [C, usu. pl.] 統計數據
Statistically speaking, our school performed better this year than last year in math.
Statistics show that lung cancer is related to smoking.
25. innate adj. in one’s nature 天生的
Enya has an innate gift for entertaining people and making them laugh.
26. identity n. [U] who someone is, or the qualities that make a
person or a group different from other people 身份
identify v. [T] 辨認（身份）；認同
Traveling abroad can make one feel a stronger sense of national identity.
It’s not easy for me to identify with the characters in the play because I
Haven’t had the same life experience.
27. crisis n. [C] (pl. crises) an extremely difficult, urgent, or dangerous situation
I admire the way he handled the crisis.
28. confront v. [T] to face, meet, or deal with 面對；遭遇到
confrontation n. [C, U] 面對；對抗
When the scandal broke out, he was confronted with the biggest crisis of his career.
It’ best to solve problems without confrontation, if possible.
29. tease v. [T] to laugh at, joke about or annoy a person or animal on
I accidentally ate cat food when I was little, and my brother still teases me about it!
30. comment n. [C] an opinion or a remark 評論
comment v. [I] 評論
commentary n. [C] 實況報導
commentator n. [C]（電臺、電視臺等的）時事評論者；實況播音員
When the host asked the actor to comment on his love life, the actor said, “No comment.”
Eric is a professional sports commentator. His commentary is always spirited and informative.
31. tongue n. [C] the soft movable part in the mouth that is used to eat and speak
The soup was so hot that I burned my tongue.
32. perfectionist n. [C] a person who wants everything to be flawless完美主義者
perfect adj. 完美的
perfect v. [T] 使完美
I think you have already done a perfect job. Don’t be such a perfectionist.
Emma spent years trying to perfect her English.
32. realistic adj. practical 實際可行的；showing something as it actually is
I don’t think it is realistic to expect your lazy sister to do the dishes.
The painting was so realistic that I thought it was a photograph at first.
34. rejection n. [U] the act of not accepting or believing in something 拒絕
reject v. [T] 拒絕
Every one of us gets rejected sometimes. We just have to learn to take
rejection when it comes.
35. technique n. [C] a method of doing something 技術；手法
The scientists are conducting research using a new advanced technique.
II. Words for recognition
1. self-consciousness n. [U] the condition of worrying
or being aware of one’s own existence, thought and action 自我意識
2. temperament n. [C, U] a person’s basic nature or
character; one’s tendency to be happy, angry, etc. 性情；性格
3. abnormal adj. not usual or typical, in a way that is bad 不正常的
4. Israeli adj. belonging or relating to Israel or its people
5. adolescent n. [C] teenager 青少年
6. well-meaning adj. trying to help, but often in a way that does not work
Idioms and Phrases:
1. Has the cat got your tongue? something you say to someone when
he/she does not speak 怎麼不說話了？
Why aren’t you talking? What’s wrong? Has the cat got your tongue?
2. on the surface the way someone or something appears to be, while it
may not actually be so 表面上
She appeared calm on the surface, but actually she was very nervous.
3. be ill at ease nervous and uncomfortable侷促不安；不自在
When I stay overnight at another person’s home, I feel ill at ease.
4. have butterflies in one’s stomach to feel very nervous before one has
to do something 緊張
I have butterflies in my stomach whenever my teacher talks to me.
5. make a(n) ... impression on ... to cause someone to notice someone or
something in a good or bad way留下……的印象
His confident way of speaking always makes a good impression on people.
6. make contact to communicate with people聯繫；接觸
Do you make contact with any of your old friends when you visit your
7. down to the last detail completely; including all of the things
In order for our wedding to be perfect, we must plan everything
down to the last detail.
8. fit into ... to be part of a group or system 融入
The new transfer student seemed to fit into the class very well.
9. be born with ... to have a special type of character since birth 與生俱
The baby was born with six fingers on each hand.
10. suffer from ... to experience physical or mental pain受苦；患病
After losing her son, she spent years suffering from mental pain and
11. work out to happen or develop in a satisfactory way有好結果
Don’t worry. I am sure things will work out well for you this semester.
Cat proverbs, idioms and phrases
1. Has the cat got your tongue? 怎麼不說話了？
2. When the cat’s away, the mice will play. 貓兒不在，老鼠作怪。
3. A cat has nine lives. 貓有九命。
4. Care killed the cat. 憂能傷身。
5. Curiosity killed the cat. 好奇惹禍上身。
Idioms and phrases
1. Don’t let the cat out of the bag. 別洩漏祕密。
2. The police played cat and mouse with the thief. 方對小偷欲擒故縱。
3. We used to fight like cat and dog. 我們以前經常激烈爭吵。
4. Cindy is acting like a cat on a hot tin roof. 蒂急得像熱鍋上的螞蟻。
5. It’s raining cats and dogs. 正在下傾盆大雨。
I. Words for production
1. capture v. [T] to attract someone’s attention or to make someone
interested in something引起（興趣、注目等）；使人著迷； [T] to catch
As the girl walked into the toy store, a giant teddy bear immediately
captured her attention.
The soldiers captured fifty enemies in the battle and won an important victory.
2. poverty n. [U] the condition of being very poor 貧窮
The writer lived in poverty because none of his books sold well.
3. romance n. [C] an exciting love relationship 愛情；羅曼史
They had a whirlwind romance. They were talking about getting married
three weeks after they had started dating.
4. strike v. [T] (strike, struck, struck/stricken) to hit something or
someone on purpose 打；敲打
Without saying a word, the angry man walked up to Tony and struck him
on the face.
5. musical n. [C] a play or film that uses singing and dancing as
The leading actor’s powerful singing was my favorite part of the musical.
6. version n. [C] a particular form of something that is slightly
different from the earlier form 版本
David was interested in the horror novel and wanted to make a film version
7. prison n. [U, C] a building in which criminals are kept as a
The men were sent to prison for robbing the bank.
8. criminal adj. relating to an illegal action or activity 犯罪的
criminal n. [C] 罪犯
crime n. [C] 罪
The man has criminal records for robbery and theft.
The villagers were relieved when the dangerous criminal was finally caught
The man was sent to prison for committing various crimes.
9. valuable adj. worth a lot of money 貴重的；值錢的
She took off the valuable necklace and locked it in a safe.
10. vow v. [T] to make a serious promise to do something 發誓；誓言要……
vow n. [C] 誓言
My father vowed to quit smoking last year.
I made a vow to my wife on our wedding day that I would never leave her.
11. injustice n. [U] lack of fairness 非正義；不公
justice n. [U] 正義
Martin Luther King made great efforts to fight against racial injustice. He hoped that one day people of
different races would live together in peace.
The woman had a strong sense of justice, and she always tried to do the right thing.