History of  English Literature Week XII Victorian Period (   1850 – 1900)
   Queen Victoria (1837 – 1901): <ul><li>Peaceful period </li></ul><ul><li>Many important social changes </li></ul><ul><l...
   Characteristics: <ul><li>Prose age </li></ul><ul><li>The increasing number of publications (magazines & newspapers) </...
   Poetry <ul><ul><li>The decreasing spirit of being spontaneous such as during Romanticism period </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
   Poets during Victorian Age <ul><ul><li>Also called Tennyson period    Alfred Lord Tennyson (1809-1892): sensitive to ...
   Prose <ul><ul><ul><li>Prose got its climactic development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Problem novels </li></ul...
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Week Xii (Victorian Period)

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Week Xii (Victorian Period)

  1. 1. History of English Literature Week XII Victorian Period (  1850 – 1900)
  2. 2.  Queen Victoria (1837 – 1901): <ul><li>Peaceful period </li></ul><ul><li>Many important social changes </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid economic & technological development </li></ul><ul><li> Industrial Revolution: </li></ul><ul><li>More-expanding gap between the poor & the wealthy </li></ul><ul><li>The increasing common-wealth </li></ul><ul><li> Many inventions </li></ul><ul><li>Steam engine, electricity etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Charles Darwin (1809 – 1882): The Origin of Species . </li></ul>
  3. 3.  Characteristics: <ul><li>Prose age </li></ul><ul><li>The increasing number of publications (magazines & newspapers) </li></ul><ul><li>The increasing number of scientific books & discourses </li></ul><ul><li>Novel became the effective medium </li></ul><ul><li>Literature for increasing the moral of society </li></ul>
  4. 4.  Poetry <ul><ul><li>The decreasing spirit of being spontaneous such as during Romanticism period </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The shifting to the more serious verses and the efforts to standardize the form & content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leading to Victorianism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflective and Critical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religion became subject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All aspects of expression are were given attention: rhythm, diction, melody  improvement in poetry writing technique </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5.  Poets during Victorian Age <ul><ul><li>Also called Tennyson period  Alfred Lord Tennyson (1809-1892): sensitive to the problems existed during the period </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>His works: The Princess (talking about woman emancipation), In Memoriam (individual elegy), Locksley Hall (he against materialism, development of democracy & peace ideals), Maud, The Brook, The Charge of the Light Brigade, The Oak and Crossing the Bar . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Robert Browning (1812 – 1889)  The most outstanding poet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tennyson >< Browning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tennyson spoke out the voices of his age: expectations, doubt ness, and worry towards his society </li></ul><ul><li>Browning was an optimist  In his works: the message was more important than the way he delivered  This implicated on his works which were hard to understand </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Browning’s works: Men and Women, Dramatis Personae (dramatic monologue), The Ring and the Book (1868-69) (probably the longest English poetry (21,000 lines) written in ‘blank verse’. It tells about a murder. Short poems: My Star, Evelyn Hope, Meeting at Night, One Word More, Prospice, By the Fireside etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Poets: Elizabeth Barret (Browning’s wife), Mathew Arnold, Dante Gabriel Rossetti. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6.  Prose <ul><ul><ul><li>Prose got its climactic development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Problem novels </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Charles Dickens: Oliver Twist, Nicholas Nickleby, A Christmas Carol, David Copperfield, A Tale of Two Cities, Great Expectations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>William Makepeace Thackeray (from rich family, educated, Cambridge graduate): Henry Esmond, Vanity Fair, Pendennis, The Newcomes, The Virginians </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Marry Ann Evans (George Eliot) </li></ul></ul></ul>
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