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Week Ii (Ancient Period)
 

Week Ii (Ancient Period)

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    Week Ii (Ancient Period) Week Ii (Ancient Period) Presentation Transcript

    • By Yusuf Kurniawan,SS,MA The History of English Literature, YK, 2005/2006
    • The Ancient English Period ( ± 50-±1100) The History of English Literature, YK, 2005/2006
      • Celts inhabited England
      • Celtic as the language
      • In 50 AC Rome invaded to England  made it a province  civilization
      • In 410 Roman soldiers withdrawn for good
      • Celts turned weak towards Germanic’s invasion (Jutes, Angles & Saxon) from Northern Germany
      • Language turned to ancient English (Anglo Saxon)  Middle English (  1100 -  1500)  Modern English (  1500 – present).
      The History of English Literature, YK, 2005/2006
        • The spreading of Christianity
        • Monasteries built  centres of knowledge
        • Big change, from spoken to written culture  brought great impact to the society
      The History of English Literature, YK, 2005/2006
          • Divided into two:
            • Those carried by Germanic tribes (Europe)
            • The old ones
          • The two were recorded for the sake of Christian
          • Monks’ roles
          • Beowulf (3000 lines epic  heroic story  unknown author)
          • Beowulf as the reflection of the social condition at the time
          • Other Anglo Saxon’s poems: sea war, town’s ruins, living as an expatriate, living as a minstrel. E.g.: The Battle of Brunanburgh, The Battle of Maldon, The Seafarer (monologue), The Ruin, Deor (minstrel).
          • Generally, poems reflect serious & gloomy feelings.
          • Other characteristics:
            • Sensitive to nature
            • The belief to destiny
            • Prominence of manhood and loyalty
          • Most poems are religious
      The History of English Literature, YK, 2005/2006
      • Cadmon from Whitby monastery: Paraphrase containing Genesis, Exodus stories.
      • Cynewulf from Anglia: The Christ, Juliana, The Fates of the Apostles and Elene. The only English poet mentioned his name.
      • English is no longer Germanic. Part of the Northern Europe
      The History of English Literature, YK, 2005/2006
      • Northumbria destroyed
      • All cultural heritages & literary works destroyed
      • Only small fragments remained (written in West Saxon)
      • The end of Anglo-Saxon’s literature period
      The History of English Literature, YK, 2005/2006
          • In the 9th century, England was one step ahead
          • It’s because of King Alfred from Wessex (871-901)
          • Alfred managed to return England as it had ever been
          • Education was needed
          • Many books were translated
          • Pastoral Care by Paus Gregorius first translated
          • Ecclesiastical History the English People by Bede
          • Historical events were recorded  for two centuries  Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
          • Universal History and Geography by Orosius
          • Consolations of Philosophy by Boethius
          • King Alfred became the first pioneer for English Prose
      The History of English Literature, YK, 2005/2006