History of British Social and Culture Week 9 The Victorian Era
The Victorian Era The long reign of Queen Victoria saw the rise of Britain to the zenith of its power as the ‘ workshop of the world’, undisputed ruler of the seas, and proud possessor of an empire embracing one quarter of the world, with roots in every continent
Queen Victoria was the daughter of the Duke of Kent.
She was born in London after a long and very tiring journey from Amorsbach in Germany.
The Duke of Kent was determined that her child should have been born in the capital because he had ever consulted with a fortune teller in Gibraltar who said that he would become a father of the great queen.
When Victoria was born, the reign of Britain was still held by George III who was completely insane already.
Scotland Yard, popular name for the headquarters of London's Metropolitan Police Force, and especially its Criminal Investigation Department.
The name is derived from a small area where the headquarters was situated from 1829 to 1890. The area, in turn, was named after a medieval palace in which the kings and queens of Scotland resided during state visits to London.
The custom of referring to the headquarters and its officers as Scotland Yard began soon after the Metropolitan Police Force was reorganized by the British statesman Sir Robert Peel in 1829. The headquarters was moved in 1890 to new buildings erected on the Thames Embankment, which were known as New Scotland Yard.
In 1967 the present headquarters, a modern 20-story building situated near the Houses of Parliament, was opened.
Dr Thomas Arnold introduced mathematics, modern history and modern languages to the curriculum.
No less important, he devised a system in which senior boys were given responsibility, known as monitors or prefects.
As time went on, many grammar schools began to take in boarders and became public schools.
But as in the case of elementary schools, more attention was paid to cramming facts into the pupils’ heads than to teaching them how to think.
Since sending boys to public schools cost a good deal of money, there was not always enough left over to pay for their sisters’ educations. The popular view was that it did not very much matter. A man needed such a background to succeed in the world. Most of the professions were closed to women.
The Crimean War was fought between Russia and the allied forces of the United Kingdom, France, the Ottoman Empire, and Sardinia. It began on the Crimean peninsula in 1853. The allies objected to expanding Russian power in the Black Sea area and to the seizing of land from the Ottoman Empire. Russia was defeated in 1856.
On 10 May, 1857, the Indian Mutity began on the parade ground at Meerhut.
The sepoys were ordered to practice using the new cartridges. They refused
When the British colonel repeated the order, they turned on their officers, killing several of them.
From this moment, the mutiny spread rapidly.
Entire European communities – women, children and men were wiped out. Many atrocities were committed by both the mutineers and British soldiers.
Peace was proclaimed on 8 July, 1858. In August that year, the India Act was passed.
Missionaries imported to India Sepoys were anxious, afraid of their arrival in India Allowance cut and cartridges greased with cow and pig fat Sepoys killed British officials during their practice of the new rifles The mutiny spread all the country with atrocities. ended with India Act 1858 INDIAN MUTINY