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Verbals and verbal phrases
 

Verbals and verbal phrases

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    Verbals and verbal phrases Verbals and verbal phrases Presentation Transcript

    • Verbals and Verbal Phrases Grade 7 
    • Verbals • Verbals are verb forms BUT DO NOT function as verbs. • Verbals act as other parts of speech, such as ADJECTIVES, NOUNS, and ADVERBS. • There are three verbals : 1. Participles 2. Gerunds 3. Infinitives
    • 1. Participles and Participial Phrase • A verbal that acts as an ADJECTIVE. • It modifies nouns or other pronouns. • It looks like either a present participle ( verb + -ing) OR a past participle. ( verb + -ed, -en, -d, etc. ) • A participial phrase is composed of a participle and its modifiers and complements.
    • • Examples 1. Shopping, Ming spends her entire pay. 2. The poem translated in English is sung every morning. 3. The broken glasses on the floor made it hard for the people to pass. 1. Participles and Participial Phrase
    • Let’s practice! 1. Soccer is an exciting sport. 2. The game has two competing teams. 3. Players can only touch the released balls with their feet, body, or head. 4. Only the goalkeeper can touch the ball with his gloved hands. 5. The beloved game starts with a kick off. 1. Participles and Participial Phrase Let’s practice! 1. Soccer is an exciting sport. 2. The game has two competing teams. 3. Players can only touch the released balls with their feet, body, or head. 4. Only the goalkeeper can touch the ball with his gloved hands. 5. The beloved game starts with a kick off.
    • 2. Gerunds and Gerund Phrases • A verbal that acts as a NOUN. • It occupies any of the following functions in a sentence : subject, direct object, indirect object, object of the preposition, subjective complement, and appositive. • A gerund looks like a present participle of the verb (verb + -ing) • A gerund phrase is composed of a gerund and its modifiers and complements.
    • • Examples : 2. Gerunds and Gerund Phrases FUNCTION GERUND Subject Shopping is Ming’s favorite pastime. Direct Object Ming loves shopping. Indirect Object Ming gives shopping a lot of time and energy. Subj. Comp. Ming’s favorite pastime is shopping. Obj. of the Prep. Ming spends her money for shopping. Appositive Ming’s favorite pastime, shopping, is her way of unwinding.
    • Let’s practice! 1. Many people spend time in doing leisure activities. 2. Enjoying a quiet hobby is enough of a leisure activities. 3. My best friend loves indulging in sports activities. 4. Swimming in the pool is one of his regular exercises. 5. Playing in a band is considered cool by others. 2. Gerunds and Gerund Phrases Let’s practice! 1. Many people spend time in doing leisure activities. 2. Enjoying a quiet hobby is enough of a leisure activities. 3. My best friend loves indulging in sports activities. 4. Swimming in the pool is one of his regular exercises. 5. Playing in a band is considered cool by others.
    • Participle vs. Gerunds 1. Mother likes inventing her own dishes. 2. She is a fascinating cook. 3. She once served us vegetables swimming in blue soup. 4. The resulting cake would be the best we’ve ever had. 5. Cooking will always be an adventure for mother. 1. Mother likes inventing her own dishes. G 2. She is a fascinating cook. P 3. She once served us vegetables swimming in blue soup. P 4. The resulting cake would be the best we’ve ever had. P 5. Cooking will always be an adventure for mother. G
    • 3. Infinitives and Infinitive Phrases • A verbal that may act as a NOUN, ADJECTIVE, or an ADVERB. • An infinitive is formed by adding to to the base form of the verb ( to + verb) • An infinitive phrase is composed of an infinitive and its modifiers and complements.
    • Examples: 3. Infinitives and Infinitive Phrases FUNCTION INFINITIVE NOUN Subj. To shop is Ming’s favorite pastime. DO Ming loves to shop. SC Ming’s favorite pastime is to shop. OP Ming spends no money except to shop. Ap Ming’s favorite pastime, to shop, is her way of unwinding herself. ADJECTIVE SM is Ming’s favorite place to shop for bargains. ADVERB Eager to shop at SM, Ming spends all her money.
    • Let’s Practice! 1. There are many ways to relax our minds and bodies. 2. Some would choose to treat themselves somewhere. 3. Others prefer to go straight home and watch televesion. 4. Others take their iPods to listen to music. 5. The place to restore one’s energies is the place that makes one the happiest. 3. Infinitives and Infinitive Phrases Let’s Practice! 1. There are many ways to relax our minds and bodies. (adverb) 2. Some would choose to treat themselves somewhere. (adverb) 3. Others prefer to go straight home and watch televesion. (noun-DO) 4. Others take their iPods to listen to music. (adverb) 5. The place to restore one’s energies is the place that makes one the happiest. (adjective)
    • EXERCISE Identify the verbals or verbal phrases in the sentences below. Then, identify its kind . 1. They love to take us to theme parks or malls. 2. One Saturday, they offered to go with us to Ocean Park. 3. My cousins and I enjoyed viewing the fishes. 4. Several fishes, swimming joyfully, are displayed in the aquarium. 5. Many people love to visit the Ocean Park for an aquatic adventure. 6. In another instance, our grandparents, considered taking us to Star City. 7. They allowed us to enjoy the different rides. 8. Overwhelmed with excitement, we hurriedly lined up to the Snow World. 9. The exhilarating rides were a hit with my brother and sister. 10. Our grandparents know how to make us feel like beloved children
    • Let’s check! 1. to take - infinitive 2. to go – infinitive 3. viewing the fishes – gerund phrase 4. swimming joyfully – participial phrase 5. to visit the Ocean Park – infinitive phrase 6. taking us to Star City –gerund phrase 7. to enjoy the different rides – infinitive phrase 8. Overwhelmed with excitement – participial phrase 9. exhilarating - participle 10. to make – infinitive
    • Summary VERBALS FORM EXAMPLES FUNCTION Participle <verb > + -ing <verb> + -ed, -en, -d Shopping, breaking, shopped, broken adjective Gerund <verb> + -ing Shopping, breaking noun Infinitive to + <verb> To shop, to break noun, adjective, adverb