•Increase in usage of
chemical fertilizers on
• Methane emissions
from animals, agricultur
e such as rice paddies,
and from Arctic seabeds
forests for wood, pulp,
emissions from fossil
fuel burning power
• Disappearance of
•More killer storms
• Rise in sea
refers to the reason or to understand why
it is the event that happens first
to determine the cause, ask the
question "Why Did it Happen?"
the outcome or result
it’s the one that happens second or last
to determine the effect, ask the
question "What Happened?"
1. The dwarf did not move because it had been
turned to stone by the White Witch.
Cause: it had been turned to stone by the White
Effect: the dwarf did not move
2. Because he was afraid of the White Witch, Mr.
Tumnus agreed to do whatever she wanted.
Cause: he was afraid of the White Witch
Effect: Mr. Tumnus agreed to do whatever she
Why is it important?
If we understand the causes of accidents,
wars, and natural disasters, perhaps we can
avoid them in the future.
If we understand the consequences of our
own behavior, perhaps we can modify our
behavior in a way that will allow us to lead
happier, safer lives.
Without the ability to identify these
relationships, students are at risk socially and
academically. They will not understand
actions and consequences or be able to
understand or describe phenomena at a deep
This also proves that for every action there is
an opposite and equal reaction.