A knowledge of basic sentence structure is
necessary to write well.
Once the basic patterns have been learned,
the study of more complicated patterns will
In each of the six basic sentence patterns, the
function of the verb and the nature of the
complement or completer required by the
verb, are what distinguishes one pattern from
Pattern 1: S-IV pattern
Made up of a subject and a verb plus any modifiers
there is no complement or completer; therefore, the
verb is intransitive
Example: Traditions exist.
Pattern 2: S-TV-DO pattern
Made of a subject and a verb and a direct object.
The verb is transitive because it is acting upon an
Example: The Filipino had oral traditions.
S TV DO
Pattern 3: S-LV-C pattern
The third pattern is composed of a subject, linking
verb and complement. It uses the verb "be" and all
its forms; be, is, am, are, was, were, been, being.
Example: The poems were incantations.
S LV C
Pattern 4: S-TV-IO-DO pattern
Consists of a subject, a verb, an indirect object, and a
Example: The book gave them magic formulas.
S TV IO DO
Pattern 5: S-TV-DO-OC pattern
Consists of a subject, a verb, direct object and
objective complement. The objective complement,
which is either a noun that renames the direct
object or an adjective that describes the direct
Example: They considered Dr. Rizal wise.
S TV DO OC
Pattern 6:V-S inverted pattern
V stands forTV, IV, or LV.The subject comes
after the verb. Usually uses there and it.
Example: There is a Chinese in that store.