• Great Britain is a country which comprises four main regions: England whose capital city is London North Great Wales Ireland Britain (Cardiff) (Belfast) Scotland (Edinburg)
During its evolution up to our days, English has gonetrough three stages known as : Modern Middle English English Old English or Anglosaxon Let’s study them very briefly.
• OLD ENGLISH “THE BABY”This period extends from seventh to the eleventhcentury. The main characteristics of Old English orAnglosaxon is that the nouns had many inflections. Thistime the invaders were the Normans, who wereFrench-speaking-people. French Anglosaxon version version • marvelous • wonderful • Mirror • Looking-glass • Profound • Deep • Lunatic • Crazy • magician • wizard
• MIDDLE ENGLISH “THE ADOLESCENT”Its extends from the year 1150. This is a period oftransition, marked by a significant transformation of thelanguage: All inflections disappeared and were replaced by: WITH BY TOGEOFFREY CHAUCER. He was the first person whodared to write a piece of literature in English.Chaucer wrote a series of poems with the title of “TheCanterbury Tales”, For that reason he is called “thefather of English poetry”.
• OLD ENGLISH “THE ADULT”It extends from the year 1500 up to the present days.The English of today is a little different from MiddleEnglish and absolutely different from Old English.Remember our simile, comparing the evolution of thelanguage with the growing of a person: The adults looksmore or less like the adolescent, but completelydifferent from the baby.One important characteristic of Modern English is thedissimilarity between form of the words and theirpronunciation of the words from their graphicappearance.
• The English language is spoken as a native tongue in the fallowing countries: FIRST SECOND LANGUAGE LANGUAGE Nigeria, Great Zambia, Britain, Ireland, India, the Australia, New United Zeeland, the Kingdom and United States colonies of and Canada. the USA.
• At present, there are two mains varieties of the language in the world: British English and American English. There are certain differences between the two in the accent, the levels of pronunciation, spelling and vocabulary. Let’s see some examples:
IN VOCABULARY • American English British English • Sidewalk Pavement • Elevator Lift • Faucet Tap • Refrigerator FridgeIN SPELLING • Theater Theatre • Center Centre • To practice To practise • Jail Gaol
• To summarize, the making of English is the story of three invasions (Roman, German and Norman) and a cultural revolution. This language was brought to Britain by the German tribes (The Angles and the Saxons) it was influenced by Latin, transformed by the French-speaking-people (Normans) and enriched by the lexical contributions of many modern languages. • By M.A. Francisco Moreno