Hispanics andWestward expansion. • Presentation was prepared by Davidova Galina Vaduhina Yulia
HispanicsIn Spanish «hispano» means «relating to Spain».Today the name Hispanics is commonly used inthe United States for peoplewith origins in Spanish–speaking countries.
Hispanic population in the USA•Hispanics comprise 15.08% of the USpopulation, or about 45 million people in 2007•If this growth rate continues, Hispanics in theUnited States will number anywhere from80 million to over 100 million by 2050. 100 80 числ. мил. 60 40 20 0 1980 1990 2000 2007 2050 год http://pewhispanic.org
Hispanics in America• California, Texas, Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada and Florida have been home to Hispanic peoples since the 16th
Westward expansion• The first contact between Spanish and American people was in 1492(Christopher Columb expedition)
Westward expansion• The Spanish were the first European explorers who sailed along the cost of California from the beginning of the 16 century• Hernan Сortes during his expedition reached the peninsula of Baja California www.astrored.org
Westward expansion• 1528-1536 - a Spanish expedition from Florida to the Gulf of California• 1687 - 1691 – Journeys of Father Eusebio Kino
Westward expansion• 1774-1791- the Spanish Crown sent several expeditions to further explore and settle California and possibly the Pacific Northwest.• 1775 - two-ship exploration expedition led by Spanish Captain Don Bruno de Heceta
California missions (1769-1823)• The California Missions include series of religious outposts established to spread the Christian doctrine among the local Native Americans http://missions.bgmm.com
Rancho• The Spanish (and later the Mexicans) encouraged settlement with large land grants which were turned into ranchos, where cattle and sheep were raised.
Californios• “Californios” - Spanish-speaking people, who live in California• By 1846, California had a Spanish- speaking population of under 10,000.
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo• The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo - signed on February 2, 1848• Marked the end of the Mexican-American War.• Mexico formally ceded California (and other northern territories) to the United States http://www.umich.edu
Incorporation of the Hispanic people• After the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo in 1848 and the Gadsden Purchase the vast majority of Hispanic populations chose to stay and become full US citizens. http://www.umich.edu
Gold Rush (1848-1855)• During the California Gold Rush, at least 25,000 Mexicans and thousands of Chileans, Peruvians, and other Latin Americans immigrated to California.
Flag of Hispanics• The white background - stands for peace• The Inti (sun god in Inca mythology) symbolizes the light shining on the American continent• Three crosses represent Christopher Columbus caravels
Hispanic population in the USA Mexicans Puerto Ricans Cubans Salvadorans 11% 1% 1% Dominicans 1% 2% 2% Guatemalans 3% Colombians 3% Hondurans 3% Ecuadorians 9% 64% Peruvians other
Hispanic Population http://pewhispanic.org/states/population/