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09   trends in information modelling
09   trends in information modelling
09   trends in information modelling
09   trends in information modelling
09   trends in information modelling
09   trends in information modelling
09   trends in information modelling
09   trends in information modelling
09   trends in information modelling
09   trends in information modelling
09   trends in information modelling
09   trends in information modelling
09   trends in information modelling
09   trends in information modelling
09   trends in information modelling
09   trends in information modelling
09   trends in information modelling
09   trends in information modelling
09   trends in information modelling
09   trends in information modelling
09   trends in information modelling
09   trends in information modelling
09   trends in information modelling
09   trends in information modelling
09   trends in information modelling
09   trends in information modelling
09   trends in information modelling
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09 trends in information modelling

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  • 1. Trends in Information ModellingConfigurable Reference Models &amp;ProcessBuilding Blocks<br />
  • 2. Idea: Streamlining Information Modeling<br />CostandComplexityReductionthroughConfigurative Reference Modeling<br />CostandComplexityReductionthroughProcessBuilding Blocks<br />
  • 3. ConfigurativeReference Modelling<br />
  • 4. Configurative Reference Modeling<br />Warehousing &amp; 3rd-Party-Deal<br />Warehousing &amp; 3rd-Party-Deal<br />Idea: Generating modelvariants automatically<br />Starting point:integrated totalmodel<br />Dependent onuser‘s requirements<br />ConfigurativeReference Modeling<br />Non-Skilled Person<br />Non-Skilled Person<br />
  • 5. Introduction – Reuse of Information Models<br />Reuse of information models implies complying with needs of different user groups<br />company-specific user groups<br />companies as user groups  “reference models”<br />varying requirements<br />to be considered within information models<br />
  • 6. Example: Requirements of Different Companies<br />Business characteristics (e. g. type of trade business)<br />
  • 7. Example: Requirements of Company Specific User Groups<br />Perspectives<br />DimensionsofPerspectives<br />Modeling Purpose<br />OrganizationalRole<br />Further Influences<br />
  • 8. Resulting Problems<br />Problems: Redundancies<br />Increased modeling and maintenance costs<br />Danger of Inconsistencies within the model base<br />
  • 9. Solution: Configurative Information Modeling<br />Constructionof an integrated total modelthatcontains all perspective-specificinformations<br />Model elementsthatare relevant formorethanoneperspectivehavetobemodeledandmaintainedonlyonce<br />Redundanciesand<br />inconsistenciesareavoided.<br />
  • 10. Basic Concept: Model Projection<br />Specific models for specific perspectives are provided via model projection<br />Model elements that are not relevant for a specific perspective are hidden<br />Models for specific perspectives are reprensented by viewson the integrated total model<br />
  • 11. Configuration Mechanisms<br />Model Type Selection<br />Selection of different model types for different perspectives<br />(e. g. ERM vs. Technical Term Model)<br />Element Type Selection<br />Variation of model types for different perspectives<br />(e. g. annotation of organizational units in the EPC)<br />Element Selection<br />Hiding of non relevant, single model elements<br />Synonym Management<br />Perspective-specific exchange of synonyms<br />Representation Variation<br />Variation of symbols<br />Variation of model topologies<br />Representation variation of configuration points<br />
  • 12. Model Layers<br />Model that-describessimilaritiesoftheusedmodelinglanguages-allowsmodificationsofthemeta model language-isusedtospecifyconfigurationmechanisms<br />Models oftheusedmodelinglanguage(s)<br />Models oftheregardedissue(s)<br />Issue(s) tobemodeled<br />
  • 13. E. g. Organizational Design<br />Configuration Mechanisms: Model Type Selection<br />Model Types: resulttypesof a modelinglanguage:EPC, ERM etc.<br />MetaMeta Model Layer:assignmentofperspectivesto model types<br />Meta Model Layer: Language specificationsof non selected model typesdisappear<br />Model Layer: Modeling with „forbidden“ languagesisnolongerpossible<br />
  • 14. Configuration Mechanisms: Element Type Selection<br />
  • 15. Configuration Mechanisms: Element Type Selection<br />Meta Meta Model Layer:Reduction of model types by element types<br />
  • 16. Configuration Mechanisms: Element Type Selection<br />Meta Model Layer:Element types disappear from the specifications of model types<br />
  • 17. ProcessBuilding Blocks<br />
  • 18. Problem of Governmental Processes<br />
  • 19. Firefighters<br />Police<br />Citizens Office<br />Environment Office<br />Building Office<br />Process in an inter-administrational View<br />
  • 20. Traditional Process Modelling<br />Traditional Modelling Approaches:<br />Use of generally applicable modelling languages<br />Not domain specific (harder to understand)<br />High/varying level of detail (not always required)<br />High degree of freedom (difficult to analyse)<br />Syntactically complex (requires expert knowledge)<br />Time consuming <br />
  • 21. Process Building Blocks<br />
  • 22.
  • 23. PICTURE Language Constructs (II)<br />
  • 24. Example for PICTURE Language Constructs<br />
  • 25. Objectives and Challenges<br />Objectives of PICTURE<br />Get an overview of the whole process landscape of a public body<br />Efficient identification and analysis of possible reorganisation activities (organisational and technical)<br />Challenges<br />Many interdependent processes<br />Huge amount of functional process know-how of employees<br />Limited time of employees<br />Handling and presentation of a huge amount of processes<br />Maintenance and reutilisation of existing processes<br />
  • 26. Potential of the Building Block-Based Process Modelling<br />Higher comparability of particular types of model elements to present activities<br />Increased impact of individual elements on the meaning of the whole model<br />If possible: immediate use of domain-specific terminology within the process building blocks to increase the comprehensibility (e.g. “Undertake formal check”)<br />Highlighting function for relevant issues (e.g. “Transfer data in computer system”)<br />Limiting function for non-relevant issues (e.g. no graphical representation of complex checks of content as it is enclosed in the building block “Check content”)<br /> Result: Better comparability between models<br />
  • 27. Trends in Information ModellingConfigurable Reference Models &amp;ProcessBuilding Blocks<br />

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