Ne Water Presentation Intro, Conservation

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  • Singapore has a large urban population as a city-state. We are categorized as a “water-stressed” country, as less than 1,000 m 3 per person of water is available from within the country. We have small amount of land and territory and have no natural resources like freshwater lakes.
  • Ne Water Presentation Intro, Conservation

    1. 1. <ul><li>“ Water-Stressed” </li></ul><ul><li><1,000 m 3 per person of water </li></ul><ul><li>Small amount of land </li></ul><ul><li>No Natural Resources </li></ul>
    2. 2. Rainwater, catchment areas (67%) Imported Water, Recycled Water, Desalination (33%)
    3. 4. Public Utilities Board
    4. 5. <ul><li>Introduced in 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Get Singaporeans to save 10 litres of water a day. </li></ul><ul><li>One-stop Edutainment website portal </li></ul><ul><li>Tips on water conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Water Efficient Homes programme </li></ul><ul><li>Water Volunteer Groups programme </li></ul><ul><li>Labelling scheme </li></ul>
    5. 8. <ul><ul><li>Meet our Future Needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preserve environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manage Increasing Demand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of Natural Resources </li></ul></ul>
    6. 9. Water conservation ‘ Wallet Conservation!’
    7. 10. <ul><li>Lessen dependence on foreign supply </li></ul><ul><li>To ensure stable, sustainable water supply </li></ul><ul><li>Cater to our growth as a country </li></ul>
    8. 11. <ul><li>Maximise water we can harvest </li></ul><ul><li>Landuse for water catchment creased to 2/3 of our nation after completion of reservoir schemes </li></ul><ul><li>Popular venues for sports and recreation </li></ul>
    9. 12. <ul><li>2 Bilateral agreements with Malaysia </li></ul><ul><li>Expires 2011 and 2061 </li></ul>
    10. 13. <ul><li>Used water is reclaimed </li></ul><ul><li>Treated to drinking standards </li></ul><ul><li>Less dependent on Malaysia for water </li></ul>
    11. 14. <ul><li>Turn sea water into drinking water </li></ul><ul><li>1 st desalination plant opened in 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Delivers 30 million galloons of portable water a day! </li></ul>
    12. 16. <ul><li>Membranes from Canada </li></ul><ul><li>Contains microscopic pores (about 0.04 micron) </li></ul><ul><li>Vacuum draw up the water molecule. </li></ul><ul><li>Larger size of contaminants and impurities blocked away. </li></ul>
    13. 17. <ul><li>Main technology behind NEWater </li></ul><ul><li>Contains even smaller pores (about 0.0001 micron) </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure force water through membrane </li></ul><ul><li>Block away remaining smaller size virus, bacteria, contaminants etc </li></ul><ul><li>Drinkable! </li></ul>
    14. 18. <ul><li>Back-up & Safety precaution </li></ul><ul><li>Disrupts reproduction of cells </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure there is no more bacteria and viruses </li></ul>
    15. 19. <ul><li>Slightly Acidic water </li></ul><ul><li>Sodium hydroxide added </li></ul><ul><li>Neutral pH and maintain balance </li></ul><ul><li>Not a stage! </li></ul>
    16. 20. Direct non-portable use Indirect Portable Use
    17. 21. <ul><li>1 st Asian country to receive Award of Excellence </li></ul><ul><li>Global Hydrohub </li></ul>
    18. 23. <ul><li>Sustainable </li></ul><ul><li>Environmentally friendly </li></ul><ul><li>Very safe to drink </li></ul><ul><li>Purer than tap water </li></ul><ul><li>More cost-effective </li></ul><ul><li>Cheaper than desalination </li></ul><ul><li>Portable and non-portable use </li></ul><ul><li>Increase supply of water </li></ul>
    19. 24. <ul><li>Psychological barrier </li></ul><ul><li>Treated sewage ? </li></ul><ul><li>May get careless with water and not save. </li></ul>
    20. 28. <ul><li>NEWater is used as a source of raw water to supplement Singapore’s supply. </li></ul><ul><li>Water Reclamation </li></ul>
    21. 29. <ul><li>Max 120 people </li></ul><ul><li>Tour Guide </li></ul><ul><li>Fee = $0 </li></ul>
    22. 30. <ul><li>“ Amazing Race” </li></ul><ul><li>The SN NEWater Challenge! </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage Participation </li></ul><ul><li>Create excitement </li></ul>
    23. 31. <ul><li>Chartered Bus </li></ul><ul><li>School NEWater Visitor Centre </li></ul>
    24. 32. <ul><li>2 classes (80 ppl) </li></ul><ul><li>Groups of 4-5 </li></ul><ul><li>1 Group, 1 Worksheet </li></ul>
    25. 33. Entrance Waterwise Arcade Walk on NEWater NEWater Factory Experience Waters of Singapore Theatre control Room with Quotes Water Cascade
    26. 35. <ul><li>Crossword Puzzle Clues </li></ul><ul><li>Can be found in stations </li></ul><ul><li>Open-ended Questions </li></ul>
    27. 36. <ul><li>Crossword Puzzle </li></ul>
    28. 37. Rationale <ul><li>Educate students about the importance of conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Current water situation in Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>Deeper understanding on the development of membrane technology. </li></ul>
    29. 38. THANK YOU!

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