Intentional Fallacy – signifies what is claimed to be the error of interpreting and evaluating a literary work by reference to evidence, outside the text itself for the intention---the design purposes of it’s author.
Originally designated the formulation of principles of interpretation that apply specifically to the Bible; the principles incorporated both the rules governing a valid reading of the biblical text, and exegesis, or commentary on the application of the meanings expressed in the text.
Typological – In typological theory, that is, the key persons, actions, and events in the Old testament are view as “figurae” which are historically real themselves, but also “prefigure” those actions, persons, and events that are similar to them in some aspect, function, or relationship.
Invective - Speech or writing that abuses, denounces, or attacks. It can be directed against a person, cause, idea, or system. It employs a heavy use of negative emotive language. ; vehement or violent denunciation, censure, or reproach.
I cannot but conclude the bulk of your natives to be the most pernicious race of little odious vermin that nature ever suffered to crawl upon the surface of the earth. --Jonathan Swift, Gulliver's Travels
Irony – A mode of expression, through words (verbal irony) or events (irony of situation), conveying a reality different from and usually opposite to appearance or expectation. A writer may say the opposite of what he means, create a reversal between expectation and its fulfillment, or give the audience knowledge that a character lacks, making the character's words have meaning to the audience not perceived by the character.
Local Color - the detailed representation in prose fiction of the setting, dialect, customs, dress, and ways of thinking and feeling which are distinctive of a particular region, such as Thomas Hardy’s “Wessex” or Rudyard Kipling’s India.