Writing a Manuscript for Publication
投稿用英語論文の書き方

Richard Haase, PhD
Senior Physical Sciences Editor
Edanz Group Japan
30 ...
My career is in mathematical physics
Richard Haase
Student
Post-doctorate
Researcher
Lecturer
Associate
Professor
Senior P...
My research interests include symmetry in nature,
i.e. group theory applications to physical systems

atomic and molecular...
Being published is important for a researcher

Edanz Group Japan | 4
Writing forces you to think
critically about issues

Edanz Group Japan | 5
You have an obligation to share findings

By explaining results to others,
you get a better understanding
of your own find...
You need to justify support for your research
Researcher
Career Advancement
Peer Recognition

Grant Writing
Funding Bodies...
For all these reasons …

Your research is not completed
until it has been published

Edanz Group Japan | 8
Research manuscripts need to be
subjected to peer-review, so that…
 Publication of findings comply with
standards in qual...
Research community is guaranteed
of the correctness of knowledge
Classical
Physics
Quantum
Physics
Particle
Physics

Nucle...
Editors and reviewers want good
quality research papers
 Areas of active research (citations, downloads)
 Studies that a...
The Japanese scientific writing style is very
different to English





Passive voice
Cause/reason comes first
Followe...
Communicating science in English requires a
change in the way of thinking
 Active voice

能動態

 The conclusion is stated ...
To improve your writing, you need to
understand how English readers read

The Concept of Reader Expectations*

* Gopen and...
Information is easier to interpret if placed
where most readers expect to find it

Good writers are aware
of these expecta...
Readers make important interpretations
about substance based on clues from
structure
a)

World Population in 2010: 6,975,2...
How you structure your text matters
Based on the lattice Boltzmann method, the static and dynamic
wetting property of hydr...
How you structure your text matters
We report on our study of the static and dynamic wetting
property of hydrophobic surfa...
Readers expect the verb to follow closely
the subject

Sentence

Subject

Verb
.

The reader is distracted by a large sepa...
For better readability, the subject and verb
should be close together

Sentence

Subject
Verb

.

Readers interpret inform...
Example
Three- and four-photon nonlinear absorptions by the z-scan technique
in ZnS and 1% Mn2+-doped ZnS quantum dots (QD...
Readers expect related words to be
kept together
 Professor Esaki will give a lecture on Monday evening in
the department...
Use the active voice for greater
understanding
Subject
Verb

Readers use the verb to determine
the action of the sentence
...
Use active voice for better writing
 Recent work on multiferroic materials was presented by Dr
Tanaka.
o Dr Tanaka presen...
Readers naturally focus on information
that is at the end of a sentence
Subject
Verb

Stress position
.

Information is in...
The stress position usually contains the new
information of the text
 The dog sat when her mistress offered a treat.
 Th...
Information at the beginning of a sentence
establishes what the sentence is about
Topic position

.

Dr Tanaka presented h...
Topic positions link back to old information
and provide context for new information
topic position
.

.

stress position
...
The beginning of the sentence links what
came before with what will come later
All the family went into the courtyard to s...
Reading each new sentence involves inhaling to
summon tension and exhaling to produce
emphasis … like a “mental breath”
To...
For example….
Superconductivity's third side unmasked
The debate over the mechanism that causes superconductivity in
a cla...
A sentence could have …
more than one interpretation,
more than one meaning

Writer

Text

Reader

Edanz Group Japan | 32
Tables and figures are powerful ways to
present information





Choose type of display item carefully
Captions must b...
There are many ways to display your data

Edanz Group Japan | 34
A 3D schematic diagram can make for a
high-quality display item
Axes clearly labeled
Schematic drawing
showing all
compone...
Figure 1: Schematic indicating various distances (not at scale) in
the tip-particle magnetic layout in a dipole-dipole mod...
Structure paragraphs to persuade your readers
Assertion: the topic sentence
comes at or near the beginning
and introduces ...
Structure paragraphs to persuade your readers
In the single-phase SCTFO, Co2+ doping encourages the magnetic anisotropy to...
Make your paragraphs the unit of
composition
Topics from each paragraph are
logically linked by providing
background
and c...
A scientific manuscript has a structural
pattern that repeats itself at all levels
Rule for replication

Self-similarity i...
A way to write simply and increase
readability is to remove unnecessary
words
Simply say “to” instead of “in order to”

Ph...
You must edit your own work
 Write simply: omit unnecessary words
on the basis that
in the case that
in spite of the fact...
Editing your own work
Conclusion
In summary, BaTiO nanotubes were successfully synthesized by a simple
chemical route at l...
Editing your own work

Edanz Group Japan | 44
Editing your own work
In summary, we synthesized BaTiO nanotubes by a simple chemical route at low
temperature. Our reacti...
Develop an outline to aid the writing process
 Determine your purpose in writing
 Develop your argument
 Determine your...
An outline for your manuscript reflects
logical thinking

An outline is a general plan of the material showing topic order...
A generic outline






Organize flow of ideas
Establishes an ordered overview
Provides a logical platform
Defines div...
Synthesis of Large Area, Homogeneous, Single Layer Graphene
Films (GF) by Annealing Amorphous Carbon on Co and Ni
ABSTRACT...
IMRaD follows a logical structure that
follows the concept of reader expectations
Assertion
Evidence
Affirmation

Title, A...
Journal selection is about finding the most
appropriate platform for your manuscript

Edanz Group Japan | 51
Match your manuscript with the journal

 What is your message?
 Who will be interested?
 Where have similar articles be...
Various factors need considering in journal
selection

Edanz Group Japan | 53
An effective cover letter sells your manuscript to
a journal editor
Dear Editor-in-Chief,
I am sending you our manuscript ...
To be effective the cover letter must explain
the importance of your findings
 Address the editor personally
 State your...
Your cover letter must convey relevance
Dear Dr Reed,
Please find enclosed our manuscript titled “Easy synthesis of nanotu...
Peer-reviewers assess your manuscript for
the science and suggest improvements
• Is there sufficient novelty?
• Are the fi...
The assessment of the science will include
aspects such as…
Research question
Research question
Methods
Methods
Validation...
The manuscript will be scrutinized for
technical aspects such as…
Rationale and aims
Rationale and aims
Citations
Citation...
Make the most of peer review: it’s there
to help
 Reviewer comments are given to help you revise your
manuscript
 Make t...
Be thorough in responding to peer reviewers

Edanz Group Japan | 61
The response letter is addressed to the editor
Dear Dr __________________: [address the editor by name]
Thank you for your...
Point-by-point responses to all reviewer
comments are addressed after the letter
Reviewer Comment: In your analysis of the...
You can disagree over a reviewer comment
but respond politely and professionally
Reviewer Comment: In your analysis of the...
Speeding up publication requires
understanding the needs of the journal
 Check language for grammar and spelling
 Regist...
Central ideas for science communication
 Read! Read! Read! Good writers are good readers.
 Never forget your reader.
 G...
Thank you
http://edanzediting.co.jp/nims201201

If you have queries about writing:
read2write@edanzgroup.com

Edanz Group ...
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Edanz nims workshop20120130

  1. 1. Writing a Manuscript for Publication 投稿用英語論文の書き方 Richard Haase, PhD Senior Physical Sciences Editor Edanz Group Japan 30 January 2012 Edanz Group Japan | 1
  2. 2. My career is in mathematical physics Richard Haase Student Post-doctorate Researcher Lecturer Associate Professor Senior Physical Sciences Editor Edanz Group Japan | 2
  3. 3. My research interests include symmetry in nature, i.e. group theory applications to physical systems atomic and molecular systems nuclear and particle physics – quarks systems condensed matter physics – spin systems astrophysics – neutron and quark stars space-time physics with geometric algebras Edanz Group Japan | 3
  4. 4. Being published is important for a researcher Edanz Group Japan | 4
  5. 5. Writing forces you to think critically about issues Edanz Group Japan | 5
  6. 6. You have an obligation to share findings By explaining results to others, you get a better understanding of your own findings Edanz Group Japan | 6
  7. 7. You need to justify support for your research Researcher Career Advancement Peer Recognition Grant Writing Funding Bodies Journal Publications Edanz Group Japan | 7
  8. 8. For all these reasons … Your research is not completed until it has been published Edanz Group Japan | 8
  9. 9. Research manuscripts need to be subjected to peer-review, so that…  Publication of findings comply with standards in quality and validity  The research community can examine your work  Discoveries are correctly accredited Edanz Group Japan | 9
  10. 10. Research community is guaranteed of the correctness of knowledge Classical Physics Quantum Physics Particle Physics Nuclear Physics Atomic Physics Molecular Physics Condensed Matter Nanoscience Edanz Group Japan | 10
  11. 11. Editors and reviewers want good quality research papers  Areas of active research (citations, downloads)  Studies that advance the field in some way  Topics appropriate for the journal audience  Written in clear and concise English English is the international language for research, and provides a greater audience for your work Edanz Group Japan | 11
  12. 12. The Japanese scientific writing style is very different to English     Passive voice Cause/reason comes first Followed by the conclusion Ki-sho-ten-ketsu 受動態 原因・理由が最初 結論が後に続く 起承転結 採用率を高める科学英語の書き方:日本人の論文に特徴的な問題点とは . 2011. International Nursing Review, Supplement 151, 34(3), 94−102 Edanz Group Japan | 12
  13. 13. Communicating science in English requires a change in the way of thinking  Active voice 能動態  The conclusion is stated first 結論を最初に記述  Reasoning or explanation comes after the conclusion 理由や説明が結論の後に来 る Edanz Group Japan | 13
  14. 14. To improve your writing, you need to understand how English readers read The Concept of Reader Expectations* * Gopen and Swan “The Science of Scientific Writing” (Am.Sci.,1990) Edanz Group Japan | 14
  15. 15. Information is easier to interpret if placed where most readers expect to find it Good writers are aware of these expectations Edanz Group Japan | 15
  16. 16. Readers make important interpretations about substance based on clues from structure a) World Population in 2010: 6,975,200,00 Brazil 190,755,799; China 1,339,724,852; India 1,210,193,422; Indonesia 237,641,326; Nigeria 162,471,000; Pakistan 177,825,000; United States 312,615,000. b) c) Population Country 1,339,724,852 China China 1,339,724,852 1,210,193,422 India India 1,210,193,422 312,615,000 United States United States 312,615,000 237,641,326 Indonesia Indonesia 237,641,326 190,755,799 Brazil Brazil 190,755,799 177,825,000 Pakistan Pakistan 177,825,000 162,471,000 Nigeria Nigeria 162,471,000 Country Population Edanz Group Japan | 16
  17. 17. How you structure your text matters Based on the lattice Boltzmann method, the static and dynamic wetting property of hydrophobic surfaces with micro and micronano dual-scale structures were studied. The simulation results show that the apparent contact angle of water droplet on the hydrophobic surface with micro-scale structures increased as the solid area decreased, and the dual-scale micro/nano structures would not only increase surface hydrophobicity of the surface, but also make the Cassie state of droplet more stable . Readers interpret as they read Edanz Group Japan | 17
  18. 18. How you structure your text matters We report on our study of the static and dynamic wetting property of hydrophobic surfaces with micro- and dual micro/nano-scale structures. Simulations based on the lattice Boltzmann method showed that the apparent contact angle of water droplets on hydrophobic surfaces with micro-scale structures increases as solid area decreases. In contrast, dual micro/nano-scale structures not only increase surface hydrophobicity but also greatly stabilize the Cassie state of the droplet. Readers interpret as they read Edanz Group Japan | 18
  19. 19. Readers expect the verb to follow closely the subject Sentence Subject Verb . The reader is distracted by a large separation between subject and verb Edanz Group Japan | 19
  20. 20. For better readability, the subject and verb should be close together Sentence Subject Verb . Readers interpret information more easily if it’s presented in the order they expect Edanz Group Japan | 20
  21. 21. Example Three- and four-photon nonlinear absorptions by the z-scan technique in ZnS and 1% Mn2+-doped ZnS quantum dots (QDs) with 532 and 1064 nm radiation, respectively, from a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser fundamental and its second harmonic radiation, are reported. Three- and four-photon nonlinear absorptions are reported for ZnS and 1% Mn2+-doped ZnS quantum dots (QDs). Measurements were obtained by the z-scan technique using the fundamental and second harmonic radiation from a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser corresponding to 532 and 1064 nm wavelengths respectively. Edanz Group Japan | 21
  22. 22. Readers expect related words to be kept together  Professor Esaki will give a lecture on Monday evening in the department, to which the public is invited, on "My Experiences in Physics" at eight P.M.  In the department on Monday evening at eight, Professor Esaki will give a public lecture on "My Experiences in Physics”. Place  Time  Presenter  Lecture  Title Edanz Group Japan | 22
  23. 23. Use the active voice for greater understanding Subject Verb Readers use the verb to determine the action of the sentence Edanz Group Japan | 23
  24. 24. Use active voice for better writing  Recent work on multiferroic materials was presented by Dr Tanaka. o Dr Tanaka presented his recent work on multiferroic materials.  Optical barriers were used by Steinberg to show that.... o Steinberg used optical barriers to show that...  Synchronized pump and signal pulses are achieved by extracting these pulses from the source by spectral filtering. o By spectral filtering, we achieve pulse synchronization by extracting the pump and signal pulses from the source. Edanz Group Japan | 24
  25. 25. Readers naturally focus on information that is at the end of a sentence Subject Verb Stress position . Information is interpreted more easily if placed where readers expect to find it Edanz Group Japan | 25
  26. 26. The stress position usually contains the new information of the text  The dog sat when her mistress offered a treat.  The dog sat when a treat was offered by her mistress.  When the mistress offered her a treat the dog sat. Readers take away information that is at the end of a sentence. Edanz Group Japan | 26
  27. 27. Information at the beginning of a sentence establishes what the sentence is about Topic position . Dr Tanaka presented his recent work on multiferroic materials. Recent work on multiferroic materials was presented by Dr Tanaka. Readers expect a composition to be a story about whoever shows up first Edanz Group Japan | 27
  28. 28. Topic positions link back to old information and provide context for new information topic position . . stress position Edanz Group Japan | 28
  29. 29. The beginning of the sentence links what came before with what will come later All the family went into the courtyard to see the new puppy. The dog sat when her owner offered a treat. Everyone was so excited, they broke into applause. Edanz Group Japan | 29
  30. 30. Reading each new sentence involves inhaling to summon tension and exhaling to produce emphasis … like a “mental breath” Topic positions . Stress positions . Edanz Group Japan | 30
  31. 31. For example…. Superconductivity's third side unmasked The debate over the mechanism that causes superconductivity in a class of materials called the pnictides has been settled by a research team from Japan and China. Superconductivity at elevated temperatures was discovered in the pnictides only recently; that places these compounds within the class of socalled 'high-temperature superconductors'. Despite the term, the temperatures at which these superconductors function are still well below room temperature. Realizing superconductivity at room temperature remains a key challenge in physics; that discovery would revolutionize electronics as electrical devices would operate without losing energy. Edanz Group Japan | 31
  32. 32. A sentence could have … more than one interpretation, more than one meaning Writer Text Reader Edanz Group Japan | 32
  33. 33. Tables and figures are powerful ways to present information     Choose type of display item carefully Captions must be able to ‘stand alone’ Label all parts of your figures Include trend-lines, scale bars, and statistical significance Upper: Various field-dependent “novel” phases of URu2Si2 emanating from the itinerant f-electron heavyfermion state. NFL represents non-Fermi liquid and MM metamagnetic crossovers. Lower: Similar phase diagram, now for U(Ru1.96Rh0.04)2Si2. HO is fully quenched, yet a similar high phase (M =1/3) is formed surrounded by Fermi liquids. Images courtesy of Marcelo Jaime (LANL) Edanz Group Japan | 33 Edanz Group Japan |
  34. 34. There are many ways to display your data Edanz Group Japan | 34
  35. 35. A 3D schematic diagram can make for a high-quality display item Axes clearly labeled Schematic drawing showing all components and markings clearly Clear ‘stand alone’ captions Figure 2. Geometry of a typical ARPES experiment. The momentum K of the emitted photoelectron is specified with respect to the angles q and f defined with respect to the normal to the sample surface. a,b, Photon-number distribution for input and output pulses, respectively. The blue solid lines show the fitted Poisson distribution, the green dotted line represents the no-cloning limit, and the red dashed line shows the boundary for the … Edanz Group Japan | 35
  36. 36. Figure 1: Schematic indicating various distances (not at scale) in the tip-particle magnetic layout in a dipole-dipole model. The model locates the magnetic dipoles (black arrows) at the center of a sphere approximating the tip apex of diameter dt and at the center of a sphere representing the surface plasmon (SP) nanoparticle (NP) having diameter dm; d0 represents the thickness of a non-magnetic shell surrounding the nanoparticle. In this scheme, the dipole-dipole distance is therefore easily obtained adding z0= dm/2+dt/2+d0 to the physical distance s. Edanz Group Japan | 36
  37. 37. Structure paragraphs to persuade your readers Assertion: the topic sentence comes at or near the beginning and introduces the theme Evidence: explains or establishes or develops the statement made in the topic sentence Affirmation: emphasizes the thought of the topic sentence or states some important consequence Edanz Group Japan | 37
  38. 38. Structure paragraphs to persuade your readers In the single-phase SCTFO, Co2+ doping encourages the magnetic anisotropy to change from axial to planar, whereas Ti 4+ substitution interrupts the magnetic interactions between the two blocks RS and R*S*, resulting in SCTFO having a high enough resistivity to ensure magneto-electric measurements. This is shown in Fig.1, the values of P decrease monotonously with increasing magnetic field. According to Eq. (1), the spin cone in SCTFO closes with application of a magnetic field, leading to a correspondingly decrease in P. Moreover, the values of M decrease with increasing E, as shown in Fig.2. The remanent magnetization of SCTFO, shown in Fig.5, can be reversibly and reproducibly controlled by an electric field, suggesting a potential application in non-volatile welling RAM with multiferroic hexaferrites. Thus, we have prepared a single-phase multiferroic SCTFO. The substitution of Co2+-Ti4+ pair for two Fe3+cations produces a spiral conical magnetic structure and high resistivity in SCTFO. This special spin structure can induce spontaneous P via spin-orbit coupling, suggestive of strong magnetoelectric coupling within SCTFOs. Electric control of magnetism is confirmed by our magnetization and MFM measurements. The excellent magneto-electric performance in SCTFO gives a valuable contribution to magneto-electric studies enabling electric controlling of magnetization in magneto-electric devices. Edanz Group Japan | 38
  39. 39. Make your paragraphs the unit of composition Topics from each paragraph are logically linked by providing background and context to the new topic Edanz Group Japan | 39
  40. 40. A scientific manuscript has a structural pattern that repeats itself at all levels Rule for replication Self-similarity in fractals Edanz Group Japan | 40
  41. 41. A way to write simply and increase readability is to remove unnecessary words Simply say “to” instead of “in order to” Physicists categorize waves by frequency and wavelength in order to compare wave behavior and characteristic properties. Physicists categorize waves by frequency and wavelength to compare wave behavior and characteristic properties. Edanz Group Japan | 41
  42. 42. You must edit your own work  Write simply: omit unnecessary words on the basis that in the case that in spite of the fact that owing to the fact that call your attention to the fact that the fact that we had not succeeded based on for though since (because) remind you our failure Often redundant: character, feature, nature, system, effect, process Edanz Group Japan | 42
  43. 43. Editing your own work Conclusion In summary, BaTiO nanotubes were successfully synthesized by a simple chemical route at low temperature. It is found that the reaction solvent plays a key role in the formation of BaTiO3 nanotubes, and the possible formation mechanism of BaTiO3 nanotubes might be dominated by the topochemical reaction process. Due to the high interface area and hollow structure of BaTiO nanotubes, the microwave absorption of BaTiO nanotubes /paraffin wax composite reached minimum reflection loss of 25 dB (~95% absorption) at 15 GHz for the weight fraction of 75%. Therefore, it is reasonable to believe that BaTiO nanotubes can become promising microwave absorbers. (101 words) Edanz Group Japan | 43
  44. 44. Editing your own work Edanz Group Japan | 44
  45. 45. Editing your own work In summary, we synthesized BaTiO nanotubes by a simple chemical route at low temperature. Our reaction solvents played a key role in the formation, a possible pathway being by topochemical reactions. Due to a high interface area and hollow structure, the microwave absorption of the nanotube/paraffin wax composite reached a minimum reflection loss of 25 dB (~95% absorption) at 15 GHz with a 75% weight fraction. Therefore, we assess such nanotubes to be useful as microwave absorbers. (77 words) Edanz Group Japan | 45
  46. 46. Develop an outline to aid the writing process  Determine your purpose in writing  Develop your argument  Determine your target readership and journal List ideas Label headings Group ideas under headings Edanz Group Japan | 46
  47. 47. An outline for your manuscript reflects logical thinking An outline is a general plan of the material showing topic ordering, relative importance and relationship between the various parts Edanz Group Japan | 47
  48. 48. A generic outline     Organize flow of ideas Establishes an ordered overview Provides a logical platform Defines divisions  Shows relationships between ideas  Identifies key-points Edanz Group Japan | 48
  49. 49. Synthesis of Large Area, Homogeneous, Single Layer Graphene Films (GF) by Annealing Amorphous Carbon on Co and Ni ABSTRACT KEYWORDS Single layer graphene, amorphous carbon, epitaxial metal, annealing INTRODUCTION • Graphene, a quasi two-dimensional (2-D) material; Extraordinary mobility in single-layer GF • Method to synthesize films suitable for large scale production • Formation on single crystal transition metal substrates • Catalytic chemical vapor deposition (CVD); The segregation and precipitation of C atoms on polycrystalline transition metals • Need to control the number of layers in the GF METHOD • Grow large area, continuous, and single layer GFs on thin film Co or Ni s • Details of the process rapid ramp-staging-rapid cooling • Figure 1 Schematic illustration of the graphene growth process • transport properties of graphene by making a graphene-based field effect transistor (FET) ANALYSIS • Optical analysis of the resulting graphene (optical microscopy; atomic force microscopy; transmission electron microscopy) • spectro-photometry for transmittance measurements • Figure 2 Characterization of the transferred GF; Figure 3 (a) Optical microscope image of a GF (b) Raman spectra • GFs on Co with different a-C thicknesses and cool down rates RESULTS • segregation mechanism on highly crystalline substrates, with fewer grain boundaries, appears self-limited • carrier mobility and Dirac-point shift showing a p-type behavior DISCUSSION • increased sheet resistances • transfer process onto SiO2/Si produced cracks or tears; • contribution of the PMMA to GF sheet resistance; • contribution of the contact resistance of the electrode and graphene; • the relatively high number of intrinsic defects (as shown by the D and D’ band) CONCLUSION • large area, homogenous, single layer graphene films on metals such as Co or Ni with high solubility carbon by annealing the amorphous carbon • homogeneity of the film is independent of the cool down rate • presence of very few grain boundaries in our crystalline substrate suppresses the precipitation of carbon ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS REFERENCES • Geim et al 2007 Edanz Group Japan | 49
  50. 50. IMRaD follows a logical structure that follows the concept of reader expectations Assertion Evidence Affirmation Title, Authors, Addresses , Abstract Introduction Methods Results Discussion Conclusions Acknowledgements References Appendices Scientific writings follows this format so that readers can extract the content they need quickly and efficiently Edanz Group Japan | 50
  51. 51. Journal selection is about finding the most appropriate platform for your manuscript Edanz Group Japan | 51
  52. 52. Match your manuscript with the journal  What is your message?  Who will be interested?  Where have similar articles been published?  How significant are your results? Edanz Group Japan | 52
  53. 53. Various factors need considering in journal selection Edanz Group Japan | 53
  54. 54. An effective cover letter sells your manuscript to a journal editor Dear Editor-in-Chief, I am sending you our manuscript titled “Techniques to detect entanglement in cats” by Schrodinger et al. We would like to have the manuscript considered for publication in Quantum Theory Frontiers. Title Please let me know of your decision at your earliest convenience. Authors Sincerely yours, Albert Einstein, Ph.D   Sending a cover letter as above with your manuscript to a journal editor is not enough Competition for publication space and for editors’ attention is very high Edanz Group Japan | 54
  55. 55. To be effective the cover letter must explain the importance of your findings  Address the editor personally  State your manuscript title and publication type  Give a brief background, rationale and description of your results  Explain why your findings would be of interest to the journal’s target audience  Provide corresponding author details Edanz Group Japan | 55
  56. 56. Your cover letter must convey relevance Dear Dr Reed, Please find enclosed our manuscript titled “Easy synthesis of nanotubes and microwave absorption properties”, by Smith et al., which we would like to submit for publication as a Research Article in Nanotechnology. The traditional techniques for preparing nanostructures rely on high pressure or high temperature. We sought a simpler low-cost method at lower-temperature and lone for which large-scale preparation of nanotubes with fine crystallinity and high purity could be achieved. Uniform nanotubes were synthesized via a simple wet chemical route at low temperature. The facile synthesis of nanotubes in ethanol/water mixed solvent at low temperature. We characterized our samples of nanotubes using standard spectroscopy techniques. The structure, morphology and the possible mechanism of formation of nanotubes are reported. As a material that is famous for its high dielectric constant and ferroelectric response, these findings should be quite useful for all researchers in the electronics industry. Give the background to the research What was done and what was found The microwave absorption properties of the nanotubes were studied in microwave frequency between 1−15GHz. We found significant absorption in the microwave range that opens up the possibility of different applications of this material. We believe our findings would appeal to a broad audience, such as the readership of Nanotechnology. As a wide-reaching journal publishing original research on all aspects of nanotechnology… Interest to journal’s readers We confirm that this manuscript has not been published elsewhere and is not under consideration by another journal. All authors have approved the manuscript and agree with submission to Nanotechnology. We have read and have abided by the statement of ethical standards for manuscripts submitted to Nanotechnology. The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare. Please address all correspondence to…. Conforms to journal requirements Edanz Group Japan | 56
  57. 57. Peer-reviewers assess your manuscript for the science and suggest improvements • Is there sufficient novelty? • Are the findings well-presented? • Is the science robust? Few papers are immediately accepted without need for revision Edanz Group Japan | 57
  58. 58. The assessment of the science will include aspects such as… Research question Research question Methods Methods Validations Validations Statistics Statistics Data versus Data versus conclusions conclusions Edanz Group Japan | 58
  59. 59. The manuscript will be scrutinized for technical aspects such as… Rationale and aims Rationale and aims Citations Citations Detailed Methods Detailed Methods Limitations Limitations Results format Results format Edanz Group Japan | 59
  60. 60. Make the most of peer review: it’s there to help  Reviewer comments are given to help you revise your manuscript  Make the suggested improvements  Consider additional experiments if suggested  Disagreeing with reviewers’ suggestions is OK  BUT provide evidence in your rebuttal (cite references) Edanz Group Japan | 60
  61. 61. Be thorough in responding to peer reviewers Edanz Group Japan | 61
  62. 62. The response letter is addressed to the editor Dear Dr __________________: [address the editor by name] Thank you for your consideration of our manuscript titled __________________________ [insert manuscript title here]. We have read the comments of the reviewers and found the comments helpful. We have thoroughly revised the manuscript and believe our revised manuscript represents a significant improvement over our initial submission. In response to the reviewers’ suggestions we have ____________________ [summarize the major changes here] Edanz Group Japan | 62
  63. 63. Point-by-point responses to all reviewer comments are addressed after the letter Reviewer Comment: In your analysis of the data you have chosen to use a somewhat obscure fitting function (regression). In my opinion, a simple Gaussian function would have sufficed. Moreover, the results would be more instructive and easier to compare with previous results. Response: We agree with the reviewer’s assessment of the analysis. Our tailored function makes it impossible to fully interpret the data in terms of the prevailing theories. In addition, in its current form it would be difficult to tell that this measurement constitutes a significant improvement over previously reported values. We have redone the analysis using a Gaussian fitting function. Edanz Group Japan | 63
  64. 64. You can disagree over a reviewer comment but respond politely and professionally Reviewer Comment: In your analysis of the data you have chosen to use a somewhat obscure fitting function (regression). In my opinion, a simple Gaussian function would have sufficed. Moreover, the results would be more instructive and easier to compare to previous results. Response: We agree with the reviewer that a simple Gaussian fit would facilitate comparison with the results of other studies. However, our tailored function allows for the analysis of the data in terms of the Smith model [Smith et al., 1998]. We have added two sentences to the paper (page 3 paragraph 2) to explain the use of this function and Smith’s model. Edanz Group Japan | 64
  65. 65. Speeding up publication requires understanding the needs of the journal  Check language for grammar and spelling  Register for online submission early  Comply with all guidelines for authors  Files must be in the correct format and size  Respond promptly to letters from the editor and peer review comments  Observe deadlines imposed by the journal Edanz Group Japan | 65 Edanz Group Japan
  66. 66. Central ideas for science communication  Read! Read! Read! Good writers are good readers.  Never forget your reader.  Good science is not written, it is rewritten. Edanz Group Japan | 66
  67. 67. Thank you http://edanzediting.co.jp/nims201201 If you have queries about writing: read2write@edanzgroup.com Edanz Group Japan | 67

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