What is tennis?Tennis is a sport usually playedbetween two players or betweentwo teams of two players each .Each player uses a racket that isstrung to strike a hollowrubber ball covered with felt over anet into the opponents court.
The modern game of tennis originated in late 19th century England, mosthistorians believe that the games ancient origin is from 12th century France, butthe ball was then struck with the palm of the hand. It was not until the 16th century that rackets came into use, and the game began to be called "tennis“.
Between 1859 and 1865 Harry Gem and his friend Augurio Perera developed a game that combined elements of rackets and the Basque ball game pelota, which they played on Pereiras croquet lawn in Birmingham, United Kingdom.
On May 21, 1881, the United States National Lawn Tennis Association was formed to standardize the rules andorganize competitions. The U.S. NationalMens Singles Championship, now the US Open, was first held in 1881 at Newport, Rhode Island. The U.S.National Womens Singles Championships were first held in 1887.
Lawn Tennis in the U.S. in 1887
RacquetsThe components of a tennis racquetinclude a handle, known as thegrip, connected to a neck which joins aroughly elliptical frame that holds amatrix of tightly pulled strings.
BallsTennis balls are of hollowrubber with a felt coating.
Manner of play
CourtTennis is played on a rectangular, flat surface, usually grass, clay, a hard- court of concrete and/or asphalt.
The four types of tennis court
Thedimensions of the court
ScoringA tennis match is determined through the best of 3 or 5 sets. While recreational players may agree to play any number of sets, depending upon time.
ServeA serve in tennis is a shot to start apoint. The serve is initiated by tossingthe ball into the air and hitting it intothe diagonally opposite service boxwithout touching the net.
ForehandFor a right-handed player, the forehandis a stroke that begins on the right sideof the body, continues across the bodyas contact is made with the ball, andends on the left side of the body.
BackhandFor right-handed players, the backhandis a stroke that begins on the left sideof their body, continues across theirbody as contact is made with theball, and ends on the right side of theirbody.
Other Shots• Volley• Half Volley• Lob• Overhead Smash• Drop Shot
OfficialsIn most professional play and some competition, there is anofficiating head judge or chair umpire, who sits in a raisedchair to one side of the court.
Tournaments are often organized by gender and number of players. Commontournament configurations include mens singles, womens singles, anddoubles, where two players play on each side of the net. Tournaments may be arranged for specific age groups, withupper age limits for youth and lower age limits for senior players.
Grand Slam tournaments The four Grand Slam tournaments are considered to be the most prestigioustennis tournaments in the world. They areheld annually and include, in chronological order, the Australian Open, the FrenchOpen, Wimbledon, and the US Open. Apart from the Olympic Games, Davis Cup, Fed Cup, and Hopman Cup, they are the only tournaments regulated by the International Tennis Federation (ITF).
Grand Slam TournamentsPeriod Tournament Location Surface Hard (PlexicushiJanuary Australian Open Melbourne on)May–June French Open Paris ClayJune–July Wimbledon London GrassAugust– US Open New York City Hard (DecoTurf)September
PlayersProfessional tennis players enjoy the same relative perks as most top sports personalities: clothing, equipment and endorsements. Like players of other individual sports such as golf, they are not salaried, but must play and finish highly in tournaments to obtain money. In recent years, some controversy has surrounded the involuntary or deliberate noise caused by players` grunting.