Timeline on the History of the Internet
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Timeline on the History of the Internet

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Timeline on the History of the Internet Timeline on the History of the Internet Document Transcript

  • HISTORY REFERENCES: http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0193167.html http://www.netvalley.com/archives/mirrors/davemarsh-timeline-1.htm
  • 1836 1858- •Cooke and Wheatstone patened the TELEGRAPH. •They revolutionized human telecommunications. •Transanlantic cables were invented that allowed direct and instaneous communications. -1866 •Today, these cables serves as a tool to connect all over the globe and to serve as the main hub of all connections. REFERENCES: http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0193167.html http://www.netvalley.com/archives/mirrors/davemarsh-timeline-1.htm
  • 1876 • The telephone was exhibited by Alexander Graham Bell. • Telephones exchanges provide the backbone of Internet connections today. 1957 • The USSR launche s the SPUTNIK. • The Sputnik is the Earth's first ever artificial satellite. 1962 • Packet-Switching networks were developed. • These are the networks where the internet relies on to switch datas. 1962 REFERENCES: http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0193167.html http://www.netvalley.com/archives/mirrors/davemarsh-timeline-1.htm
  • 1969 • The Birth of the Internet. • ARPANET commissioned by DoD for research into networking. 1971 1972 • People started to communicate over a network. • There were 15 nodes (23 hosts) on ARPANET • The E-mail was also invented. •Computers can already connect easily and freely. •First public demonstration of ARPANET between 40 machines. •Internetworking Working Group (INWG) created to address need for establishing agreed upon protocols REFERENCES: http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0193167.html http://www.netvalley.com/archives/mirrors/davemarsh-timeline-1.htm
  • 1973 • The Ethernet was outlined. • The File Transfer protocol was specified. This is how computers nowadays receive datas. 1974 1976 • Transmission Control Program (TCP) specified. Packet network Intercommunication which is the basis of Internet Communication. •UUCP (Unix-to-Unix CoPy) developed at AT&T Bell Labs and distributed with UNIX •Queen Elizabeth sent an E-mail. REFERENCES: http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0193167.html http://www.netvalley.com/archives/mirrors/davemarsh-timeline-1.htm
  • 1977 • First demonstration of ARPANET/Packet Radio Net/SATNET operation of Internet protocols over gateways. • Internet became a 'reality' as E-mail takes off. 1979 1979 • The birth of News Groups. • Computer Science Department research computer network established in USA • USENET established using UUCP. •(cont.) •ARPA establishes the Internet Configuration Control Board (ICCB). •Packet Radio Network (PRNET) experiment starts with ARPA funding. Most communications take place between mobile vans. REFERENCES: http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0193167.html http://www.netvalley.com/archives/mirrors/davemarsh-timeline-1.htm
  • 1981 • BITNET, the "Because It's Time NETwork" Started as a cooperative network at the City University of New York, with the first connection to Yale. 1982 1983 • The word "Internet" was first used. • External Gateway Protocol specification -- EGP is used for gateways between (different architecture) networks. •The name server was developed. •Desktop workstations were built. REFERENCES: http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0193167.html http://www.netvalley.com/archives/mirrors/davemarsh-timeline-1.htm
  • REFERENCES: http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0193167.html http://www.netvalley.com/archives/mirrors/davemarsh-timeline-1.htm
  • 1984 • The Internet usage continuosly up to this year. It reached up to 1000 hosts. • Domain Name Server or DNS was introduced. • Moderated newsgroups introduced on USENET. 1985 1986 • Quantum Computer Services made its debut. QCS offered email, electronic bulletin boards, news, and other information. •5, 000 Hosts. 241 News groups. •NSF establishes 5 super-computing centers to provide high-computing power for all -- This allows an explosion of connections, especially from universities. •NSFNET was created. REFERENCES: http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0193167.html http://www.netvalley.com/archives/mirrors/davemarsh-timeline-1.htm
  • 1987 • Commercialisation of Internet. • 28,000 hosts. • UUNET is founded with Usenix funds to provide commercial UUCP and Usenet access. 1988 1989 • NSFNET backbone upgraded to T1 (1.544 Mbps) • Internet Relay Chat (IRC) developed •The World debuts as the first provider of dial-up connections. •First relays between a commercial electronic mail carrier and the Internet REFERENCES: http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0193167.html http://www.netvalley.com/archives/mirrors/davemarsh-timeline-1.htm
  • 1990 • Continuous expansion of Internet • 300,000 Hosts. 1,000 News groups • The World comes on-line (world.std.com), becoming the first commercial provider of Internet dialup access. 1991 1992 • WWW or World Wide Web was realeased with Tim Berners-Lee as the developer. •Multimedia changed the face of the Internet. •Internet Society (ISOC) is chartered. REFERENCES: http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0193167.html http://www.netvalley.com/archives/mirrors/davemarsh-timeline-1.htm
  • 1993 • Mosaic is developed by Marc Andreeson at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA). • Number of Hosts 2 Million. 600 WWW sites. 1994 1995 • Marc Andreessen and Jim Clark start Netscape Communications. They introduce the Navigator browser. •CompuServe, America Online, and Prodigy start providing dial-up Internet access. •Sun Microsystems releases the Internet programming language called Java. REFERENCES: http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0193167.html http://www.netvalley.com/archives/mirrors/davemarsh-timeline-1.htm
  • 1996 • 12.8 Million Hosts, 0.5 Million WWW Sites. • Internet phones catch the attention of US telecommunication companies who ask the US Congress to ban the technology (which has been around for years). 1997 1998 • On July 8, 1997, Internet traffic records are broken as the NASA website broadcasts images taken by Pathfinder on Mars. • The term “weblog” is coined. It’s later shortened to “blog.” •Google opened its first office in California . REFERENCES: http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0193167.html http://www.netvalley.com/archives/mirrors/davemarsh-timeline-1.htm
  • 1999 • “E-commerce” becomes the new buzzword as Internet shopping rapidly spreads. 2000 2001 • The Internet bubble bursts, as the fountain of investment capital dries up and the Nasdaq stock index plunges, causing the initial public offering (IPO) window to slam shut and many dotcoms to close their doors. •Wikipedia was created. REFERENCES: http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0193167.html http://www.netvalley.com/archives/mirrors/davemarsh-timeline-1.htm