Ancient Egypt


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Ancient Egypt

  1. 1. Ancient Egypt<br />By:<br />Yulvi Reyes<br />
  2. 2. Geography<br />Location: the northeast of Africa<br />Close Desserts: Libyan, Nubian, and the Eastern dessert<br />Size of Egypt: about 997,740 sq. km<br />Capital: Cairo<br />Largest River: The Nile River<br />Climate: Very dry and there’s almost not any rainfall<br />Cataracts- protect Egypt from invasions also called rapids.<br />
  3. 3. THE NILE RIVER<br />Flowed: North<br />Size: 6695 kilometers<br />Depth: 8-11 meters<br />Important Facts<br /><ul><li>One of the most famous rivers in the world.
  4. 4. Contains lots of fertile soil
  5. 5. Got it’s name from the Greek
  6. 6. The Name also means Valley
  7. 7. One of the most necessary thing needed for the egyptians.
  8. 8. The longest River in the world.</li></li></ul><li>  <br />Pharaoh’s<br />Khufu<br />Khufu was also known as Cheops <br />Egyptian Period / Kingdom: Old Kingdom <br />Dynasty:4<br />Father: King Sneferu <br />Mother: Queen Hetepheres <br />Chief Wife: Meritates & then Henutsen <br />Children:  9 sons and fifteen daughters <br />Year of Death: 2566 BC <br />Location of the Burial Site: Giza<br />Great things done: Built a great pyramid. <br />Menes<br />Egyptian Period/Kingdom: Early <br />Dynastic Period<br />Dynasty: First Egyptian Dynasty<br />Father: Unknown<br />Mother: Unknown<br />Chief Wife: Princess Neihotpe<br />Great things done: United upper <br />and lower egypt.<br />Ramses Ⅱ<br />Also Known as: Ramses the Great<br />Egyptian Period/Kingdom: New Kingdom<br />Dynasty: 19th Egyptian dynasty<br />Lifespan: 1303 BC- 1213 BC<br />Father: Seti Ⅰ<br />Mother: Queen Tuya<br />Wife: Nefertari , Isetnofret and Mathorneferure <br />Kids: Believed to have over 100 children<br />Great Things Done: Great warrior<br />
  9. 9. Old Kingdom<br />Important Facts<br /><ul><li> Khufu Ruled
  10. 10. Pyramids started to be made
  11. 11. Mummification beliefs started
  12. 12. People’s religion started to believe in</li></ul>the afterlife and in gods.<br /><ul><li>Started the development of the</li></ul>Nile agriculture.<br /><ul><li> Egyptians myths starting to be made.
  13. 13. Pharaohs were known as if they</li></ul>were gods.<br />Began: around 2700 BC<br />Ended: around 2200 BC<br />Dynasties: 3- 6<br />
  14. 14. Middle Kingdom<br />Important Facts<br /><ul><li> Made powerful sculptures.
  15. 15. Climatic changes such as the</li></ul> increased amount of rain that would <br />lead to major inundations and floods.<br /><ul><li> It started to fall into disorder again.
  16. 16. The Hyskos invaded Egypt with advanced weapons and horses then they conquered Lower Egypt then they Ruled for the next 200 years.
  17. 17. Actually the most important time in ancient Egypt.</li></ul>Began: around 2050 BC<br />Ended: around 1750 BC<br />Dynasties: 11-13<br />
  18. 18. 200 years after!(while the hyskos ruled lower egypt )<br />
  19. 19. New Kingdom<br />Started: 1550 BCE<br />Ended: 1050 BCE<br />Dynasties: 13-20<br />Important Facts<br /><ul><li> Ahmose rose to power after driving out </li></ul>the Hyskos from Lower Egypt.<br /><ul><li> Ahmose became a king and then to prevent </li></ul>invasions they went to fight other homelands.<br /><ul><li> First homeland was the Hyskos homeland and</li></ul>second was Syria they kept on invading other<br />homelands and because of these invasions <br />they became very rich.<br /><ul><li> Trade started to develop. More and More!</li></li></ul><li>Timeline<br />Ramses<br />Menes<br />Khufu<br />
  20. 20. Daily Life<br />Foods: Egyptians mostly ate Red meats, fruits and vegetables, wheat and<br />Barley and fish! <br />Activities: Paint hieroglyphics and farming were mostly done.<br />Social Structures: Scribes, Artisans, Artists, Architects, Merchants, Traders,<br />Soldiers, farmers, and slaves.<br />
  21. 21. Bibliography<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  22. 22. Thank You For WatchingAny Questions?? <br />