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Non infectious and infectious diseases case study-Nidhi kontham

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  • 1. Skin Cancer and Malaria By: Nidhi Kontham
  • 2. Symptoms      flu High fever Chills Muscle pain Damage to- heart, lungs, kidney, brain
  • 3. Prevention • Taking medicines before, after and when you are in a country where malaria is common can help prevent it. however, in come countries some parasites are resistant to these medicines. • • There are also nets and sprays that can be used for prevention against bites.
  • 4. • • • • • • • places: Subsaharan africa Asia Latin america Some parts of the middle east Some part of europe Malaria often occurs in tropical and humid places. • Malaria can only occur when the temperature is above 20 degrees. Therefore malaria is not common during colder seasons in some countries or in the colder areas of countries. This is because the mosquito cannot survive in these conditions • • People with any age can get malaria, there is no age were it is common. People can even get malaria when they are a fetus and if their mother is infected with the disease. However children under 5 years old have a weaker immune system and tend to get it worse.
  • 5. Symptoms  unusual spots on skin  Spots, moles or freckles that change in size or shape or colour  A sore that doesn’t heal  Spots that bleed
  • 6. Prevention  protecting the skin- wearing protective clothing, applying sunscreen  Reducing exposure to the sun, makes skin cancer less likely for you to get
  • 7. • People normally get skin cancer in summer season and season where there are very strong UV rays and times when being sunburnt is more likely. • Skin cancer is caused by exposure to UV rays. It is more likely for someone to get skin cancer as they are older, if they do then their skin becomes wrinkly and they develop moles and spots. • Skin cancer occurs in places with strong UV rays and places with heavy exposure from the sun. in the countries with the darkest shades there is the most sun exposure and most cases of skin cancer •
  • 8. • 3 sources- Skin Cancer • http://www.cancercouncil.com.au/798/b1000/skin-cancer30/skin-cancer-treatmenttypes/?pp=33864&cc=254&&ct=23 • • Human diseases by elizabeth sakker, catherine odlum, robert garner • • http://www.healthcentral.com/encyclopedia/408/588.html