Barry James Marshall, is an Australian physician, who won a Nobel Prize in Medicine and is a Professor of Clinical Microbiology at the University of Western Australia.
Barry met Robin Warren, a pathologist interested in gastritis, during medicine fellowship training at Royal Perth Hospital in 1981. Marshall and Robin Warren showed that the bacterium Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is the cause of most peptic ulcers. Barry developed a theory which states that the reason for getting ulcers is that the immune system becomes to vigorous that the white blood cells create a whole in the stomach leading to ulcers immediately.
For many years, it was thought that stomach ulcers were caused by stress, spicy foods and too much acid. Patients were given antibiotics (which did not help at all). Barry Marshell discovered the cause and the treatment of the ulcers and gastritis so that many patients cannow be cured before it develops in to cancer.
Fiona Melanie Wood, is a British born plastic surgeon working in Perth, Western Australia. She is the director of the Royal Perth Hospital burns section and the Western Australia Burns Service. Wood is also a Clinical Professor with the School of Pediatrics and Child Health at the University of Western Australia.
Wood is now well known for her invention, spray-on skin which is a spray for those people who scars caused by burning. Before her invention, techniques of skin culturing required 21 days to produce enough cells to cover major burns, Wood has reduced the period to five days.Through research she found that scarring is reduced if the old skin is replaced within 10 days.
Fiona Woods treated many patients with severe burns in a limitedamount of time. S he was able to givethe patients hope in life because shecould remove their awful scars. She is a living Australian treasure!!