Male andFemaleAustralianScientistsBy Angela Hatton
Male Scientist ProfessorIan Frazer- Based in Queensland.- he discovered and developed thecervical cancer vaccine.
The areas in which he iscurrently working He is currently leading the University of Queenslands Centre for Immunology and cancer research. He is currently developing a vaccine for skin cancer. (rumour suggests he is getting close) We will know within the next year whether it is a virus that causes cancer such as HPV which he discovers causes cervical cancer.
Information about his research He invented the cervical cancer vaccine This vaccine has been a huge success in world-wide trials. His research has been shown to prevent pap smear abnormalities by up to 90%
The impact of his work onsociety It is expected that due to the introduction of this vaccine cervical cancer will have disappeared in a generation. His research should be able to eliminate the threat of skin cancer for the our generation and the ones to follow.
Female Scientist Doctor Fiona Stanley - Born in Sydney in 1946 - Pioneer in Maternal and neonatalresearch esp. that of Indigenous Australians
Areas in which she is currentlyworking She has dedicated her life to research for the prevention of childhood illness and birth defects. As an epidemiologist she is concerned with the patterns of disease and the factors which contribute to them. She was appointed to the Prime Ministers science, engineering and innovation council in January of this year.
Information about herresearch She led the team who worked in international collaboration to discover that folic acid before and during pregnancy can prevent spinal bifida. She worked extensively with the rural Aboriginal communities in Western Australia. She researched whether or not a social support structure during pregnancy reduces the likelihood of preterm babies. (led to further interest in Aboriginal maternal and neonatal studies)
Impact of her work on society Her research interests have formed the basis for her advocacy for Australian children. She revolutionised the way Aboriginal Australians received medical care in the 20th century.