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Definitions, various theories of Leadership, styles of Leadership, requirements for Leadership, principles of Leadership

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  1. 1. <ul><li>IN THE NAME OF ALLAH </li></ul><ul><li>THE MOST BENEFICIENT </li></ul><ul><li>THE MOST MERCIFUL  </li></ul>
  2. 2. Group Members <ul><li>Muhammad Javaid 2007-crp-11 </li></ul><ul><li>Sikander Haroon 2007-crp-13 </li></ul><ul><li>Maqsood Amin 2007-crp-18 </li></ul><ul><li>Muhammad Shakir 2007-crp-20   </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>LEADERSHIP </li></ul>
  4. 4. Definitions of Leadership <ul><ul><li>An influence relationship among leaders and their collaborators who intend real changes that reflect their mutual purposes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to inspire other people to accomplish things. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A relational process of people together attempting to accomplish change or make a difference to benefit the common good. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The process of persuasion or example by which an individual induces a group to pursue objectives held by the leader or shared by the leader and his or her followers. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Leadership(cont…)   <ul><li>Leadership is influencing people by providing purpose, direction, and motivation while operating to accomplish the mission and improving the organization. </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership is the ability of developing and communicating a vision to people that will make that vision true. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Role of a Leader   <ul><li>Initiator </li></ul><ul><li>Confidence builder </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinator </li></ul><ul><li>Motivator </li></ul><ul><li>Optimist </li></ul>
  7. 7. Leadership Theories
  8. 8. Trait Theory <ul><li>According to this theory: </li></ul><ul><li>This theory is the first theory of leadership. </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Carlyle (1841) can be considered one of the pioneers of the trait theory. </li></ul><ul><li>According to this theory: </li></ul><ul><li>People are born with leadership qualities. </li></ul><ul><li>Good leaders have the right (or sufficient) combination of traits. </li></ul><ul><li>Future leadership can be predicted, if the leadership abilities in a person are identified. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Great Man Theory <ul><li>According to this theory: </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders are born and not made. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the leadership comes from upper class of society. </li></ul><ul><li>A small number of leaders come from lower class of society. </li></ul><ul><li>This theory contributed to the idea that leadership had something to do with inheritance and breeding. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Behavioral Theory <ul><li>According to this theory: </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders can be made, rather than are born. </li></ul><ul><li>Successful leadership is based in definable, learnable behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership qualities don’t consider inborn traits or abilities. </li></ul><ul><li>leadership capability can be learned through knowledge and practice. </li></ul><ul><li>This theory opens the floodgates to leadership development. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Contingency Theory <ul><li>According to this theory: </li></ul><ul><li>The leader's effectiveness in a certain situation is dependent upon various factors. e.g. leader's preferred style, the capabilities and behaviors of followers and various prevailing conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>A leadership style that is effective in some situations may not be successful in others. </li></ul><ul><li>leaders who are very effective at one place and time may become unsuccessful either when transplanted to another situation or when the factors around them change. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Transformational Theory <ul><li>According to this theory: </li></ul><ul><li>People will follow a person who inspires and motivates them. </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership starts with the development of a vision. </li></ul><ul><li>A leader should have a vision and passion to achieve goals. </li></ul><ul><li>Leader can achieve his goals by injecting enthusiasm and energy in his followers. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Leadership Styles <ul><li>This theory suggests four (4) major styles of leadership. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Autocratic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Democratic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Laissez-faire (Delegative) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paternalistic </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Autocratic Leadership <ul><li>With this style the leader: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Directs and/or orders participants on what to do, when to do it and how long to continue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Followers are expected to do as directed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The leader has the primary responsibility to make decisions, to determine policies and to develop procedures. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In this style, the leader may not tell participants reasons for his/her orders. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. The Motto of the Autocratic Style <ul><li>“ Do what I tell you!” </li></ul><ul><li>“ You MUST do this NOW!” </li></ul>
  16. 16. Democratic Leadership <ul><li>With this style the leader: </li></ul><ul><li>leader and the group members share responsibilities for making decisions. </li></ul><ul><li>Participants make decisions based on information provided by the leader. </li></ul><ul><li>Developing trust and mutual respect are part of this concept. </li></ul><ul><li>Voting and “majority rule” are elements of this leadership style. </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Motto of the Democratic Style <ul><li>“ What do you think” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Let’s see what the group wants to do” </li></ul>
  18. 18. Laissez-faire Leadership <ul><li>With this style the leader: </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom for making decisions is given to participants with this leadership style. </li></ul><ul><li>The leader provides guidance, information and assistance when needed. </li></ul><ul><li>The leadership for decisions comes from within the group. </li></ul><ul><li>The leader may be the person who assumes control of the group and/or the one who does the majority of work. </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Motto of the Laissez-faire Leadership <ul><li>“ Make your own decisions to achieve the goals” </li></ul>
  20. 20. Paternalistic Leadership <ul><li>With this style the leader: </li></ul><ul><li>Leader acts as a ‘father figure.’ </li></ul><ul><li>Paternalistic leader makes decision but may consult. </li></ul><ul><li>Believes in the need to support staff. </li></ul>
  21. 21. The Motto of the Paternalistic Style <ul><li>“ Do as I do” </li></ul><ul><li>“ This is how it must be done! Watch ME!” </li></ul>
  22. 22. Principles of Leadership
  23. 23. Principles of Leadership <ul><li>Know yourself and seek self-improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Be technically expert </li></ul><ul><li>Seek responsibility and take responsibility for your actions </li></ul><ul><li>Make sound and timely decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Set the example </li></ul><ul><li>Keep your followers informed </li></ul>
  24. 24. Principles of Leadership (cont…) <ul><li>Know your people and look out for their well-being </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a sense of responsibility in your followers </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure that tasks are understood, supervised, and accomplished </li></ul><ul><li>Train as a team </li></ul><ul><li>Use your full capabilities </li></ul>
  25. 25. Leadership Requirements
  26. 26. Leadership Requires: <ul><li>Vision – The ability to see a new reality; a solution to a problem; to dream of a better tomorrow. </li></ul><ul><li>Courage – The capability to work to make your vision come true, to continue in the face of skepticism, criticism, and ridicule. </li></ul><ul><li>Focus – Have clarity about your goal. </li></ul><ul><li>Determination – To not be deterred by road blocks or set backs; always find a way around. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Leadership Requires:(cont…) <ul><li>Persistence - You have ability to take stand on your point of view. </li></ul><ul><li>Honesty/Integrity – Your word is your bond; you say what you think. This is essential to develop people’s trust. </li></ul><ul><li>Team Building- Great goals require collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to recognize and utilize talents in others. </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment to Excellence – Give great thought and preparation, get all information possible, plan well and then execute. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Leadership Requires:(cont…) <ul><li>Ability to Communicate – To describe your vision and its compelling logic. </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to Motivate – To inspire others to follow your lead. </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to Listen – To understand, to respect others and their opinions. </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility – Ability to modify your approach; to change when required. </li></ul>
  29. 30. Leaders should be like These ones
  30. 31. Decide to lead