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Warsaw Seminar Monika DomańSka

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  • 1. Relations between higher education and employers HEGESCO research results Monika Domańska University of Science and Technology
  • 2.
    • employability – definition
    • employability related research – HEGESCO project
    • employability related discussion
    Employability 3
  • 3.
    • compatibility , comparability, transparency, European Higher Education Area , credits, social dimansion, lifelong learning, education, reserach, innovation, employability , mobility, student centered learning , data collection , multidimensional transparency tools.
    • Conference of European Ministers Responsible for Higher Education, Leuven and Louvain-la-Neuve, 28-29 April 2009 Communiqué
  • 4.
    • With labour markets increasingly relying on higher skill levels and transversal competences, higher education should equip students with the advanced knowledge, skills and competences they need throughout their professional lives. Employability empowers the individual to fully seize the opportunities in changing labour markets. We aim at raising initial qualifications as well as maintaining and renewing a skilled workforce through close cooperation between governments, higher education institutions, social partners and students. This will allow institutions to be more responsive to employers needs and employers to better understand the educational perspective. Higher education institutions, together with governments, government agencies and employers, shall improve the provision, accessibility and quality of their careers and employment related guidance services to students and alumni. We encourage work placements embedded in study programmes as well as on-the-job learning.
  • 5.
    • Contacts in professional environment (+24,7%)
    • Intellectual capital (16%)
    • Good grades (average over 4 13%)
    • Cultural capital (13%)
    • Higher education (11.3%)
    • Driving licence (10,8%)
    • Professional experience (9,2%)
    • Marital status (married) 6,6%
    • Dr Leszek Wincenciak, Warsaw University,
    • Presentation in Ljubljana 23 Sept. 2009
    • Research sample 20 thou. graduates
    Factors reducing unemployment – very large scale survey
  • 6.
    • to provide information to what extent HE graduates are able to meet the demands of today’s knowledge economy ,
    • to identify major competencies that are required of HE graduates by employers ,
    • to identify to what extent HE has provided a solid basis for developing these competencies .
    • www.hegesco.org
    Higher Education as a Generator of Strategic Competences 3
  • 7.
    • what competences are needed for successful entry into the labour market, better employability and active citizenship,
    • how these competences are related to characteristics of jobs and firms,
    • to what extent higher education graduates possess these competences,
    • to what extent HE provides these competences ,
    • how graduates and employers deal with discrepancies between acquired and required competences .
    HEGESCO research problems 3
  • 8.
    • Which do you think are the most important generic and specific professional competences for graduates to function well at workplace?
    • Who is responsible for the development of these competences?
    • How satisfied are you with graduates' competences do you experience overall shortages, surpluses, balance?
    • How do you cooperate with HEI (internships, practical work, applicative projects, direct recruitment from schools, cooperation with Career centres…)?
    • In what way and how should HE institutions change in order to improve students’ competence development?
    HEGESCO qualitative survey - employers 3
  • 9.
    • a large scale quantitative survey has been carried among 10.000 graduates ( from partner countr ies: Slovenia, Poland, Lithuania, Turkey, Hungary ; 4-5 years after graduation) based on the existing survey of the REFLEX network,
    • a complementary evaluation survey has been carried out among employers and representatives from higher education institutions, with emphasis on what employers expect from graduates and HE institutions ,
    HEGESCO methodology 3
  • 10.
    • REFLEX ( www.reflexproject.org ) project (6 FP) R esearch into E mployment a nd professional FLEX ibility). C ountries involved in the study: Austria, Belgium (Flanders), Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. Survey of 70 thou. graduates
    • and earlier projects such as
    • CHEERS ( http://www.uni-kassel.de/wz1/TSEREGS/metho_e.htm ) ,
    • CATEWE ( http://www.mzes.uni-mannheim.de/projekte/catewe/ )
    • STT (5FP), ‘Tuning Educational Structures in Europe’ (Socrates) www.tuning.unideusto.org
    HEGESCO methodology, origins 3
  • 11. HEGESCO research model 3 1a. Globalisation, general market trends, policy…. 2. Required Competences 3b. Higher Education Experiences 4. Acquired Competences 7. Labor Market Success – Individual Level 1c. Organisational Adaptation (technology, innov.) 8. Matching of Required and Acquired Competences 5b. Work experience since HE Institution Level Individual Level 5a. Other experiences during HE 1b. Organisational market and environment 3a. Higher Education Characteristics 6. Knowledge Management at work System Level
  • 12. HEGESCO RELEX European perspective HEGESCO results elaborated by Maastricht University Rolf van der Velden
  • 13. Job search duration HEGESCO results elaborated by Maastricht University Rolf van der Velden
  • 14. Job satisfaction – salary (ppp) HEGESCO results elaborated by Maastricht University Rolf van der Velden
  • 15.
    • International
    • Competitive
    • Innovative
    • Insecure (50% experienced reorganisation)
    • Professional
    Job market
  • 16. Working in big companies HEGESCO results elaborated by Maastricht University Rolf van der Velden
  • 17. Working in international companies HEGESCO results elaborated by Maastricht University Rolf van der Velden
  • 18. Working in innovative companies HEGESCO results elaborated by Maastricht University Rolf van der Velden
  • 19. Experienced reorganisation HEGESCO results elaborated by Maastricht University Rolf van der Velden
  • 20. Role in company HEGESCO results elaborated by Maastricht University Rolf van der Velden
  • 21.
    • Acquisition of study related w ork experience (no t ANY work experience!)
    • Experience abroad - mobility
    • Good grades
    • Graduation from institutions being d emanding and prestigious
    • L inks between HE and employers (vocational oriented, employers familiar)
    Success factors - general
  • 22.
    • Ability to use computers and internet
    • Ability to use time efficiently
    • Ability to work productively with others
    • Ability to make your meaning clear to others
    • Ability to perform well under pressure
    Job market – required skills
  • 23.
    • Mastery of own field or discipline
    • Ability to perform well under pressure
    • Ability to use time efficiently
    • Ability to negotiate effectively
    • Ability to assert your authority
    • Ability to use foreign languages
    • Ability to use computers and internet
    Job market – shortages
  • 24.
    • Ability to use foreign languages
    • Ability to use computers and internet
    • Willingness to question own and others’ ideas
    • Misallocation of resources
    Job market – surpluses
  • 25.
    • Questions on characteristics of the HE program cooperation and consultation with employers
    • Questions on the modes of teaching and learning positive role of written assignments and focusing on practical issues
    • Extra-curricular experiences positive role of study related work experience
    Higher education and competences
  • 26. Characteristics of HE programme - employers participation HEGESCO results elaborated by Maastricht University Rolf van der Velden
  • 27. Characteristics of HE programmes - teaching methods HEGESCO results elaborated by Maastricht University Rolf van der Velden
  • 28. Characteristics of HE programmes - teaching methods HEGESCO results elaborated by Maastricht University Rolf van der Velden
  • 29. Characteristics of HE programmes - examination methods HEGESCO results elaborated by Maastricht University Rolf van der Velden
  • 30. Study related work experience HEGESCO results elaborated by Maastricht University Rolf van der Velden
  • 31. Non study related work experience HEGESCO results elaborated by Maastricht University Rolf van der Velden
  • 32. Higher education as basis for developing of entrepreneurial skills HEGESCO results elaborated by Maastricht University Rolf van der Velden
  • 33. but less so for developing a professional career … Higher education as basis for professional development HEGESCO results elaborated by Maastricht University Rolf van der Velden
  • 34. Higher education as basis for personal development HEGESCO results elaborated by Maastricht University Rolf van der Velden
  • 35. Most are satisfied with current job Job satisfaction HEGESCO results elaborated by Maastricht University Rolf van der Velden
  • 36.
    • Focus on practical issues
    • Focus on internationalisation (foreign languages, mobility)
    • Focus on quality
    • Sandwich courses
    • Mobility window
    • Case studies
    • Internships
    Employers opinions
  • 37.
    • Most important is knowledge and expertise
    • Companies: short - term perspective
    • Internships
    • Cooperation through career centres
    • First destination surveys
    HEIs opinion
  • 38. Careers Services in Poland - numbers Career Services in Poland
  • 39. students universities companie s CS Qualified staff Gov. agencies Career Services in Poland
  • 40. Career Services in Poland
  • 41. Who is the most important ?
  • 42. Is conflict inevitable ? Who is the most important ? abstract – concrete theoretical – practical individual – team/company subject – wide context
  • 43. Who is the most important ? emotions effectiveness
  • 44.
    • Success is seldom planned – it’s using the opportunity that matters...
  • 45.
    • [email_address]

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