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Warsaw Seminar Els Van Der Werf
 

Warsaw Seminar Els Van Der Werf

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    Warsaw Seminar Els Van Der Werf Warsaw Seminar Els Van Der Werf Presentation Transcript

    • Employability and work placements Preparing students for the labour market
      • Els van der Werf
      • Hanzehogeschool Groningen/Hanze University Groningen,
      • University of Applied Sciences
      • International Relations Manager
      • Member of the Dutch team of Bologna Experts
      Employability and work placements
      • Employability of undergraduates (Bachelors):
      • a key element of the Bologna Process
      • “ The degree awarded after the first cycle shall also be
      • relevant to the European labour market as an appropriate
      • level of qualification.”
      • For universities which traditionally offered ‘undivided’
      • Master degrees: a dilemma
      • For Universities of Applied Sciences: core business
      Employability and work placements
      • Dutch higher education
      • Characterized by a binary system
      • Co-existence of 14 research universities
      • (213,000 students)
      • 3-year Bachelor programmes
      • and 41 universities of applied sciences
      • (374,000 students)
      • 4-year Bachelor programmes
      Employability and work placements
      • Universities of Applied Sciences
      • professional profile of Bachelor programmes
      • = clearly related to particular jobs/careers
      • curriculum focuses on professional development
      • main emphasis on undergraduate education
      • growing number of Master programmes
      • emphasis on applied research
      Employability and work placements
      • Professional focus in Bachelor programmes
      • emphasis on practical application of knowledge
      • throughout the curriculum
      • (project work; problem-based learning)
      • participation in applied research
      • key element: mandatory work placement of
      • at least 6 months (30 ECTS credits)
      Employability and work placements
      • Research universities
      • Bachelor programmes are Master oriented
      • Bachelor is not seen as exit qualification
      • professional profile is often not explicit
      • (e.g. humanities)
      • there are also programmes which are highly
      • profession-oriented (e.g. dentistry, medical studies)
      • increasing interest among students to do a work placement (e.g. humanities)
      Employability and work placements
      • Mandatory work placements:
      • an organisational challenge!
      • Example: Hanze University Groningen, UAS
      • 24,000 students – every year roughly 5,000 students on work placement
      • most of them in the Netherlands
      • ca. 900 abroad
      • Issues of
      • finding companies/organisations
      • matching students with placements
      • preparation and supervison of students
      • quality assurance (placement assignment, assessment)
      Employability and work placements
      • Different types of placements
      • orientation placement – allows students to get a taste of the professional environment in which they will be working
        • short (weeks, rather than months)
        • work shadowing, small assignments
      • profile placement – train the competences related to the professional field
        • a few months, usually a semester
        • semi-independent work, under supervision
      • final year placement – like profile placement
        • a semester to one academic year
        • high degree of independece
        • complex assignment, resulting in thesis
      Employability and work placements 9
      • Involvement of companies/organisations
      • part of a certain culture with regard to the collaboration of HE and the world of work
      • HE and employers have a mutual interest
      • HE and employers are prepared to invest
      • joint placement code of biggest employers’ organisation (VNO/NCW), SME body (MKB NL), and Association of Universities of Applied Sciences: agreement on cooperation through work placements as part of knowledge circulation
      Employability and work placements
      • Finding work placements
      • HEs have to invest in this part of the curriculum
      • organising and supervising work placements costs as much as teaching
      • one or more placement coordinators per degree programme
      • various organisational models
        • students find their own placement
        • placement coordinators actively recruit and assign students to a placement
        • role of commercial agencies
      Employability and work placements
      • Quality assurance and preparation
      • is the company/organisation suitable (not too small)?
      • has an appropriate supervisor been assigned by the company/organisation?
      • is it clear what the student is expected to do: set of tasks, assignment, etc.?
      • no companies managed by immediate family member
      • tripartite placement contract has to be signed
      • university has collective third-party liability insurance for all students on placement
      Employability and work placements
      • Requirements on student before going
      • Example:
      • formally completed year 1
      • completed a minimum of 40 ECTS credits of year 2
        • of which all foreign language components
        • Personal Development module
        • 38 other credits
      • formal approval of placement by placement coordinator
      Employability and work placements
      • Preparing and supervising the student
      • physical absence of student does not mean less responsibility for learning process!
      • make clear what you expect of the student and what the student can expect from you (institution/supervisor)
      • supervision by institution should be more than a formality
      • supervision includes regular contact (telephone, email, skype, etc.) and preferably a visit to the student and company supervisor
      • average no. of hours per student for supervision: 15 hrs.
      Employability and work placements
      • Monitoring and assessing the work placement
      • Example:
      • at the end of the first month
        • initial placement report from student +
        • first month placement evaluation by company supervisor
      • at the end of three months
        • intermediate placement report from student
      • at the end of the placement
        • final placement evaluation by company supervisor
      • within 1 month of completion of placement
        • final placement report
      Employability and work placements
      • Employability of UAS Bachelors
      • Based on research by Netherlands Ass. of UAS over 2008
      • Target group: graduates 2006/2007 - 18 months after graduation
      • 85% have a job at the ‘right’ level (Bachelor)
      • 83% have a job in the professional field for which they were
      • trained
      • 79% indicate that the contents of the study programme
      • were in line with the current work
      • 79% indicate they would choose the same degree programme
      Employability and work placements
      • Employability of UAS Bachelors
      • Based on research by Netherlands Ass. of UAS over 2008
      • Target group: graduates 2006/2007 - 18 months after graduation
      • Unemployed 3,5%
      • Gross income per hour € 14,70
      • Gross income per month € 2180
      • Tenure 66%
      • Good career opportunities 48%
      Employability and work placements 17
      • Tentative conclusions
      • Programmes that give a good basis for entering the labour market
      • Have a strong professional orientation
      • - work placements contribute to general development of
      • professional expertise, but do not add new competences
      • - good basis for labour market entry esp. in mass
      • specialist positions
      • Have a strong familiarity with employers
      • - is achieved through collaboration in the field of work
      • placements
      • - has no effect on competence level of student
      Employability and work placements
      • Tentative conclusions (cont.)
      • Are highly demanding
      • - positive effect on development of competences
      • - not necessarily leads to strong position on labour market
      • Have strong academic prestige
      • - produce better graduates with stronger competences
      • - also have a signal function for employers (see 2)
      • - not obtainable for large numbers of students
      • See also: Chapter 1 of the “Reflex” report
      Employability and work placements
      • Dicussion questions
      • Intensive collaboration between higher education and the world of work is a prerequisite for the realisation of work placements. Are European higher education institutions equipped to maintain such contacts?
      • In the case of integrated work placements, the higher education institution transfers part of the assessment of the student’s progress to the receiving company/organisation. Under what conditions is this acceptable?
      • There is a danger that students on work placement are used as cheap labour; there is unfair competition with those who are seeking employment. How can this be avoided?
      • Should higher education institutions focus on the transfer of knowledge and leave the preparation for the world of work to the (first) employers?
      Employability and work placements