IUT Islamiat (HUM-0107) Lecture-2: Faith in Angels, Prophets & Messengers, Divine Scriptures and the Last Day

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This is the Week-2 Lecture at Islamic University of Technology (IUT), Dhaka, Bangladesh. This lecture consists the details of Faith in Angels, Prophets & Messengers, Divine Scriptures and the Last …

This is the Week-2 Lecture at Islamic University of Technology (IUT), Dhaka, Bangladesh. This lecture consists the details of Faith in Angels, Prophets & Messengers, Divine Scriptures and the Last Day.

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  • 1. Islamic University of Technology (IUT) Islamiat (Hum 0107)
  • 2. Islamic University of Technology (IUT) Lecture - 02
  • 3. Outline: Islam as Deen (Classes: 6) Meaning of Islam Definition of Eemaan The Basis of Eemaan  Eemaan in Allah  Eemaan in the Angels  Eemaan in the Prophets and Messengers  Eemaan in Divine Scriptures  Eemaan in the Day of Resurrection  Eemaan in Al-Qadaa’ Wal Qadar (Divine Preordainment What invalidates Eemaan  Shirk & Kufr
  • 4. The Basis of Eemaan
  • 5. The Basis of Eemaan  It is that you believe in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers and in the Last Day, and in fate (qadar), both in its good and in its evil aspects.
  • 6. The Basis of Eemaan Eemaan in Allah Eemaan in the Angels Eemaan in the Prophets and Messengers Eemaan in Divine Scriptures Eemaan in the Day of Resurrection Eemaan in Al-Qadaa’ Wal Qadar (Divine Preordainment
  • 7. Eemaan in the Angels
  • 8. Eemaan in the Angels The Characteristics of Their Creation The Number of Angels Belief in the Angels The Effect of Belief in the Angels on the Life of a Believer
  • 9. Angels - The Characteristics of Their Creation Allah SWT has told us very little about their creation 1. Their existence was before human: When your Lord said to the angels, "I am putting a successor on earth," they said, "Will You place someone there who will cause corruption on it and shed blood, while we glorify You with Your praise and extol Your holiness?" [God] answered, "Surely, I know that which you do not know." (Al baqara: 30)
  • 10. Angels - The Characteristics of Their Creation1. Creatures of Light a) No Physical body b) Unlinke Human; don’t eat, drink, sleep c) Pure of animal desires and sins2. Ability to take human form and other forms a) Remember the hadith of Jibreel b) Prophet SM said that he had seen the angel Jibreel with six hundred wings
  • 11. Angels - The Characteristics of Their Creation3. Relationship with Allah a) Pure worship, obedience and absolute submission “They fear their Lord above them, and do what they are commanded.” (An-Nahl: 50) b) Incapable of anything without Him
  • 12. Angels - The Characteristics of Their Creation3. Relationship with The Universe and Mankind a) Charged with managing the affairs of the Universe and watching over it b) They execute Allah’s Divine Preordainment with his Predestination for all creation “And by those angels who arrange to do the Commands of their Lord.” (An-Naaziat: 5)
  • 13. Angels - The Characteristics of Their Creation3. Several kinds of Angels a) For sun & moon, the planets, the mountains b) The clouds and rain c) The wombs d) Death e) Guard & supervise every mankind f) Communicate His guidance to His messengers “This surely is a revelation from the Lord of the Universe.The Trustworthy Ruh (Jibreel) has brought it down upon your heart, that you may be one of the warners.” (Ash-Shu’araa: 192-194)
  • 14. Angels - The Characteristics of Their Creation g) Accompany Man throughout his Life “Satan threatens you with the prospect of poverty and commands you to do foul deeds. But God promises His forgiveness and His bounty. God is bountiful and all knowing.” (Al-Baqara: 268) h) Encourage the believers to worship and obey Allah i) Encourage the seekers of knowledge j) Promise reward and warn against punishment
  • 15. Angels – The Number of AngelsVast number of Angels. Only Allah knows how many thereare. “The sky had not a single peace of four fingers on which an angel was no prostrating (in worship).” – Bukhari“I asked Jibreel about Al-Bait al-Maamur and he said: Each day seventy thousands angels pray in the house…” - Bukhari
  • 16. Angels – Belief in The Angels Obligation for every Muslim to believe in the angels; Particularly in those whose names have been mentioned in Qur’an-Sunnah1. Jibreel (the angel in charge of reveleation2. Mika’il (the angel in charge of rain)3. Israfil (the angel in charge of blowing the trumpet on the Day of resurrection)4. Malik (keeper of the hell-fire) They will cry, "Master, if only your Lord would put an end to us!" But he [the angel] will answer, "No! You are here to stay.“ (Az-Zukhruf: 77)
  • 17. Angels – Belief in The AngelsOthers:1. Two angels entrusted with recording our deeds (one in the right for good deeds, the other in the left for bad deeds)2. Two others to protect and guard the believer. Total:43. Angel of death (name not mentioned in Qur’an) Say, "The Angel of Death who has been given charge of you will gather in your souls.Then you will [all] be returned to your Lord.“ (As-Sajadah-11)
  • 18. Angels – Belief in The Angels4. Angels who carry the throne5. Angels in charge of Fire – az Zabaaniyah We have appointed only angels to be wardens of the Fire.” (Al- Muddathir-30)6. Angels in charge of the Gardens of Paradise
  • 19. Angels – Effect of Belief in the Angels onthe Life of a Believer1. Allah has protected us against the myths and tales believed by the unbelievers, who don’t have faith in the unseen2. When a believer feels in his heart the presence of those angels, he avoids doing anything which displeases Allah3. It strengthens the believer’s patience
  • 20. Eemaan in the Prophetsand Messengers
  • 21. Eemaan in the Prophets and Messengers The Prophets and Messengers mentioned in Qur’an Subject of the messages Our duty towards the Messengers Faith in The Prophet Muhammad SM
  • 22. Eemaan in the Prophets and Messengers- Prophets and Messengers mentioned in Qur’an Believe in every prophet and messenger Allah has named in Qur’an, and sent besides whose number and names only He knows Before your time We sent other messengers: of them there are some whose story We have related to you, and some whose story We have not related to you. (Al-Ghaafir-78)
  • 23. Eemaan in the Prophets and Messengers- Prophets and Messengers mentioned in Qur’an Names of Twenty Five prophets and messengers appear in the Qur’an Among them: Adam, Nooh, Idris, Salih, Ibrahim, Hud, Lot, Ismail, Ishaaq,Yaqoob,Yousuf, Shuyaib, Musa, Zakariya, Sulaiman, Eisa, Muhammad (SM)
  • 24. Eemaan in the Prophets and Messengers- Subject of the messages One fundamental purpose: To worship Him/ Tawheed in His worship, lordship, names & attributes We sent all messengers before you with this revelation: “None has the right to be worshipped but I (Allah), so worship Me (alone and none else)." (Al-Anbiya: 25)
  • 25. Eemaan in the Prophets and Messengers- Our duty towards the Messengers Believe in all of Allah’s Messengers In the messages they communicated to mankind Don’t distinguish between them by accepting some and rejecting some Every Messenger has delivered the message that Allah has entrusted to him Obey the Messengers completely
  • 26. Eemaan in the Prophets and Messengers- Our duty towards the Messengers Believe that, among men:  They are the most perfect in knowledge and deed  Blessed with excellent attributes  Allah has guarded them against sins and misdeeds Also that:  No non-human attributes are bestowed upon them  They ate, drank, walked in the markets, slept, laughed, married, had children  They were subject to harm  They died, fell ill and so on…
  • 27. Eemaan in the Prophets and Messengers- Our duty towards the Messengers Muhammad is only a messenger. Messengers have passed away before him. If he should die, or be killed, will you turn back on your heels? Those who turn on their heels do not harm the Lord in the least. God will reward the grateful. (Aali-Imraan: 144) We never sent any messengers before you who did not eat food and walk in the market-place.We make some of you a means of trial for others, to see whether you are steadfast. Your Lord is all seeing. (Al-Furqaan-20)
  • 28. Eemaan in the Prophets and Messengers- Our duty towards the Messengers They do not enjoy any of the characteristics of Allah No control over the universe Do not possess any power of benefit or hurt Do not have the knowledge of the unseen Say, "I myself have no power to benefit or do harm, save as God pleases. If I had knowledge of the unseen, I would have availed myself of an abundance of good, and no harm would have touched me. I am but a warner and a bearer of good tidings for those who will believe." (Al-Aaraaf-188)
  • 29. Eemaan in the Prophets and Messengers- Faith in The Prophet Muhammad SM He is the prophet and messenger of Allah He is the seal of the prophets Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but is Allahs Messenger and the seal of the Prophets. Allah has knowledge of all things. (Al-Ahzaab: 40) No prophethood following that of him  Any person claims is a liar He is beloved by Allah at the highest
  • 30. Eemaan in the Prophets and Messengers- Faith in The Prophet Muhammad SM Allah SWT has provided him with Miracles Excellent characteristics and morals throughout his life And you are certainly on the most exalted standard of moral excellence. (Al Qalam: 4)
  • 31. Eemaan in the DivineScriptures
  • 32. Eemaan in the Divine Scriptures From the Qu’ran, we know names of some books, though there are others, which we don’t know about Those which Allah SWT had told us about:  Torah – revealed to Moses  Injeel/ Bibal – revealed to Jesus/ Eisa  Jaboor/ Psalms – revealed to David/ Dawud  Qur’an – revlealed to Muhammad SM  Scriptures revealed to Ibrahim and Musa
  • 33. Eemaan in the Divine Scriptures These books contained:  Message of Truth, Light and guidance  Tawheed of Allah  Anything incorporated in them which contradicts those aspects has been added by man
  • 34. Eemaan in the Divine Scriptures Al-Qur’an  It verifies & supports the message contained in the previous scriptures  Only divine scripture that Allah has undertaken to preserve It is We who have sent down the Dhikr (Al-Quran) and We will, most surely, safeguard it. (Al-Hijr: 9)  All others are lost/changed by man
  • 35. Eemaan in the Day ofResurrection
  • 36. Eemaan in the Day of Resurrection All that Allah SWT and Prophet SM has told us about the afterlife  The grave  The records  The reckoning  The scale  The fount  The bridge (as-Sirat)  Interecession  Paradise  Hell-Fire
  • 37. Eemaan in the Day of Resurrection Al-Qur’an mentions about it in numerous occasions and in many different styles All those who believe in Allah and the Last Day and do good deeds, will be rewarded by their Lord; they shall have no fear, nor shall they grieve. (Al-Baqara: 62)
  • 38. Eemaan in the Day of Resurrection Al-Qur’an the Last Day on virtually every page Allah calls the Last Day by many other names  The Resurrection  The Hour  The Last Day  Yawm ad-Din  Yawm al-Hisab (day of accounting)  Yawm an-Nushur (the Day of Rising)  Yawm al-Hashr and so on…
  • 39. Eemaan in the Day of Resurrection Benefits:  Ensure conformity and adherence to righteous conduct and piety towards Allah  Conduct himself within the boundaries of Truth and goodness Man often forgets about itHe will gather you all together on the Day of Resurrection, there is no doubt about it.Whose word can be truer than Gods? (An-Nisaa – 87)
  • 40. Eemaan in the Day of Resurrection Objections and answers: What! When we are dead and reduced to mere dust, (shall we be raised to life)? Such a return is far-fetched.” (Qaaf: 3) They say, "There is nothing but our life in this world: we die, we live, nothing but time destroys us." They have no knowledge of this; they only follow conjecture. (Al-Jaathiya – 24)
  • 41. Eemaan in the Day of Resurrection Objections and answers: He (Man) asks, "Who can give life back to bones after they have rotted away?“Say, "He who brought them into being in the first instance will give them life again: He has knowledge of every type of creation: He who produces fire for you from green trees and from this you kindle fire." Is He who created the heavens and earth not able to create others like these people? Of course He is! He is indeed the Supreme Creator, the All Knowing. (Yaseen – 78-81)
  • 42. Eemaan in the Day of Resurrection - Details 1. Fitna of grave and questioning by the two angels (Munkar and Nakir)  3 Questions:  Who is your Lord?  What is your faith?  Who is your Prophet?
  • 43. Eemaan in the Day of Resurrection - Details 2. Torment and bliss in the grave (azaab and ni’mah)  Its actually at the state of al-Barzakh (life in the grave, interspace between the life on the earth and the life in the hereafter)
  • 44. Eemaan in the Day of Resurrection - Details 3. Signs of the Hour  The Hour will certainly come, and the timing is known only to Allah They ask you [Prophet] about the Last Hour, "When will it come?" Say, "Knowledge about it rests only with my Lord; He alone will reveal when its time will come, it lies heavy on the heavens and the earth: it will suddenly overtake you." They will put questions to you as though you had full knowledge of it. Say, "Knowledge about it rests only with God, though most people do not realize it.“ (Al- Araaf – 187)
  • 45. Eemaan in the Day of Resurrection - Details 3. Signs of the Hour  Minor Signs  Major Signs  The Sun Rising from The West  The Coming of the Beast out from the Earth  The Coming of Dajjal  The Descent of Eisa (PBUH)  The Appearance of Yajuj-Majuj
  • 46. Eemaan in the Day of Resurrection - Details 4. The Beginning of the Last Day 5. Resurrection – Ba’s 6. The Gathering - Hashr 7. The Recompense of Deeds – Jazaul A’mal 8. Presentation and Reckoning – Arz wal hisaab 9. The Fount - Hawdh 10. The Scale - Mizaan 11. The Bridge - Siraat 12. Paradise and Hell – Jannat wa Naar
  • 47. Summary Eemaan in the Angels Eemaan in the Prophets and Messengers Eemaan in Divine Scriptures Eemaan in the Day of Resurrection
  • 48. Summary Reference:  Naim YaSin, Muhammad, (1997), The Book of Eemaan, London ,Al-Firdous Ltd. -Yousuf Sultan www.yousufsultan.com