Training in democracy and social structures


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It's necessary to understand how educational systems contribute to make students aware about humanistic values and philanthropic matters.Our feelings need to be involved as well as our hearts need to battle for other people around as. However education and social policy must be integrated in the educational systems in order to inculcate high morals to our children and to spread later a culture of solidarity and tolerance

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Training in democracy and social structures

  1. 1. June 2014 By Yousser Gherissi Hegazi Leadership development & Management
  2. 2. “To serve is beautiful, but only if it is done with joy and a whole heart and a free mind.” Pearl S. Buck
  3. 3. Democracy represents the democratic peace, respect for human rights, empowerment and the rule of law, political equality, multiculturalism, consensual democracy, social harmony, human values, the ideal structures, and a culture of tolerance
  4. 4. Introduction Training objectives: The concept of democracy The principles of democracy Today issues Government censorship Social structures Social Policy Education Policy Social Psychology Social structure implications Social regime Ideal structures Recommendations References
  5. 5. Basic principles and conciliatory values for democracy and social constructivism lies in the society control and political equality. These principles determine the struggle of Democrats of the world to enable society to control politics in effective ways and to eliminate the monopoly of the elite on the decision-making process and its benefits; Democracy serves to overcome the obstacles, such as those of gender, race, religion, language, class and wealth. But democracy allows people to exercise the rights of citizenship on an equal footing.
  6. 6. Empower active citizens in establishing democracy and social justice Building values and academic knowledge Producing democratic equality
  7. 7. Democracy is a system that allows all qualified citizens to participate equally to elected representatives and in the formulation and development of laws. It does link to social equality, religious, cultural, ethnic, justice, and liberty. And And the term democracy is originated from the ancient Greek (dēmokratía) "rule of the people", which was found from (Demos) "people" and (Kratos) "power" in the fifth century BC, which promoted the political systems in ancient Greece, predominantly Athens who approved the contradictory term (aristokratia) “ of ruling elite
  8. 8. For example, the political system in Athens established a classic democratic citizenship to the elite class of free men, slaves and women's political participation. Also, all democratic governments in ancient and modern history involved the elite class and the full empowerment of all citizens of adults in most modern democracies through the ballot movements in 19th and 20th centuries
  9. 9. The rule of law Laws represent the will of the people Presidents and legislature are limited by law Freedom of the press People need information in order to vote prudently which requires a free press and freedom of political speech Respect of human rights The purpose of government is to serve the needs of the people
  10. 10. Active political rights Democracy is a participation sport and it won't work if most people don't take part Enlightened citizens Citizens must be educated and must understand the purpose of democracy, how and why we have it. This earn a high literacy rate
  11. 11. Democratization Civil society Group rights Multiculturalism Discrepancies Consensual democracy
  12. 12. Frequent elections Civil disobedience Protest Revolution
  13. 13. Social structures Stratification, society, concurrency & social-relationship Social policy Concurrency & social-relationship Education policy Value, interactive respect, integration of human values with education, moral education Social psychology Human behavior, social cognition, social influence, attitudes, persuasion & ethics
  14. 14. The social structures are designed through social arrangements within the community and grow on the basis of individuals actions, depending on the judgment and function of social structure (social and economic classes) like for example, the class structure, social institutions, and other modeled social groups. It is in fact the structure of the social network, which is equal between individuals & organizations. Accordingly it can be a way of creating principles that shape the individual behavior of decision-makers in the social system
  15. 15. Additionally family, religion, law, economy and class are social structures. In 1905 the German sociologist Ferdinand Tonnies stated in his study "the present problems of social structures in the USA" that only the constitution of a multitude in to a unity creates a "social structure".
  16. 16. Social policy embodies guidelines, legislation & activities that affect the living conditions necessary for human happiness. Consequently the department of social policy at the London School considered that social & political economy stands a "subject of a multi-disciplinary applied and specialized to analyze social community needs. However the London School seeks to enhance the ability of students to understand the theory and evidence from a range disciplines in the social sciences, including economics, sociology, psychology, geography, history, law, philosophy and political science.
  17. 17. The Malcolm Wiener Center for Social policy at Harvard University stated: "These basic human needs include: water, food, and shelter, a sustainable and safe environment, the promotion of health and treatment of the sick, the care and support of those unable to live a fully independent life; and the education and training of individuals to a level that enables them fully to participate in their society".[1] The center describes social policy as "public policy and practice in the areas of health care, human services, criminal justice, inequality, education, and labor."[2] Social policy might also be described as actions that affect the well-being of members of a society through shaping the distribution of and access to goods and resources in that society. [3] Social policy often deals with terrific problems.
  18. 18. Education policy retains many interpretations of education in early childhood, kindergartens, universities, and vocational education, adult education and job training. However, it could affect education policy for people of all ages. The policy here lies in teaching methods and facilitation in the fees access , and investment in school infrastructure & freedom of choice. And the content of the curriculum and its values required educational frames . But the discussion in education policy includes the size of the school , school choice , privatization of the school , the efficiency of teachers , school accreditation, teacher reward , teaching methods , the content of the curriculum , graduation requirements , & investment in school infrastructure. However schools should apply distinctive standards that link to essential studies in psychology , economics , sociology , and human development , in addition to schools and methods of management education or public policy as examples of the analysis of education policy .
  19. 19. Social psychology is known as scientific study of people's ideas, feelings, and attitudes which can be affected by the logic and the indirect imagination. Consequently scientific research refers to experimental process and analyzes that link to the ideas of rights, feelings, and behaviors. It does include all psychological variables measurable in a human being
  20. 20. It does suggest that humans are predisposed to social influence. For example when people watch television and follow adopted cultural norms, social psychologists analyze human behavior through mental states and social situations based upon empirical findings. Social psychology is interested by exploring human feelings, thoughts, beliefs, intentions and goals are built upon mental factors that influence on relations with others.
  21. 21. The concept of social structure involves the critical effects of random and motivations that determine for example, the problem of gender equality and the non- equal qualifications. Lopez and Scott,(2000) differentiate between institutional structure and relational structure: "Social structure is seen as comprising those cultural or normative patterns that define the expectation of agents hold about each other's behavior and that organize their enduring relations with each other's (p3).
  22. 22. Normative structure The normative structure defines the fashioned organization structure, between norms and styles in the procedures of person's position. Interest structures The interest structures are based upon goals and desires of people of varying social positions.
  23. 23. Ideal structures The ideal structures are based upon cultural beliefs and attitudes of people of varying social positions Interaction structure Structure is based on the interaction and communication facilities of the various social sites. We have the right to believe that the social structure includes all system needs of work, management, and professional or by conflicts between groups, political parties and elites. This structure is a natural process that develops the power of elites who exploit their power to control the system and authority
  24. 24. The mechanisms responsible for the social structure derive directly from the fact. There are a set of indicators that display the observed social capital structure with the necessary functions. Nevertheless, it can be driven by successful democratic systems that build social capital on the loyalty and social justice for all. However the structural obstacles evolve from social inequality and the lack of human values.
  25. 25. About the Walcom Wiener Center,(2006). Presidents and Fellows Harvard University (3) Cheyne, C., O'Brien, M., & Belgrave, M.,(2005) .Social Policy in Aotearoa New Zealand: A Critical Introduction - Page 3. College of humanities and social sciences (1) Greener, I.,(2014). Social policy and administration; Volume 40, Issue2 Modes of power and the re‐conceptualization of elites Scott , J.,(2008)- The Sociological Review, - Wiley Online Library