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When settlers attack final
 

When settlers attack final

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When Settlers Attack is a presentation on Israeli Settler violence against Palestinian Civilians in the West Bank.

When Settlers Attack is a presentation on Israeli Settler violence against Palestinian Civilians in the West Bank.

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    When settlers attack final When settlers attack final Presentation Transcript

    • When Settlers Attack
      Understanding Settler Violence against Palestine's Civilians
      Yousef Munayyer
      Executive DirectorPalestine Center
    • Data
      Over 1000 unique events
      Covers Jan. 1, 2009-Aug. 30, 2010
      Coded from PLO NSU daily reports
      Extracted information includes Date, Village, Attack type, Settlement, Casualties and other details.
      Special Thanks to Mikki O'Leary, Sana Saeed, Katharine Forman and Elise Springuel
      The Palestine Center
    • Seeking to Understand…
      Who is attacking?
      What types of attacks are taking place?
      How does this vary over space and time?
      Who is being attacked?
      What can be done about it?
      The Palestine Center
    • Who is attacking?
      Settlers from two-thirds of settlements in the West Bank.
      Different types of settlements - Religious, Orthodox, Secular and Mixed - to varying degrees.
      Of the 1000+ events, we know the settlement of origin for 279 incidents.
      The Palestine Center
    • The Most Dangerous Settlements
      *These 7 settlements alone account for 50% of all attacks where settlement of origin is known.
      The Palestine Center
    • Attacks By Settlement Character
      The Palestine Center
    • What types of events?
      Event types range from personal attacks, to attacks on property, to raids, arson, attempted attacks and trespassing.
      The Palestine Center
    • Event Types Explained
      • Trespassing - crossing into non-Settlement Palestinian lands. Settlement of origin is known in only 8% of these cases.
      The Palestine Center
    • Event Types Explained
      • Stone Throwing - Throwing stones at civilians, cars or property
      The Palestine Center
    • Event Types Explained
      • Assault - Person to Person physical attacks
      The Palestine Center
    • Event Types Explained
      • Destruction of Property - Damage to homes, vandalism, cars, olive trees.
      The Palestine Center
    • Event Types Explained
      • Arson - setting fire to farm land, groves or structures.
      The Palestine Center
    • Other Event Types
      Top 5 make up nearly 70% of the events.
      Other 30% is split between:
      Abduction
      Harassment
      Land/House Seizure
      Open Fire (Shooting)
      Raids
      Theft
      Vehicular Assault
      The Palestine Center
    • Events by Administrative Area
      The Palestine Center
    • Events by Administrative Area
      The Oslo Accords created the division of authority over territory in the West Bank into Areas A, B and C.
      Area A - Palestinian Security Control (Subject to Israel Security)
      Area B - Palestinian Civil Control, Israeli Security Control
      Area C - Full Israel Security Control. All Settlements located here.
      The Palestine Center
    • Events by Administrative Area
      The Palestine Center
    • West Bank Governorates
      The Palestine Center
    • Event By Governorate
      The Palestine Center
    • Event By Governorate
      The Palestine Center
    • Event By Governorate
      The Palestine Center
    • Event By Governorate
      The Palestine Center
    • Event By Governorate
      The Palestine Center
    • Event By Governorate
      The Palestine Center
    • Vulnerable Targets
      The Palestine Center
    • Vulnerable Targets
      BeitSahhur
      Number of Attacks: 13
      Area: A,C
      Governorate: Bethlehem
      Source of Attacks: Outpost of UshGharb
      Notable Methods of Violence: Trespassing, Raids, Destruction of Property
      The Palestine Center
    • Vulnerable Targets
      Burin
      Number of Attacks: 40
      Area: B
      Governorate: Nablus
      Source of Attacks: Bracha, Yitzhar Settlements
      Notable Methods of Violence: Arson, Stone Throwing, Destruction of Property
      The Palestine Center
    • Vulnerable Targets
      Halhul
      Number of Attacks: 10
      Area: B
      Governorate: Hebron
      Source of Attacks: KarmeiTzur Settlement
      Notable Methods of Violence: Assault, Vehicular Assualt
      The Palestine Center
    • Vulnerable Targets
      Homesh Area
      Number of Attacks: 20
      Area: C
      Governorate: Nablus
      Source of Attacks: Evacuated Settlement of Homesh
      Notable Methods of Violence: Assault, Stone Throwing
      The Palestine Center
    • Vulnerable Targets
      Huwwara
      Number of Attacks: 17
      Area: B,C
      Governorate: Nablus
      Source of Attacks: Settlements of Yitzhar and Bracha
      Notable Methods of Violence: Assault, Stone Throwing
      The Palestine Center
    • Vulnerable Targets
      Immatin
      Number of Attacks: 12
      Area: B
      Governorate: Qalqilya
      Source of Attacks: Evacuated Settlement of HavatGilad
      Notable Methods of Violence: Arson, Assault, Stone Throwing
      The Palestine Center
    • Vulnerable Targets
      Iraq Burin
      Number of Attacks: 26
      Area: B
      Governorate: Nablus
      Source of Attacks: Settlements of Bracha and Yizthar
      Notable Methods of Violence: Arson, Assault, Stone Throwing
      The Palestine Center
    • Vulnerable Targets
      Jit
      Number of Attacks: 20
      Area: C
      Governorate: Qalqilya
      Source of Attacks: Evacuated Outpost of HivatGilad
      Notable Methods of Violence: Arson, Stone Throwing
      The Palestine Center
    • Vulnerable Targets
      Khirbet Safa
      Number of Attacks: 21
      Area: B,C
      Governorate: Hebron
      Source of Attacks: Bat Ayin
      Notable Methods of Violence: Arson, Open Fire
      The Palestine Center
    • Vulnerable Targets
      Qaryut
      Number of Attacks: 10
      Area: B,C
      Governorate: Nablus
      Source of Attacks: Settlements of Eli and Shilo
      Notable Methods of Violence: Arson, Assault, Destruction of Property
      The Palestine Center
    • Main Roads Between Nablus,Qalqilya & Salfit
      20
      11
      5
      26
      3
      12
      43
      3
      4
      23
      8
      6
      5
      8
      1
      5
      5
      7
      2
      3
      The Palestine Center
    • A Shift North?
      In 2008 UN OCHA documented that 42% of all events happened in the Hebron Governorate, 21% in Nablus and 11% in Qalqilya.
      In 2009 numbers show 29% in Hebron, 22% in Nablus and 11% in Qalqilya.
      The Palestine Center
    • A Shift North?
      2010 numbers suggests violence is shifting north with Nablus being the locale of 28% of events, Hebron second at 21% and Ramallah and Qalqilya after that with 12% and 11% respectively. Note that 2010 numbers still do not capture violence during the Olive Harvest in the fall.
      The Palestine Center
    • Events Over Time
      *Numbers for 2006, 2007, 2008 from UN OCHA
      (P) Numbers for 2008 and 2010 are projections for the entire year based on 10 and 8 months of data respectively.
      The Palestine Center
    • Events Over Time
      The Palestine Center
    • Events Over Time
      Early April 2009 - After right-wing coalition formed tit-for-tat violence leads to spike in Hebron, attacks in other Governorates unprovoked.
      The Palestine Center
    • Events Over Time
      June-July-September 2009 – 4 different peaks resulting from “price tag” events related to reported dismantling of outposts in Qalqilya, Nablus and Hebron.
      The Palestine Center
    • Events Over Time
      Late October-November 2009 – Olive harvest season brings Palestinian civilians, targets of settler violence, into open rural areas.
      The Palestine Center
    • Events Over Time
      December 2009 – Major spikes due to announcement of settlement moratorium with brief and abrupt hiatus during Hannukah period.
      The Palestine Center
    • Events Over Time
      Mid February 2010 – Spike comes after announcement that Settler Building (The Jonathan Pollard House) in Jerusalem would not be built
      The Palestine Center
    • Events Over Time
      Mid-March, April, Mid & Late May 2010- Major spikes after Biden incident, announcement of Ramat Shlomo halt, start of proximity talks. Attacks tapper off after Netanyahu invited back to White House for conciliatory meeting.
      The Palestine Center
    • Main Findings
      A Majority of events (90%) take place in areas where Israel has security jurisdiction under Oslo.
      50% of attacks are perpetrated by Settlers from only 7 settlements.
      Most heavily effected governorates are Nablus and Hebron. Attacks in Hebron often take place in the city whereas in Nablus they take place against villages.
      Vulnerable villages are often adjacent to main roads.
      The Palestine Center
    • Main Findings
      Main Roads between Nablus, Qalqilya and Salfit continue to be gauntlet of violence. Other roads also very vulnerable.
      There is a remarkable increase in both events and casualties over the last several years.
      Spikes in violence are often motivated by Israeli action or perceived threat of action, against presence of settlements. The average number of events per week increased 22% after the ‘settlement freeze’ announcement.
      Violence is consistent and systematic, happening in all governorates and in 280 unique villages and locations across the WB in our data set.
      The Palestine Center