www.yourlegalconsultants.com [email_address] Technology Transfer/Universities/General concepts INTRODUCTION PART I
www.yourlegalconsultants.com [email_address] TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER   Information without any cost 1.  WHAT IS TECHNOLOGY TRA...
TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER/UNIVERSITIES Free information www.yourlegalconsultants.com [email_address]
1.  CONCEPT OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER Concept  Technology transfer consists on the movement of technology and associated know...
2.  DIFFERENT DENOMINATIONS  <ul><li>Depending on the context of use, technology transfer is given different names: </li><...
www.yourlegalconsultants.com [email_address] 3. TYPES OF TECHNOLOGY IN PRACTICE Pre-commercial and high uncertainty stage ...
www.yourlegalconsultants.com [email_address] 4. PROPERTY RIGHTS  <ul><li>To speak of property rights is to speak of techno...
www.yourlegalconsultants.com [email_address] 5. SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE  Scientific knowledge refers to the scientific and te...
6.  TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE  This refers to technical knowledge and skills that are generally concealed (as part of the know-h...
7.  CAPITAL GOODS AND ICT These are capiel and knowledge intensive material assets that are already available in the marke...
8.  THE CONCEPT OF RESEARCH AND DEVLOPMENT (R&D) Following on from the definitions and classifications of technology, it m...
8. THE CONCEPT OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (2/2)  www.yourlegalconsultants.com [email_address]
DOCUMENTS FOR TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER  Payment required www.yourlegalconsultants.com [email_address]
9. DOWNLOADABLE DOCUMENTS <ul><ul><li>How to work with technology providers </li></ul></ul>www.yourlegalconsultants.com [e...
Thank you for your interest [email_address] If you want to buy documents www.yourlegalconsultants.com If you want to contr...
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Technology Transfer General Concepts: Part I

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Technology Transfer General Concepts: Part I

  1. 1. www.yourlegalconsultants.com [email_address] Technology Transfer/Universities/General concepts INTRODUCTION PART I
  2. 2. www.yourlegalconsultants.com [email_address] TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER Information without any cost 1. WHAT IS TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER? 2. DIFFERENT DENOMINATIONS 3. TYPES OF TECHNOLOGY IN PRACTICE 4. PROPERTY RIGHTS 5. SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE 6. TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE 7. CAPITAL GOODS AND ICT 8. THE CONCEPT OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (R&D) DOCUMENTS FOR TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER Payment required 9.HOW TO WORK WITH TECHNOLOGY PROVIDERS
  3. 3. TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER/UNIVERSITIES Free information www.yourlegalconsultants.com [email_address]
  4. 4. 1. CONCEPT OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER Concept Technology transfer consists on the movement of technology and associated knowledge from a provider to a receiver, who uses them for the same purporses as the provider in exchange for compensation, usually economic www.yourlegalconsultants.com [email_address] Company Supplier Technology and/or knowledge A consideration
  5. 5. 2. DIFFERENT DENOMINATIONS <ul><li>Depending on the context of use, technology transfer is given different names: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology transfer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge transfer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical cooperation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Purchase and sell of technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology acquisition-licesing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology import-export </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technological alliance </li></ul></ul>www.yourlegalconsultants.com [email_address]
  6. 6. www.yourlegalconsultants.com [email_address] 3. TYPES OF TECHNOLOGY IN PRACTICE Pre-commercial and high uncertainty stage Low visibility and tangibili-sation Commercial stage with low uncertainty High visibility and tangibili-sation PROPERTY RIGHTS SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE CAPITAL GOODS AND ICT TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE
  7. 7. www.yourlegalconsultants.com [email_address] 4. PROPERTY RIGHTS <ul><li>To speak of property rights is to speak of technology materialised as inventions (devices, components, processes, methosds…) that are protected by means of one or several existing types of industrial and intellectual property rights (patent, utility, models, designs, marks, copyrights) and/or industrial secrets </li></ul><ul><li>It is technology that is available for acquisition that commonly comes as the result of research and development (R&D) processes and is found in a somewhat advanced state of development (pre-industrial or pre-commercial stage), requiring final adaptation in order to be used in the market and possessing a certain degree of uncertainty as to the success of the final application </li></ul><ul><li>In this context, technology can be understood as the practical use of scientific knowledge obtained from R&D activity. This type of technology is generally available from universities and research institutes, although it is also found in technology centres and companies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- For example: the patent for teh active ingredient for treatment of a disease of value for the pharmaceutical industry would be a case of property rights </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. www.yourlegalconsultants.com [email_address] 5. SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE Scientific knowledge refers to the scientific and technological knowledge and skills needed to develop future R&D activities, generally through the academic and scientific learning and experience of highly qualified personnel. It refers to the mastery of state of the art in a scientific discipline and scientific methos as a methodology that permits the creation of new knowledge through R&D projects with a high degree of uncertainly as to the success of the project and of the application of its results This type of technology-producing knowledge is mainly available from universities, research institutes and technology centres and somewhat less in companies. The technology for transfer appears as the result of R&D activities, which is new technology, non-existent prior to the R&D project For instance, the technological and academic mastery of the technology for nanostructures in materials that allows a new technology development project
  9. 9. 6. TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE This refers to technical knowledge and skills that are generally concealed (as part of the know-how and experience of individuals inside an organisation) or in the public domain (regulations, laws etc…) destined to render more or less advanced services of advice/consulting, assistance, enginineering, test, trainning or similar These services are already available in the market (there is no uncertainty as to their business application because they have previously been rendered) They tend to be very specific and are privided by means of special infrastructure (mechanical test bed, advanced electron microscope etc…) and are priovided by experts in their fields. Technology centres and companied are the most common providers of this type of knowledge as are universities and research instituted. For example, advisory services for the choice of the best technologgy available for the treatment of industrial waste or for standards compliance testing in the European Union for a solar collector imported from China. www.yourlegalconsultants.com [email_address]
  10. 10. 7. CAPITAL GOODS AND ICT These are capiel and knowledge intensive material assets that are already available in the market and are an important source of technological innovation for certain companies. In this case, the technology is concealed inside the capital goods (machinery, equipment, production plant etc…) in the form of knowledge and property rights As particular case, it is also possible to consider information and communication technology (ICT) as a category of technology, giben that the incorporation of specific advanced software or hardware often gives a huge competitive advantage. Capital goods and ICT are almost exclusively marketed by companies. On certain occasions, software developments by universities, research instituted and technology centres can be included in the first-category (property rights) owing to the innovation and particular features of the developments. Outside of this, typical examples of this type of technology are high-speed automatic packaging machinery for the food processing industry and the computerised enterprise resource planning (ERP) system used in the wine-making industry. www.yourlegalconsultants.com [email_address]
  11. 11. 8. THE CONCEPT OF RESEARCH AND DEVLOPMENT (R&D) Following on from the definitions and classifications of technology, it makes sense to explain the concepts related to research and development www.yourlegalconsultants.com [email_address]
  12. 12. 8. THE CONCEPT OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (2/2) www.yourlegalconsultants.com [email_address]
  13. 13. DOCUMENTS FOR TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER Payment required www.yourlegalconsultants.com [email_address]
  14. 14. 9. DOWNLOADABLE DOCUMENTS <ul><ul><li>How to work with technology providers </li></ul></ul>www.yourlegalconsultants.com [email_address] <ul><ul><li>Guide document that contains information about how to work with technology providers </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Thank you for your interest [email_address] If you want to buy documents www.yourlegalconsultants.com If you want to contract to the expert, please contact: www.yourlegalconsultants.com [email_address]

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