WOMEN and HEART DISEASE
CURRENT CONDITION   Cardiovascular diseases are world’s largest killer,    claiming 17.3 million lives per year.   Aware...
WHO Statistics   Presently 17 million people die of heart    attacks and strokes, every year Worldwide.
SUDDEN CARDIAC DEATHApproximately 40% of people who die from heart  disease didn’t even know they had a heart  problem unt...
RISK FACTORS   Age   Gender (male)   Tobacco Use/ Smoking   Exposed to Secondhand smoke   Sedentary Lifestyle   Phys...
Common Signs and Symptoms of          Heart Diseases   Shortness of Breath   Radiating pain to shoulder, neck, arms   L...
Women and Heart Diseases  ESTROGEN – Protective Factor
Risk Factors for Women   Post Menopause   Smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke   Consumption of Oral Contraceptive w...
Common Symptoms:   Pressure, pain, fullness in the centre of chest   Radiating pain to shoulder, neck , arms   Shortnes...
Assessment Tools   Body Mass Index (BMI) = <23    Weight(kg)/ Height(m)2   Ideal Body Weight (IBW)    Height(cms)-100 W...
ManagementLIFESTYLE MODIFICATION is the Key!1. DIET2. EXERCISE3. STRESS MANAGEMENT
DIET   Limit the intake of SALT   Use 500ml of oil /person/ month   Include Heart Friendly foods like almonds, walnuts,...
Walkmore
Exercise and Stress           Management   Aerobic – At least 150 minutes / week   Muscle Strengthening – Alternate days...
THANK YOU
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Women and Heart Health

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Women and Heart Health

  1. 1. WOMEN and HEART DISEASE
  2. 2. CURRENT CONDITION Cardiovascular diseases are world’s largest killer, claiming 17.3 million lives per year. Awareness in the society regarding Increasing Heart Disease Risk.
  3. 3. WHO Statistics Presently 17 million people die of heart attacks and strokes, every year Worldwide.
  4. 4. SUDDEN CARDIAC DEATHApproximately 40% of people who die from heart disease didn’t even know they had a heart problem until they died from it-Clearly not the best way to find out.So no matter how good we are in treating heart diseases the major focus has to be on PREVENTION.
  5. 5. RISK FACTORS Age Gender (male) Tobacco Use/ Smoking Exposed to Secondhand smoke Sedentary Lifestyle Physical Inactivity Wrong Diet Pattern Diabetes and High Blood Pressure
  6. 6. Common Signs and Symptoms of Heart Diseases Shortness of Breath Radiating pain to shoulder, neck, arms Lack of appetite, Nausea Fatigue, Tiredness Edema Confusion Chest Pain
  7. 7. Women and Heart Diseases ESTROGEN – Protective Factor
  8. 8. Risk Factors for Women Post Menopause Smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke Consumption of Oral Contraceptive with Smoking Diabetes and HypertensionWorldwide, 8.6 million die from heart disease every year.
  9. 9. Common Symptoms: Pressure, pain, fullness in the centre of chest Radiating pain to shoulder, neck , arms Shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing Upper Abdominal Pain Sweating for no apparent reason Dizziness with weakness Sudden extreme fatigue
  10. 10. Assessment Tools Body Mass Index (BMI) = <23 Weight(kg)/ Height(m)2 Ideal Body Weight (IBW) Height(cms)-100 Waist CircumferenceMen- <90cmsWomen-<80cms Waist Hip Ratio (WHR)Men <1.0Women<0.8
  11. 11. ManagementLIFESTYLE MODIFICATION is the Key!1. DIET2. EXERCISE3. STRESS MANAGEMENT
  12. 12. DIET Limit the intake of SALT Use 500ml of oil /person/ month Include Heart Friendly foods like almonds, walnuts, garlic, oats, fish, onion, soybean in your diet. Drink plenty of fluids like buttermilk, lemon water, coconut water and plain water. Include fruits & vegetables. Be a transfat detective! Non-veg food?
  13. 13. Walkmore
  14. 14. Exercise and Stress Management Aerobic – At least 150 minutes / week Muscle Strengthening – Alternate days Yoga, Suryanamaskar – Everyday 20 min Pranayama, Meditation, Breathing Exercises
  15. 15. THANK YOU
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