CURRENT CONDITION Cardiovascular diseases are world’s largest killer, claiming 17.3 million lives per year. Awareness in the society regarding Increasing Heart Disease Risk.
WHO Statistics Presently 17 million people die of heart attacks and strokes, every year Worldwide.
SUDDEN CARDIAC DEATHApproximately 40% of people who die from heart disease didn’t even know they had a heart problem until they died from it-Clearly not the best way to find out.So no matter how good we are in treating heart diseases the major focus has to be on PREVENTION.
RISK FACTORS Age Gender (male) Tobacco Use/ Smoking Exposed to Secondhand smoke Sedentary Lifestyle Physical Inactivity Wrong Diet Pattern Diabetes and High Blood Pressure
Common Signs and Symptoms of Heart Diseases Shortness of Breath Radiating pain to shoulder, neck, arms Lack of appetite, Nausea Fatigue, Tiredness Edema Confusion Chest Pain
Women and Heart Diseases ESTROGEN – Protective Factor
Risk Factors for Women Post Menopause Smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke Consumption of Oral Contraceptive with Smoking Diabetes and HypertensionWorldwide, 8.6 million die from heart disease every year.
Common Symptoms: Pressure, pain, fullness in the centre of chest Radiating pain to shoulder, neck , arms Shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing Upper Abdominal Pain Sweating for no apparent reason Dizziness with weakness Sudden extreme fatigue
Assessment Tools Body Mass Index (BMI) = <23 Weight(kg)/ Height(m)2 Ideal Body Weight (IBW) Height(cms)-100 Waist CircumferenceMen- <90cmsWomen-<80cms Waist Hip Ratio (WHR)Men <1.0Women<0.8
ManagementLIFESTYLE MODIFICATION is the Key!1. DIET2. EXERCISE3. STRESS MANAGEMENT
DIET Limit the intake of SALT Use 500ml of oil /person/ month Include Heart Friendly foods like almonds, walnuts, garlic, oats, fish, onion, soybean in your diet. Drink plenty of fluids like buttermilk, lemon water, coconut water and plain water. Include fruits & vegetables. Be a transfat detective! Non-veg food?