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3º eso unit 9 passive

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  • 1. UNIT 9 ART
  • 2. Imagine you are CRITICS or COLLECTORS You are in an EXHIBITION in The Metropolitan MUSEUM of Art or in the MoMA in New York or in any other GALLERY WHAT KIND OF WORK IS IT? It is an SCULPTURE Ron Mueck is a London-based photo-realist artist. Born in Melbourne , Australia , to parents who were toy makers, he labored on children's television shows for 15 years before working in special effects for such films as Labyrinth, a 1986 fantasy epic starring David Bowie
  • 3. It’s a PORTRAIT It’s a PAINTING Chris Buzelli Fantasy Portrait Paintings Chris was born and raised outside of Chicago and on the waters of Lake Michigan. Chris has collaborated on many projects for design firms and advertising agencies.
  • 4. It’s a PAINTING It’s a LANDSCAPE Possibly his most famous landscape paintings The painting is widely regarded as his MASTERPIECE. In 1880′s, Gogh lived in the village of Arles in the south of France and ”The Starry Night” depicts van Gogh’s view outside his room. He painted it from memory during the day. Vincent van Gogh “The Starry Night,”
  • 5. It is an SCULPTURE GEHARD DEMETZ Impressive wood sculptures by Italian artist Gehard Demetz, Demetz born in 1972, Bolzano , and lives and works in Selva di Val Gardena. Demetz renders the human form in wood and juxtaposes it with digital, grid like voids
  • 6. In an AUCTION you offer money to buy a piece of art In a MUSEUM you see the pieces of art but you normally can’t buy them, not in an EXHIBITION or GALLERY
  • 7. MORE ABOUT • Ron Mueck. http://www.hoax-slayer.com/ron- mueck-sculpture-images.shtml • Gehard Demetz. http://www.arch2o.com/sculptures-of- children-gehard-demetz/ • Chris Buzelli http://artofday.com/wordpress/?p=2574
  • 8. PASSIVE SENTENCES The queen ate a jam sandwich Can you tell me what is the subject in this sentence? The queen ate a jam sandwich. The queen is the subject of this sentence.
  • 9. This is an active sentence. The subject-the queen ate a sandwich yesterday! The most important thing in this sentence is who ate the sandwich People buy books in this wonderful shop My mother painted her room last month He will wash the car one day I took the pictures with my camera But we could change the sentence around.
  • 10. The queen ate a jam sandwich We could change the sense of the sentence by saying... The jam sandwich was eaten by the queen. Which is the subject in this sentence? The jam sandwich was being eaten by the queen. This is a passive sentence. The subject-the jam sandwich- is ‘suffering’ with the action of the verb. It is not who makes the action . It is being eaten!
  • 11. • Perhaps this seems complicated! – But it is not, you hear passive sentences all the time – Mark was eating an apple – The picture was painted by Tom Are these sentences active or passive? That’s right! This sentence is active. Mark is actively eating the apple.The subject of the sentence is the picture. The picture is having something done to it.
  • 12. Active Voice Active voice is used to show that the subject of the sentence is performing or causing the action. Example: Lebron threw the basketball before the buzzer. Lebron shot the basketball from the free throw line. Lebron scored three points. Summing up
  • 13. Passive Voice Passive voice is used when the subject is the recipient of the action. Example: The ball was thrown by Lebron. The basket was shot by Lebron. The score was made by Lebron.
  • 14. Form of Passive Voice Verbs  The passive voice requires a "double verb" and will always consist of a form of the verb "to be" and the past participle (usually the "en/ed/t" form) of another verb.  Example: Active: John baked the bread. Passive: The bread was baked by John. (Was is a form of the verb “be”.)  Review the forms of "to be":  am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been
  • 15. How to make them We ... chose ... plastic film to cover the microphone. Active voice Subject Verb Object 1st Find the object in the active and make it the subject in the passive sentence
  • 16. How to make them Plastic film … was chosen … to cover the microphone. Passive voice Subject Verb Object We ... chose ... plastic film to cover the microphone. Active voice Subject Verb Object 2nd. Add verb to be in the correct tense
  • 17. 3rd the subject in the active will be the “agent” of the action ( it can be also omitted) BY is used to introduce the “agent” Active Workers installed burglar alarms. Passive, with agent Burglar alarms were installed by the workers. Active They installed burglar alarms Passive, with the agent omitted Burglar alarms were installed.
  • 18. Remember tense and number Active Voice Passive voice I finish a project in eight hours. A project is finished in eight hours. I finish three projects in eight hours Three projects are finished in eight hours I finished a project in eight hours. A project was finished in eight hours. I finished three projects in eight hours. Three projects were finished in eight hours.
  • 19. Remember tense and number Active Voice Passive voice I finish a project in eight hours. A project is finished in eight hours. I finish three projects in eight hours Three projects are finished in eight hours I finished a project in eight hours. A project was finished in eight hours. I finished three projects in eight hours. Three projects were finished in eight hours.
  • 20. Remember tense and number Active Voice Passive voice I finish a project in eight hours. A project is finished in eight hours. I finish three projects in eight hours Three projects are finished in eight hours I finished a project in eight hours. A project was finished in eight hours. I finished three projects in eight hours. Three projects were finished in eight hours.
  • 21. Remember tense and number Active Voice Passive voice I finish a project in eight hours. A project is finished in eight hours. I finish three projects in eight hours Three projects are finished in eight hours I finished a project in eight hours. A project was finished in eight hours. I finished three projects in eight hours. Three projects were finished in eight hours.
  • 22. Remember tense and number Active Voice Passive voice I finish a project in eight hours. A project is finished in eight hours. I finish three projects in eight hours Three projects are finished in eight hours I finished a project in eight hours. A project was finished in eight hours. I finished three projects in eight hours. Three projects were finished in eight hours.
  • 23. Remember tense and number Active Voice Passive voice I finish a project in eight hours. A project is finished in eight hours. I finish three projects in eight hours Three projects are finished in eight hours I finished a project in eight hours. A project was finished in eight hours. I finished three projects in eight hours. Three projects were finished in eight hours.
  • 24. Remember tense and number Active Voice Passive voice I finish a project in eight hours. A project is finished in eight hours. I finish three projects in eight hours Three projects are finished in eight hours I finished a project in eight hours. A project was finished in eight hours. I finished three projects in eight hours. Three projects were finished in eight hours.
  • 25. Remember tense and number Active Voice Passive voice I finish a project in eight hours. A project is finished in eight hours. I finish three projects in eight hours Three projects are finished in eight hours I finished a project in eight hours. A project was finished in eight hours. I finished three projects in eight hours. Three projects were finished in eight hours.
  • 26. Let’s Practice Label the following sentences ACTIVE or PASSIVE. 1. Louise made the chocolate cake. 2. The chocolate cake was made by Louise. 3. The package was advertised by the travel agent. 4. The travel agent advertised the package. 5. The chain was broken by my brother. 6. My brother broke the chain on my bike. 7. I hemmed the prom dress. 8. The prom dress was hemmed by me. 9. The pencil on the floor was broken by him. 10.He broke the pencil on the floor.
  • 27. Let’s Practice  Directions: Change the sentences below to the active voice. 1. The statue was visited by hundreds of tourists last year. 2. My books were stolen by someone yesterday. 3. These books will be left in the classroom by a careless student tomorrow. 4. Coffee is raised in many parts of Hawaii by plantation workers. 5. The house was broken into by someone while the owners were on vacation.
  • 28. From Passive to Active  Examples:  Passive: The cookies were eaten by the children. Active: The children ate the cookies.  Passive: The tunnels are dug by the gophers. Active: The gophers dug the tunnels.
  • 29. Rewrite the following paragraph in the active voice. Last summer our house was painted by me. First, the exterior was washed using warm water and a mild detergent. Then all of the chinks in the walls were sealed with putty. After the putty had had a chance to dry, the exterior could be painted. A latex paint was used because it is easy to apply and cleans up with water. A whole week was needed to finish this part of the job. A color was used that was very close to the original color. When the job was finished, a great deal of satisfaction was felt by me. Even my dad said that a good job was done.
  • 30. • Last summer our house was painted by me. • I painted our house last summer • First, the exterior was washed using warm water and a mild detergent. • First, I washed the exterior using warm water and mild detergent • Then all of the chinks in the walls were sealed with putty. • Then I sealed all the chinks in the walls with putty • After the putty had had a chance to dry, the exterior could be painted. • After the putty had had a chance to dry, I could paint the exterior • A latex paint was used because it is easy to apply and cleans up with water. • I used a latex paint because it is easy to apply and cleans up with water • A whole week was needed to finish this part of the job. • I needed a whole week to finish this part of the job • A color was used that was very close to the original color. • I used a color that was very close to the original version • When the job was finished, a great deal of satisfaction was felt by me. • When I finished the job, I felt a great deal of satisfaction • Even my dad said that a good job was done. • Even my dad said that I did a good job
  • 31. • They introduced me to her husband – I was introduced to her husband • My office was broken into. – Someone broke into my office • Edison invented the gramophone – The gramophone was invented by Edison • The sandwich was eaten by the cat – The cat ate the sandwich • You should review the lessons before the test – The lessons should be reviewed before the test • The final game will be seen by millions of fans tomorrow – Millions of fans will see the final game tomorrow
  • 32. Active to passive • Someone sold this old hat to my wife – This old hat was sold to my wife • You ought to clean the desk – The desk ought to be cleaned • The headmaster will contact you. – You will be contacted by the headmaster • Didn’t she tell you the truth? – Weren’t you told the truth by her? – Wasn`t the truth told you by her? • They often mistreat the patients here – Patients are often mistreated here by them
  • 33. Passive to active • Your last book was admired – Everybody admired your last book • The old man might be taken to the hospital – They might take the old man to the hospital • We were told that the water is clean. – They told us that the water is clean • We were told to leave the room – They told us to leave the room
  • 34. • Someone fixed the car in this garage – The car was fixed in this garage ( by someone) • The book was bought to Mery for her birthday – Somebody/someone/they/people bought the book to Mery for her birthday • She cuts her hair once a year – Her hair is cut once a year by her • You must bring your notebooks on Tuesday – Your notebooks must be brought on Tuesday by you