Samani Unnata Pragya
Instructor, Religious Studies Department
Florida International University
Jainism teaches two karmas
◦ Ghati("destructive") affects the soul.
◦ Aghati ("non-destructive") affects the body.
There are four kinds of ghati karma:
◦ Knowledge obscuring karma (gyanavarniya): reverence to knowledge or a
teacher will shed this karma.
◦ Intuition obscuring karma (darshanavarniya): reverence to intuition or a teacher
will shed this karma.
◦ Obstacle creating karma (Antaraya) : helping others will shed this karma.
◦ Deluding karma (Mohaniya) : nonattachment & non aversion will shed this
There are four kinds of aghati karma:
◦ Pleasure & pain determining ( vedniya): Compassion and helpfulness towards
others sheds vedniya karma and results in greater happiness.
◦ Body-determining ( nam): Admiring the ugly as well as the beautiful will shed
nam karma and result in a more beautiful appearance.
◦ Status-determining ( gotra) Ex: being proud of one's status will accumulate
gotra karma, and cause one to be born with a lower status in the next life.
◦ Longevity-determining ( ayushya): Killing someone earns ayushya karma, which
results in a shorter lifespan.
emotions within the
Negative emotions make
our actions negative.
Depression, melancholy, … have no viral
cause, the cause is emotional.
More attachment more fear.
More fear more anxiety.
More health issues.
Indian traditions vote for a direct relationship
between the physical health & emotions.
Here are few examples mentioned
Intense anger can be a cause of a heart attack.
Jealousy & hatred can be a cause of an ulcer.
Depression can be a cause to tuberculosis.
Too much excitement can imbalance thyroid secretions.
This disturbs the metabolism leading to grumpiness,
Antervishuddhito janto, shuddhi sampradryate bahiah
Bahyam iti kurute dosham sarvamantaradoshatah
Internal purity reflects outside as purity
External impurity is a reflection of internal impurity
Not compassionate towards all living beings
Causing unhappiness for any being
Forcing any one to be submissive
Causing grief that would deplete the strength of the body
To make some one cry
To beat with sticks
Causing physical affliction
Compassionate towards all living beings
Not causing unhappiness for any being
Not forcing any one to be submissive
Not causing grief that would deplete the strength of the body
Not to make some one cry
Not to beat with sticks
Not causing physical affliction
For example, a man wants to build a house. The man represents a person’s soul.
The house represents the person’s body. So here the man makes a contract with
three people, one is builder, one is a material supplier and the third is the
electrician & wiring company. These three people represent the three different
The builder represents the body rendering karma who builds or constructs the
house or body. So the better the construction, the better the body which means
The vedaniya is like the material supplier who supplies such things as the drywall
required to build the house or body. So if the supplier supplies bad materials
such as drywall with chemicals, then the house or the body will suffer. For
example, drywall with chemicals will negatively affect the health of the body.
The electrician & wiring person does the wiring and lighting in the house or body.
If the electrician improperly does the lighting or wiring then one mistake can
affect the entire house or body leading to a big disaster. Similarly, negative
emotions can negatively affect the health of your body.
So in conclusion, the construction of a good house requires how well the three
people cooperate together. Similarly, the three karma together decides the good
health of a person.
With every (good & bad) action there are (good &
bad) karmic particles coming and getting
attached to the soul.
Tirthankar Mahavir says to his disciple Gautam,
◦ ‘Payogasaa, no visasaa’
◦ (karma is bound by) effort and not naturally.
They stay in a dormant state for some time
When the dormant state is over, they become
Having done the job they leave (nirjara).
◦ Cold places..
◦ Seasonal disease
Bhav- state of mind and emotions
◦ Fear of disease kills more than the disease itself
Person imbibes karma (all kinds of karma)
Vedaniy Karma with its +/- vibrations
instigates the body.
Intensity of the karmic bonding is rendered
by Mohaniy Karma.
As per the vibrations of karma, the physical
body (which is a creation of naam karma)
absorbs the particles from the cosmos.
As the particles are received, the person
experiences pleasure and pain.
Evam bhut vedana– Effects as they were bound.
◦ The karma renders the effect as it was destined to be
when it was bound.
◦ For ex: Some karma which were supposed to give an
effect in the form of a particular disease for a particular
time, the person will have to go through the effect.
Anevam bhut vedana– effects with modifications.
◦ The person with meditation or confession and other
spiritual exercises dilutes the karma, so the effect of
karma becomes milder.
(Acharya Mahapragya, atama ka darshan, khanda 4, p.478,
• Karmic effect as destined during
• Karmic effect being expedited.
• Change of the karmic energy.
• Karma (mohaniy) can be subdued if
they are weak.
• Deleting the karma.
•Meditation helps to burn out the karma.
•Mantras create a new energy field to
change the inner energy flow.
•Penance, prayers, and spiritual efforts
help replace one’s negative karma with
the positive karma.
•Good action is one way to negate bad
Action leads to karmic bondage.
You reap what you sow!
Karma can be changed or influenced
(sankraman or udirana).
To heal the karmic problem; the healing tools
are spiritual endeavors.
Therapies work if the karmic influence is not
The higher the intensity of karma, the greater
the healing required.