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The Industrial Revolution

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  • 1. UNIT 5.1 INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
  • 2. SAMUEL SLATER – Englishman who brings the secrets of textile mills to America from England in 1789 1
  • 3. SLATER TEXTILE MILL
  • 4. TEXTILE MILL
  • 5. England made it illegal for textile workers to leave their country with their knowledge of how machines worked 2
  • 6. TEXTILE MILL
  • 7. INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION – factory machines replace hand tools, and large scale manufacturing replaces farming as main form of work 3
  • 8. FACTORY SYSTEM – brings many workers and machines together to work under one roof 4
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11. Many of the first factories were placed in the New England region for two reasons: 1) Fast moving rivers to supply water for factories 5
  • 12. 2) Large supply of people willing to work in the factories 5
  • 13. Most factories after 1830 are powered by steam instead of by rivers 6
  • 14. INTERCHANGEABLE PARTS – making an item out of parts that are identical and can be mass produced – introduced by Eli Whitney 7
  • 15. ELI WHITNEY
  • 16. Interchangeable parts had 3 major advantages: 8 1) Sped up production, items could be mass produced
  • 17. 2) Repairs are easier on items, can replace one part 3) Allowed the use of more unskilled labor for lower salary 8
  • 18. ROBERT FULTON – given credit for creating the first steamboat – speeds up transportation 9
  • 19. FULTON’s Steamboat – THE clermont
  • 20. FULTON’s Steamboat – THE clermont
  • 21. SAMUEL F.B. MORSE – invents the telegraph in 1844, speeds up communication 10
  • 22. ORIGINAL TELEGRAPH MACHINE - 1837
  • 23. JOHN DEERE – invents a lightweight plow with a steel cutting edge in 1836 11
  • 24. JOHN DEERE STEEL PLOW
  • 25. CYRUS McCORMICK – invented a grain reaper in 1834, making harvest faster and easier 12
  • 26. Mc CORMICK REAPER
  • 27.  
  • 28. THE END