Anti war movement during the vietnam era

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Anti war movement during the vietnam era

  1. 1. By David Youngblood
  2. 2.  1. History of the War  2. History of the Anti-war Movement  3. Impact of the Movement on Society  4. Impact of music on the Anti-war Movement  5. Work Cited
  3. 3.  May, 1963 the troops in Vietnam reaches a total of 50,000  Jan 1966 thru Oct 1968 - US bombs dropped on N. Vietnam total over 600,000 tons  End 1968 - "Draftees" accounted for 38% of all American troops in Vietnam  4 May 70 - 4 Kent State college students were shot to death by Ohio National Guardsmen during an anti-war protest on the campus. This lead to widening anti-war protests  7 Oct 70 - President Nixon announced a new 5-point peace plan  12 Nov 71 - President Nixon announced a troop withdrawal of 45,000 more troops  27 Jan 73 - Official end of the Vietnam War. (Vietnam)
  4. 4. “ Fortunate Son” - Creedence Clearwater Revival http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wUUYlztf064
  5. 5. Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) was founded in 1960, and was made up of students ◦ SDS originally focused on domestic issues but as time progresses they advanced to the anti-war movement (Barringer).  In 1964, at the University of California, Free Speech Movement (FSM) was founded, and it helped to bridge the gap between the Civil rights movement and the Anti-war campaign (Barringer).  4 May 1970 - 4 Kent State college students were shot to death by Ohio National Guardsmen during an anti-war protest on the campus. This lead to widening anti-war protests (Vietnam).
  6. 6.  On 17 April 1965, between 15,000 and 25,000 people gathered at the capital, a turnout that surprised even the organizers (Barringer). ◦ These demonstrations were primarily made up of students, and were in protest towards the government and their bombing of North Vietnam. ◦ This was start of the anti-war movement and what was to come.  In November of 1969 a second march on Washington drew an estimated 500,000 participant (Barringer).
  7. 7.  In November of 1969 a second march on Washington drew an estimated 500,000 participant (Barringer). ◦ This movement was able to gather more participants more than the first march on Washington. ◦ Much of the increase in the size of the march was due to the public’s encouragement and the Civil Right leaders joining the Anti-war movement. ◦ This march on Washington was different than the first time they marched… the birth of the “Hippie” era.
  8. 8.  “Turn! Turn! Turn!” by the Byrds http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fHvf20Y6eoM.
  9. 9.  The second march was 500,000 members, but it was not the cleanly dressed SDS members that marched in 1968.  This march was also a showing of the counterculture movement that promoted music (Rock N Roll), sex, and drugs.  This was the birth of the Hippies.
  10. 10.  “Get Together”- the Youngbloods http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o4fWN6VvgKQ
  11. 11.  The official name of the second march was termed the Vietnam Moratorium protests that went across the country (Barringer).  The march included 500,000 in Washington, and 150,000 in San Francisco. ◦ These movements were inspirational enough to get the majority of the public to back the anti-war movement, as well as to discredit the Government.
  12. 12.  The Demonstrations partnered with the governments’ inability to keep their promises, led to President Nixon being forced to attempt to stop the movement in multiple ways. ◦ mobilizing supporters ◦ smearing the movement ◦ tracking it ◦ withdrawing U.S. troops from Vietnam ◦ instituting a draft lottery ◦ eventually ending draft calls (Barringer)
  13. 13.  “San Francisco” –Scott Mckenzie http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bch1_Ep5M1s
  14. 14.  “All Along the Watchtower” –Jimi Hendrix http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bng3agUOYiI
  15. 15.  4 May 1970 - 4 Kent State college students were shot to death by Ohio National Guardsmen during an anti- war protest on the campus. This lead to widening anti-war protests (Vietnam).  Partnered with President Nixon revoking his promise of withdrawing troops, but rather entering Cambodia, led to more protest nation wide.
  16. 16.  “Mr. President have Pitty” Randy Newman http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jY-ooWam5JM
  17. 17.  Following all the previous protest, there was one final protest in the spring of 1971, 500,00 participants marched on Washington to show their disapproval of the governments actions (Barringer). ◦ This anti-war movement was the most successful movement that has been used to protest the government.
  18. 18.  “Hey Joe”-Jimi Hendrix  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-mBjG9chIFw
  19. 19.  The demonstration in 1971, was one of the last times there was an organized march during the war.  Shortly after the march, the government began to withdrawal the troops from Vietnam. ◦ With the withdrawal of troops, the anti-war movement slowly died out and dispersed.
  20. 20.  The anti-war movement was the most successful in history  The movement was able to rally a whole nation to help to change the government’s participation in a major war.
  21. 21.  Music has always been an inspiration to cultures.  The anti-war movement was able to use music to rally behind them.  Musical artist were able to use specific words to help ignite a fight in the public and in the anti-war movement.  Without music, the anti-war movement would not have been nearly as successful.
  22. 22.  “What the World Needs Now” – Jackie Deshannon  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tMS2uMUQNnQ
  23. 23.  “Sweet Home Alabama”-Lynyrd Skynyrd http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r8rnFKo4PAE - Written in 1973, towards the very end of the war and the anti-war movement.
  24. 24.  “Free Bird” Lynyrd Skynyrd  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=np0solnL1XY
  25. 25. Barringer, Mark and Wells, Tom. “ The Anti-War Movement in the United States.” Illinois.edu. 1999. http://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/vietnam/antiwar.html. “Vietnam War Timeline.” Land Scaper.net. 24, March 2009. http://www.landscaper.net/timelin.htm.

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